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  • 1.
    Abi Saad, Elie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Tremblay, Nathalie
    Université de Strasbourg, BETA, 61 avenue de la Forêt Noire, Strasbourg, France.
    Agogué, Marine
    HEC Montréal, 3000 chemin Cote Ste Catherine, QC, Montréal, Canada.
    A multi-level perspective on innovation intermediaries: the case of the diffusion of digital technologies in healthcare2024In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 129, article id 102899Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation intermediaries have emerged as prominent forms of intervention for supporting technological changes and driving sociotechnical transitions. In this paper, we draw on an in-depth case study tracing the emergence and evolution of an intermediary organization created specifically to address innovation-related challenges and spur digital transformation in the healthcare sector in Montreal, Canada. We analyze data from 85 interviews with leading actors in the healthcare ecosystem, coupled with supplementary material, meetings, and follow-ups to theorize how intermediaries help facilitate the diffusion of emerging digital technologies in this sector. Our analysis reveals two interrelated processes: (1) "technology-focused intermediation" to help co-create the technology in accordance with existing demands; and (2) "ecosystem-focused intermediation" to help reinforce ecosystem components for enabling effective deployment. Each of these processes is driven by sourcing, mobilizing, and scaling activities intended to align the technology development trajectory with envisioned sociotechnical requirements.

  • 2.
    Abma, Tineke
    et al.
    Amsterdam University Medical Center, The Netherlan.
    Visse, Merel
    University of Humanistic Studies, The Netherland.
    Hanberger, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Simons, Helen
    University of Southampton, UK.
    Greene, Jennifer
    University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, US.
    Enriching evaluation practice through care ethics2020In: Evaluation, ISSN 1356-3890, E-ISSN 1461-7153, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 131-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, several authors have called for a critical assessment of the normative dimensions of evaluation practice. This article responds to this call by demonstrating how evaluation practice can be enriched through deliberate engagement with care ethics. Care ethics has a relational and practice view of morality and places caring relationships and responsibilities at the forefront of our being in the world. We will demonstrate how care ethics, in particular Joan Tronto’s moral-political theory of democratic caring, can help evaluators to reshape our way of working by placing caring and relationality at the centre of our evaluative work. Care ethics as a normative orientation for evaluation stretches beyond professional codes of conduct, and rule- or principled-based behaviour. It is part of everything we do or not do, how we interact with others, and what kinds of relationships we forge in our practice. This is illustrated with two examples: a democratic evaluation of a programme for refugee children in Sweden; and a responsive evaluation of a programme for neighbours of people with an intellectual disability in The Netherlands. Both examples show that a caring ethos offers a promising pathway to address the larger political, public issues of our times through the interrogation of un-caring practices. We conclude a caring ethos can help evaluators to strengthen a caring society that builds on people’s deeply felt need to care, to relate, and to connect within and across communities.

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  • 3.
    Abor, Joshua Yindenaba
    et al.
    Centre for Global Finance, SOAS University of London, United Kingdom; University of Stellenbosch Business School, South Africa.
    Karimu, Amin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Environmental Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Cape Town, South Africa.
    Introduction to sustainability management in the oil and gas industry2023In: Sustainability management in the oil and gas industry: emerging and developing country perspectives / [ed] Joshua Yindenaba Abor; Amin Karimu, Routledge, 2023, p. 3-11Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The world, since the industrial revolution, has relied significantly on oil and gas (O&G) resources to fuel, especially for its industrial and transportation activities. The major consuming block for oil before 2012 was always the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, which are more industrialised relative to countries in the non-OECD block. In most emerging and developing countries (EDCs), when O&G resources are discovered, they are often quick to extract these resources with the aim of rapidly growing the economy, reducing poverty, and gaining some political capital without a careful management plan. Despite the transition to low carbon economy being underway along with the associated increased interest in renewable energy sources globally, especially among policymakers and investors in developed countries, demand for O&G resources will continue to surge due to growing demand from EDCs such as China, India, South Africa, and Brazil.

  • 4.
    Abor, Joshua Yindenaba
    et al.
    Centre for Global Finance, SOAS University of London, United Kingdom; University of Stellenbosch Business School, South Africa.
    Karimu, AminUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Environmental Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Cape Town, South Africa.
    Sustainability management in the oil and gas industry: emerging and developing country perspectives2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The oil and gas industry is a complex sector with significant reach in terms of providing the energy needs of the global economy and the security, environmental and development consequences thereof. In particular, the sector is extremely important for the economic growth of emerging markets and developing countries. Furthermore, the life span of oil and gas resources is finite, with high health and safety risks and substantial environmental costs that require careful management and sustainability practices to ensure optimal extraction and utilisation of these resources. This book examines the challenges and opportunities in the oil and gas industry, in the context of emerging markets and developing economies. It provides comprehensive coverage of the management and sustainability practices of the sector, the environmental impact and sustainability of resources as well as the businesses that operate in the sector across the entire value chain. It addresses the current discourse on topics such as the Sustainable Development Goals, the Green Economy, the Paris Agreement and Glasgow Climate Pact and concludes with a chapter on the future of the oil and gas industry. The discussions around energy and energy transitions in particular continue to gain momentum and the book provides a wide-reaching and up-to-date overview of the industry. The book introduces readers to the concepts and formal models of analysis in the oil and gas sector and will serve as a useful resource for students, scholars and researchers in operations, marketing, procurement and supply chain management, project management, health and safety management, environmental economics, natural resource economics, development finance, and development studies. Researchers and practitioners working in these areas will also find the book a useful reference material.

  • 5. Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    Hermansson, Jörgen
    Jarstad, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Karlsson, Christer
    Widmalm, Sten
    Projektsamhället och hoten mot akademin2016In: Det hotade universitetet / [ed] Shirin Ahlbäck Öberg, Li Bennich-Björkman, Jörgen Hermansson, Anna Jarstad, Christer Karlsson och Sten Widmalm, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2016, p. 9-26Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication in Engineering Sciences (ECE), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Pagin, Peter
    Department of Philosophy, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Svedberg, Maria
    Department of Philosophy, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bibliometric analysis of two subdomains in philosophy: free will and sorites2015In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 103, no 1, p. 47-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we tested the fruitfulness of advanced bibliometric methods for mapping subdomains in philosophy. The development of the number of publications on free will and sorites, the two subdomains treated in the study, over time was studied. We applied the cocitation approach to map the most cited publications, authors and journals, and we mapped frequently occurring terms, using a term co-occurrence approach. Both subdomains show a strong increase of publications in Web of Science. When we decomposed the publications by faculty, we could see an increase of free will publications also in social sciences, medicine and natural sciences. The multidisciplinary character of free will research was reflected in the cocitation analysis and in the term co-occurrence analysis: we found clusters/groups of cocited publications, authors and journals, and of co-occurring terms, representing philosophy as well as non-philosophical fields, such as neuroscience and physics. The corresponding analyses of sorites publications displayed a structure consisting of research themes rather than fields. All in all, both philosophers involved in this study acknowledge the validity of the various networks presented. Bibliometric mapping appears to provide an interesting tool for describing the cognitive orientation of a research field, not only in the natural and life sciences but also in philosophy, which this study shows.

