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  • 1. Haubrock, Phillip J.
    et al.
    Pilotto, Francesca
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier, Miljöarkeologiska laboratoriet. Department of River Ecology and Conservation, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt, Gelnhausen, Germany.
    Peter, Haase
    Do changes in temperature affect EU Water Framework Directive compliant assessment results of central European streams?2020Ingår i: Environmental Sciences Europe, ISSN 2190-4707, E-ISSN 2190-4715, Vol. 32, artikel-id 129Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Benthic invertebrate communities are an integral and longstanding component of stream biomonitoring. However, multiple stressors driven by global change threaten benthic invertebrate communities. In particular, climate warming is expected to disrupt freshwater ecosystems. While an increasing number of studies have shown changes in benthic invertebrate community composition in response to climate warming, the effect on stream assessments has rarely been investigated. As several community composition metrics are also used in stream assessments, we predicted that climate warming would worsen stream assessment results. Therefore, we used a comprehensive data set of 2865 benthic invertebrate samples taken between 2000 and 2014 from small central European low mountain streams. We examined the effects of changes in temperature on common community and stream assessment metrics. We used 31 metrics covering composition, richness, tolerance and function of communities, of which many are used in various stream assessment schemes.

    Results: Against our expectations, we identified a decreasing air temperature trend of − 0.18 °C over 15 years. This trend was accompanied by significant changes in community composition, for example, increases in species richness and decreases in the community temperature index (CTI). Further, we identified slight concomitant improvements of various globally used stream quality assessment metrics, such as a decreasing saprobic index and an increasing BMWP.

    Conclusions: While temperature increased by + 0.9 °C during the past 30 years (1985–2014), our 15-year study period (2000–2014) showed a decrease by − 0.18 °C. Therefore, we regard the concomitant improvement in several assessment metrics as a recovery from prior increasing temperatures. In turn, we assume that increases in water temperature will lead to opposite effects and therefore cause declining assessment results. Water managers should be aware of this linkage that in turn could provide a chance to mitigate the effects of global warming by, for example, planting trees along the rivers and the removal of artificial barriers to increase current velocity to minimize a warming effect.

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  • 2. Hollender, Juliane
    et al.
    Schymanski, Emma L.
    Ahrens, Lutz
    Alygizakis, Nikiforos
    Béen, Frederic
    Bijlsma, Lubertus
    Brunner, Andrea M.
    Celma, Alberto
    Fildier, Aurelie
    Fu, Qiuguo
    Gago-Ferrero, Pablo
    Gil-Solsona, Ruben
    Haglund, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Hansen, Martin
    Kaserzon, Sarit
    Kruve, Anneli
    Lamoree, Marja
    Margoum, Christelle
    Meijer, Jeroen
    Merel, Sylvain
    Rauert, Cassandra
    Rostkowski, Pawel
    Samanipour, Saer
    Schulze, Bastian
    Schulze, Tobias
    Singh, Randolph R.
    Slobodnik, Jaroslav
    Steininger-Mairinger, Teresa
    Thomaidis, Nikolaos S.
    Togola, Anne
    Vorkamp, Katrin
    Vulliet, Emmanuelle
    Zhu, Linyan
    Krauss, Martin
    NORMAN guidance on suspect and non-target screening in environmental monitoring2023Ingår i: Environmental Sciences Europe, ISSN 2190-4707, E-ISSN 2190-4715, Vol. 35, nr 1, artikel-id 75Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing production and use of chemicals and awareness of their impact on ecosystems and humans has led to large interest for broadening the knowledge on the chemical status of the environment and human health by suspect and non-target screening (NTS). To facilitate effective implementation of NTS in scientific, commercial and governmental laboratories, as well as acceptance by managers, regulators and risk assessors, more harmonisation in NTS is required. To address this, NORMAN Association members involved in NTS activities have prepared this guidance document, based on the current state of knowledge. The document is intended to provide guidance on performing high quality NTS studies and data interpretation while increasing awareness of the promise but also pitfalls and challenges associated with these techniques. Guidance is provided for all steps; from sampling and sample preparation to analysis by chromatography (liquid and gas—LC and GC) coupled via various ionisation techniques to high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry (HRMS/MS), through to data evaluation and reporting in the context of NTS. Although most experience within the NORMAN network still involves water analysis of polar compounds using LC–HRMS/MS, other matrices (sediment, soil, biota, dust, air) and instrumentation (GC, ion mobility) are covered, reflecting the rapid development and extension of the field. Due to the ongoing developments, the different questions addressed with NTS and manifold techniques in use, NORMAN members feel that no standard operation process can be provided at this stage. However, appropriate analytical methods, data processing techniques and databases commonly compiled in NTS workflows are introduced, their limitations are discussed and recommendations for different cases are provided. Proper quality assurance, quantification without reference standards and reporting results with clear confidence of identification assignment complete the guidance together with a glossary of definitions. The NORMAN community greatly supports the sharing of experiences and data via open science and hopes that this guideline supports this effort.

