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In vitro reconstitution reveals membrane clustering and double-stranded RNA recruitment by the enteroviral AAA+ ATPase 2C
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinsk kemi och biofysik. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Wallenberg centrum för molekylär medicin vid Umeå universitet (WCMM). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0011-3756
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinsk kemi och biofysik. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Wallenberg centrum för molekylär medicin vid Umeå universitet (WCMM). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinsk kemi och biofysik. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Wallenberg centrum för molekylär medicin vid Umeå universitet (WCMM).
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinsk kemi och biofysik. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Wallenberg centrum för molekylär medicin vid Umeå universitet (WCMM). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4193-1496
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(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Infektionsmedicin
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-220641OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-220641DiVA, id: diva2:1835634
Tillgänglig från: 2024-02-06 Skapad: 2024-02-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-08
Ingår i avhandling
1. Biochemical and structural studies of proteins supporting the genome replication of enteroviruses and Giardia intestinalis
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Biochemical and structural studies of proteins supporting the genome replication of enteroviruses and Giardia intestinalis
2024 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The Enterovirus genus of the Picornaviridae family includes non-enveloped, positive-sense single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) viruses. This genus of viruses causes many diseases such as poliomyelitis by poliovirus (PV), cardiomyopathy by coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3), common cold by rhinoviruses (RVs) and meningitis by Enterovirus 71 (EV 71). The 7.5 kb enterovirus genome encodes a polyprotein, which is subsequently cleaved to yield viral proteins. These viral proteins hijack and modify the membranes of the Golgi and ER to give rise to replication organelles (ROs).

In the first paper of my thesis, we showed that membranes of the ROs act as an assembly line for the assembly of enteroviruses. Using cryo-electron tomography we studied poliovirusinfected cells. The one feature that we found most interesting was that a protein was tethering viral capsid to membranes as well as two membranes together. We hypothesized that viral protein 2C was a strong candidate. Therefore, I tried to mimic the interaction between 2C and viral capsid using purified Poliovirus and 2C protein. However, after trying several biochemical conditions I could not mimic this interaction. This strongly indicated that I might need to have a membrane in the system and this led me to study the membrane binding activity of 2C in the second paper.

In the second paper, I studied an Enteroviral multi-functional protein: 2C, a highly conserved AAA+ ATPase that plays an important role in the biogenesis of ROs and virus assembly. One of the most interesting features of 2C is its N-terminal membrane-binding domain consisting of 40 amino acids. Using in vitro reconstitution methods and biochemistry, I investigated the association of full-length 2C with lipid vesicles and how this affects the function of the protein. I showed that amino acids 12 to 40 are important not only for membrane binding but also for hexamerization. Moreover, truncation of the first 11 amino acids leads to loss of membrane tethering activity of the protein, which is essential for the formation of ROs. I was also able to demonstrate that the protein is sufficient to recruit RNA to the membrane as it was not previously known how RNA replication is localized to the membrane and here, we found the possible mechanism. In this realistic reconstituted system, I have shown that 2C is not a helicase but an ATP-independent RNA chaperone. Collectively, these discoveries offer a biochemical foundation for various functions of 2C in enterovirus replication. This sets up a more practical biochemical framework for future research, which could potentially contribute to the development of drugs aimed at thwarting enterovirus infections.

In the third project, I studied deoxyadenosine kinase (dAK) from Giardia intestinalis, a protozoan responsible for severe diarrhea spread by the fecal-oral route. Giardia is completely dependent on the host for deoxyribonucleosides as it lacks a de novo pathway for their synthesis. dAK uses ATP as a phosphate donor to phosphorylate deoxyadenosine, this activity is essential for genome replication of the protozoan. In this project, we have biochemically and structurally characterized dAK. Here, I used cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) single particle analysis to show that dAK exists as a homo-tetramer in solution. This is an important finding because this is the first example of a non-thymidine kinase1-like deoxyribonucleoside kinase with a tetrameric structure and subsequent mutagenesis analysis showed that tetramerization allows the enzyme to achieve a higher affinity for its deoxyadenosine substrate.

In summary, in my thesis, I have biochemically and structurally characterized proteins supporting the genome replication of enteroviruses and Giardia intestinalis.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå University, 2024. s. 90
Serie
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 2285
Nyckelord
Biochemistry, Structural Biology, Membrane reconstitution, Infectious diseases, Virus, Protozoa
Nationell ämneskategori
Infektionsmedicin Mikrobiologi
Forskningsämne
infektionssjukdomar; medicinsk biokemi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-220575 (URN)978-91-8070-288-1 (ISBN)978-91-8070-287-4 (ISBN)
Disputation
2024-03-05, Carl Kempe lecture hall (KBE303), KBC house, Umeå University, Umeå, 09:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2024-02-13 Skapad: 2024-02-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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Shankar, KasturikaSorin, MarieDahmane, SelmaSharma, Himanshuter Beek, JosyNenzén, LouiseCarlson, Lars-Anders

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Shankar, KasturikaSorin, MarieSkoglund, OskarDahmane, SelmaSharma, Himanshuter Beek, JosyNenzén, LouiseCarlson, Lars-Anders
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Institutionen för medicinsk kemi och biofysikWallenberg centrum för molekylär medicin vid Umeå universitet (WCMM)Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS)Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR)Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten)
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