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Effects of an advanced first aid course or real-time video communication with ambulance personnel on layperson first response for building-site severe injury events: a simulation study
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Anestesiologi och intensivvård.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Kirurgi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8665-9302
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2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: BMC Emergency Medicine, E-ISSN 1471-227X, Vol. 24, nr 1, artikel-id 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The risk of high-energy trauma injuries on construction sites is relatively high. A delayed response time could affect outcomes after severe injury. This study assessed if an advanced first aid course for first aid response for laypersons (employees or apprentices) in the construction industry or real-time video communication and support with ambulance personnel, or neither, together with access to an advanced medical kit, would have an effect on immediate layperson vital responses in a severe injury scenario.

Method: This was a controlled simulation study. Employees or apprentices at a construction site were recruited and randomly allocated into a group with video support or not, and advanced first aid course or not, and where one group had both. The primary outcomes were correct behavior to recognize and manage an occluded airway and correct behavior to stop life-threatening bleeding from a lower extremity injury. Secondary outcomes included head-to-toe assessment performed, placement of a pelvic sling, and application of remote vital signs monitors.

Results: Ninety participants were included in 10 groups of 3 for each of 4 exposures. One group was tested first as a baseline group, and then later after having done the training course. Live video support was effective in controlling bleeding. A first aid course given beforehand did not seem to be as effective on controlling bleeding. Video support and the first aid course previously given improved the ability of bystanders to manage the airway, the combination of the two being no better than each of the interventions taken in isolation. Course exposure and video support together were not superior to the course by itself or video by itself, except regarding placing the biosensors on the injured after video support. Secondary results showed an association between video support and completing a head-to-toe assessment. Both interventions were associated with applying a pelvic sling.

Conclusion: These findings show that laypersons, here construction industry employees, can be supported to achieve good performance as first responders in a major injury scenario. Prior training, but especially live video support without prior training, improves layperson performance in this setting.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
BioMed Central (BMC), 2024. Vol. 24, nr 1, artikel-id 2
Nyckelord [en]
Bystander, Construction Safety, First aid training, Layperson, Prehospital trauma, Telemedicine, Video, Workplace incident
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Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-219524DOI: 10.1186/s12873-023-00917-4PubMedID: 38185649Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85181438402OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-219524DiVA, id: diva2:1829951
Forskningsfinansiär
Umeå universitetSvenska Byggbranschens Utvecklingsfond (SBUF), 13987Tillgänglig från: 2024-01-22 Skapad: 2024-01-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-23Bibliografiskt granskad

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Hedberg, HansHedberg, PiaAléx, JonasKarlsson, SofiaHaney, Michael

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Anestesiologi och intensivvårdInstitutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskapInstitutionen för omvårdnadKirurgi
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