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  • 1.
    Allard, Ingrid
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad fysik och elektronik.
    Olofsson, Thomas
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad fysik och elektronik.
    Nair, Gireesh
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad fysik och elektronik.
    Energy performance indicators in the Swedish building procurement process2017Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, nr 10, artikkel-id 1877Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, all new buildings need to comply with the National Board of Housing, Building and Planning’s requirement on specific purchased energy (kWh/m2). Accordingly, this indicator is often used to set design criteria in the building procurement process. However, when energy use is measured in finished buildings, the measurements often deviate significantly from the design calculations. The measured specific purchased energy does not necessarily reflect the responsibility of the building contractor, as it is influenced by the building operation, user behavior and climate. Therefore, Swedish building practitioners may prefer other indicators for setting design criteria in the building procurement process. The aim of this study was twofold: (i) to understand the Swedish building practitioners’ perspectives and opinions on seven building energy performance indicators (envelope air leakage, U-values for different building parts, average U-value, specific heat loss, heat loss coefficient, specific net energy, and specific purchased energy); and (ii) to understand the consequences for the energy performance of multi-family buildings of using the studied indicators to set criteria in the procurement process. The study involved a Delphi approach and simulations of a multi-family case study building. The studied indicators were discussed in terms of how they may meet the needs of the building practitioners when used to set building energy performance criteria in the procurement process.

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  • 2. Bianchi, Marta
    et al.
    Strid, Anna
    Winkvist, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Avdelningen för hållbar hälsa. Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindroos, Anna-Karin
    Sonesson, Ulf
    Hallstrom, Elinor
    Systematic Evaluation of Nutrition Indicators for Use within Food LCA Studies2020Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 21, artikkel-id 8992Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Expressing the environmental impact of foods in relation to the nutritional quality is a promising approach in the search for methods integrating interdisciplinary sustainability perspectives. However, the lack of standardized methods regarding how to include nutrient metrics can lead to unharmonized results difficult to interpret. We evaluated nutrient density indexes by systematically assessing the role of methodological variables with the purpose of identifying the index able to rank foods with the highest coherence with the Swedish dietary guidelines. Among 45 variants of the nutrient density index NRF (Nutrient Rich Food), a Sweden-tailored NRF11.3 index, including 11 desirable nutrients and 3 undesirable nutrients, calculated per portion size or 100 kcal with the application of weighting, ranked foods most coherently with the guidelines. This index is suggested to be suitable as complementary functional unit (FU) in comparative life cycle assessment (LCA) studies across food categories. The results clarify implications of methodological choices when calculating nutrient density of foods and offer guidance to LCA researchers on which nutrition metric to use when integrating nutritional aspects in food LCA.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Does collaboration lead to sustainability?: A study of public–private partnerships in the Swedish mountains2017Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, nr 10, artikkel-id 1685Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The conflicts that are frequently manifested in the Swedish mountains often stem from the use and preservation of natural resources: resistance against protected area proposals, protests concerning the management of large carnivores, felling of old-growth forests, and disputes over who should be allowed to hunt or fish are commonplace. There are currently strong trends, both in national and international policy making, towards leaning on various forms of collaborative governance arrangements to deal with such policy failures. Consequently, various forms of partnerships have been initiated to promote more sustainable practices in mountain regions of Sweden. But to what extent does the creation of collaborative arrangements in natural resource management improve policy output and sustainability outcomes? To examine the issue, data was extracted from 47 semi-structured interviews with 39 project leaders and eight county officials, the sample being randomly selected from a database of 245 public-private collaborative projects in the Swedish mountains. The results indicate that partnerships do lead to improved sustainability – especially when it comes to social outcomes. There is, however, a need for more systematic follow-ups by practitioners, particularly on ecological outcomes where the country administrative boards should take a leading role and facilitate such evaluations in the future.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 4.
    Bostian, Moriah B.
