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  • 1.
    Aasa, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Norrlandsklinikens hälsocentral, Umeå, Sweden.
    Berglund, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Michaelson, Peter
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsa och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Individualized low-load motor control exercises and education versus a high-load lifting exercise and education to improve activity, pain intensity, and physical performance in patients with low back pain: a randomized controlled trial2015In: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, ISSN 0190-6011, E-ISSN 1938-1344, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 77-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study Design Randomized controlled trial. Background Low back pain is a common disorder. Patients with low back pain frequently have aberrant and pain-provocative movement patterns that often are addressed with motor control exercises. Objective To compare the effects of low-load motor control (LMC) exercise and those of a high-load lifting (HLL) exercise. Methods Seventy participants with recurrent low back pain, who were diagnosed with nociceptive mechanical pain as their dominating pain pattern, were randomized to either LMC or HLL exercise treatments. Participants were offered 12 treatment sessions over an 8-week period. All participants were also provided with education regarding pain mechanisms. Methods Participants were assessed prior to and following treatment. The primary outcome measures were activity (the Patient-Specific Functional Scale) and average pain intensity over the last 7 days (visual analog scale). The secondary outcome measure was a physical performance test battery that included 1 strength, 3 endurance, and 7 movement control tests for the lumbopelvic region. Results Both interventions resulted in significant within-group improvements in pain intensity, strength, and endurance. The LMC group showed significantly greater improvement on the Patient-Specific Functional Scale (4.2 points) compared with the HLL group (2.5 points) (P<.001). There were no significant between-group differences in pain intensity (P = .505), strength, and 1 of the 3 endurance tests. However, the LMC group showed an increase (from 2.9 to 5.9) on the movement control test subscale, whereas the HLL group showed no change (from 3.9 to 3.1) (P<.001). Conclusion An LMC intervention may result in superior outcomes in activity, movement control, and muscle endurance compared to an HLL intervention, but not in pain intensity, strength, or endurance.

  • 2.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Lundell, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Aasa, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences. Norrlandskliniken, Umeå, Sweden.
    Westerståhl, Maria
    Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin, Karolinska institutet.
    Physical Activity Might Be of Greater Importance for Good Spinal Control Than If You Have Had Pain or Not: A Longitudinal Study2015In: Spine, ISSN 0362-2436, E-ISSN 1528-1159, Vol. 40, no 24, p. 1926-1933Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal design. A cohort followed in 3 waves of data collection.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the relationships between the performance of 2 tests of spinal control at the age of 52 years and low back pain, physical activity level, and fitness earlier in life, as well as to describe the cross-sectional relationships between these measures.

    SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Altered spinal control has been linked to pain; however, other stimuli may also lead to inability to control the movements of the spine.

    METHODS: Participants answered questions about physical activity and low back pain, and performed physical fitness tests at the age of 16, 34, and 52 years. The fitness test battery included tests of endurance in the back and abdominal muscles, a submaximal bicycle ergometer test to estimate maximal oxygen uptake, and measurements of hip flexion, thoracic spine flexibility, and anthropometrics. Two tests were aggregated to a physical fitness index. At the age of 52, also 2 tests of spinal control, the standing Waiter's bow (WB) and the supine double leg lower (LL) were performed.

    RESULTS: Logistic regression analyses showed that higher back muscle endurance at the age of 34 years could positively predict WB performance at 52 years and higher physical fitness at the age of 34 could positively predict LL performance at 52 years. Regarding cross-sectional relationships, an inability to perform the WB correctly was associated with lower physical fitness, flexibility and physical activity, and larger waist circumference. An inability to correctly perform the LL was associated with lower physical fitness. One-year prevalence of pain was not significantly associated with WB or LL test performance.

    CONCLUSION: An active life resulting in higher physical fitness is related to better spinal control in middle-aged men and women. This further strengthens the importance of physical activity throughout the life span.

    LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.

  • 3.
    Abat, F.
    et al.
    Department of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, ReSport Clinic, Passeig Fabra i Puig 47, Barcelona, Spain.
    Alfredson, Håkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports Medicine. Alfredson Tendon Clinic Inc, Umeå, Sweden; Pure Sports Medicine Clinic, ISEH, UCLH, London, United Kingdom.
    Cucchiarini, M.
    Molecular Biology, Center of Experimental Orthopaedics, Saarland University Medical Center, Kirrbergerstr Bldg 37, Homburg/Saar, Germany.
    Madry, H.
    Lehrstuhl für Experimentelle Orthopädie und Arthroseforschung, Universität des Saarlandes, Gebäude 37, Kirrbergerstr 1, Homburg, Germany.
    Marmotti, A.
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.
    Mouton, C.
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Clinique d’Eich-Centre Hospitalier de Luxembourg, 76, rue d’Eich, Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
    Oliveira, J.M.
    3B’s Research Group – Biomaterials, Biodegradables and Biomimetics, University of Minho, Headquarters of the European Institute of Excellence on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, AvePark, Zona Industrial da Gandra, GMR, Barco, Portugal; ICVS/3B’s - PT Government Associate Laboratory, Braga, Guimarães, Portugal.
    Pereira, H.
    3B’s Research Group University of Minho, ICVS/3B’s–PT Government Associate Laboratory, Braga, Guimarães, Portugal; Orthopedic Department Centro Hospitalar Póvoa de Varzim, Vila do Conde, Portugal; Ripoll y De Prado Sports Clinic – FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Madrid, Murcia, Spain.
    Peretti, G.M.
    IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.
    Romero-Rodriguez, D.
    Department of Physical Therapy and Sports Rehabilitation, ReSport Clinic Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; EUSES Sports Science, University of Girona, Girona, Spain.
    Spang, Christoph
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB), Anatomy.
    Stephen, J.
    Fortius Clinic, 17 Fitzhardinge St, London, United Kingdom; The Biomechanics Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom.
    van Bergen, C.J.A.
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Amphia Hospital Breda, Breda, Netherlands.
    de Girolamo, L.
    Orthopaedic Biotechnology Laboratory, Galeazzi Orthopaedic Institute, Milan, Italy.
    Current trends in tendinopathy: consensus of the ESSKA basic science committee. Part I: biology, biomechanics, anatomy and anexercise-based approach2017In: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics, E-ISSN 2197-1153, Vol. 4, no 1, article id 18Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic tendinopathies represent a major problem in the clinical practice of sports orthopaedic surgeons, sports doctors and other health professionals involved in the treatment of athletes and patients that perform repetitive actions. The lack of consensus relative to the diagnostic tools and treatment modalities represents a management dilemma for these professionals. With this review, the purpose of the ESSKA Basic Science Committee is to establish guidelines for understanding, diagnosing and treating this complex pathology.

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  • 4. Afif, Haitham
    et al.
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Sundsvall Hospital.
    Sjödén, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Sundsvall Hospital.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Sundsvall Hospital.
    Do bisphosphonate-related atypical femoral fractures and osteonecrosis of the jaw affect the same group of patients?: a pilot study2014In: Orthopedic Reviews, ISSN 2035-8237, E-ISSN 2035-8164, Vol. 6, article id 5067Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bisphosphonates (BPs) are commonly used drugs in clinical practice. In this pilot study, we investigated whether bisphosphonate-related atypical femoral fractures (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) occurred simultaneously in the same group of patients. Six ONJ patients were examined by an orthopedic surgeon and 5 AFF patients were examined by a dentist to look for manifestations of simultaneous occurrence of AFF in ONJ patients and vice versa. The required radiological investigations and previous medical and dental records were available. No simultaneous occurrence of AFF and ONJ was found in the examined patients. In this pilot study with limited sample size, no manifestations of simultaneous occurrence of AFF and ONJ were found. This could be an indication that these complications have different pathophysiologies and affect different subgroups of patients on long-term BP treatment.

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  • 5.
    Agnvall, Ahlbin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Chronic exertional compartment syndrome in patients with diabetes mellitus type 1 - Outcome after surgery in 78 patients2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6. Agren, Per-Henrik
    et al.
    Tullberg, Tycho
    Mukka, Sebastian
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Wretenberg, Per
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan S.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Post-traumatic in situ fusion after calcaneal fractures: A retrospective study with 7-28 years follow-up2015In: Foot and Ankle Surgery, ISSN 1268-7731, E-ISSN 1460-9584, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 56-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In situ fusion as salvage operation after calcaneal fractures has been used. In this retrospective investigation, a group of in situ fused patients is analyzed with long-term follow-up.

