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  • 1.
    Nordlander, Marlene
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Isaksson, Ulf
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad. Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    Hörnsten, Åsa
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad. Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    Perceptions of What Is Important for Appetite: An Interview Study With Older People Having Food Distribution2019Ingår i: Sage Open Nursing, E-ISSN 2377-9608, Vol. 5Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The proportion of older people in the population increases and more and more continue living in their own homes. Appetite among the elderly people is important to their nutrition and health. The increased risk of unintended weight loss and malnutrition is linked to food distribution among home-living elderly people. The aim was to describe experiences and perceptions of what matters to appetite among home-living elderly people having food distribution. The design was qualitative where interview data were collected among 13 interviewees in 2017 to 2018. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The results are presented in three domains: the food, the meal situation, and the adaptation to meal service with categories and themes responding to each domain. The six themes related to appetite among the elderly people concerned the following: eating tasty, savory, and culturally adapted food; eating healthy and sustainable food; eating alone or together with others; eating in a pleasant meal environment; having choices to make about the meal; and last, accepting disabilities and increased dependency. One conclusion is that many aspects should be taken into consideration when promoting appetites of people who also get food distribution. It is highly individual and an understanding of which aspects are relevant must be considered; consequently, person-centered care is suggested to promote appetite.

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  • 2.
    Tast, Anette
    et al.
    Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
    Kasén, Anne
    Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
    Bölenius, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Hilli, Yvonne
    Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
    Being a newly qualified nurse: a Nordic focus group study2024Ingår i: Sage Open Nursing, E-ISSN 2377-9608, Vol. 10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The transition to working life as a newly qualified nurse (NQN) can be challenging, leading to heightened stress levels. While NQNs are generally enthusiastic about starting their careers, they often express concerns about various responsibilities and a perceived lack of experience in independently dealing with clinical care in complex environments.

    Objective: To acquire an in-depth understanding, from a caring science perspective, of what it means to be an NQN during the transition period of the first 18 months in the profession.

    Methods: This study relied on an exploratory qualitative design. The methodological approach followed Gadamer's hermeneutic philosophy. Six focus group interviews were conducted in northern Norway (n = 3) and northern Sweden (n = 3) from January through May 2021. The interpretation of the data was inspired by Fleming et al. Nineteen female and seven male NQNs working in different contexts, including hospitals and municipalities, participated in the study. The consolidated criteria for qualitative research were used to report the results.

    Results: Perspectives on NQNs are presented as three themes: a) the responsibility was perceived as a significant challenge, b) being a nurse is complex and demanding, and c) a desire for personal and professional development. Learning to be a nurse shouldering responsibility necessitates support and guidance from caring and compassionate colleagues and leaders.

    Conclusions:  This study sheds light on the importance of creating a workplace culture where NQNs’ learning is promoted and supported by designated mentors during their transition to working life. The responsibilities should be aligned with their level of knowledge. It is important that leaders hold developmental dialogues and ensure a career plan for NQNs to continuously develop their knowledge and skills. Intervention studies designed to evaluate the meaning of the support from appointed mentors within structured mentorship programs are needed.

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  • 3.
    Unneby, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Ortopedi.
    Gustafson, Yngve
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Geriatrik.
    Olofsson, Birgitta
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Ortopedi.
    Lindgren, Britt-Marie
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Between Heaven and Hell: Experiences of Preoperative Pain and Pain Management among Older Patients with Hip Fracture2022Ingår i: Sage Open Nursing, E-ISSN 2377-9608, Vol. 8, s. 1-10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Among older adults, hip fracture is a common and serious consequence of a fall. Preoperative pain is common and often severe among patients with hip fracture. Opioids are usually used but have many side effects. One alternative is a femoral nerve block, which has been shown to reduce pain and lower the need for opioids. However, to our knowledge no study has explored qualitatively how patients with hip fracture experience treatment with femoral nerve block.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to explore experiences of preoperative pain and pain management among older patients with hip fracture who had received a femoral nerve block.MethodA qualitative design with semi-structured interviews (n =23) conducted 2-6 days after surgery. Inclusion criteria were Swedish-speaking patients aged 70 years or older with hip fracture admitted to the orthopedic ward, treated with femoral nerve block before nursing actions. Data were analyzed with qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Our result revealed one theme, hovering between heaven and hell, with five subthemes: how the pain was described - no pain, to worst pain and everything in between; they were dealing with pain in their own way; felt dependent on staff?s willingness to relieve pain; pain management could be lifesaving and a near-death experience; and how they experienced memory loss with respect to the pain and pain management.

    Conclusion: The experience of pain and pain management was described as hovering between heaven and hell. We conclude that independent of which pain management given, staff should have an individualized pain mangement approach towards the patient in order to achieve well managed pain.

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  • 4.
    Unneby, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Ortopedi.
    Olofsson, Birgitta
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Ortopedi.
    Lindgren, Britt-Marie
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    The Femoral Nerve Block Setting the Agenda for Nursing Care of Older Patients With hip Fractures—A Qualitative Study2023Ingår i: Sage Open Nursing, E-ISSN 2377-9608, Vol. 9, s. 1-10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Hip fractures among older people are common worldwide, and it is often associated with preoperative pain. Due to increased comorbidity and high age, traditional pain relief can be a challenge. An alternative to traditional pain relief is a femoral nerve block, which is safe and suitable for anesthesia and analgesia for hip fractures among patients with or without dementia. It is essential to provide adequate pain management, and nurses report negative attitudes toward opioids and seem to prefer alternative pain management. To our knowledge, no study has focused on staff's experiences of nursing care for patients treated with femoral nerve block.

    Aim: To describe staff's experiences providing nursing care in preoperative pain and pain management to older patients with a hip fracture who received a femoral nerve block.

    Design: A qualitative exploratory design.

    Method: Semistructured interviews with 19 nurses or assistant nurses in an orthopedic ward or emergency department. They were experienced in caring for patients with hip fractures who received treatment with a femoral nerve block. The interviews were subjected to qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Staff described the femoral nerve block as setting the agenda when caring for older patients with hip fractures in the preoperative phase. The outcome of the femoral nerve block affected nursing care, depending on if the femoral nerve block was successful or not. Nursing care requires timing, with a need for staff orienting to time and customizing their communication. Further, staff faced ethical challenges regarding doing good and not harm, relieving pain, and avoiding side effects.

    Conclusions: The femoral nerve block was an important issue for nursing staff in patients with hip fractures in the preoperative phase. Our results point toward the benefits of giving femoral nerve blocks as soon as possible to facilitate nursing care, however, this should be studied in future research.

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