  • 7.
    Allard, Christina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle.
    Reimerson, Elsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Contrasting nature, contrasting rights: concluding remarks2017In: Indigenous rights in modern landscapes: Nordic conservation regimes in global context / [ed] Lars Elenius, Christina Allard & Camilla Sandström, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 216-231Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Alldén, Susanne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Post-conflict reconstruction and women’s security: analyzing political outputs in East Timor2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Women’s inclusion in the reconstruction of war-torn societies is important for sustainable peace and functioning democratic states. This paper specifically addresses women’s security situation in East Timor, seven years after the country’s vote for independence. The peace process is generally viewed as a success story but seven years later, women face several obstacles to enhanced political, economic and social status in society. What policy outputs, in particular in the political realm, can be detected, and what, if any, obstacles face women in their struggle for increased security? Are women acknowledged as important actors in the democratization or was the “gender-friendly” peacebuilding process simply a rhetorical instrument that later turned out to ignore women’s situation when policies were to be implemented? The paper highlights several important political aspects crucial for building sustainable peace and for stabilizing democracy, and examines how these issues include or exclude women in East Timor.

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  • 9.
    Amer, Ramses
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    The United Nations' Reaction to Foreign Military Interventions: A Comparative Case Study Analysis2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to analyse how the United Nations has reacted to foreign military interventions and which factors can help explain the reactions. In order to carry out the investigation the term foreign military intervention is defined, criteria for the selection of cases are formulated, and cases selected. This is followed by an examination of the United Nations’ reactions to the selected cases through the Security Council’s and the General Assembly’s responses to the interventions. The next step of the analysis is the formulation of a Hypothesis. This is done from a legal and normative approach to explaining the United Nations’ reactions. The Hypothesis is operationalised and tested through the formulation of two specifications. The two specifications are analysed in the context of the United Nation’s reactions to the selected cases. Based on this analysis the validity of the hypothesis is assessed.

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  • 10.
    Andersson, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Associations between atherosclerotic plaque and self-efficacy, depression and anxiety in an asymptomatic general population aged 602017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The majority of cases of cardiovascular disease (CVD) are caused by atherosclerosis. Carotid plaques are associated with increased risk of CVD, independently of traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Evidence of early disease is demonstrated before onset and can be assessed with ultrasound. Psychosocial stressors, together with raised lipids and smoking have been identified as the most important risk factors. Cognitive factors such as self-efficacy have been identified as important constructs for health behaviors, and emotional factors do also play a role in this context. Therefore, the present study investigated the association between general self-efficacy, health-specific self-efficacy, anxiety and depression, on the one hand, and atherosclerosis, on the other hand, in a sample of 2291 participants aged 60 year from a general asymptomatic population. Among 2291 participants, 1247 had plaque and 1044 did not have plaque. The results showed that depression (in men only) and anxiety (in participants with university education only) were associated with plaque, and health-specific self-efficacy (in men only) was associated with absence of plaque. However, when statistically controlled for snuff, smoking, harmful alcohol consumption, diabetes, myocardial infarction, hypertension, hypercholesterol and sex or education no group differences were found. Variables share biomedical factors and is therefore possible statistically over-controlled. From an epidemiological perspective, even small changes obtained in a large population have high impact. Therefore, the research question is important and needs to be adressed with interdiciplinary compentence.

  • 11.
    Angelov, Angel G.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    Ekström, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics. Department of Forest Resource Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
    Kriström, Bengt
    Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Mats E.
    Gösta Ekman Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Four-decision tests for stochastic dominance, with an application to environmental psychophysics2019In: Journal of mathematical psychology (Print), ISSN 0022-2496, E-ISSN 1096-0880, Vol. 93, article id 102281Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    If the survival function of a random variable X lies to the right of the survival function of a random variable Y, then X is said to stochastically dominate Y. Inferring stochastic dominance is particularly complicated because comparing survival functions raises four possible hypotheses: identical survival functions, dominance of X over Y, dominance of Y over X, or crossing survival functions. In this paper, we suggest four-decision tests for stochastic dominance suitable for paired samples. The tests are permutation-based and do not rely on distributional assumptions. One-sided Cramér–von Mises and Kolmogorov–Smirnov statistics are employed but the general idea may be utilized with other test statistics. The power to detect dominance and the different types of wrong decisions are investigated in an extensive simulation study. The proposed tests are applied to data from an experiment concerning the individual’s willingness to pay for a given environmental improvement.

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  • 12.
    Angelov, Angel G.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    Ekström, Magnus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    Kriström, Bengt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Nilsson, Mats E.
    Gösta Ekman Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University.
    Testing for stochastic dominance: Procedures with four hypothesesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Hultman, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Discourses of global climate change: Apocalyptic framing and political antagonisms2015Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book examines the arguments made by political actors in the creation of antagonistic discourses on climate change. Using in-depth empirical research from Sweden, a country considered by the international political community to be a frontrunner in tackling climate change, it draws out lessons that contribute to the worldwide environmental debate. The book identifies and analyses four globally circulated discourses that call for very different action to be taken to achieve sustainability: Industrial fatalism, Green Keynesianism, Eco-socialism and Climate scepticism. Drawing on risk society and post-political theory, it elaborates concepts such as industrial modern masculinity and ecomodern utopia, exploring how it is possible to reconcile apocalyptic framing to the dominant discourse of political conservatism. This highly original and detailed study focuses on opinion leaders and the way discourses are framed in the climate change debate, making it valuable reading for students and scholars of environmental communication and media, global environmental policy, energy research and sustainability.