    Methods: Twenty-nine patients with in situ single or multiple fusions performed between 1970 and 1990 were included. In 1998 these patients were examined with plain radiographs and computerized tomography (CT) scan of the affected foot. Also, a visual analogue score (VAS) for calcaneal fractures, short form health survey (SF-36), Olerud Molander score and American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle society (AOFAS) hindfoot score were evaluated.

    Results: The plain radiographs and CT scan showed severe remaining deformities in these patients. The outcome parameters were generally poor and correlated to the degree of remaining deformity.

    Conclusions: Simple in situ fusion, without consideration of the deformity at hand, after a calcaneal fracture is not an adequate treatment and generally associated with poor outcome. (C) 2014 European Foot and Ankle Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 7.
    Ahlgren, Olof
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Kalciumbrist - osteoporos: parathyreoideaes roll vid adaptionen till lågt kalciumintag hos vuxna råttor1975Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
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    Kalciumbrist - osteoporos
  • 8.
    Al-Amiry, Bariq
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Rahim, Andreas
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Knutsson, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Mattisson, Leif
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Kinesiophobia and its association with functional outcome and quality of life 6-8 years after total hip arthroplasty2022In: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica, ISSN 1017-995X, Vol. 56, no 4, p. 252-255Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and severity of kinesiophobia, and to determine the relationship between Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK) scores, functional outcome and quality of life (QoL) 6-8 years after Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA).

    Methods: 161 patients (78 male and 83 female) with unilateral primary osteoarthritis (OA) treated with THA between September 2010 and December 2013 were included in this study. Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) and EQ-5D scores were measured preoperatively. At 6-8 years follow-up, these scores were repeated and TSK scores were also measured. According to the TSK, patients were divided into two groups for further comparisons and analysis: without kinesiophobia (TSK-score ≤ 36) and with kinesiophobia (TSK-score >36).

    Results: There were 99 patients (61.5%) with no kinesiophobia (TSK score ≤ 36, TSK mean 28.4, SD 4.7) and 62 patients (38.5%) with kinesiophobia (TSK score > 36, TSK mean 42.8, SD 5.3). Patients with and without kinesiophobia were not statistically different regarding age, sex or body mass index. (P = 0.20, P = 0.99, P = 0.22, respectively). In the group with no kinesiophobia, the mean 6-8 years WOMAC was 12.4 (SD 15.6), while the absolute delta (Δ) value between preoperative and 6-8 years WOMAC was 46.2 (SD 20.4), compared to the group with kinesiophobia where the mean 6-8 years WOMAC was 32.2 (SD 23.4), while the absolute delta (Δ) value between preoperative and 6-8 years WOMAC was 32.3 (SD 25.5): both P < 0.001. The group with no kinesiophobia had a mean 6-8 years EQ-5D of 0.81 (SD 0.22), while the absolute delta (Δ) value between preoperative and 6-8 years EQ-5D was 0.44 (SD 0.26), compared to the group with kinesiopho-bia where the mean 6-8 years EQ-5D was 0.57 (SD 0.23), while the absolute delta (Δ) value between preoperative and 6-8 years EQ-5D was 0.33 (SD 0.26): P < 0.001 and P = 0.03, respectively. TSK scores were associated with worse WOMAC and EQ-5D scores, higher proportion of dependence on walking aids and increased THArelated adverse events (all P < 0.05).

    Conclusion: This study has shown us that there is a high incidence of kinesiophobia 6-8 years after surgery and treating kinesiophobia early after THA might improve the outcome.

    Level of Evidence: Level IV, Therapeutic Study.

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  • 9.
    Al-Amiry, Bariq Sh.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Gaber, John F.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Kadum, Bakir K.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Brismar, Torkel B.
    Sayed-Noor, Arkan S.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    The Influence of Radiological Severity and Symptom Duration of Osteoarthritis on Postoperative Outcome After Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Prospective Cohort Study2018In: The Journal of Arthroplasty, ISSN 0883-5403, E-ISSN 1532-8406, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 436-440Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: We aimed to investigate the influence of preoperative radiological severity and symptom duration of hip osteoarthritis (OA) on the postoperative functional outcome, quality of life, as well as abductor muscle strength after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Methods: In this prospective cohort study, we studied 250 patients. Preoperatively, we evaluated the function with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) index and quality of life with euroqol-5D (EQ-5D). At 1 year after THA, the same scores and also hip abductor muscle strength were measured in 222 patients. We divided the cohort twice, first according to the radiological OA severity [Kellgren-Lawrence classification (KL)] and then according to the OA symptom duration. We investigated whether the preoperative KL class and symptom duration influenced the 1-year WOMAC (primary outcome measure) or EQ-5D and abductor muscle strength (secondary outcome measures). Results: The crude results showed that KL class and symptom duration had no influence (P = .90 and P = .20, respectively) on the 1-yearWOMAC. Younger age, male gender, and lower body mass index were associated with a better function. Regarding 1-year EQ-5D, the crude results showed that body mass index and KL class had no influence (P = .83 and P = .39, respectively). The adjusted results showed that only age and gender influenced the postoperative EQ-5D. No influence of the tested factors was found on the 1-year abductor muscle strength. Conclusion: Preoperative radiological OA severity and symptom duration had no influence on the outcome of THA and should probably not affect the decision about timing the operative intervention. 

  • 10.
    Albadi, Danial
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Changes in the treatment of cervical hip fractures at Umeå University Hospital2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11. Al-Bayati, Mohanad
    et al.
    Martinez-Carranza, Nicolas
    Roberts, David
    Högström, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Sports Medicine.
    Stålman, Anders
    Good subjective outcome and low risk of revision surgery with a novel customized metal implant for focal femoral chondral lesions at a follow-up after a minimum of 5 years2022In: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, ISSN 0936-8051, E-ISSN 1434-3916, Vol. 142, no 10, p. 2887-2892Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose: Patients with focal cartilage lesions experience functional impairment. Results for biological treatments in the middle-aged patient is poor. Previous studies with focal prosthetic inlay resurfacing have shown a higher risk of conversion to total knee replacement at mid-term follow-up. A novel customized implant (Episealer, Episurf, Stockholm, Sweden) has been proposed to improve implant positioning and survival. The primary objective was to assess subjective-, objective function and implant survival at a minimum of five years after surgery.

    Materials and methods: The inclusion criteria were patients aged 30–65 years with symptomatic focal chondral defects in the medial femoral condyle, International Cartilage Research Society grade 3 or 4 and failed conservative or surgical treatment. Minimum follow-up of 5 years. Clinical and radiologic assessments were made. Patient-reported outcome measurements at the latest follow-up were compared with the baseline data for the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), the EuroQoL (EQ-5D), the Tegner Activity Scale and a Visual Analog Scale of pain (VAS 0–10).

    Results: Ten patients with the mean follow-up period of 75 months (60–86 months, SD 10) were included. Signs of osteoarthritis were seen in one patient (Ahlbäck 1). No cases with revision to knee replacement. VAS for pain and KOOS showed improvements that reached significance for VAS (p ≤ 0.001) and the KOOS subscores Pain (p = 0.01), ADL (p = 0.003), Sport and Recreation (p = 0.024) and Quality of Life (p = 0.003).

    Conclusion: A good subjective outcome, a low risk of progression to degenerative changes and the need for subsequent surgery were seen at the mid-term follow-up with this customized focal knee-resurfacing implant.

    Level of evidence: Prospective case series, level 4.

