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Estimating death differentials to measure the labeling impact of disability: a case study of past populations in Sweden
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten. (Centrum för befolkningsstudier)
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. (Centrum för befolkningsstudier)ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0267-1206
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: XXIVI IUSSP International Population Conference: Programme, IUSSP , 2013, s. 150-Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This study follows 555 disabled individuals over life to examine their survival chances in past society. The aim is to detect whether they were markedly stigmatized and thus faced difficulties in life, which we in accordance with the labeling theme of secondary deviance assume would be indicated by high levels of mortality. We make use of Sweden's 19th-century parish registers (digitized by the Demographic Data Base, Umeå University) to categorize the disability marks the ministers noted about their parishioners. Then we employ a six-fold disability categorization and run multivariate regression models. The statistical results suggest that the type of disability mattered but was not the only key to the individuals' mortality, because age, SES and gender determined the survival of disabled, too. Disability shaped women's life expectancy more evidently than the men's; women afflicted with multiple disabilities were least likely to survive. Our findings are rare in providing statistical evidence of disabled individuals' experiences beyond institutional life and because we seek to measure the level of labeling in their life. The death differentials demonstrate that the disabled constituted a heterogeneous collection of people whose demography and pathways must be further researched.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
IUSSP , 2013. s. 150-
Serie
International Union for the Scientific Study of Populations (IUSSP) ; 27
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi Historia
Forskningsämne
historia; epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92049OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-92049DiVA, id: diva2:739345
Konferens
XXIVI IUSSP International Population Conference, Busan, South Korea, August 26-31, 2013
Tillgänglig från: 2014-08-20 Skapad: 2014-08-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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Vikström, LottaHaage, Helena

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Vikström, LottaHaage, Helena
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Humanistiska fakultetenInstitutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologiHistoria

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