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The impact of nursing home residency on psychotropic drug use in major neurocognitive disorder: a nationwide comparison
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9422-5125
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4095-6501
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5271-4780
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, ISSN 0885-6230, E-ISSN 1099-1166, Vol. 38, nr 11, artikel-id e6018Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Psychotropic drugs are utilized against neuropsychiatric symptoms among people with major neurocognitive disorder (NCD) despite well-documented risks, and older people in nursing homes are expected to be more frequently exposed to those medicines. This study compared psychotropic drug use and associated factors between older people with major NCD and matched references.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included individuals from three national registries in Sweden. References were randomly matched 1:1 by age and sex from the Swedish Total Population Register. Drug use was defined as at least one prescription fill from 1 July to 31 December 2019 and presented as proportion of drug users. In addition, ORs regarding psychotropic drug use and associated factors use were analysed using generalized estimating equations.

Results: There were 102,419 complete matching pairs alive on 31 December 2019. The proportions of psychotropic drug users were 59% in the population of people with major NCD and 28% in the reference group. Moreover, there was a substantial number of individuals in nursing homes who had been treated with antipsychotics but who, for unknown reasons, had not been diagnosed with major NCD. Psychotropic drug use was positively associated with both major NCD and nursing home residency. The difference in drug use in relation to major NCD was more pronounced among people living in ordinary homes.

Conclusion: Despite well-documented risks in people with cognitive impairment, psychotropic drug use was overall high and positively associated with both major NCD and nursing home residency. Taken together, interventions to better target neuropsychiatric symptoms in older people are warranted. Hypnotic drug use among older people in general as well as antipsychotic drug exposure among older people in nursing homes appear to be two important focus areas.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2023. Vol. 38, nr 11, artikel-id e6018
Nyckelord [en]
major neurocognitive disorder, nursing home, older people, psychotropic drugs
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-216677DOI: 10.1002/gps.6018PubMedID: 37909144Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85175678118OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-216677DiVA, id: diva2:1814004
Tillgänglig från: 2023-11-22 Skapad: 2023-11-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-11-22Bibliografiskt granskad

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Kindstedt, JonasGlader, Eva-LottaLövheim, HugoLindkvist, MarieGustafsson, Maria

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Kindstedt, JonasGlader, Eva-LottaLövheim, HugoLindkvist, MarieGustafsson, Maria
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Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB)Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicinInstitutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabiliteringInstitutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa
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International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

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