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  • 12.
    Aldin, Z.
    et al.
    Radiology Department, Princess Alexandra NHS Trust, Hamstel Road, Harlow, Essex, United Kingdom.
    Diss, J.K.
    Radiology Department, Princess Alexandra NHS Trust, Hamstel Road, Harlow, Essex, United Kingdom.
    Mahmood, H.
    Imaging Department, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, Chelsea, London, United Kingdom.
    Sadik, T.
    Orthopaedic/Spinal Surgery Department, Princess Alexandra NHS Trust, Hamstel Road, Harlow, Essex, United Kingdom.
    Basra, H.
    Radiology Department, Princess Alexandra NHS Trust, Hamstel Road, Harlow, Essex, United Kingdom.
    Ahmed, M.
    Orthopaedic/Spinal Surgery Department, Princess Alexandra NHS Trust, Hamstel Road, Harlow, Essex, United Kingdom.
    Danawi, Z.
    Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Southend University Hospital, Southend, Essex, United Kingdom.
    Gul, A.
    Orthopaedic/Spinal Surgery Department, Princess Alexandra NHS Trust, Hamstel Road, Harlow, Essex, United Kingdom.
    Sayed-Noor, A.S
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Clinical Sciences Department, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
    Long-term effectiveness of transforaminal anterolateral approach CT-guided cervical epidural steroid injections for cervical radiculopathy treatment2024In: Clinical Radiology, ISSN 0009-9260, E-ISSN 1365-229XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To evaluate the long-term clinical effectiveness of computed tomography (CT)-guided transforaminal cervical epidural steroid injection using an anterolateral approach for the treatment of cervical radiculopathy (CR) using well-established robust clinical scoring systems for neck pain and neck disability. Despite its widespread use, evidence to support the long-term benefit of routine cervical epidural steroid injection is currently very limited.

    Materials and methods: This study included 113 patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-confirmed CR who underwent a steroid injection at a single cervical level via a unilateral transforaminal anterolateral approach. Pain was assessed quantitatively at pre-injection, 15 minutes post-injection, 1 month, 3 months, and at 1 year. Neck disability was assessed using the Oswestry Neck Disability Index (NDI) at pre-injection, 1 month, 3 months, and 1 year time points.

    Results: Eighty patients completed the study. Sixty per cent reported reduced neck pain (mean pain reduction, 55%), which was clinically significant in 45% cases. Furthermore, 66% reported an improvement in neck disability (mean improvement, 51%), which was clinically significant for 56% patients. Clinically significant good outcomes in both neck pain and neck disability were evident from as early as 1-month, and importantly, were independent both of pre-treatment CR characteristics (including severity of pre-injection neck pain or disability) and of findings on pre-injection MRI imaging.

    Conclusion: Transforaminal anterolateral approach CT-guided epidural steroid injection resulted in a clinically significant long-term improvement in both neck pain and disability for half of the present cohort of patients with unilateral single-level CR. This improvement was independent of the severity of the initial symptoms and pre-injection MRI findings.

  • 13. Alexandersson, Maria
    et al.
    Wang, Eugen Yuhui
    Eriksson, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Physiotherapy. Centre for Clinical Research Sörmland, Uppsala University, Kungsgatan 41, 631 88 Eskilstuna, Sweden; Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy, Uppsala University, Box 593, 751 24 Uppsala, Sweden.
    A small difference in recovery between total knee arthroplasty with and without tourniquet use the first 3 months after surgery: a randomized controlled study2019In: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, ISSN 0942-2056, E-ISSN 1433-7347, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 1035-1042Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: When a tourniquet is used during surgery on the extremities, the pressure applied to the muscles, nerves and blood vessels can cause neuromuscular damage that contributes to postoperative weakness. The hypothesis was that the rehabilitation-related results would be improved if total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is performed without the use of a tourniquet.

    Methods: 81 patients with osteoarthritis of the knee who underwent TKA surgery were randomized to surgery with or without tourniquet. Active flexion and extension of the knee, pain by visual analog scale (VAS), swelling by knee circumference, quadriceps function by straight leg raise, and timed up and go (TUG) test results were measured before and up to 3 months after surgery.

    Results: ANCOVA revealed no between-groups effect for flexion of the knee at day 3 postsurgery. Compared with the tourniquet group, the nontourniquet group experienced elevated pain at 24 h, with a mean difference of 16.6 mm, p = 0.005. The effect on mobility (TUG test) at 3 months was better in the nontourniquet group, with a mean difference of -1.1 s, p = 0.029.

    Conclusions: The hypothesis that the rehabilitation-related results would be improved without a tourniquet is not supported by the results. When the results in this study for surgery performed with and without tourniquet are compared, no clear benefit for either procedure was observed, as the more pain exhibited by the nontourniquet group was only evident for a short period and the improved mobility in this group was not at a clinically relevant level.

    Level of evidence: Inconsistent results, Level II.

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  • 14.
    Alfredson, Håkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine. Pure Sports Medicine Clinic, London, UK; The Institute of Sport Exercise & Health (ISEH), University College London Hospitals (UCLH), London, UK.
    Clinical commentary of the evolution of the treatment for chronic painful mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy2015In: Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia, ISSN 1413-3555, E-ISSN 1809-9246, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 429-432Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The chronic painful Achilles tendon mid-portion was for many years, and still is in many countries, treated with intratendinous revision surgery. However, by coincidence, painful eccentric calf muscle training was tried, and it showed very good clinical results. This finding was unexpected and led to research into the pain mechanisms involved in this condition. Today we know that there are very few nerves inside, but multiple nerves outside, the ventral side of the chronic painful Achilles tendon mid-portion. These research findings have resulted in new treatment methods targeting the regions with nerves outside the tendon, methods that allow for a rapid rehabilitation and fast return to sports.

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  • 15.
    Alfredson, Håkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
    Regenerative injection therapy for chronic painful tendinosis with polidocanol and ultrasound/Doppler guidance2007In: Pain clinic (Print), ISSN 0169-1112, E-ISSN 1568-5691, Vol. 19, no 6, p. 271-276(6)Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Alfredson, Håkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine.
    Reply to the letter from Dr. Karsten Knobloch regarding our article "Sclerosing injections to treat midportion Achilles tendinosis: a randomized controlled study evaluating two different concentrations of polidocanol"2009In: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, ISSN 0942-2056, E-ISSN 1433-7347, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 113-114Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Alfredson, Håkan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Sports Medicine.
    Masci, Lorenzo
    Institute of Sports Exercise and Health, University College Hospital London, London, United Kingdom; Sports & Exercise Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom.
    Spang, Christoph
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB), Anatomy. Private Orthopaedic Spine Center, Würzburg, Germany.
    Is There a Relationship Between Quadriceps Tendinopathy and Suprapatellar Plica? An Observational Case Series2022In: International Medical Case Reports Journal, E-ISSN 1179-142X, Vol. 15, p. 81-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Chronic painful quadriceps tendinopathy is a relatively rare condition known to be difficult to manage. Conservative management is first-line treatment and if that fails open intra-tendinous revision surgery followed by a long rehabilitation period is used. There is sparse research on etiology and new treatment methods. This observational study aimed to evaluate the intra-articular findings in patients with chronic painful quadriceps tendinopathy resistant to conservative management.

    Patients and Methods: Seven male athletes (mean age 33 years, range 22–40) suffering from chronic painful quadriceps tendinopathy in altogether 10 tendons, not responding to conservative management including heavy strength training, were included. Clinical examination and ultrasound scanning were used for diagnosis. Arthroscopy was used for evaluation of the inside of the knee.

    Results: In all 10 knees, there were obliterating major plica formations in the suprapatellar pouch.

    Conclusion: Obliterating plica formations in the suprapatellar pouch may be involved in the aetiology and pathology in quadriceps tendinopathy.

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  • 18.
    Alfredson, Håkan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Sports Medicine.
    Spang, Christoph
    Surgical treatment of insertional Achilles tendinopathy: results after removal of the subcutaneous bursa alone-a case series2020In: BMJ OPEN SPORT & EXERCISE MEDICINE, ISSN 2398-9459, Vol. 6, no 1, article id e000769Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Insertional Achilles tendinopathy is well known to be difficult to treat, especially when there is intra-tendinous bone pathology. This study is a case series on patients with chronic insertional Achilles tendon pain and major intra-tendinous bony pathology together with bursa and tendon pathology, treated with excision of the subcutaneous bursa alone. Methods Eleven patients (eight men and three women) with a mean age of 44 years (range 24-62) and a chronic (>6 months) painful condition from altogether 15 Achilles tendon insertions were included. In all patients, ultrasound examination showed intra-tendinous bone pathology together with pathology in the tendon and subcutaneous bursa, and all were surgically treated with an open excision of the whole subcutaneous bursa alone. This was followed by full weight-bearing walking in a shoe with open heel for 6 weeks. Results At follow-up 21 (median, range 12-108) months after surgery, 9/11 patients (12/15 tendons) were satisfied with the result of the operation and 10/11 (13/15 tendons) were back in their previous sport and recreational activities. The median VISA-A score had improved from 41 (range 0-52) to 91 (range 33-100) (p<0.01). Conclusion In patients with chronic painful insertional Achilles tendinopathy with intra-tendinous bone pathology, tendon and bursa pathology, open removal of the subcutaneous bursa alone can relieve the pain and allow for Achilles tendon loading activities. The results in this case series highlight the need for more studies on the pain mechanisms in insertional Achilles tendinopathy and the need for randomised studies to strengthen the conclusions.