  • 14.
    Antonson, Hans
    et al.
    KMV Forum AB.
    Buckland, Philip I.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Nyqvist, Roger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    A society ill-equipped to deal with the effects of climate change on cultural heritage and landscape: a qualitative assessment of planning practices in transport infrastructure2021In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 166, no 1, article id 18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides insights into the handling of climate change issues related to cultural heritage at different government decision levels dealing with physical planning, and in particular roads. Data are derived from a qualitative analysis of official reports and interviews with local and regional planners in three Swedish regions with contrasting climates. The theoretical lens of Institutional Interplay is applied to an analysis grouped into six themes: Climate threats to cultural heritage, Adaptation measures, Preparedness, Institutional preconditions, Institutional interplay, and Challenges. The results suggest that despite a strong environmental reputation internationally, Sweden is not particularly well prepared for dealing with future climate change impacts on cultural heritage and landscape. The lack of national standards and standardised methods risks regional and sectoral variation in the treatment of similar tasks, a problem which deficiencies in knowledge and continuing education are perpetuating. The degree to which discussions and cooperation occur between divisions within the same authority, between authorities, and in national networks varies considerably. Routines and criteria for prioritisation of cultural heritage mitigation, essential under conditions of limited resources, have yet to have been implemented. We conclude with five recommendations for improving the planning process with respect to climate change risks to cultural heritage.

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  • 15.
    Asaro, Peter M.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    A Body to Kick, but Still No Soul to Damn: Legal Perspectives on Robotics2012In: Robot Ethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Robotics / [ed] Patrick Lin, Keith Abney and George A. Bekey, CAMBRIDGE: MIT Press, 2012, p. 169-186Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16. Aschemann-Witzel, Jessica
    et al.
    Mulders, Maartje D.G.H.
    Janssen, Meike
    Perez-Cueto, Federico J. A.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Culinary Science.
    Tipping the next customer on the shoulder?: A segmentation study and discussion of targeted marketing to further plant-rich dietary transition2023In: Cleaner and Responsible Consumption, E-ISSN 2666-7843, Vol. 11, article id 100154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The agricultural sector is responsible for a large share of natural resource use and climate impact. A sustainable food system transition requires amongst others that a majority of consumers begins to eat more plant based. However, so far, only a niche or minority of consumers eats primarily plant based. With a conceptual background in positive tipping points in sustainability transitions and social network theory, this paper uses a segmentation analysis of representative consumer survey data in Denmark to characterize segments that differ in psychographic drivers or barriers of meat reduction. From the eight segments found, three are already part of the niche, three emerge as opposed to plant-based, but two are potential next consumers. We discuss how to trigger behaviour change towards eating more plant-rich in ways that match the segments potential motivations and barriers and contribute to literature and work on sustainable food systems transitions.

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  • 17.
    Axell, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Media's reporting of climate change in the Marshall Islands2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 18.
    Babri, Maira
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Corvellec, Hervé
    Lund University.
    Stål, Herman
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Power in the development of Circular Business Models: An Actor Network Theory approach2018Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 19.
    Bachmann-Vargas, Pamela
    Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
    Meanwhile, in Aysén-Patagonia: exploring discursive transformations on environment and development in a remote periphery2021Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Patagonia, is an imaginary territory that comprises the south of Chile and Argentina. Historically, Patagonia has captivated an image of far-off lands and wilderness, embedded in a remote and peripheral context, which in turn has often been idealized as ‘pristine’. In the literature, the reader will find different terminologies referring to Patagonia, in both Chile and Argentina and diverse ideas of where the imaginary boundaries of Patagonia reside. In this dissertation I focus on the Chilean territory, specifically the territory that comprises the administrative region of Aysén, also known as Northern Patagonia. Hereafter, Aysén-Patagonia.

    The current social-ecological state of Aysén-Patagonia, cannot be fully understood without looking into historical processes of idealization, territorial (re)invention and discursive transformations, which have molded the common perception towards the Aysén region, and at the same time have influenced how the region (self)transforms.

    Over the years, Aysén-Patagonia has faced a series of socio-spatial transformations driven by development and environmental ideas. From a development point of view, Chilean Patagonia, and specifically Northern Patagonia transitioned from extensive livestock ranching in the early twentieth century, to small-scale agriculture, nature-based tourism and industrial salmon aquaculture. From an environmental perspective, cultural and natural heritage associated to the rugged terrains and the livestock farming traditions are being replaced with renovated meanings of pristine and wild nature, situated within national and global targets of nature conservation.

    Despite the particular socio-spatial transformations that have taken place in Aysén-Patagonia, no studies have explored the entanglement of environmental and development ideas alike, nor their effects on the Aysén’s peripheral condition. This research contributes to fill this gap, by delving into three current prominent aspects for the environment and development of Aysén-Patagonia, namely: nature-based tourism, salmon aquaculture and nature conservation.

    Three research questions guide this dissertation, namely:

    What are the predominant environmental and development discourses that are currently being (re)produced in Aysén-Patagonia?How are these discourses playing out in environment-related practices, specifically in relation to nature-based tourism, salmon aquaculture and nature conservation?What are the implications of environmental and development discourses and practices, for the (de)peripheralization of Aysén-Patagonia?This dissertation is composed of six chapters, four of them empirical. In Chapter 1, I present a brief description of the historical context, which has shaped the socio-spatial transformations that have taken place in Aysén-Patagonia. Next, I introduce the conceptual framework. The conceptual framework is based on the definitions of discourses and practices, (de)peripheralization and the remote periphery, along with its connotations of ‘pleasure periphery’, ‘resource periphery’ and ‘wild periphery’. Subsequently, I describe the research design and the methodology carried out throughout the thesis.

    In Chapter 2, I identify and analyze the most prominent environmental and development discourses reproduced in the Aysén region. Based on semi-structured interviews with key informants, six discourses were identified, namely: Patagonian wilderness, cultural and natural heritage, regional demands, sustainable energy mix, nature-based tourism, and salmon aquaculture. Based on the analysis of synergies and tensions among discourses, the chapter concludes that environmental and development discourses play a key role in the transformation of remote peripheral areas. Discursive synergies may counteract or exacerbate peripheralizing processes.

    Chapter 3 follows up on the nature-based tourism discourse, and its translation into practices. This chapter analyzes small-scale tourism from a practice based approach. This chapter focuses on the case study of the Marble Caves boat tours, an iconic tourist attraction in Aysén-Patagonia. Through semi-structured interviews, questionnaires and participant and non-participant observations, the analysis shows how the reproduction of the boat tour, defined as a social practice, is particularly reliant on the tour operators’ competences, as well as on the abiotic nature of the tourist attraction. The chapter suggests that future tourism policy interventions that aim to harmonize local development and environmental protection need to carefully analyze and take into account existing social practices.