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  • 3. Massei, Riccardo
    et al.
    Hollert, Henner
    Krauss, Martin
    von Tümpling, Wolf
    Weidauer, Cindy
    Haglund, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Küster, Eberhard
    Gallampois, Christine
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Tysklind, Mats
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Brack, Werner
    Toxicity and neurotoxicity profiling of contaminated sediments from Gulf of Bothnia (Sweden): a multi-endpoint assay with Zebrafish embryos2019Ingår i: Environmental Sciences Europe, ISSN 2190-4707, E-ISSN 2190-4715, Vol. 31, artikel-id 8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The toxicological characterization of sediments is an essential task to monitor the quality of aquatic environments. Many hazardous pollutants may accumulate in sediments and pose a risk to the aquatic community. The present study provides an attempt to integrate a diagnostic whole mixture assessment workflow based on a slightly modified Danio rerio embryo acute toxicity test with chemical characterization. Danio rerio embryos were directly exposed to sieved sediment (≤ 63 μm) for 96 h. Sediment samples were collected from three polluted sites (Kramfors, Sundsvall and Örnsköldsvik) in the Gulf of Bothnia (Sweden) which are characterized by a long history of pulp and paper industry impact. Effect data were supported by chemical analyses of 237 organic pollutants and 30 trace elements.