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för miljö- och naturresursekonomi (CERE). Department of Economics, Lewis & Clark College, Portland, USA.
    Lundgren, Tommy
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för miljö- och naturresursekonomi (CERE). Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
    Valuing Ecosystem Services for Agricultural TFP: A Review of Best Practices, Challenges, and Recommendations2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 5, artikkel-id 3035Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides a brief overview of methods to incorporate ecosystem service values into measures of agricultural total factor productivity (TFP), both in theory and in practice. This includes a review of the academic literature, a summary of related economic index theory, and a comparison of agency guidelines. We consider areas of consensus between the agencies and the research literature, as well as open debates surrounding the implementation of a standardized ecosystem accounting framework to integrate with existing TFP measures. This helps to bridge the gap between theoretical approaches to measurement and valuation in the research literature and their implementation in practice by national accounting agencies. Better connecting theory to practice also serves to highlight common challenges in the field, including questions of definition, scope, and scale for ecosystem services, as well as data collection and dissemination. We end with a summary of recommendations for moving forward.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Carson, Dean B.
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Brunet Johansson, Albert
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Carson, Doris Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Who gives? Non-commercial distribution networks in domestic food production in the inland north of Sweden2024Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 16, nr 6, artikkel-id 2300Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the social context of “domestic food production” (dfp) in the inland North of Sweden, with a focus on understanding the contributions of non-commercial food distribution to local food security and sustainable rural community-building. We report on the findings of an exploratory pilot study that included an online survey of 305 people who engaged in at least one dfp activity (hunting, fishing, foraging, or farming). The aims were to uncover common social practices of dfp, as well as to identify key values attached to dfp, the extent of commercial and non-commercial distribution of home-produced food, and motivations to give away food. The main findings emphasize the social nature of dfp activities, with the vast majority of respondents undertaking dfp in groups or as part of formal clubs. Key values attached to dfp included social and community-related aspects, while commercial interests were limited. Respondents were more likely to engage in non-commercial distribution networks, usually involving close family and friends. Food givers mostly cited social factors as their main motivations rather than other food-related aspects (such as food security, health benefits, or food waste). Food givers were also likely to receive food from others, emphasizing the relatively narrow and reciprocal character of non-commercial food networks. We conclude that non-commercial dfp networks may be expanded to the broader community by exploiting the social nature of dfp and encouraging generalized reciprocity led by dfp clubs. This could potentially reduce the negative impacts of food deserts whilst also stimulating community interactions, learning and local dfp communities of practice.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 6. Carson, Dean Bradley
    et al.
    Carson, Doris Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Demographic instability as a barrier to remote economic development in the north: Are cities the answer?2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 15, artikkel-id 8566Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Remote and sparsely populated northern peripheries in Australia, Europe and North America experience high rates of population turnover and struggle to recruit and retain popula-tions. There has been discussion about the extent to which their larger urban centres may be key to navigating common ‘boom and bust’ cycles, thus contributing to more stable and resilient demographic and economic development in their jurisdictions. This paper examines the population development in twelve remote northern jurisdictions dominated by a large city, comparing urban and regional growth patterns around periods of economic boom and bust since 1990. It was expected that periods of high population growth would be initially led by regional areas where resource projects are commonly located, but that the cities would ultimately benefit more from high growth periods and suffer less from periods of low population growth. It was also expected that cities would retain key populations better than regions because of a growing global urban preference. Results suggest that regional areas did grow more at the start of high growth periods, but there was no universal experience of higher city growth throughout the two boom and bust cycles. Rather, each city and region had unique growth pattern properties. Cities must not be assumed a priori to be the drivers of demographic development, but attention needs to be paid to what types of cities promote less volatile growth and development potential in the regions.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 7. Carson, Dean
    et al.