    Chapter 4 delves into the discursive reproductions that are currently re-framing the salmon aquaculture industry. This chapter identifies the main discourses in the aftermath of the ISAV crisis (Infectious Salmon Anemia virus), which caused staggering effects more than a decade ago. Based on semi-structured interviews and non-participant observation, the analysis shows how the salmon industry repositions by means of the reproduction of three main discourses, namely: biosecurity, sustainable protein, and The Promise of Patagonia. The chapter concludes, that despite the severe effects of the ISAV crisis on the salmon industry, as well as on coastal communities, new discourses are focused on the legitimization to growth, in the absence of integrated marine ecosystem-related elements, indicating a crucial gap toward environmental sustainability in the Chilean salmon aquaculture.

    Chapter 5 explores the interplay between the environmental discourses identified in Aysén-Patagonia: Patagonian wilderness, and cultural and natural heritage, and nature conservation practices. Based on secondary sources supplemented with (online) semi-structured interviews, the chapter inquiries into the narratives that guided the creation of five protected areas, the management approaches and the livelihood practices associated to those areas. The analysis draws upon the following protected areas: National Park Cerro Castillo, National Park Patagonia, National Park Laguna San Rafael, Marine Protected Area Pitipalena-Añihué, and Nature Sanctuary Capilla de Mármol. The chapter contends that the future of protected area management in Aysén-Patagonia will depend on how community-based management initiatives are fostered, by bringing to the fore the sense of attachment and the cultural heritage that has historically transformed the Patagonian landscapes.

    Finally, I discuss and synthetize the answers to the research questions aforementioned. I reflect on three aspects of the concept of (de)peripheralization, followed by methodological reflections. Next, I propose key themes for the future research agenda of Aysén-Patagonia. The chapter finalizes with a summary of the conclusions of this dissertation. Lastly, I argue that it is time to acknowledge the local agency and the effect of meanings of discursive reproductions in the development of socio-spatial processes, which not only take place on a local level. After all, this thesis - Meanwhile, in Aysén-Patagonia - shows how remote peripheral areas keep on changing in a globalized world.

  • 20.
    Bachmann-Vargas, Pamela
    et al.
    Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
    van Koppen, C.S.A. (Kris)
    Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
    Disentangling environmental and development discourses in a peripheral spatial context: the case of the Aysén region, Patagonia, Chile2020In: Journal of Environment and Development, ISSN 1070-4965, E-ISSN 1552-5465, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 366-390Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In places with a predominantly natural heritage, environmental and development discourses are intertwined and often competing. A key dimension is the social construction of socio-spatial relationships, and particularly, the attribution of core and periphery features. In this article, we investigate environmental and development discourses in the peripheral spatial context of the Aysén region of Chile. Three research questions guide the investigation: (a) What are the dominant environmental and development discourses? (b) what are the main synergies and tensions among discourses? and (c) what are the (discursive) implications for (de-)peripheralization? Based on semistructured interviews and secondary sources, we identify six regional discourses on environment and development. Imaginaries of nature, regional development, and economic growth are the common denominators that create synergies and tensions. We conclude that environmental and development discourses play a key role in the transformation of geographic peripheral areas. Discursive synergies can not only reinforce but also counteract tendencies of peripheralization.

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  • 21.
    Bachmann-Vargas, Pamela
    et al.
    Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    van Koppen, C.S.A. (Kris)
    Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    Lamers, Machiel
    Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    Protecting wilderness or cultural and natural heritage?: Insights from northern Patagonia, Chile2024In: Conservation and Society, ISSN 0972-4923, E-ISSN 0975-3133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Protecting 30% of the planet’s terrestrial and marine ecosystems by 2030 (30x30) is the most recent call for global conservation action. Toward this end, the creation of protected areas is a central strategy. The various parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) have committed to this global goal, including Chile. Against this backdrop, this article explores current narratives and practices around five protected areas in northern Patagonia, Chile. We argue that environmental discourses are key to understanding these narratives and practices. Environmental discourses influence the values central to the creation and development of protected areas, as well as the prevailing management approaches for these areas. Our findings show that two discourses are of particular importance: the ‘Patagonian wilderness’ discourse and the ‘cultural and natural heritage’ discourse. Based on our findings, we also discuss three emerging topics: the rewilding and rebranding of Patagonia, optimism around nature-based tourism, and implementation of global conservation goals within the national context. We reflect on the implications of our findings for further developments in Patagonia and for the global conservation debate. We contend that the future of protected-area management in northern Patagonia will depend on how community-based management initiatives are fostered and argue that aligning with such inclusive conservation approaches will be a critical requirement for the implementation of the 30x30 goal moving forward.

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  • 22.
    Bachmann-Vargas, Pamela
    et al.
    Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
    van Koppen, C.S.A. (Kris)
    Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
    Lamers, Machiel
    Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
    Re-framing salmon aquaculture in the aftermath of the ISAV crisis in Chile2021In: Marine Policy, ISSN 0308-597X, E-ISSN 1872-9460, Vol. 124, article id 104358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Globally, aquaculture is expanding rapidly, with salmon becoming one of the most dynamic and fast-growing production systems in the world. Despite its commercial success, Chilean salmon production has navigated through severe economic and sanitary crises; followed by consecutive policy changes. Between 2007 and 2009, the rapid spread and the multiple effects of the Infectious Salmon Anemia virus (ISAV) marked a tipping point in the trajectory of the salmon aquaculture in southern Chile. This paper examines the discursive mechanisms through which the Chilean salmon aquaculture industry is currently being re-framed in the aftermath of the ISAV crisis, with a focus on searching for the emergence of ecosystem-related elements post crisis. The analysis shows that Chilean salmon aquaculture is being re-framed by the reproduction of three main discourses: biosecurity, sustainable protein and The Promise of Patagonia. The paper concludes that despite the staggering effects of the ISAV crisis on the national salmon production and on coastal communities more than a decade ago, new discourses are focused on the legitimization to growth, in the absence of integrated marine ecosystem-related elements, indicating a crucial gap toward environmental sustainability in salmon aquaculture.

