Umeå universitets logga

umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Synchronized metronome training induces changes in the kinematic properties of the golf swing
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0839-3681
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0366-4609
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Sports Biomechanics, ISSN 1476-3141, E-ISSN 1752-6116, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 1-16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to evaluate possible effects of synchronized metronome training (SMT) on movement dynamics during golf swing performance, as captured by kinematic analysis. A one-group, between-test design was applied on thirteen male golfers (27.5 ± 4.6 years old, 12.7 ± 4.9 golf handicap) who completed twelve sessions of SMT over a four week period. Pre- and post-assessments of golf swings made with three different clubs (4-iron, 7-ironand pitching wedge) were performed using a three-dimensional motion capture system. Club peak velocity at three different swing phases andcross-correlation analysis of time-series signals were made on joint couplings(wrist-elbow-shoulder) of both arms, and between joints and the club, during the full golf swing. There were significantly higher cross-correlations between joint-couplings and concomitant changes of the associated phase-shift differences, as well as reduced phase-shift variability at post-test. No significant effect of SMT was found for the club peak velocities. We suggest that domain-general influences of SMT on the underlying brain-based motorcontrol strategies lead to a more coordinated movement pattern of the golf swing performance, which may explain previous observations of significantly improved golf shot accuracy and decreased variability after SMT.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis Group, 2014. Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 1-16
Nyckelord [en]
Timing training, coordination, movement dynamics, joint couplings, cross-correlation analysis
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi Sjukgymnastik
Forskningsämne
psykologi; rehabiliteringsmedicin
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-85852DOI: 10.1080/14763141.2013.873817ISI: 000334040600001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84896313904OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-85852DiVA, id: diva2:695587
Forskningsfinansiär
Centrum för Idrottsforskning, 47/09, 179/07VetenskapsrådetTillgänglig från: 2014-02-11 Skapad: 2014-02-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Effect of timing training in golf and soccer players: skill, movement organization, and brain activity
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Effect of timing training in golf and soccer players: skill, movement organization, and brain activity
2014 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Background Although trainers and athletes consider ‘good timing skills’ to be critical for optimal sport performance, little is known in regard to how sport-specific skills may benefit from timing training. Thus, assuming that all motor performances are mediated by an internal timing mechanism, enhanced motor timing is expected to have positive effects on both planning and execution of movement performance, and consequently on complex sports actions as golf or soccer. Accordingly, in order to increase our knowledge of the importance of motor timing and possible effects of timing training, this thesis examines the effects of synchronized metronome training (SMT), thought to improve the execution of motor programs and to enhance motor skills in golf and soccer players.

Methods Study I examined the effects of SMT on motor timing abilities and its potential effect on golf shot accuracy and consistency in 25 experienced male golfers. Additionally, Study II examined the effects of SMT on the spatiotemporal movement organisation and dynamics of the golf swing performance, as captured by kinematic measurements and analyses in thirteen male golfers. Study III examined the effect of SMT on accuracy and variability in a soccer specific, cross-pass task in elite and sub-elite female soccer players. Moreover, the underlying brain activity was assessed by means of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the corresponding neural activity when passively observing the cross-pass task, and the possible pre- to post training effects.

Results SMT was shown to improve motor timing ability, by means of less timing asynchrony and with associated changes in timing variability, in both golf- and soccer-players. Additionally, significant improvements in golf shot and soccer cross-pass performance, by means of significant increase in outcome accuracy combined with a decrease in outcome variability was found. From the kinematic investigation in Study II, results indicate that improved motor timing, as an effect of SMT, lead to a more coordinated and dynamic swing performance, and with decreased variability in the temporal structure of the swing motion. Finally, it was found that SMT induces changes in the activity of the action observation network (AON), underpinning action observation and action prediction, by means of decreased activation within bilateral cerebellum, fusiform gyrus and superior temporal gyrus. These findings hint at a more efficient pattern of neural recruitment during action observation, after SMT.

Conclusion In summary, this thesis provides evidence that four weeks of SMT improved the participant’s motor timing and synchronization abilities, and showed influence on both behavioral and neurophysiological motor programs and skill performance in golf and soccer players. Thus, by improved outcome accuracy and decreased variability, affecting the coordinated movement pattern and organisation, as well as affecting the associated underlying brain activation.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå Universitet, 2014. s. 85
Nyckelord
Motor timing, rhythmicity, timing training, golf shot, golf swing, kinematics, precision, variability, coordination, movement dynamics, soccer, fMRI, mirror neurons, action observation, cerebellum, perception - action.
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)
Forskningsämne
psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-86664 (URN)978-91-7601-026-6 (ISBN)
Disputation
2014-03-27, Beteendevetarhuset, 102, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Forskningsfinansiär
Centrum för Idrottsforskning
Tillgänglig från: 2014-03-06 Skapad: 2014-03-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-08Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltext saknas i DiVA

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltextScopus

Person

Sommer, MariusHäger, CharlotteRönnqvist, Louise

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Sommer, MariusHäger, CharlotteRönnqvist, Louise
Av organisationen
Institutionen för psykologiInstitutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering
I samma tidskrift
Sports Biomechanics
PsykologiSjukgymnastik

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
urn-nbn
Totalt: 1028 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf