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Neutrophil extracellular traps contain calprotectin, a cytosolic protein complex involved in host defense against Candida albicans
Department for Cellular Microbiology, Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology, Berlin, Germany. (Urban)
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2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: PLoS Pathogens, ISSN 1553-7366, E-ISSN 1553-7374, Vol. 5, nr 10, artikel-id e1000639Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Neutrophils are the first line of defense at the site of an infection. They encounter and kill microbes intracellularly upon phagocytosis or extracellularly by degranulation of antimicrobial proteins and the release of Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (NETs). NETs were shown to ensnare and kill microbes. However, their complete protein composition and the antimicrobial mechanism are not well understood. Using a proteomic approach, we identified 24 NET-associated proteins. Quantitative analysis of these proteins and high resolution electron microscopy showed that NETs consist of modified nucleosomes and a stringent selection of other proteins. In contrast to previous results, we found several NET proteins that are cytoplasmic in unstimulated neutrophils. We demonstrated that of those proteins, the antimicrobial heterodimer calprotectin is released in NETs as the major antifungal component. Absence of calprotectin in NETs resulted in complete loss of antifungal activity in vitro. Analysis of three different Candida albicans in vivo infection models indicated that NET formation is a hitherto unrecognized route of calprotectin release. By comparing wild-type and calprotectin-deficient animals we found that calprotectin is crucial for the clearance of infection. Taken together, the present investigations confirmed the antifungal activity of calprotectin in vitro and, moreover, demonstrated that it contributes to effective host defense against C. albicans in vivo. We showed for the first time that a proportion of calprotectin is bound to NETs in vitro and in vivo.

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Public Library of Science , 2009. Vol. 5, nr 10, artikel-id e1000639
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Medicin och hälsovetenskap Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området Infektionsmedicin
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-32550DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000639ISI: 000272033300043PubMedID: 19876394OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-32550DiVA, id: diva2:304078
Tillgänglig från: 2010-03-16 Skapad: 2010-03-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-23Bibliografiskt granskad

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Urban, Constantin F

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PLoS Pathogens
Medicin och hälsovetenskapMikrobiologi inom det medicinska områdetInfektionsmedicin

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