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  • 23.
    Baek, Seung Ki
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Minnhagen, Petter
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
    Kim, Beom Jun
    Department of Physics, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Republic of Korea.
    The Ten Thousand Kims2011In: New Journal of Physics, E-ISSN 1367-2630, Vol. 13, p. 073036-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Korean culture the family members are recorded in special familybooks. This makes it possible to follow the distribution of Korean familynames far back in history. It is here shown that these name distributionsare well described by a simple null model, the random group formation (RGF)model. This model makes it possible to predict how the name distributionschange and these predictions are shown to be borne out. In particular, theRGF model predicts that, for married women entering a collection of familybooks in a certain year, the occurrence of the most common family name``Kim'' should be directly proportional the total number of married womenwith the same proportionality constant for all the years. This prediction isalso borne out to high degree. We speculate that it reflects some inherentsocial stability in the Korean culture. In addition, we obtain an estimate ofthe total population of the Korean culture down to year 500 AD, based on theRGF model and find about ten thousand Kims.

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  • 24.
    Baggesen, Sanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    "Höja pensionsåldern är katastrof för byggnadsarbetare": En undersökning av byggnadsbranschens åsikter kring samt arbete för ett förlängt arbetsliv2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I syfte att bereda ett förlängt arbetsliv, har Sverige i flera steg höjt den nedre åldern för uttag av ålderspension. Höjningen är politikernas svar på den åldrande befolkningen, samtidigt som den nationella pensionsåldern fortsätter gäller för alla yrkesgrupper. Eftersom yrkesgrupperna skiljer sig åt avseende arbetsbörda, varierar förutsättningarna till att hantera en höjd pensionsålder. Bland yrkesgrupper med hög fysisk arbetsbelastning har en del svårt att arbeta till dagens pensionsålder vilket ger dem sämre förutsättningar till höjd pensionsålder. Byggnadsarbetare är en sådan yrkesgrupp, dock är forskningen kring byggnadsarbetare och ett förlängt arbetsliv bristande. För att bidra till forskningsområdet ämnar föreliggande studie att undersöka synen på höjd pensionsålder och ett förlängt arbetsliv inom byggnadsbranschen samt undersöka branschens arbete kring ett förlängt arbetsliv, med frågeställningarna Hur ser byggnadsarbetare inom byggnadsindustrin på pensionsålder och på ett förlängt arbetsliv? samt Hur arbetar arbetsgivare inom byggnadsindustrin för att möjliggöra ett förlängt arbetsliv åt äldre byggnadsarbetare? Undersökningen utfördes genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra byggnadsarbetare och två arbetschefer. Det teoretiska ramverket består av push-pull-teorin som belyser anledningar till varför byggnadsarbetare slutar arbeta. Resultatet visar att byggnadsarbetare anser ett förlängt arbetsliv vara ohållbart under rådande omständigheter. De anser att en hållbar höjning av pensionsåldern kräver ett förbättringsarbete avseende arbetsmiljön, vilket innebär minskad stress, flexibla arbetsförhållanden och mer hjälpmedel. Medan arbetschefer uppger att höjd pensionsålder kan vara problematiskt för byggnadsarbetare men att det är nödvändigt. De är nöjda med det arbete som utförs för ett förlängt arbetsliv och påstår att ett förlängt arbetsliv som inte går att bereda tenderar att bero på faktorer som arbetschefen inte kan påverka, likt marknad, ekonomi och företagets kapacitet.

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  • 25. Banyte, Akvile
    et al.
    Di Lauro, Irene Valentina
    Mitova, Anelia
    Schauman, Clara
    Simoniello, Elena
    Perez-Cueto, Federico J.A.
    University of Copenhagen, Department of Food Science, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
    Why do men choose and adhere to a meatless diet?2022In: International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science, ISSN 1878-450X, E-ISSN 1878-4518, Vol. 27, article id 100446Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate influences, motives and adherence factors explaining why men choose and adhere to a meatless (vegan, vegetarian or pescetarian) diet. An online survey was distributed through social media, yielding 544 international respondents with information on sociodemographics, values, main barriers, motivation and influence towards meatless lifestyle choice. An open question gathered qualitative data on how participants overcame perceived barriers to meatless eating. The larger influencer was scientific research (19.1%) and as their main motive animal welfare (49.1%). Reported adherence factors were related to people (as family, friends, partners, community), research and recipes. Age, dietary lifestyle (vegetarian, pescatarian) are positive predictors of adherence. Living in EU, skills and hardship barriers and own perception of barriers are negatively associated to long term adherence to a meatless diet. Feeling supported by other people plays a key role in adhering to the diet over time.

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  • 26.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Barclay, Kieron
    Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Germany; London School of Economics and Political Science, UK; Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Costa-Font, Joan
    London School of Economics and Political Science, UK.
    Myrskylä, Mikko
    Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Germany; London School of Economics and Political Science, UK; University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Özcan, Berkay
    London School of Economics and Political Science, UK.
    Preterm birth and educational disadvantage: heterogeneous effects2023In: Population Studies, ISSN 0032-4728, E-ISSN 1477-4747, Vol. 77, no 3, p. 459-474Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although preterm birth is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in advanced economies, evidence about the consequences of prematurity in later life is limited. Using Swedish registers for cohorts born 1982–94 (N  =  1,087,750), we examine the effects of preterm birth on school grades at age 16 using sibling fixed effects models. We further examine how school grades are affected by degree of prematurity and the compensating roles of family socio-economic resources and characteristics of school districts. Our results show that the negative effects of preterm birth are observed mostly among children born extremely preterm (<28 weeks); children born moderately preterm (32–<37 weeks) suffer no ill effects. We do not find any evidence for a moderating effect of parental socio-economic resources. Children born extremely preterm and in the top decile of school districts achieve as good grades as children born at full term in an average school district.

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  • 27.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Högberg, Björn
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Effects of parental job loss on children’s mental health: the role of latency, timing and cumulative effects2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Crossover effects of critical life events within families have received growing attention in life-courseresearch. A parent losing a job is among the most distressing events that can befall a family, butexisting research has reached discrepant conclusions concerning if, and if so how, this affects childmental health. Drawing on insights from models of intra-family influence and life courseepidemiological models, we ask if parental job loss have latent or long-term effects on child mentalhealth, if the effects are conditional on the timing of the job loss, and if repeated job losses havecumulative effects.We use intergenerationally linked Swedish register data combined with entropy balance andstructural nested mean models for the analyses. The data allow us to track 400,000 children over 14years and thereby test different life-course models of crossover effects. We identify involuntary joblosses using information on workplace closures, thus reducing the risk of confounding.Results show that paternal but not maternal job loss significantly increases the risk of mental healthproblems among children, that the average effects are modest in size (less than 4% in relativeterms), that they materialize only after some years, and that they are driven by children aged 6-10years. Moreover, we find evidence of cumulative effects, but also of declining marginal harm ofadditional job losses over the life course.