    Cleary, Jen
    Virtual realities: How remote dwelling populations become more remote over time despite technological improvements2010Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 2, nr 5, s. 1282-1296Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 8. Chai, Bingli Clark
    et al.
    van der Voort, Johannes Reidar
    Grofelnik, Kristina
    Eliasdottir, Helga Gudny
    Klöss, Ines
    Perez-Cueto, Federico J. A.
    Design & Consumer Behaviour Section, Department of Food Science, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Which diet has the least environmental impact on our planet?: a systematic review of vegan, vegetarian and omnivorous diets2019Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 15, artikkel-id 4110Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The food that we consume has a large impact on our environment. The impact varies significantly between different diets. The aim of this systematic review is to address the question: Which diet has the least environmental impact on our planet? A comparison of a vegan, vegetarian and omnivorous diets. This systematic review is based on 16 studies and 18 reviews. The included studies were selected by focusing directly on environmental impacts of human diets. Four electronic bibliographic databases, PubMed, Medline, Scopus and Web of Science were used to conduct a systematic literature search based on fixed inclusion and exclusion criteria. The durations of the studies ranged from 7 days to 27 years. Most were carried out in the US or Europe. Results from our review suggest that the vegan diet is the optimal diet for the environment because, out of all the compared diets, its production results in the lowest level of GHG emissions. Additionally, the reviewed studies indicate the possibility of achieving the same environmental impact as that of the vegan diet, without excluding the meat and dairy food groups, but rather, by reducing them substantially.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9.
    Danielski, Itai
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad fysik och elektronik.
    Svensson, Åsa
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Weimer, Kerstin
    Department of Psychology and Social Work, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Lorentzen, Lena
    Design AB, Edsbyn, Sweden.
    Warne, Maria
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Effects of Green Plants on the Indoor Environment and Wellbeing in Classrooms: A Case Study in a Swedish School2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 7, artikkel-id 3777Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many schools in Sweden lack a proper indoor environment due to, e.g., poor thermal-envelope properties, overcrowded classes, poor visual appearance and insufficient ventilation. This study aims to explore the integration of a large number of indoor green plants into classrooms’ environments. This case study consists of three parts: measurements of the indoor environment including a final energy model, a questionnaire to the pupils with questions about their well-being and qualitative interviews with teachers. The case was two classrooms in a secondary education facility in central Sweden with an average annual temperature of 3◦ C and a long and dark winter period with snow. The results showed 10% lower CO2 and slightly higher and more stable temperatures due to the green plants. Worries about climate change and war among the pupils decreased after several months with the plants and worry about infectious disease increased. The teachers experienced fresher air from the plants and used the plant stands for a flexible classroom design. The conclusion is that indoor plants have the potential to contribute to a better indoor environment, but due to the high number of uncontrolled variables (including the effect of COVID-19) in measurements of real-life conditions, more studies are needed.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 10. Dressel, Sabrina
    et al.
    Sjölander-Lindqvist, Annelie
    Johansson, Maria
    Ericsson, Göran
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Achieving Social and Ecological Outcomes in Collaborative Environmental Governance: Good Examples from Swedish Moose Management2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 4, artikkel-id 2329Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaborative governance approaches have been suggested as strategies to handle wicked environmental problems. Evaluations have found promising examples of effective natural resource governance, but also highlighted the importance of social-ecological context and institutional design. The aim of this study was to identify factors that contribute to the achievement of social and ecological sustainability within Swedish moose (Alces alces) management. In 2012, a multi-level collaborative governance regime was implemented to decrease conflicts among stakeholders. We carried out semi-structured interviews with six ‘good examples’ (i.e., Moose Management Groups that showed positive social and ecological outcomes). We found that ‘good examples’ collectively identified existing knowledge gaps and management challenges and used their discretionary power to develop procedural arrangements that are adapted to the social-ecological context, their theory of change, and attributes of local actors. This contributed to the creation of bridging social capital and principled engagement across governance levels. Thus, our results indicate the existence of higher-order social learning as well as a positive feedback from within-level collaboration dynamics to between-level collaboration. Furthermore, our study illustrates the importance of institutional flexibility to utilize the existing knowledge across stakeholder groups and to allow for adaptations based on the social learning process.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 11. Ducoing, Cristián
    et al.