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  • 19.
    Alfredsson, Hugo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Tibial component migration in total knee arthroplasty and what factors affect the result - How knee alignment and/or alignment of the individual knee implant affect tibial component migration2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 20.
    Andersson, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Hospital-acquired hip fractures Aspects on hospital-acquired hip fractures in Umeå, 2002-20142017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21.
    Andersson, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Minimalinvasiv operativ behandling med fibulamärgspik av fotledsfraktur hos högriskpatienter2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Andersson, Ludvig
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Migration hos ocementerade Corailstammar är mätbart med hög precision hos stammar både med och utan krage.2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Andersson, Petter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Evaluation of sonication in suspected prosthetic joint infection after hip replacement surgery2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24.
    Arntsberg, Louise
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Evaluation of sonication as a mean of improving diagnostic accuracy of periprosthetic joint infections in revision knee arthroplasty2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25.
    Arokoski, Jari
    et al.
    Department of Rehabilitation, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.
    Lammi, Mikko
    Department of Anatomy, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland.
    Hyttinen, Mika
    Department of Anatomy, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland.
    Kiviranta, Ilkka
    Department of Surgery, Keski-Suomi Central Hospital, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Parkkinen, Jyrki
    Laboratory Center, Pathology, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.
    Jurvelin, Jukka
    Department of Clinical Physiology and Isotope Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.
    Tammi, Markku
    Department of Anatomy, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland.
    Helminen, Heikki
    Department of Anatomy, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland.
    Nivelrikon etiopatogeneesi [Etiopathogenesis of osteoarthritis].2001In: Duodecim, ISSN 0012-7183, E-ISSN 2242-3281, Vol. 117, no 16, p. 1617-1626, article id 12182099Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [fi]

    Nivelrikon patofysiologia tunnetaan huonosti. Nykykäsityksen mukaan artroosissa ei olekyse nivelruston passiivisesta kulumisesta vaan biokemiallisesta tapahtumasarjasta, jossasoluväliaineen tuhoutuminen saa ylivallan rustoa korjaavista prosesseista. Nivelrikon alkuvaiheessarustosoluissa eli kondrosyyteissä aktivoituvat sekä ruston aineosien synteesitoimintaettä rustoa hajottavien entsyymien ilmentyminen ja niitä koodaavien geenientoiminta. Nivelrikko on koko nivelen sairaus, joka aiheuttaa muutoksia niin nivelrustossa,luussa kuin pehmytosissakin. Vallitsevan käsityksen mukaan nivelrikko käynnistyynivelruston pinnallisesta vyöhykkeestä. On myös esitetty, että nivelalueen altistuminenliialliselle kuormitukselle aiheuttaisi ensin rustonalaisen luun paksunemisen ja jäykkenemisen,mikä puolestaan altistaisi nivelruston suuremmille kuormittaville voimille. Riskitekijöistätärkeimpiä ovat ikääntyminen, liikapaino, niveleen kohdistuvat vammat ja ruumiillisentyön aiheuttama liikarasitus. Perinnöllisten tekijöiden osuus on myös merkittävä.Ruston kollageenien rakennevirheiden tiedetään altistavan nivelrikolle.

  • 26.
    Arokoski, Jari
    et al.
    Kuopio University Hospital, Department of surgery and Clinic of rehabilitation, Kuopio, Finland.
    Vuoltenaho, Katriina
    Department of Medicine, Pharmacology, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland; Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.
    Lammi, Mikko
    Department of Biosciences, Applied Biotechnology, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland.
    Moilanern, Eeva
    Department of Medicine, Pharmacology, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland; Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.
    Nivelrikon lääkehoito [Medical treatment of osteoarthritis]2008In: Duodecim, ISSN 0012-7183, Vol. 124, p. 1899--1907Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [fi]

    teho ei riitä, siirrytään tulehduskipulääkkeisiin niiden haitat huomioiden. Ellei parasetamolilla ja tulehduskipulääkkeillä saada riittävää tehoa nivelrikkokipuun tai niitä ei haittavaikutusten vuoksi ole mahdollista käyttää, kipua voidaan hoitaa opioideilla. Niveleen annettu glukokortikoidi- tai hyaluronaattihoito näyttää lievittävän nivelkipua. Glukosamiini saattaa helpottaa nivelrikon oireita, mutta luotettava tieteellinen näyttö sen tehosta puuttuu edelleen. Kehitteillä on nykyisiin vaikutusmekanismeihin tukeutuvia oireita lievittäviä lääkeaineita, mutta merkittävämpi ja haastavampi pitkän aikavälin tavoite on kehittää rustovaurioita hidastavia lääkkeitä. Potentiaalisia tautiprosessiin vaikuttavia lääkeaineita ovat mm. rustomatriksia hajottavien entsyymien estäjät, typpioksidisynteesin estäjät, sytokiinimodulaattorit ja PPAR-agonistit.

  • 27.
    Asad, Shadi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Sluten reposition av distala radius frakturer-en jämförelse av radiologiska utfall 2005 och 20192023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Atroshi, Isam
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Lyrén, Per-Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Educational Measurement.
    Gummesson, Christina
    Department of Health Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy, Lund University, 22100 Lund, Sweden.
    The 6-item CTS symptoms scale: a brief outcomes measure for carpal tunnel syndrome2009In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 347-358Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Atroshi, Isam
    et al.
    Department of Orthopedics, Hässleholm and Kristianstad Hospitals, Hässleholm, Sweden.
    Lyrén, Per-Erik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Departement of Educational Measurement.
    Ornstein, Ewald
    Department of Orthopedics, Hässleholm-Kristianstad Hospitals.
    Gummesson, Christina
    Institutionen för hälsa, vård och samhälle, Avdelningen för sjukgymnastik, Lunds universitet, Lund, Sverige.
    The 6-item CTS symptoms scale and palmar pain scale in carpal tunnel syndrome2011In: Journal of Hand Surgery-American Volume, ISSN 0363-5023, E-ISSN 1531-6564, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 788-794Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Axelsson, Joel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Kliniskt utfall och precision vid instrumentering i halsryggen med pedikelskruvar genom bildnavigerad ryggkirurgi (O-arm) - en retrospektiv studie och validering av ny klassfikationsmetod (OVEM)2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 31.
    Azer, Amanda
    et al.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, NJ, Newark, United States.
    Hanna, Aedan
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, NJ, Newark, United States.
    Shihora, Dhvani
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, NJ, Newark, United States.
    Saad, Anthony
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, NJ, Newark, United States.
    Duan, Yajie
    Department of Statistics, Rutgers University, NJ, Newark, United States.
    McGrath, Aleksandra M
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
    Chu, Alice
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, NJ, Newark, United States; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rutgers University, NJ, Newark, United States.
    Forearm and elbow secondary surgical procedures in neonatal brachial plexus palsy: a systematic scoping review2024In: JSES Reviews, Reports, and Techniques, E-ISSN 2666-6391, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 61-69Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Neonatal Brachial plexus palsy is an injury during delivery that can lead to loss of motor function and limited range of motion in patients due to damage of nerves in the brachial plexus. This scoping review aims to explore types of procedures performed and assess outcomes of forearm and elbow secondary surgery in pediatric patients.

    Methods: Searches of PubMed, Cochrane, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Sciences, and Scopus were completed to obtain studies describing surgical treatment of elbow and forearm in pediatric patients with neonatal Brachial plexus palsy. 865 abstracts and titles were screened by two independent reviewers resulting in 295 full text papers; after applying of inclusion and exclusion criteria 18 articles were included. The level of evidence of this study is level IV.