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  • 28.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    When things go wrong with you, it hurts me too: The effects of partner’s employment status on health in comparative perspective2021In: Journal of European Social Policy, ISSN 0958-9287, E-ISSN 1461-7269, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 143-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of changes in employment status on health within couples have attracted increasing attention. This paper contributes to this emerging research by investigating whether the impact of a partner’s employment status on individual self-rated health varies systematically across countries with varying decommodification levels. We use longitudinal data from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) and hybrid models. We find that a change in an individual’s employment status may affect the health not just of the person who experiences this transition, but that of his or her partner. The likelihood that such a spillover will occur varies across countries with different decommodification levels. The negative effects of a partner’s employment status on self-rated health are observed when the generosity of welfare state support is limited. The moderating effects of financial support from the state are not very strong, though. They are not robust across all our models and do not extend to all the dimensions of the generosity of welfare state support.

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  • 29. Barbosa, Janaina T.
    et al.
    Wiltse, Heather
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Institute of Design.
    Mota, João A.
    Power of design agency in building and sustaining collaboration: two cases in São Paulo2017In: Nordes 2017: DESIGN+POWER, Nordes , 2017, no 7Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Design research has considered the power of collaboration in terms of the politics of artefacts, services and practices to build or to support publics. Working within a framework of “commons” as continuing processes of negotiation in collaboration, this study asks: How can designskills and agency build up collaborative capacities in urban communities for sustained processes of social innovation? This qualitative research explores two case studies in Brazil, where design agency is identified in social practices carried out by both designers and non-designers. Three key processes involved in designing collaboration were identified: experimenting, disrupting and sustaining. This work concluded that design skills facilitate the distribution of power to build collaboration through co-production of common spaces. This investigation contributes to the ongoing discussion of design and “infrastructuring,” identifying the power of design agency in building and sustaining collaboration in a complex social landscape of an emerging city.

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  • 30.
    Barradas de Freitas, Raquel
    et al.
    Balliol College, Oxford.
    Lo Iacono, SergioDepartment of Sociology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
    Trust matters: cross-disciplinary essays2021Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book examines the role of trust in public life. It seeks to contribute to a more nuanced understanding of certain fundamental concepts in political and legal theory, such as the concepts of authority, power, social practice, the rule of law, and justice by furnishing and sharpening our concepts of trust and trustworthiness.

    Bringing together contributors from across the social, cognitive, historical, and political sciences, to the book opens up inquiries into central concepts in legal theory as well as new approaches and methodologies. The interdisciplinary contributions analyse the notions of trust, trustworthiness, and distrust and apply them to address a variety of problems and questions.

  • 31. Beck, Jordan
    et al.
    Stolterman, Erik
    Examining Practical, Everyday Theory Use in Design Research2016In: She Ji: The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation, ISSN 2405-8726 , Vol. 2, no 2, p. 125-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses how theories (as objects) are used in articles published in Design Studies. While theory and theory construction have been given time and attention in the literature, less is known about how researchers put theories to work in their written texts about practical, everyday theory use. In the present paper, we examine 32 articles and synthesize six models of theory use based on our examination.

  • 32. Beck, Jordan
    et al.
    Stolterman, Erik
    Examining the Types of Knowledge Claims Made in Design Research2016In: She Ji: The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation, ISSN 2405-8726 , Vol. 2, no 3, p. 199-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While much has been written about designerly knowledge and designerly ways of knowing in the professions, less has been written about the production and presentation of knowledge in the design discipline. In the present paper, we examine the possibility that knowledge claims might be an effective way to distinguish the design discipline from other disciplines. We compare the kinds of knowledge claims made in journal publications from the natural sciences, social sciences, and design. And we find that natural and social science publications tend to make singular knowledge claims of similar kinds whereas design publications often contain multiple knowledge claims of different kinds. We raise possible explanations for this pattern and its implications for design research. Examining the Types of Knowledge Claims Made in Design Research.

  • 33.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Sténs, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Johansson, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro universitet.
    Ranius, Thomas
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Roberge, Jean-Michel
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU, Umeå, Sweden.
    The Swedish forestry model: more of everything?2017In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 77, p. 44-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    "The Swedish forestry model" refers to the forest regime that evolved following the 1993 revision of the Swedish Forestry Act. It is key to Swedish forest politics and used to capture the essence of a sustainable way of managing forests. However, the ideas, institutions and practices comprising the model have not been comprehensively analyzed previously. Addressing this knowledge gap, we use frame analysis and a Pathways approach to investigate the underlying governance model, focusing on the way policy problems are addressed, goals, implementation procedures, outcomes and the resulting pathways to sustainability. We suggest that the institutionally embedded response to pressing sustainability challenges and increasing demands is expansion, inclusion and integration: more of everything. The more-of-everything pathway is influenced by ideas of ecological modernization and the optimistic view that existing resources can be increased. Our findings suggest that in effect it prioritizes the economic dimension of sustainability. While broadening out policy formulation it closes down the range of alternative outputs, a shortcoming that hampers its capacity to respond to current sustainability challenges. Consequently, there is a need for a broad public debate regarding not only the role of forests in future society, but also the operationalization of sustainable development.

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  • 34.
    Bell, Andrew
    et al.
    University of Sheffield.
    Fairbrother, Malcolm
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Jones, Kelvyn
    University of Bristol.
    Fixed and random effects models: making an informed choice2019In: Quality and quantity, ISSN 0033-5177, E-ISSN 1573-7845, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 1051-1074Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper assesses the options available to researchers analysing multilevel (including longitudinal) data, with the aim of supporting good methodological decision-making. Given the confusion in the literature about the key properties of fixed and random effects (FE and RE) models, we present these models’ capabilities and limitations. We also discuss the within-between RE model, sometimes misleadingly labelled a ‘hybrid’ model, showing that it is the most general of the three, with all the strengths of the other two. As such, and because it allows for important extensions—notably random slopes—we argue it should be used (as a starting point at least) in all multilevel analyses. We develop the argument through simulations, evaluating how these models cope with some likely mis-specifications. These simulations reveal that (1) failing to include random slopes can generate anti-conservative standard errors, and (2) assuming random intercepts are Normally distributed, when they are not, introduces only modest biases. These results strengthen the case for the use of, and need for, these models.

