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Temporal trends and educational inequalities in obesity, overweight and underweight in pre-pregnant women and their male partners: a decade (2010–2019) with no progress in Sweden
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-8944-2558
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Pediatrik.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3606-3797
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2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, artikel-id ckae052Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Trends in overweight and obesity among expectant parents can provide useful information about the family environment in which children will grow up and about possible social inequalities that may be passed on to them. Therefore, we aimed to assess whether the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity changed over time in pre-pregnant women and their male partners in northern Sweden, and if there were any educational inequalities.

Methods: This study is based on cross-sectional data from a repeated survey of the population in Västerbotten, Sweden. The study population included 18,568 pregnant women and 18,110 male partners during the period 2010–2019. Multinomial logistic regression models were fitted separately for pregnant women and male partners to assess whether the prevalence of age-adjusted underweight, normal weight, overweight and obesity had evolved between 2010 and 2019, and whether trends differed by educational level.

Results: Among women, obesity prevalence increased from 9.4% in 2010 to 11.7% in 2019. Among men, it went from 8.9 to 12.8%. Educational inequalities were sustained across the study period. In 2019, the prevalence of obesity was 7.8 percentage points (pp) (CI = 4.4–11.3) higher among women with low compared to high education. The corresponding figure for men was 6.4 pp (CI = 3.3–9.6).

Conclusions: It is not obvious that the prevalence of obesity among parents-to-be will decrease under current dispositions. Public health policies and practice should therefore be strengthened.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Oxford University Press, 2024. artikel-id ckae052
Nyckelord [en]
obesity, pregnancy, body mass index procedure, educational status, parent, knowledge acquisitionunder, weight, overweight
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-223140DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckae052OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-223140DiVA, id: diva2:1850281
Forskningsfinansiär
Forte, Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärd, 2022-00493Tillgänglig från: 2024-04-10 Skapad: 2024-04-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-10

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Vogt, ThomasLindkvist, MarieIvarsson, AnneliSilfverdal, Sven-ArneVaezghasemi, Masoud

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Vogt, ThomasLindkvist, MarieIvarsson, AnneliSilfverdal, Sven-ArneVaezghasemi, Masoud
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Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsaPediatrik
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European Journal of Public Health
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

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