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Triticum timopheevii s.l. ('new glume wheat') finds in regions of southern and eastern Europe across space and time
Institute for Prehistory and Protohistory, Kiel University, Kiel, Germany.
Department of Archaeology, University of Sheffield, Minalloy House, United Kingdom.
Institute for Prehistory and Protohistory, Kiel University, Kiel, Germany.
School of Archaeology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.
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2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, ISSN 0939-6314, E-ISSN 1617-6278, Vol. 33, s. 195-208Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Triticum timopheevii sensu lato ('new glume wheat', NGW) was first recognised as a distinct prehistoric cereal crop through work on archaeobotanical finds from Neolithic and Bronze Age sites in northern Greece. This was later followed by its identification in archaeobotanical assemblages from other parts of Europe. This paper provides an overview of the currently known archaeobotanical finds of Timopheev's wheat in southeastern and eastern Europe and observes their temporal span and spatial distribution. To date, there are 89 prehistoric sites with these finds, located in different parts of the study region and dated from the Neolithic to the very late Iron Age. Their latest recorded presence in the region is in the last centuries bce. For assemblages from the site as a whole containing at least 30 grain and/or chaff remains of Timopheev's wheat, we take a brief look at the overall relative proportions of Triticum monococcum (einkorn), T. dicoccum (emmer) and T. timopheevii s.l. (Timopheev's wheat), the three most common glume wheats in our study region in prehistory. We highlight several sites where the overall proportions of Timopheev's wheat might be taken to suggest it was a minor component of a mixed crop (maslin), or an unmonitored inclusion in einkorn or emmer fields. At the same sites, however, there are also discrete contexts where this wheat is strongly predominant, pointing to its cultivation as a pure crop. We therefore emphasise the need to evaluate the relative representation of Timopheev's wheat at the level of individual samples or contexts before making inferences on its cultivation status. We also encourage re-examination of prehistoric and historic cereal assemblages for its remains.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2024. Vol. 33, s. 195-208
Nyckelord [en]
Cereals, Europe, Maslin crop, Prehistory, Triticum timopheevii
Nationell ämneskategori
Arkeologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-215726DOI: 10.1007/s00334-023-00954-wISI: 001089624100001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85173991460OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-215726DiVA, id: diva2:1811594
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, Europeiska forskningsrådetDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)
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Errata: Filipović, D., Jones, G., Kirleis, W. et al. Correction: Triticum timopheevii s.l. (‘new glume wheat’) finds in regions of southern and eastern Europe across space and time. Veget Hist Archaeobot. 2024. DOI: 10.1007/s00334-023-00968-4

Correction: Filipović, D., Jones, G., Kirleis, W. et al. Correction: Triticum timopheevii s.l. (‘new glume wheat’) finds in regions of southern and eastern Europe across space and time. Veget Hist Archaeobot (2024). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-024-00991-z

Tillgänglig från: 2023-11-13 Skapad: 2023-11-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-03Bibliografiskt granskad

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