  • 35.
    Berg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Reflexive ethnography in gender research2023In: Feminist ethnographies: methodological reflections in gender research / [ed] Linda Berg, Umeå: Umeå University , 2023, p. 10-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 36.
    Bergkvist, Erik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Westin, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Estimation of gravity models by OLS estimation, NLS estimation, Poisson and neural network specifications2001In: New analytical advances in transportation and spatial dynamics / [ed] Massimo Gastaldi; Aura Reggiani, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001, p. 135-155Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When assessing infrastructure investment, it is crucial to forecast the flows on the links after the suggested improvements. In freight flow analysis, the impact on the flows in the network is conditional on the size of the investment and the complexity of the network. If the investment has a critical impact on the flows, the change may be substantial and hard to predict by linear models. In economic geography and regional economics, the gravity model has gained wide acceptance as a reasonable (although simple) model of spatial interaction between nodes in a network (Haynes and Fotheringham, 1984 or Sen and Smith, 1995).

  • 37.
    Berglund, Eeva
    et al.
    Aalto University School of Arts, Design and Architecture.
    Kohtala, Cindy
    Aalto University School of Arts, Design and Architecture.
    Collaborative Confusion among DIY Makers2020In: Science & Technology Studies, E-ISSN 2243-4690, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 102-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Eco-oriented makers and grassroots subcultures experimenting with digital fabrication technologies, and other activists designing sustainable futures, are increasingly the subject of research. As they address problems of environmental sustainability beyond institutional contexts, their work may appear vague, even confused, yet their activities are underpinned by intense and principled commitment. Working through their confusion, many maker communities build new understandings about what ‘sustainability’ could mean. We argue that herein lie important resources for new knowledge, and further that ethnography is the ideal way to track these processes of learning and knowledge production. The ethnographer participates in local confusion, over values and the definitions of sustainability, but also about what constitutes useful knowledge. Supported by STS (and other) literature on environmental expertise, we argue that maker communities' own acknowledgement of this vagueness actually makes possible a position from which epistemological authority can be reasserted.

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  • 38.
    Bergman, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Polariseringens geografi: Regionala effekter av finanskrisen 20082018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper documents macro-economic change in Swedish regional labor markets during the last great recession (2008). This is made by using Swedish macro-data and analyzing employment flows over the period 2003-2013. The findings point to the fact that there is great disparity in the geography both when it comes to how the regions resist crises and recoup in the aftermath (Resilience) and how the crisis effect the labor market and its momentum in the recovery phase (polarization). The findings indicate that the 2008 financial crisis affected the Swedish regional labor market in a polarized development. Regions that showed patterns of this behavior before the recession managed to go through the crisis and recoup well, whereas the regions that didn’t show a polarized pattern before 2008 had a much harder time recuperating after the crises. With these findings we can generate a more sophisticated knowledge how regional economies can resist and recoup after financial recessions and use this to reduce the impact of future recessions. 

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    Fredrik Bergman, Polariseringens geografi - regionala effekter av finanskrisen 2008
  • 39.
    Bern, Sofia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Haugen, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM).
    Jansson, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Olsson, Olof
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    ”Det är ju som vilken annan bil som helst”: röster om elbilar2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 40.
    Bertilsdotter Rosqvist, Hanna
    et al.
    School of Social Science, Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Hultman, Lill
    School of Social Science, Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Österborg Wiklund, Sofia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Nygren, Anna
    HDK-Valand–Academy of Art and Design, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Storm, Palle
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sandberg, Greta
    School of Social Science, Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Naming ourselves, becoming neurodivergent scholars2023In: Disability & Society, ISSN 0968-7599, E-ISSN 1360-0508Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we seek to restory what has been storied as “the problem of ADHD”. Informed by calls for a critical ADHD studies, we explore the possibilities of ADHD collective autoethnographic storytelling. Together we (en)counter narratives of ADHD. Within our collective writing space, from our ADHD/AuDHD bodyminds, we seek to re-story our ADHD/AuDHD. We map a field of critical ADHD research within social sciences and point out problems of outsider perspectives, stressing a need for insider perspectives. Our data consist of collective authoethnographic writings about ADHD. From the data we have explored our experiences of (En)Countering ADHD narratives, and a transition process which we refer to as from ”broken NT-scholars” to neurodivergent scholars, stressing the importance of ADHD:ers as independent as well as collective agents, and ADHD as epistemological standpoint within research.

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  • 41.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Mancheva, Irina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Neumann Sivertsson, Wiebke
    SLU.
    Svensson, Johan
    SLU.
    Vindkraft i svensk nyhetsmedia – problem eller lösning?2021Report (Other academic)
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  • 42.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lindqvist, Sara
    SLU.
    Kvastegård, Emma
    SLU.
    (How) Can adaptive moose management contribute to sustainable rural development?2013In: Welcome to the Anthropocene! The Nordic Environmental Social Science Conference, 11‐13 June 2013: Abstracts / [ed] Boon, T.E., Anker, H.T., Lund, D.H., Sehested, K., University of Copenhagen , 2013, p. 154-154Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of adaptive management (AM) is widely advocated as an alternative to traditional top-down management of natural resources around the world. In Sweden, however, AM has only recently been introduced to manage moose. Based on the analytical framework, developed by Pieter Glasbergen (2011), we study the AM of moose as a case of a partnership arrangement within the field of wildlife governance. We put particular attention on how adaptive moose management enables sustainable rural development, since hunting is considered to be an important source of recreation and livelihood in Swedish rural areas. We identify a number of challenges associated to the involved stakeholders’ abilities, willingness and understanding to implement the induced management system. We also emphasis the interactions between the different stakeholders on both vertical and horizontal levels, as well as the tradeoffs the new ecosystem based adaptive local management system generates for rural and urban areas.

  • 43.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sjögren, Jörgen
    Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Umeå, Sweden.
    Sonesson, Johan
    Department of Forestry Management, Forestry Research Institute of Sweden (Skogsforsk), Uppsala.
    Nordin, Annika
    Department of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Umeå, Sweden.
    A struggling collaborative process: revisiting the woodland key habitat concept in Swedish forests2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 34, no 8, p. 699-708Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The term woodland key habitat (WKH) was launched in Sweden in 1990. Definitions for the concept have changed over the years, and today the WKH concept and its application are issues of debate in Sweden. Consequently, the Swedish Forestry Agency (SFA) initiated a collaborative process including forest stakeholders with the purpose to clarify the application and develop the inventory methodology of WKH. We have studied, by means of interviews and observations, participant perceptions of how endogenous and exogenous factors affect the collaborative process. During our research, we identified three game changers: the pause in WKH registration in northwestern Sweden that caused several participants to drop out of the process; budget allocations for new nationwide WKH inventories that put the process on hold; and formal instructions from the government that came nine months later and essentially re-initiated the collaborative process. Altogether, this not only affected the participants’ abilities, understanding and willingness to participate, but also the overall legitimacy of the process – indicating the difficulty of conducting policy development in collaborative form, especially when it is highly politicized since it impact on the participants’ anticipation of the process and its end results.