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  • 4. Mohammed Taha, Hiba
    et al.
    Aalizadeh, Reza
    Alygizakis, Nikiforos
    Antignac, Jean-Philippe
    Arp, Hans Peter H.
    Bade, Richard
    Baker, Nancy
    Belova, Lidia
    Bijlsma, Lubertus
    Bolton, Evan E.
    Brack, Werner
    Celma, Alberto
    Chen, Wen-Ling
    Cheng, Tiejun
    Chirsir, Parviel
    Čirka, Ľuboš
    D’Agostino, Lisa A.
    Djoumbou Feunang, Yannick
    Dulio, Valeria
    Fischer, Stellan
    Gago-Ferrero, Pablo
    Galani, Aikaterini
    Geueke, Birgit
    Głowacka, Natalia
    Glüge, Juliane
    Groh, Ksenia
    Grosse, Sylvia
    Haglund, Peter
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Hakkinen, Pertti J.
    Hale, Sarah E.
    Hernandez, Felix
    Janssen, Elisabeth M.-L.
    Jonkers, Tim
    Kiefer, Karin
    Kirchner, Michal
    Koschorreck, Jan
    Krauss, Martin
    Krier, Jessy
    Lamoree, Marja H.
    Letzel, Marion
    Letzel, Thomas
    Li, Qingliang
    Little, James
    Liu, Yanna
    Lunderberg, David M.
    Martin, Jonathan W.
    McEachran, Andrew D.
    McLean, John A.
    Meier, Christiane
    Meijer, Jeroen
    Menger, Frank
    Merino, Carla
    Muncke, Jane
    Muschket, Matthias
    Neumann, Michael
    Neveu, Vanessa
    Ng, Kelsey
    Oberacher, Herbert
    O’Brien, Jake
    Oswald, Peter
    Oswaldova, Martina
    Picache, Jaqueline A.
    Postigo, Cristina
    Ramirez, Noelia
    Reemtsma, Thorsten
    Renaud, Justin
    Rostkowski, Pawel
    Rüdel, Heinz
    Salek, Reza M.
    Samanipour, Saer
    Scheringer, Martin
    Schliebner, Ivo
    Schulz, Wolfgang
    Schulze, Tobias
    Sengl, Manfred
    Shoemaker, Benjamin A.
    Sims, Kerry
    Singer, Heinz
    Singh, Randolph R.
    Sumarah, Mark
    Thiessen, Paul A.
    Thomas, Kevin V.
    Torres, Sonia
    Trier, Xenia
    van Wezel, Annemarie P.
    Vermeulen, Roel C. H.
    Vlaanderen, Jelle J.
    von der Ohe, Peter C.
    Wang, Zhanyun
    Williams, Antony J.
    Willighagen, Egon L.
    Wishart, David S.
    Zhang, Jian
    Thomaidis, Nikolaos S.
    Hollender, Juliane
    Slobodnik, Jaroslav
    Schymanski, Emma L.
    The NORMAN Suspect List Exchange (NORMAN-SLE): facilitating European and worldwide collaboration on suspect screening in high resolution mass spectrometry2022Ingår i: Environmental Sciences Europe, ISSN 2190-4707, E-ISSN 2190-4715, Vol. 34, nr 1, artikel-id 104Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The NORMAN Association (https://www.norman-network.com/) initiated the NORMAN Suspect List Exchange (NORMAN-SLE; https://www.norman-network.com/nds/SLE/) in 2015, following the NORMAN collaborative trial on non-target screening of environmental water samples by mass spectrometry. Since then, this exchange of information on chemicals that are expected to occur in the environment, along with the accompanying expert knowledge and references, has become a valuable knowledge base for “suspect screening” lists. The NORMAN-SLE now serves as a FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable) chemical information resource worldwide.

    Results: The NORMAN-SLE contains 99 separate suspect list collections (as of May 2022) from over 70 contributors around the world, totalling over 100,000 unique substances. The substance classes include per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), pharmaceuticals, pesticides, natural toxins, high production volume substances covered under the European REACH regulation (EC: 1272/2008), priority contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) and regulatory lists from NORMAN partners. Several lists focus on transformation products (TPs) and complex features detected in the environment with various levels of provenance and structural information. Each list is available for separate download. The merged, curated collection is also available as the NORMAN Substance Database (NORMAN SusDat). Both the NORMAN-SLE and NORMAN SusDat are integrated within the NORMAN Database System (NDS). The individual NORMAN-SLE lists receive digital object identifiers (DOIs) and traceable versioning via a Zenodo community (https://zenodo.org/communities/norman-sle), with a total of > 40,000 unique views, > 50,000 unique downloads and 40 citations (May 2022). NORMAN-SLE content is progressively integrated into large open chemical databases such as PubChem (https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/) and the US EPA’s CompTox Chemicals Dashboard (https://comptox.epa.gov/dashboard/), enabling further access to these lists, along with the additional functionality and calculated properties these resources offer. PubChem has also integrated significant annotation content from the NORMAN-SLE, including a classification browser (https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/classification/#hid=101).

    Conclusions: The NORMAN-SLE offers a specialized service for hosting suspect screening lists of relevance for the environmental community in an open, FAIR manner that allows integration with other major chemical resources. These efforts foster the exchange of information between scientists and regulators, supporting the paradigm shift to the “one substance, one assessment” approach. New submissions are welcome via the contacts provided on the NORMAN-SLE website (https://www.norman-network.com/nds/SLE/).

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