    Peres-Cajias, José
    Badia-Miró, Marc
    Bergquist, Ann-Kristin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Contreras, Carlos
    Ranestad, Kristin
    Torregrosa, Sara
    Natural Resources Curse in the Long Run? Boliva, Chile and Peru in the Nordic Countries´Mirror2018Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 4, artikkel-id 965Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The new estimates of the Maddison Project show that GDP per capita ratio at purchasing power parity (ppp) between Bolivia and Finland has changed from 0.68 ca. 1850 to 0.16 in 2015; similarly, that between Chile and Norway from 0.65 to 0.28. The aim of this article is to present a review of the literature and available quantitative evidence to understand how these extreme differences became possible between countries with similarly enormous natural resource endowments. Specifically, the article seeks to: (a) identify some stylized facts that may help understand the divergence between Andean and Nordic countries; (b) identify key historical processes that explain the divergent effect of natural resource abundance in Andean and Nordic economies. In order to achieve these objectives, four topics are covered: GDPpc, population, trade and taxation. The analysis comprises three Nordic countries (Finland, Norway and Sweden) and three Andean countries (Bolivia, Chile and Peru) from the mid-Nineteenth Century to present day. The sample size, time span covered and thematic approach provide new evidence regarding previous work.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Egala, Bhaskara S.
    et al.
    Department of Computer Science and Engineering, SRM University, Andhra Pradesh, India.
    Pradhan, Ashok K.
    Department of Computer Science and Engineering, SRM University, Andhra Pradesh, India.
    Gupta, Shubham
    Department of Computer Science and Engineering, SRM University, Andhra Pradesh, India.
    Sahoo, Kshira Sagar
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap. Department of Computer Science and Engineering, SRM University, Andhra Pradesh, India.
    Bilal, Muhammad
    Department of computer Engineering, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Yongin-si, South Korea.
    Kwak, Kyung-Sup
    Department of Information and Communications Engineering, Inha University, Incheon, South Korea.
    Coviblock: a secure blockchain-based smart healthcare assisting system2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 24, artikkel-id 16844Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent COVID-19 pandemic has underlined the significance of digital health record management systems for pandemic mitigation. Existing smart healthcare systems (SHSs) fail to preserve system-level medical record openness and privacy while including mitigating measures such as testing, tracking, and treating (3T). In addition, current centralised compute architectures are susceptible to denial of service assaults because of DDoS or bottleneck difficulties. In addition, these current SHSs are susceptible to leakage of sensitive data, unauthorised data modification, and non-repudiation. In centralised models of the current system, a third party controls the data, and data owners may not have total control over their data. The Coviblock, a novel, decentralised, blockchain-based smart healthcare assistance system, is proposed in this study to support medical record privacy and security in the pandemic mitigation process without sacrificing system usability. The Coviblock ensures system-level openness and trustworthiness in the administration and use of medical records. Edge computing and the InterPlanetary File System (IPFS) are recommended as part of a decentralised distributed storage system (DDSS) to reduce the latency and the cost of data operations on the blockchain (IPFS). Using blockchain ledgers, the DDSS ensures system-level transparency and event traceability in the administration of medical records. A distributed, decentralised resource access control mechanism (DDRAC) is also proposed to guarantee the secrecy and privacy of DDSS data. To confirm the Coviblock’s real-time behaviour on an Ethereum test network, a prototype of the technology is constructed and examined. To demonstrate the benefits of the proposed system, we compare it to current cloud-based health cyber–physical systems (H-CPSs) with blockchain. According to the experimental research, the Coviblock maintains the same level of security and privacy as existing H-CPSs while performing considerably better. Lastly, the suggested system greatly reduces latency in operations, such as 32 milliseconds (ms) to produce a new record, 29 ms to update vaccination data, and 27 ms to validate a given certificate through the DDSS.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Eimermann, Marco
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Lundmark, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi. Centre for Regional Studies, Umeå University.