    Results: Ten main procedures were performed to regain function of the forearm and elbow in neonatal brachial plexus birth palsy patients. Procedures had different aims, with supination contracture (6) and elbow flexion restoration (5) being the most prevalent. The variance between preoperative and postoperative soft tissue and bony procedures outcomes decreased and showed improvement with respect to the aim of each procedure category. For soft tissue procedures, a statistically significant increase was found between preoperative and postoperative values for active elbow flexion, passive supination, and active supination. For bony procedures, there was a statistically significant decrease between preoperative and postoperative values of passive and active supination.

    Conclusion: Overall, all procedures completed in the assessed articles of this study were successful in their aim. Bony procedures, specifically osteotomies, were found to have a wider range of results, whereas soft tissue procedures were found to be more consistent and reproducible with respect to their outcomes. Bony and soft tissue procedures were found vary in their aims and outcomes. This study indicates the need for further research to augment knowledge about indications and long-term benefits to each procedure.

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  • 32.
    Aziz, Athir
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Management of femoral neck fractures. - Internal fixation vs hip arthroplasty for undisplaced femoral neck fracture in the elderly – a cohort study2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 33.
    Backman, Ludvig J
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB), Anatomy.
    Danielson, Patrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB), Anatomy.
    Low range of ankle dorsiflexion predisposes for patellar tendinopathy in junior elite basketball players: a 1-year prospective study2011In: American Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0363-5465, E-ISSN 1552-3365, Vol. 39, no 12, p. 2626-2633Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Patellar tendinopathy (PT) is one of the most common reasons for sport-induced pain of the knee. Low ankle dorsiflexion range might predispose for PT because of load-bearing compensation in the patellar tendon.

    PURPOSE: The purpose of this 1-year prospective study was to analyze if a low ankle dorsiflexion range increases the risk of developing PT for basketball players. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (prognosis); Level of evidence, 2.

    METHODS: Ninety junior elite basketball players were examined for different characteristics and potential risk factors for PT, including ankle dorsiflexion range in the dominant and nondominant leg. Data were collected over a 1-year period and follow-up, including reexamination, was made at the end of the year.

    RESULTS: Seventy-five players met the inclusion criteria. At the follow-up, 12 players (16.0%) had developed unilateral PT. These players were found to have had a significantly lower mean ankle dorsiflexion range at baseline than the healthy players, with a mean difference of -4.7° (P = .038) for the dominant limb and -5.1° (P = .024) for the nondominant limb. Complementary statistical analysis showed that players with dorsiflexion range less than 36.5° had a risk of 18.5% to 29.4% of developing PT within a year, as compared with 1.8% to 2.1% for players with dorsiflexion range greater than 36.5°. Limbs with a history of 2 or more ankle sprains had a slightly less mean ankle dorsiflexion range compared to those with 0 or 1 sprain (mean difference, -1.5° to -2.5°), although this was only statistically significant for nondominant legs.

    CONCLUSION: This study clearly shows that low ankle dorsiflexion range is a risk factor for developing PT in basketball players. In the studied material, an ankle dorsiflexion range of 36.5° was found to be the most appropriate cutoff point for prognostic screening. This might be useful information in identifying at-risk individuals in basketball teams and enabling preventive actions. A history of ankle sprains might contribute to reduced ankle dorsiflexion range.

  • 34. Baird, Denis A.
    et al.
    Evans, Daniel S.
    Kamanu, Frederick K.
    Gregory, Jennifer S.
    Saunders, Fiona R.
    Giuraniuc, Claudiu V.
    Barr, Rebecca J.
    Aspden, Richard M.
    Jenkins, Deborah
    Kiel, Douglas P.
    Orwoll, Eric S.
    Cummings, Steven R.
    Lane, Nancy E.
    Mullin, Benjamin H.
    Williams, Frances M.K.
    Richards, J. Brent
    Wilson, Scott G.
    Spector, Tim D.
    Faber, Benjamin G.
    Lawlor, Deborah A.
    Grundberg, Elin
    Ohlsson, Claes
    Pettersson-Kymmer, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Pharmacology.
    Capellini, Terence D
    Richard, Daniel
    Beck, Thomas J
    Evans, David M
    Paternoster, Lavinia
    Karasik, David
    Tobias, Jonathan H.
    Identification of Novel Loci Associated With Hip Shape: A Meta-Analysis of Genomewide Association Studies.2019In: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, ISSN 0884-0431, E-ISSN 1523-4681, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 241-251Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We aimed to report the first genomewide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-derived hip shape, which is thought to be related to the risk of both hip osteoarthritis and hip fracture. Ten hip shape modes (HSMs) were derived by statistical shape modeling using SHAPE software, from hip DXA scans in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; adult females), TwinsUK (mixed sex), Framingham Osteoporosis Study (FOS; mixed), Osteoporotic Fractures in Men study (MrOS), and Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF; females) (total N = 15,934). Associations were adjusted for age, sex, and ancestry. Five genomewide significant (p < 5 × 10-9 , adjusted for 10 independent outcomes) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with HSM1, and three SNPs with HSM2. One SNP, in high linkage disequilibrium with rs2158915 associated with HSM1, was associated with HSM5 at genomewide significance. In a look-up of previous GWASs, three of the identified SNPs were associated with hip osteoarthritis, one with hip fracture, and five with height. Seven SNPs were within 200 kb of genes involved in endochondral bone formation, namely SOX9, PTHrP, RUNX1, NKX3-2, FGFR4, DICER1, and HHIP. The SNP adjacent to DICER1 also showed osteoblast cis-regulatory activity of GSC, in which mutations have previously been reported to cause hip dysplasia. For three of the lead SNPs, SNPs in high LD (r2  > 0.5) were identified, which intersected with open chromatin sites as detected by ATAC-seq performed on embryonic mouse proximal femora. In conclusion, we identified eight SNPs independently associated with hip shape, most of which were associated with height and/or mapped close to endochondral bone formation genes, consistent with a contribution of processes involved in limb growth to hip shape and pathological sequelae. These findings raise the possibility that genetic studies of hip shape might help in understanding potential pathways involved in hip osteoarthritis and hip fracture. © 2018 The Authors. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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  • 35. Bateman, Marcus
    et al.
    Evans, Jonathan P
    Vuvan, Viana
    Jones, Val
    Watts, Adam C
    Phadnis, Joideep
    Bisset, Leanne M
    Vicenzino, Bill
    Development of a core outcome set for lateral elbow tendinopathy (COS-LET) using best available evidence and an international consensus process2022In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 56, no 12, p. 657-666Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To develop a core outcome set for lateral elbow tendinopathy (COS-LET) and to provide guidance for outcome evaluation in future studies.

    METHODS: We implemented a multi-stage mixed-methods design combining two systematic reviews, domain mapping of outcome measurement instruments to the core domains of tendinopathy, psychometric analysis of instruments, two patient focus groups and a Delphi study incorporating two surveys and an international consensus meeting. Following the OMERACT guidelines, we used a 70% threshold for consensus.

    RESULTS: 38 clinicians/researchers and 9 patients participated. 60 instruments were assessed for inclusion. The only instrument that was recommended for the COS-LET was Patient Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE) for the disability domain. Interim recommendations were made to use: the PRTEE function subscale for the function domain; PRTEE pain subscale items 1, 4 and 5 for the pain over a specified time domain; pain-free grip strength for the physical function capacity domain; a Numerical Rating Scale measuring pain on gripping for the pain on activity/loading domain; and time off work for the participation in life activities domain. No recommendations could be made for the quality-of-life, patient rating of condition and psychological factors domains.

    CONCLUSIONS: The COS-LET comprises the PRTEE for the disability domain. Interim-use recommendations included PRTEE subscales, time off work, pain-free grip strength and a Numerical Rating Scale measuring pain on gripping. Further work is required to validate these interim measures and develop suitable measures to capture the other domains.

