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Social determinants of self-reported oral health among Sámi in Sweden
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för odontologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2183-7497
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för odontologi. Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Várdduo – Centrum för samisk forskning.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2365-4598
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1580-8307
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7234-3510
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, ISSN 0301-5661, E-ISSN 1600-0528, Vol. 51, nr 6, s. 1258-1265Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of poor self-reported oral health and to identify socio-demographic, socio-economic and cultural-related risk factors associated with poor oral health among Sámi in Sweden.

Methods: A Sámi sample frame was constructed drawing from three pre-existing registers. All identified persons aged 18–84 were invited to participate in the study during February–May 2021. Among the 9249 invitations, 3779 answered the survey. The frequencies of the independent variables in terms of socio-economic, socio-demographic and cultural-related factors as well as the outcome, self-reported oral health, were calculated first. Prevalence ratios (PRs) and their 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were estimated to assess the relationship between the independent variables and the outcome.

Results: Overall, 32.5% of the participants reported a poor oral health with a higher prevalence among men compared to women. Among the socio-demographic factors, being old (PR: 1.99; 95% CI: 1.59–2.51), unmarried (PR: 1.17; 95% CI: 1.03–1.33) and divorced or widow-er (PR: 1.27; 95% CI: 1.09–1.46) were statistically associated to poor self-reported oral health. Among the socio-economic factors, a low education level (PR: 1.56; 95% CI: 1.29–1.89), belonging to the poorest quintile (PR: 1.63; 95% CI: 1.35–1.96), and experiencing difficulties to make ends meet several times during the last 12 months (PR: 1.74; 95% CI: 1.51–1.99) were statistically significant related to poor oral health.

Conclusions: The self-reported oral health among Sámi in Sweden appears to be worse than that of the general Swedish population. Several socio-economic and socio-demographic factors were found to be strongly associated with poor self-reported oral health. Targeted interventions addressing these social determinants are needed to reduce inequalities in oral health among the Sámi population.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2023. Vol. 51, nr 6, s. 1258-1265
Nyckelord [en]
indigenous, oral health, risk factors, social, Sámi, Sápmi
Nationell ämneskategori
Odontologi Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-212500DOI: 10.1111/cdoe.12894ISI: 001032472000001PubMedID: 37489613Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85165576994OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-212500DiVA, id: diva2:1785150
Forskningsfinansiär
FolkhälsomyndighetenTillgänglig från: 2023-08-01 Skapad: 2023-08-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-08Bibliografiskt granskad

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Yekkalam, NeginStorm Mienna, ChristinaStoor, Jon Petter AndersSan Sebastian, Miguel

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Yekkalam, NeginStorm Mienna, ChristinaStoor, Jon Petter AndersSan Sebastian, Miguel
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Institutionen för odontologiVárdduo – Centrum för samisk forskningInstitutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa
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Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
OdontologiFolkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

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