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Adaptive adjustment to the needs of families caring for children and adolescents with physical disabilities in north-eastern Tanzania: a grounded-theory study
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering. Department of Physiotherapy, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College (KCMUCo), Moshi, Tanzania.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9234-7364
Department of Physiotherapy, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College (KCMUCo), Moshi, Tanzania.
Community Health Department, Institute of Public Health, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi, Tanzania; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi, Tanzania; Department of Community Medicine, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
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2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 17, nr 1, artikel-id 2354009Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Family interactions, which are always multi-faceted, are complicated further by family members with disabilities. In resource-poor settings, policies and programmes that address the needs of and challenges faced by families are often inaccessible or unavailable. Approximately 13% of the families in Tanzania have at least one member with a disability, yet family-centred research on caring for disabled children and adolescents is scarce in this context.

OBJECTIVE: The aim is to explore the needs and challenges faced by families that care for children and adolescents with physical disabilities in the Kilimanjaro Region of north-eastern Tanzania.

METHODS: This qualitative study had a constructivist grounded-theory design. In-depth interviews, using a semi-structured interview guide based on the social-capital framework, were conducted with 12 female participants aged between 24 and 80. A conceptual model of family needs, inspired by Maslow's hierarchy of needs, informed the analysis.

RESULTS: Challenging needs were grouped into five categories, which were linked to Maslow's hierarchy of needs and related to the central concept of 'adaptive adjustment': (1) 'barely surviving'; (2) 'safety needs in jeopardy'; (3) 'sociocultural protection'; (4) 'self-esteem far beyond reach', and (5) 'dreaming of self-actualisation'.

CONCLUSION: Families caring for children and adolescents with physical disabilities in north-eastern Tanzania have needs that extend beyond the available and accessible resources. Families can adjust and adapt by avoiding certain situations, accepting the reality of their circumstances and exploring alternative ways of coping. A sustainable support system, including social networks, is essential for meeting basic needs and ensuring safety.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2024. Vol. 17, nr 1, artikel-id 2354009
Nyckelord [en]
adaptive adjustment, challenging needs, Paediatrics, physical disabilities, public health
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-225943DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2024.2354009ISI: 001238292100001PubMedID: 38832537Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85195017237OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-225943DiVA, id: diva2:1868954
Forskningsfinansiär
Familjen Erling-Perssons StiftelseTillgänglig från: 2024-06-12 Skapad: 2024-06-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-06-12Bibliografiskt granskad

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Swai, Elia AsanterabiLindkvist, MarieSörlin, AnnSahlen, Klas-Göran

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Swai, Elia AsanterabiLindkvist, MarieSörlin, AnnSahlen, Klas-Göran
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Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsaInstitutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering
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