  • 36.
    Becher, Christoph
    et al.
    International Centre for Orthopedics, ATOS Clinic Heidelberg, Bismarckstr. 9-15, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Megaloikonomos, Panayiotis D.
    International Centre for Orthopedics, ATOS Clinic Heidelberg, Bismarckstr. 9-15, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Lind, Martin
    Department of Orthopedics, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Eriksson, Karl
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stockholm South Hospital, Department of Clinical Science and Education Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Brittberg, Mats
    Cartilage Research Unit, Region Halland Orthopaedics, Varberg Hospital, University of Gothenburg, Varberg, Sweden.
    Beckmann, Johannes
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Barmherzige Brüder Hospital, Munich, Germany.
    Verdonk, Peter
    Orthoca, AZ Monica, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Högström, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Sports Medicine.
    Konradsen, Lars
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Bispebjerg-Frederiksberg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Holz, Johannes
    OrthoCentrum Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.
    Franz, Alois
    Hospital for Orthopedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Siegen, Germany.
    Feucht, Matthias J.
    Orthopaedic Clinic Paulinenhilfe, Diakonie-Hospital, Stuttgart, Germany.
    Kösters, Clemens
    Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics, Maria-Josef-Hospital Greven, Greven, Germany.
    van Buul, Gerben
    Department of Orthopaedics, Sint Maartenskliniek, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Sköldenberg, Olof
    Department of Clinical Sciences at Danderyd Hospital, Division of Orthopaedics, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Emans, Pieter J.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, Netherlands.
    Boutefnouchet, Tarek
    University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Trust, Mindelsohn Way, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
    Nathwani, Dinesh
    Imperial College NHS Trust London, London, United Kingdom.
    McNicholas, Mike J.
    Liverpool University Hospitals NHS FT, Liverpool, United Kingdom.
    O’Donnell, Turlough
    Department of Orthopedics, Beacon Hospital, Sandyford, Dublin, Ireland.
    Spalding, Tim
    Cleveland Clinic London, University Hospital Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, United Kingdom.
    Stålman, Anders
    Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Stockholm Sports Trauma Research Center, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ostermeier, Sven
    MVZ Gelenk-Klinik, Gundelfingen, Germany.
    Imhoff, Andreas B.
    Department of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.
    Shearman, Alexander D.
    Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, United Kingdom.
    Hirschmann, Michael
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital Baselland, Bruderholz, Switzerland.
    High degree of consensus amongst an expert panel regarding focal resurfacing of chondral and osteochondral lesions of the femur with mini-implants2023In: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, ISSN 0942-2056, E-ISSN 1433-7347, Vol. 31, no 9, p. 4027-4034Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The rationale for the use of mini-implants for partial resurfacing in the treatment of femoral chondral and osteochondral lesions is still under debate. The evidence supporting best practise guidelines is based on studies with low-level evidence. A consensus group of experts was convened to collaboratively advance towards consensus opinions regarding the best available evidence. The purpose of this article is to report the resulting consensus statements.

    Methods: Twenty-five experts participated in a process based on the Delphi method of achieving consensus. Questions and statements were drafted via an online survey of two rounds, for initial agreement and comments on the proposed statements. An in-person meeting between the panellists was organised during the 2022 ESSKA congress to further discuss and debate each of the statements. A final agreement was made via a final online survey a few days later. The strength of consensus was characterised as: consensus, 51–74% agreement; strong consensus, 75–99% agreement; unanimous, 100% agreement.

    Results: Statements were developed in the fields of patient assessment and indications, surgical considerations and postoperative care. Between the 25 statements that were discussed by this working group, 18 achieved unanimous, whilst 7 strong consensus.

    Conclusion: The consensus statements, derived from experts in the field, represent guidelines to assist clinicians in decision-making for the appropriate use of mini-implants for partial resurfacing in the treatment of femoral chondral and osteochondral lesions. Level of evidence: Level V.

  • 37. Benetou, V.
    et al.
    Orfanos, P.
    Feskanich, D.
    Michaëlsson, K.
    Pettersson-Kymmer, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Nutritional Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Pharmacology.
    Byberg, L.
    Eriksson, Sture
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Grodstein, F.
    Wolk, A.
    Jankovic, N.
    de Groot, L. C. P. G. M.
    Boffetta, P.
    Trichopoulou, A.
    Mediterranean diet and hip fracture incidence among older adults: the CHANCES project2018In: Osteoporosis International, ISSN 0937-941X, E-ISSN 1433-2965, Vol. 29, no 7, p. 1591-1599Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The association between adherence to Mediterranean diet (MD) and hip fracture incidence is not yet established. In a diverse population of elderly, increased adherence to MD was associated with lower hip fracture incidence. Except preventing major chronic diseases, adhering to MD might have additional benefits in lowering hip fracture risk.

    INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures constitute a major public health problem among older adults. Latest evidence links adherence to Mediterranean diet (MD) with reduced hip fracture risk, but still more research is needed to elucidate this relationship. The potential association of adherence to MD with hip fracture incidence was explored among older adults.

    METHODS: A total of 140,775 adults (116,176 women, 24,599 men) 60 years and older, from five cohorts from Europe and the USA, were followed-up for 1,896,219 person-years experiencing 5454 hip fractures. Diet was assessed at baseline by validated, cohort-specific, food-frequency questionnaires, and hip fractures were ascertained through patient registers or telephone interviews/questionnaires. Adherence to MD was evaluated by a scoring system on a 10-point scale modified to be applied also to non-Mediterranean populations. In order to evaluate the association between MD and hip fracture incidence, cohort-specific hazard ratios (HR), adjusted for potential confounders, were estimated using Cox proportional-hazards regression and pooled estimates were subsequently derived implementing random-effects meta-analysis.

    RESULTS: A two-point increase in the score was associated with a significant 4% decrease in hip fracture risk (pooled adjusted HR 0.96; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.92-0.99, pheterogeneity = 0.446). In categorical analyses, hip fracture risk was lower among men and women with moderate (HR 0.93; 95% CI 0.87-0.99) and high (HR 0.94; 95% CI 0.87-1.01) adherence to the score compared with those with low adherence.

    CONCLUSIONS: In this large sample of older adults from Europe and the USA, increased adherence to MD was associated with lower hip fracture incidence.

  • 38. Benetou, V
    et al.
    Orfanos, P
    Pettersson-Kymmer, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Pharmacology.
    Bergström, Ulrica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Svensson, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Johansson, Ingegerd
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology, Cariology.
    Berrino, F
    Tumino, R
    Borch, K B
    Lund, E
    Peeters, P H M
    Grote, V
    Li, K
    Altzibar, J M
    Key, T
    Boeing, H
    von Ruesten, A
    Norat, T
    Wark, P A
    Riboli, E
    Trichopoulou, A
    Mediterranean diet and incidence of hip fractures in a European cohort2013In: Osteoporosis International, ISSN 0937-941X, E-ISSN 1433-2965, Vol. 24, no 5, p. 1587-1598Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prevention of hip fractures is of critical public health importance. In a cohort of adults from eight European countries, evidence was found that increased adherence to Mediterranean diet, measured by a 10-unit dietary score, is associated with reduced hip fracture incidence, particularly among men. INTRODUCTION: Evidence on the role of dietary patterns on hip fracture incidence is scarce. We explored the association of adherence to Mediterranean diet (MD) with hip fracture incidence in a cohort from eight European countries. METHODS: A total of 188,795 eligible participants (48,814 men and 139,981 women) in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and nutrition study with mean age 48.6 years (±10.8) were followed for a median of 9 years, and 802 incident hip fractures were recorded. Diet was assessed at baseline through validated dietary instruments. Adherence to MD was evaluated by a MD score (MDs), on a 10-point scale, in which monounsaturated were substituted with unsaturated lipids. Association with hip fracture incidence was assessed through Cox regression with adjustment for potential confounders. RESULTS: Increased adherence to MD was associated with a 7 % decrease in hip fracture incidence [hazard ratio (HR) per 1-unit increase in the MDs 0.93; 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI) = 0.89-0.98]. This association was more evident among men and somewhat stronger among older individuals. Using increments close to one standard deviation of daily intake, in the overall sample, high vegetable (HR = 0.86; 95 % CI = 0.79-0.94) and high fruit (HR = 0.89; 95 % CI = 0.82-0.97) intake was associated with decreased hip fracture incidence, whereas high meat intake (HR = 1.18; 95 % CI = 1.06-1.31) with increased incidence. Excessive ethanol consumption (HR high versus moderate = 1.74; 95 % CI = 1.32-2.31) was also a risk factor. CONCLUSIONS: In a prospective study of adults, increased adherence to MD appears to protect against hip fracture occurrence, particularly among men.

