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  • 1.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Reglering som policyfråga: En diskussion om regleringens effekter vid ekonomisk brottslighet2012In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 99, no 3, p. 316-335Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Bergenheim, Åsa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Liliequist, Jonas, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    ”Visa aktning för din far och din mor”: ett historiskt perspektiv på vuxna barns våld mot sina föräldrar2010In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 97, no 2, p. 179-190Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Enarsson, Therese
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Åström, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Rasistiska brott mot utsatta grupper: särskilt om samer och romers möjlighet till individuell upprättelse2022In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 109, no 2, p. 250-270Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes its starting point in Sami and Roma exposure to racism by studying preconditions within the criminal law for dealing with racism against individual victims of crime. The purpose is to identify whether and how individual victims can obtain remedy and reparation when exposed to racism. In this article, that means that the racist act must be criminalized, that the criminal interest of crim- inalization is the individual victim, and that the racist nature of the crime has legal implications for classification, sentencing and pun- ishment. Methodologically, the study focuses on identifying possible challenges in the application of so-called hate crimes legislation. Two challenges to the application of individual remedies and reparations were identified. First is the difficulty in identifying and establishing (racist) motive. Second is the lack of clear statements from the courts about how assessments have been made in the use of aggravating and mitigating circumstances in sentencing, and if or how they have affected sentencing and punishment. The results of this study show that the legal conditions for individual victims to obtain criminal justice when they have been subjected to racism are insufficient. Problems are primarily due to deficiencies in the formulation of the legislation, but are also seen in its application. Despite a strong contemporary political focus on work to combat racism, no legal changes have been proposed. Based on the results of this study, we suggest the appli- cation of a holistic approach to the legislation on hate crimes. This would enable individual redress for the racism to which Sami and Roma, among others, are exposed.

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    Rasistiska brott mot utsatta grupper
  • 4.
    Landström, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Naarttijärvi, Markus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Gränser för polisiär innovation - rättssäkerhet, enhetlighet och demokratisk legitimitet2020In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, no 3, p. 268-286Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on policing asserts that there has been a remarkable emphasis oninnovation in police work over the last decades. During the same time, police organizationsin several countries have been centralized to promote increased unityand response to political steering and method development. In Sweden, the policereform was motivated by a perceived correlation between uniformity in workingmethods and organizational effectiveness. From a legal perspective, innovationin police methods involves inherent questions of rule of law – ensuring legality,compatibility with human rights, and predictability for citizens. This also carriesimplications for democratic legitimacy, since the police have far-reaching powerto interfere with citizens’ spheres of interest. This article discusses issues of innovationwithin the Swedish police from a rule of law and democracy perspective.Innovation in police work is discussed on a system level through a study of thelegal framework and institutional conditions introduced with the creation of thenew police organization. Results are presented from an interview study with policemanagers on different levels within the new organization. The results suggestthat innovation in police work develops largely organically at different levels andunits within the police organization and then spread as “best practices” whichthe new Police Authority is seen as organizationally able to pick up and disseminate.Secondly, police openness to new evidence-based methods from outside theorganization is increasing. Thirdly, there is a tension between the increased abilityto create uniformity in methods and the need to adjust these methods to localconditions. Lastly, some uncertainties regarding legal accountability seem to existas new methods are developed and implemented.

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