    Nuancing holistic simplicity in sweden: A statistical exploration of consumption, age and gender2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 15, artikkel-id 8340Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies of sustainable ways of life have hitherto made limited use of register data since, e.g., voluntary simplicity is usually identified through characteristics that cannot be found in data registers. Despite this, claims about these trends have been made in many countries, at times gen-eralising the phenomena both in academia and media, based on anecdotal examples. This article draws on a quantifiable definition of holistic simplicity (Etzioni 1998) that includes certain fully measurable aspects, such as living in more affluent suburbs, moving to less affluent places and a significant reduction in individual work income. Other aspects are partially observable in register data, such as housing and car consumption. The advantage of this study is that it combines relevant theories around voluntary simplicity with register data that capture important characteristics of the entire national population (in this case, in Sweden) and thus, to some extent, also captures the mag-nitude of the phenomena. The article aims to statistically explore different demographic groups’ probability of becoming holistic simplifiers in Sweden, regarding their consumption, gender and age. It discusses opportunities and limitations for advancing our knowledge on voluntary simplicity in Sweden, with current findings suggesting more of the same consumption patterns and only initial paths to degrowth. This is discussed in the context of individuals’ agency in a state such as Sweden, which is changing from collectivist social democratic values to more neo-liberal conditions.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 14.
    Eriksson, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Santosa, Ailiana
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Medicinaregatan 18A, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Zetterberg, Liv
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Kawachi, Ichiro
    Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, MA, Boston, United States.
    Ng, Nawi
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Medicinaregatan 18A, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Social capital and sustainable social development - how are changes in neighbourhood social capital associated with neighbourhood sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics?2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 23, artikkel-id 13161Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of social capital is acknowledged as key for sustainable social development. Little is known about how social capital changes over time and how it correlates with socio-demographic and socioeconomic factors. This study was conducted in 46 neighbourhoods in Umeå Municipality, northern Sweden. The aim was to examine neighbourhood-level characteristics associated with changes in neighbourhood social capital and to discuss implications for local policies for sustainable social development. We designed an ecological study linking survey data to registry data in 2006 and 2020. Over 14 years, social capital increased in 9 and decreased in 15 neighbour-hoods. Higher levels of social capital were associated with specific sociodemographic factors, but these differed in urban and rural areas. Urban neighbourhoods with a higher proportion of older pensioners (OR = 1.49, CI: 1.16–1.92), children under 12 (OR= 2.13, CI: 1.31–3.47), or a lower proportion of foreign-born members (OR= 0.32, CI: 0.19–0.55) had higher odds for higher social capital levels. In rural neighbourhoods, a higher proportion of single-parent households was associated with higher levels of social capital (OR = 1.44, 95% CI = 1.04–1.98). Neighbourhood socioeconomic factors such as income or educational level did not influence neighbourhood social capital. Using repeated measures of social capital, this study gives insights into how social capital changes over time in local areas and the factors influencing its development. Local policies to promote social capital for sustainable social development should strive to integrate diverse demographic groups within neighbourhoods and should increase opportunities for inter-ethnic interactions.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 15.
    Eriksson, Max
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Umeå University.
    Rurality and Collective Attitude Effects on Wolf Policy2016Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 8, nr 8, artikkel-id 711Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Debates over wolf policy are driven by an underlying attitudinal divide between peoplefrom urban and rural areas. This study explores how the power relationship between urban and ruralgroups interact with individual attitude formation in relation to wolf policy, in order to understandwhy dissatisfaction with wolf policy tends to result in group level conflict patterns. Using Swedishsurvey data, I analyze attitudes to wolf policy, in relation to collective level effects and rural politicalalienation. Findings indicate that individual level attitudes towards the Swedish wolf policy are inpart determined by collective attitude patterns: effects that could be contingent on political alienation.This highlights the possibility of reducing attitude polarization with respect to the wolf policy,by addressing political alienation among the rural population.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 16.