  • 39. Benetou, Vassiliki
    et al.
    Orfanos, Philippos
    Feskanich, Diane
    Michaëlsson, Karl
    Pettersson-Kymmer, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Nutritional Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Pharmacology.
    Eriksson, Sture
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Grodstein, Francine
    Wolk, Alicja
    Bellavia, Andrea
    Ahmed, Luai A
    Boffeta, Paolo
    Trichopoulou, Antonia
    Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Hip Fracture Incidence in Older Men and Women: The CHANCES Project2016In: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, ISSN 0884-0431, E-ISSN 1523-4681, Vol. 31, no 9, p. 1743-1752Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of fruit and vegetable intake in relation to fracture prevention during adulthood and beyond is not adequately understood. We investigated the potential association between fruit and vegetable intake and hip fracture incidence in a large sample of elderly from Europe and United States. A total of 142,018 individuals (among which 116,509 women), aged ≥60 years old, from five cohorts, were followed-up prospectively for 1,911,482 person-years accumulating 5,552 hip fractures. Fruit and vegetable intake was assessed by validated, cohort-specific, food-frequency questionnaires. Ηip fractures were ascertained through national patient registers or telephone interviews/questionnaires. Adjusted hazard ratios (HR) derived by Cox proportional-hazards regression were estimated for each cohort and subsequently pooled using random-effects meta-analysis. Intake of ≤ 1 servings/day of fruit and vegetables combined was associated with 39% higher hip fracture risk [pooled adjusted HR:1.39, 95% Confidence Intervals (CIs): 1.20, 1.58] in comparison to moderate intake (>3 and ≤5 servings/day) (pfor heterogeneity  = 0.505), whereas higher intakes (>5 servings/day) were not associated with lower risk in comparison to the same reference. Associations were more evident among women. We concluded that a daily intake of one or less servings of fruits and vegetables was associated with increased hip fracture risk in relation to moderate daily intakes. Older adults with such low fruit and vegetable consumption may benefit from raising their intakes to moderate amounts in order to reduce their hip fracture risk. 

  • 40.
    Bengtsson, Victor
    et al.
    Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Öhberg, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Radiation Physics.
    Berglund, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Thoracolumbar and lumbopelvic spinal alignment during the deadlift exercise: a comparison between men and women2022In: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, E-ISSN 2159-2896, Vol. 17, no 6, p. 1063-1074Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A neutral spinal alignment is considered important during the execution of the deadlift exercise to decrease the risk of injury. Since male and female powerlifters experience pain in different parts of their backs, it is important to examine whether men and women differ in spinal alignment during the deadlift.

    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to quantify the spinal alignment in the upper (thoracolumbar, T11-L2) and lower (lumbopelvic, L2-S2) lumbar spine during the deadlift exercise in male and female lifters. Secondary aims were to compare lumbar spine alignment during the deadlift to standing habitual posture, and determine whether male and female lifters differ in these aspects.

    Study Design: Observational, Cross-sectional.

    Methods: Twenty-four (14 men, 10 women) lifters performed three repetitions of the deadlift exercise using 70% of their respective one-repetition maximum. Spinal alignment and spinal range of motion were measured using three inertial measurement units placed on the thoracic, lumbar and sacral spine. Data from three different positions were analyzed; habitual posture in standing, and start and stop positions of the deadlift, i.e. bottom and finish position respectively.

    Results: During the deadlift, spinal adjustments were evident in all three planes of movement. From standing habitual posture to the start position the lumbar lordosis decreased 13° in the upper and 20° in the lower lumbar spine. From start position to stop position the total range of motion in the sagittal plane was 11° in the upper and 22° in the lower lumbar spine. The decreased lumbar lordosis from standing habitual posture to the start position was significantly greater among men.

    Conclusions: Men and women adjust their spinal alignment in all three planes of movement when performing a deadlift and men seem to make greater adjustments from their standing habitual posture to start position in the sagittal plane. Level of Evidence 3.

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  • 41. Berg, Katarina
    et al.
    Idvall, Ewa
    Nilsson, Ulrica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Unosson, Mitra
    Postoperative recovery after different orthopedic day surgical procedures2011In: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing, ISSN 1878-1241, E-ISSN 1878-1292, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 165-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Orthopedic day surgery is common. Postoperative recovery may differ according to surgical procedures and personal factors. We studied postoperative recovery up to 2 weeks after different orthopedic day surgical procedures and tried to identify possible predictors associated with recovery. Three-hundred and fifty eight patients who had undergone knee arthroscopy or surgery to the hand/arm, foot/leg or shoulder were included. Data were collected on postoperative days 1, 7 and 14 using the Swedish Post-discharge Surgery Recovery scale, the emotional state, physical comfort and physical independence dimensions in the Quality of Recovery-23 and a general health question. Multiple linear regression was used to explore predictors of recovery. The shoulder patients experienced significantly lower postoperative recovery and general health 1 and 2 weeks after surgery compared to the other patient groups (p < 0.001). Significant predictors of recovery were age, perceived health and emotional status on the first postoperative day and type of surgery. Postoperative recovery after common orthopedic day surgical procedures varies and factors influencing it need to be further explored. The impact of a patient’s emotional state on recovery after day surgery can be of particular interest in this work. Post-discharge planning needs to be tailored to the surgical procedure.

  • 42.
    Bergkvist, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Bilateral hip fractures - How to prevent a second hip fracture - patterns and risk factors.2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 43.
    Bergman, J
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Nordström, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. School of Sport Sciences, Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway..
    Nordström, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Bisphosphonate use after clinical fracture and risk of new fracture: response to comments by Wu et al.2018In: Osteoporosis International, ISSN 0937-941X, E-ISSN 1433-2965, Vol. 29, no 9, p. 2159-2160Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Bergman, Jonathan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Nordström, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Section of Sustainable Health. School of Sport Sciences, UiT Arctic University of Norway, Postboks 1621, 9509, Alta, Norway..
    Hommel, A.
    Department of Care Sciences, Malmö University, 20506, Malmö, Sweden..
    Kivipelto, M.
    Division of Clinical geriatrics, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Plan 7, 14183, Huddinge, Sweden. Research and Development Unit, Stockholm Sjukhem, Mariebergsgatan 22, 11219, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Nordström, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Bisphosphonates and mortality: confounding in observational studies?2019In: Osteoporosis International, ISSN 0937-941X, E-ISSN 1433-2965, Vol. 30, no 10, p. 1973-1982Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: Numerous observational studies suggest that bisphosphonates reduce mortality. This study showed that bisphosphonate use is associated with lower mortality within days of treatment, although the association was not significant until the second week. Such an early association is consistent with confounding, although an early treatment effect cannot be ruled out.

    Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine whether confounding explains why numerous observational studies show that bisphosphonate use is associated with lower mortality. To this end, we examined how soon after treatment initiation a lower mortality rate can be observed. We hypothesized that, due to confounding, the association would be observed immediately.

    Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of hip fracture patients discharged from Swedish hospitals between 1 July 2006 and 31 December 2015. The data covered 260,574 hip fracture patients and were obtained from the Swedish Hip Fracture Register and national registers. Of the 260,574 patients, 49,765 met all eligibility criteria and 10,178 were pair matched (bisphosphonate users to controls) using time-dependent propensity scores. The matching variables were age, sex, diagnoses, prescription medications, type of hip fracture, type of surgical procedure, known or suspected dementia, and physical functioning status.

    Results: Over a median follow-up of 2.8 years, 2922 of the 10,178 matched patients died. The mortality rate was 7.9 deaths per 100 person-years in bisphosphonate users and 9.4 deaths in controls, which corresponded to a 15% lower mortality rate in bisphosphonate users (hazard ratio 0.85, 95% confidence interval 0.79–0.91). The risk of death was lower in bisphosphonate users from day 6 of treatment, although the association was not significant until the second week.

    Conclusion: Bisphosphonate use was associated with lower mortality within days of treatment initiation. This finding is consistent with confounding, although an early treatment effect cannot be ruled out.

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  • 45.
    Bergman, Jonathan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Nordström, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Nordström, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Bisphosphonate use after clinical fracture and risk of new fracture2018In: Osteoporosis International, ISSN 0937-941X, E-ISSN 1433-2965, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 937-945Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: Among older adults with a previous fracture, treatment for osteoporosis was initially associated with a higher risk of new fracture. However, the relative risk of new fracture decreased over time, a trend that is consistent with a beneficial effect, as treatment for osteoporosis is prescribed to reduce high fracture risks.

    Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine whether bisphosphonate use is associated with a lower risk of new fracture after a clinical fracture in older adults.