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  • 44.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Evertsson, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Perlinski, Marek
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    European social and caring professions in transition2017In: Social and caring professions in European welfare states: policies, services and professional practicies / [ed] Björn Blom, Lars Evertsson and Marek Perlinski, Bristol: Policy Press, 2017, p. 1-17Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Evertsson, LarsUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.Perlinski, MarekUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Social and caring professions in European welfare states: policies, services and professional practices2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This collection provides new insights about current welfare professions in a number of European countries.

    Focusing on research representing different types of European welfare states, including the Scandinavian and the Continental, the book offers in-depth understandings of professionals' everyday work within different contextual conditions, explored from empirical and theoretical perspectives. Subjects covered include knowledge and identity, education and professional development, regulation, accountability, collaboration, assessment and decision making.

    This is a valuable contribution to the discussion of professionalism and welfare professions, offering lessons learned and ways forward.

  • 46.
    Bohm, Ingela
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Lindblom, Cecilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Åbacka, Gun
    Hörnell, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    'Don't give us an assignment where we have to use spinach!': food choice and discourse in home and consumer studies2016In: International Journal of Consumer Studies, ISSN 1470-6423, E-ISSN 1470-6431, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 57-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to describe classroom Discourses about vegetables during the planning, cooking, eating and evaluation of meals in the Swedish school subject Home and Consumer Studies. Fifty-nine students and five teachers were recruited from five northern Swedish villages and towns, and then observed, recorded and in some cases video-taped during lessons that took place between 2010 and 2012. Based on 56 instances of talk about vegetables, four Discourses were identified and related to the three aspects of Belasco's culinary triangle of contradictions: identity, responsibility and convenience. The results indicated that the identity-based sensory and cultural Discourses sometimes clashed with the more responsibility-oriented health and evaluation Discourses. The health Discourse was only used when there was an element of evaluation, with assignments connected to grades. In all other cases, the sensory and cultural Discourses guided vegetable use. Sometimes different sensory or cultural assumptions could clash with each other, for example when the teacher insisted on the use of a specific recipe regardless of a student's taste preferences. Since these preferences did not always harmonize with curricular demands for responsibility, there might be a risk of basing grades on aspects of students' identity. Alternatively, students might feel constrained to argue against their own identity in order to be favourably evaluated. Then again, if teachers always bow to student tastes, this limits their chances of learning about food and physical health. Viewing the dilemma through the lens of the culinary triangle of contradictions may help teachers and researchers develop teaching methods that take all aspects of food choice into account.

  • 47.
    Bonnedahl, Karl Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Från efterfrågedriven tillväxt till behovsdrivet välbefinnande: en roll för social innovation?2022In: Social innovation för hållbar utveckling / [ed] Karl Johan Bonnedahl; Annika Egan Sjölander; Malin Lindberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, p. 167-184Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I ett modernt samhälle som det svenska är ekonomisk tillväxt ett övergripande mål och efterfrågan en central styrmekanism. Båda begreppen är problematiska när man med hållbarhet menar att det finns planetära begränsningar att respektera och att utveckling inom dessa bör styras av behov och sikta på välbefinnande. Motsättningen blir kritisk genom vårt systematiska överutnyttjande av naturen. Detta utreds i kapitlet som också undersöker hur social innovation kan bidra till samhällsförändring i riktning mot hållbarhet genom att lyfta fram mer relevanta mål och former för styrning.

  • 48.
    Bonnedahl, Karl Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Egan Sjölander, AnnikaUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.Lindberg, MalinLuleå Tekniska Universitet.
    Social innovation för hållbar utveckling2022Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Brännande samhällsutmaningar i form av bland annat segregation, ohälsa och ekologisk obalans skapar efterfrågan på nytänkande lösningar som inte bara följer en ekonomisk logik utan också är socialt och miljömässigt hållbara. I antologin presenteras aktuell svensk forskning om social innovation för hållbar utveckling, med koppling till Agenda 2030. Forskare från olika discipliner och lärosäten belyser detta i förhållande till exempelvis stadsutveckling, arbetslivsinkludering, naturbaserad rehabilitering och skola. Hybridorganisering, samverkan mellan olika aktörer och en ny samhällsekonomisk styrning tas också upp. Tillsammans ger antologins kapitel en bild av det växande forskningsfältet social innovation, med tillämpning mot hållbar utveckling. Därmed diskuteras potentialen i att sammanföra dessa perspektiv för att stärka bidragen till vetenskaplig och praktisk utveckling. 

    Social innovation för hållbar utveckling riktar sig till forskare, studenter och praktiker inom innovationsområdet, exempelvis innovatörer, innovationsfrämjare, politiker och tjänstepersoner, samt andra intresserade.Boken är framtagen i samarbete med Mötesplats Social Innovation.

  • 49.
    Borglund, Erik A. M.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University. Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Active shooter events, a challenge2023In: Proceedings of the 20th International ISCRAM Conference / [ed] J. Radianti; I. Dokas; N. LaLone; D. Khazanchi, Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM , 2023, p. 1051-1058Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An active shooter event is one of the most complicated situations a police officer could face. Today the standard procedure for an active shooter event is to enter the scene and try to prevent casualties. This involves taking great risks and puts the police officers in a situation they have not been trained for. This is a work in progress paper where the long-term goal is to develop modern technology that could increase the chance of saving lives and decrease the risk of being injured or killed during an active shooter event. Six active shooter event exercises taking place in Sweden have been studied using an ethnographic field study approach. Four themes have been identified where we argue that technology could enhance the police mission: A) Situational awareness; B) Decision making/prioritization; C) Localization of both sound and people; D) Decreasing time of intervention.

  • 50.
    Borgström, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
    Pensionärerna i Kramfors efterlyser mer fantasi i sina matlådor: En enkätstudie2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
1234567 1 - 50 of 380
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