    Jørgensen, Dolly
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Pigs and pollards: medieval insights for UK wood pasture restoration2013Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 387-399Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    English wood pastures have become a target for ecological restoration, including the restoration of pollarded trees and grazing animals, although pigs have not been frequently incorporated into wood pasture restoration schemes. Because wood pastures are cultural landscapes, created through the interaction of natural processes and human practices, a historical perspective on wood pasture management practices has the potential to provide insights for modern restoration projects. Using a wide range of both written and artistic sources form the Middle Ages, this article argues that pigs were fed in wood pastures both during the mast season when acorns were available and at other times as grazing fields. Pollarded pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) likely dominated these sustainable cultural landscapes during the medieval period.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 17.
    Karlsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Kirurgi.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Kirurgi. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Hultin, Magnus
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Anestesiologi och intensivvård.
    Eklund, Annika
    Gyllencreutz, Lina
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Kirurgi. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Expansive Learning Process of Exercise Organizers: The Case of Major Fire Incident Exercises in Underground Mines2020Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 14, artikkel-id 5790Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A major fire incident in a Swedish underground mine made the personnel from the mining company and the rescue service realize their limited preparedness. It was the beginning of a collaboration project that included the development of a new exercise model for a more effective joint rescue operation practice. The aim of this study was to explore the collaborative learning process of exercise organizers from the rescue service, mining companies, the emergency medical service, a training company, and academia. The analysis was performed through the application of the theory cycle of expansive learning to the material consisting of documents from 16 collaboration meetings and 11 full-scale exercises. The learning process started by the participants questioning the present practice of the rescue operation and analyzing it by creating a flow chart. An essential part of the process was to model new tools in order to increase the potential for collaboration. The tools were examined and tested during collaboration meetings and implemented during full-scale exercises. The exercise organizers reflected that the process led to organizational development and a better understanding of the other organizations’ perspectives. Consequently, a tentative model for developing the learning process of exercise organizers was developed.

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  • 18. Lundgren, Karin
    et al.
    Kjellström, Tord
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Sustainability Challenges from Climate Change and Air Conditioning Use in Urban Areas2013Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 5, nr 7, s. 3116-3128Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Global climate change increases heat loads in urban areas causing health and productivity risks for millions of people. Inhabitants in tropical and subtropical urban areas are at especial risk due to high population density, already high temperatures, and temperature increases due to climate change. Air conditioning is growing rapidly, especially in South and South-East Asia due to income growth and the need to protect from high heat exposures. Studies have linked increased total hourly electricity use to outdoor temperatures and humidity; modeled future predictions when facing additional heat due to climate change, related air conditioning with increased street level heat and estimated future air conditioning use in major urban areas. However, global and localized studies linking climate variables with air conditioning alone are lacking. More research and detailed data is needed looking at the effects of increasing air conditioning use, electricity consumption, climate change and interactions with the urban heat island effect. Climate change mitigation, for example using renewable energy sources, particularly photovoltaic electricity generation, to power air conditioning, and other sustainable methods to reduce heat exposure are needed to make future urban areas more climate resilient.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Sustainability Challenges from Climate Change and Air Conditioning Use in Urban Areas
  • 19.
    Manni, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap.
    Knekta, Eva
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturvetenskapernas och matematikens didaktik.