    Methods: Data were available for 3,329,400 adults in Sweden who were aged ae<yen> 50 years between 2006 and 2011. During this period, 260,353 sustained a clinical fracture and were naïve to bisphosphonates at the time. Those who subsequently received a bisphosphonate were matched to up to three others on sex, year of birth, and type and year of initial fracture. The final cohort comprised 83,104 adults (26.3% bisphosphonate users).

    Results: During the period from initial fracture to initiation of bisphosphonate treatment, the incidence rate of any new clinical fracture was higher in those who later became bisphosphonate users than in those who remained nonusers (175.1 vs. 75.9 per 1000 person-years; hazard ratio 2.30, 95% confidence interval 2.19 to 2.41). Similarly, during the first 6 months of treatment, the incidence rate was higher in bisphosphonate users than in nonusers (128.8 vs. 90.2 per 1000 person-years; hazard ratio 1.41, 95% confidence interval 1.32 to 1.51). However, this difference decreased over time: by months 12 to 18, the incidence rate was similar in users and nonusers (59.3 vs. 55.3 per 1000 person-years; hazard ratio 1.03, 95% confidence interval 0.91 to 1.16).

    Conclusions: There was a decrease in the relative risk of new fracture during bisphosphonate treatment, a trend that is consistent with a beneficial treatment effect, as bisphosphonates are prescribed to reduce high fracture risks.

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  • 46.
    Bergman, Jonathan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Nordström, Peter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.
    Nordström, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Section of Sustainable Health. School of Sport Sciences, Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
    Overestimation of the Limitations of Randomized Controlled Trials2019In: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, ISSN 0884-0431, E-ISSN 1523-4681, Vol. 34, no 9, p. 1767-1768Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Bidgoli, Hassan Haghparast
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Div Global Hlth, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden; Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Hlth Management & Econ Res Ctr, Esfahan, Iran.
    Bogg, Lennart
    Hasselberg, Marie
    Pre-hospital trauma care resources for road traffic injuries in a middle-income country: a province based study on need and access in Iran2011In: Injury, ISSN 0020-1383, E-ISSN 1879-0267, Vol. 42, no 9, p. 879-884Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Access to pre-hospital trauma care can help minimize many of traffic related mortality and morbidity in low-and middle-income countries with high rate of traffic deaths such as Iran. The aim of this study was to assess if the distribution of pre-hospital trauma care facilities reflect the burden of road traffic injury and mortality in different provinces in Iran.

    Methods: This national cross-sectional study is based on ecological data on road traffic mortality (RTM), road traffic injuries (RTIs) and pre-hospital trauma facilities for all 30 provinces in Iran in 2006. Lorenz curves and Gini coefficients were used to describe the distributions of RTM/RTIs and pre-hospital trauma care facilities across provinces. Spearman rank-order correlation was performed to assess the relationship between RTM/RTI and pre-hospital trauma care facilities.

    Results: RTM and RTIs as well as pre-hospital trauma care facilities were distributed unequally between different provinces. There was no significant association between the rate of RTM and RTIs and the number of pre-hospital trauma care facilities across the country.

    Conclusions: The distribution of pre-hospital trauma care facilities does not reflect the needs in terms of RTM and RTIs for different provinces. These results suggest that traffic related mortality and morbidity could be reduced if the needs in terms of RTM and RTIs were taken into consideration when distributing pre-hospital trauma care facilities between the provinces. 

  • 48. Bilinski, Wojciech J.
    et al.
    Szternel, Lukasz
    Siodmiak, Joanna
    Paradowski, Przemyslaw T.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Sunderby Research Unit, Sunderby Central Hospital of Norrbotten, Luleå, Sweden; Faculty of Health Sciences, Collegium Medicum, Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, Poland.
    Domagalski, Krzysztof
    Sypniewska, Grazyna
    Low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin d level does not adversely affect bone turnover in prepubertal children2021In: Nutrients, E-ISSN 2072-6643, Vol. 13, no 10, article id 3324Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Both vitamin D and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) play essential roles in bone metabolism and may interact during prepubertal bone accrual. We investigated the association of low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) (<20 ng/mL) with the circulating bone turnover markers, when compared to their interaction with IGF-1. Subjects and Methods: Serum 25(OH)D, IGF-I, P1NP (N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen), and CTX-1 (C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen) were measured, and the bone turnover index (BTI) was calculated in 128 healthy children, aged 9–11 years. Results: Mean 25(OH)D concentration was 21.9 ± 4.9 ng/mL, but in 30.5% of participants it was <20 ng/mL (<50 nmol/L). We observed a trend for higher P1NP (p < 0.05) and IGF-1 (p = 0.08), towards lower 25(OH)D in tertiles. Levels of P1NP in the lowest 25(OH)D tertile (<20 ng/mL) were the highest, while CTX and BTI remained unchanged. Additionally, 25(OH)D negatively correlated with IGF-1, while the correlation with P1NP was not significant. A strong positive correlation of IGF-1 with P1NP and BTI but weak with CTX was observed. Low 25(OH)D (<20 ng/mL) explained 15% of the IGF-1 variance and 6% of the P1NP variance. Conclusions: Low levels of 25(OH)D do not unfavorably alter bone turnover. It seems that serum 25(OH)D level may not be an adequate predictor of bone turnover in children.

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  • 49. Bitar, Christian
    et al.
    Krupic, Ferid
    Fellaender-Tsai, Li
    Crnalic, Sead
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Wretenberg, Per
    Living with a recalled implant: a qualitative study of patients' experiences with ASR hip resurfacing arthroplasty2021In: Patient Safety in Surgery, E-ISSN 1754-9493, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundTotal hip arthroplasty is the traditional treatment for osteoarthritis in the hip joint. Hip resurfacing arthroplasty, with metal on metal bearing, is a modern concept initially developed mainly for young active people. The metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty implant, Articular Surface Replacement (ASR), was implanted in approximately 93,000 patients before it was recalled in 2010 due to a high complication rate. This study aimed to evaluate patients' own experiences living with an implant that they knew had a high complication rate and had been recalled from the market.MethodsA total of 14 patients, still living with the implant, of a cohort of 34 patients were available for follow-up. Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 patients where a majority actively sought for metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA), and subsequently underwent HRA with an ASR prosthesis between 11/21/2006 and 09/28/2009. The responses were analyzed using content analysis described by Graneheim and Lundman to compress text and identify categories and subcategories.ResultsThe results showed that most patients had already decided that they wanted a metal-on-metal HRA implant before meeting the surgeon. They expressed that the implant made it possible to live an active life. A majority did not think about the fact that they had a hip implant, because they lacked subjective pain. Most of the patients were positive about the annual exams at the hospital and wanted them to continue. None of them felt that their trust towards the healthcare system had changed after the implant recall. They expressed a belief that they would need new surgery sooner than they first thought.ConclusionsDespite all the attention when the ASR prosthesis was recalled, patients with ASR-HRA did not report themselves negatively affected by the recall in this group of patients where a majority had actively sought for an HRA procedure. The healthcare system has an obligation to continue the annual exams, even if the implant provider does not continue reimbursement.

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  • 50.
    Bitar, Christian
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Orthopaedics, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Moberg, Ivan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Krupic, Ferid
    Department of Orthopaedics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wretenberg, Per
    Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Orthopaedics, School of Medical Sciences, Örebro University and Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Otten, Volker T C
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Crnalic, Sead
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    11-Year outcomes in patients with metal-on-metal ASR hip arthroplasty2022In: Journal of Orthopaedics, ISSN 0972-978X, E-ISSN 2589-9082, Vol. 32, p. 98-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: We analysed the long-term revision rate, clinical outcomes and metal ion concentrations in blood over time in patients who had undergone metal-on-metal Articular Surface Replacement (ASR) hip arthroplasty. Methods: A total of 38 patients (43 hips) were included: 24 patients (28 hips) underwent large-head total hip arthroplasty (XL THA), and 14 patients (15 hips) underwent hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA). The median follow-up time was 11 (range 7-12) years. Results: None of 15 HRA implants were revised. Nine of 28 XL THA implants (32%) in 8 patients were revised. The Co ion levels significantly increased in the XL THA group (p=0.009) over a median time period of 84 (25-97) months. Conclusion: The levels of Co ions in blood were higher in the patients who had undergone XL THA and increased significantly over time.

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