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The effect of internet-administered support (carer eSupport) on preparedness for caregiving in informal caregivers of patients with head and neck cancer compared with support as usual: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Department of Immunology, Genetics, and Pathology, Uppsala University, Rudbecklaboratoriet, Uppsala, Sweden.
Division of Visual Information and Interaction, Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Division of Visual Information and Interaction, Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; University Health Care Research Center, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
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2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: BMC Cancer, E-ISSN 1471-2407, Vol. 24, nr 1, artikel-id 494Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Informal caregivers (ICs) of patients with cancer provide essential and mainly uncompensated care. A self-perceived preparedness to care for the patient is associated with a lower caregiver burden, described as the extent to which caregiving is perceived as having adverse effects on IC functioning and well-being. ICs’ well-being is associated with patient-perceived quality of care, suggesting that interventions to optimize ICs’ health are essential in order to improve patient care. Head and neck cancer (HNC) is the seventh most common malignant disease in the world. The disease and its treatment have a significant negative impact on the patient’s health and quality of life. Symptoms usually interfere with swallowing, food and fluid intake, breathing, speaking, and communication. ICs frequently manage patients’ symptoms and side effects, especially problems related to nutrition and oral pain, without being properly prepared. Carer eSupport is an Internet-administered intervention, based on focus group discussions with ICs, developed in collaboration with ICs and healthcare professionals, tested for feasibility, and deemed feasible. This study protocol outlines the methods of investigating the effects of Carer eSupport plus support as usual (SAU) on self-reported preparedness for caregiving, caregiver burden, and well-being in the ICs of patients with HNC, compared with ICs receiving SAU only.

Methods and analysis: In this randomized controlled trial, 110 ICs of patients with HNC, undergoing radiotherapy combined with surgery and/or medical oncological treatment, will be randomized (1:1) to Carer eSupport plus SAU or SAU only. Data will be collected at baseline (before randomization), post-intervention (after 18 weeks), and 3 months after post-intervention. The primary outcome is self-reported preparedness for caregiving. Secondary outcomes are self-reported caregiver burden, anxiety, depression, and health-related quality of life. The effect of Carer eSupport plus SAU on preparedness for caregiving and secondary outcomes, compared with SAU only, will be evaluated by intention to treat analyses using linear regression models, mixed-model regression, or analysis of covariance.

Discussion: If proven effective, Carer eSupport has the potential to significantly improve ICs’ preparedness for caregiving and their wellbeing, thereby improving patient-perceived quality of care and patient wellbeing.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov; NCT06307418, registered 12.03.2024 (https://clinicaltrials.gov/search? term=NCT06307418).

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
BioMed Central (BMC), 2024. Vol. 24, nr 1, artikel-id 494
Nyckelord [en]
Caregiver burden, Head and neck cancer, Informal caregivers, Internet-administered support, Preparedness for caregiving, Quality of life
Nationell ämneskategori
Cancer och onkologi Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-224123DOI: 10.1186/s12885-024-12273-yISI: 001205523400002PubMedID: 38637744Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85191008033OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-224123DiVA, id: diva2:1857792
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 2019−01231Cancerfonden, 20 1014 PjFStiftelsen Onkologiska Klinikens i Uppsala ForskningsfondRegion Uppsala, ALF-941900Tillgänglig från: 2024-05-14 Skapad: 2024-05-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-05-14Bibliografiskt granskad

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Fransson, PerGranström, Brith

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