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Traffic noise in the bedroom in association with markers of obesity: a cross-sectional study and mediation analysis of the respiratory health in Northern Europe cohort
Institute of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Region Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden; Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 23, nr 1, artikel-id 1246Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Previous research suggests an association between road traffic noise and obesity, but current evidence is inconclusive. The aim of this study was to assess the association between nocturnal noise exposure and markers of obesity and to assess whether sleep disturbance might be a mediator in this association.

Methods: We applied data from the Respiratory Health in Northern Europe (RHINE) cohort. We used self-measured waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI) as outcome values. Noise exposure was assessed as perceived traffic noise in the bedroom and/or the bedroom window’s location towards the street. We applied adjusted linear, and logistic regression models, evaluated effect modifications and conducted mediation analysis.

Results: Based on fully adjusted models we found that women, who reported very high traffic noise levels in bedroom, had 1.30 (95% CI 0.24–2.37) kg/m2 higher BMI and 3.30 (95% CI 0.39–6.20) cm higher WC compared to women, who reported no traffic noise in the bedroom. Women who reported higher exposure to road traffic noise had statistically significant higher odds of being overweight and have abdominal obesity with OR varying from 1.15 to 1.26 compared to women, who reported no traffic noise in the bedroom. For men, the associations were rather opposite, although mostly statistically insignificant. Furthermore, men, who reported much or very much traffic noise in the bedroom, had a statistically significantly lower risk of abdominal obesity. Sleep disturbance fully or partially mediated the association between noise in bedroom and obesity markers among women.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that self-reported traffic noise in the bedroom may be associated to being overweight or obese trough sleep disturbance among women, but associations were inconclusive among men.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
BioMed Central (BMC), 2023. Vol. 23, nr 1, artikel-id 1246
Nyckelord [en]
Adiposity, Indoor, Nocturnal, Noise, Obesity, Overweight, Road Traffic, Self-reported
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi Arbetsmedicin och miljömedicin
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-212047DOI: 10.1186/s12889-023-16128-2Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85163708638OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-212047DiVA, id: diva2:1782948
Tillgänglig från: 2023-07-18 Skapad: 2023-07-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-08-28Bibliografiskt granskad

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Nilsson Sommar, JohanModig, LarsOrru, Hans

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