    "A Little Less Conversation, a Little More Action Please": Examining Students' Voices on Education, Transgression, and Societal Change2020Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 15, artikkel-id 6231Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Education for sustainability is urgent but also challenging when aiming for transformation, transgression, and action-oriented societal change. It is important to take into consideration students' voices in order to enhance education, and this study used semi-structured interviews to explore students' voices on the role of contemporary education, in society, in relation to urgent issues related to sustainability. Thematic content analysis was applied, as a first step, to analyse the students' answers. Then a T-learning model was applied on the themes to further analyse the results in relation to transformative, transgressive, and action-oriented learning. The students reflected on a diversity of important issues in society and the possibilities of action for change, many of them related to their personal life and experiences. They also talked about diverse educational experiences, but our analysis indicated that their current education did not always meet the needs of a more transgressive and change-oriented learning. Finally, we have found that the T-learning model has the potential to be used for educational reflection and for developing new understandings of teaching and learning.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 20. Mayer, Marius
    et al.
    Demiroglu, O. Cenk
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia.
    Ozcelebi, Oguzhan
    Microclimatic volatility and elasticity of glacier skiing demand2018Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 10, artikkel-id 3536Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of climate conditions and weather on ski tourism have become a hot topic as the negative impacts of climate change on ski tourism become increasingly visible. This study aims at measuring the significance and magnitude of long-term diurnal and daily weather conditions on lift frequentation at an Austrian glacier ski area in terms of the winter and the summer skiing offers. In doing so, it utilizes an autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (ARCH) model to reveal and quantify any volatility associated with ski area visitation and then employs regression models to account for any microclimatic elasticity of glacier skiing demand. The main findings reveal a significant volatility in ski area visitation, especially during the summer seasons. While this study does not aim for an ultimate determination on the reasons for such volatility, skiing demand models illustrate the importance of thermal comfort, especially wind chill factor (WCF), as a major determinant of demand sensitivity for glacier skiing as well as non-skier visits during the summer season. Significant, albeit inelastic, relationships between other microclimatic characteristics, such as snow depth and relative humidity, with visitation and lift frequentation are also identified. Based on these findings, implications according to a changing climate and practical suggestions on the sustainability of winter and summer skiing activities are provided.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Orru, Kati
    et al.
    Institute of Social Sciences, University of Tartu, Lossi 36, Tartu, Estonia.
    Tiittanen, Pekka
    Department of Health Security, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, Neulaniementie 4, Kuopio, Finland.
    Ung-Lanki, Sari
    Department of Health Security, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, Neulaniementie 4, Kuopio, Finland.
    Orru, Hans
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Avdelningen för hållbar hälsa. Institute of Family Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tartu, Ravila 19, Tartu, Estonia.
    Lanki, Timo
    Department of Health Security, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, Neulaniementie 4, Kuopio, Finland.
    Perception of Risks from Wood Combustion and Traffic Induced Air Pollution: Evidence from Northern Europe2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 15, artikkel-id 9660Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The health effects of particulate matter, increasing emissions from transportation and requisites for making use of biofuels brings up the need to understand how individuals interpret air-pollution-related risks from wood burning and traffic. We aim to clarify the extent to which perceived risks from road-traffic and wood-smoke can be explained by the individual psychological, social status-related and socio-institutional factors in the case of two Northern European countries, Finland and Estonia. This approach elucidates which of the closely intertwined factors shape the perception of risks from air pollution in different socio-institutional contexts and for different air pollution sources. The study uses data from cross-sectional population surveys conducted among 1112 Finnish and 1000 Estonian residents about environmental health risk perception and coping. Binary logistic regression analysis demonstrated that in both countries’ cases, the perceived personal and general risk from traffic exhaust and wood-smoke can be explained by the perception of exposure to pollution and, also, by the level of knowledge of, the worry about and the possible symptoms from environmental health factors. The perceived vulnerability due to poor health further sensitises individuals towards risks from air pollution. Higher trust towards state institutions in guaranteeing a healthy living environment and greater perceived openness about the risks may attenuate the feelings of vulnerability to air pollution risks in Finland compared to Estonia. The ingrained appeal for wood burning may explain the higher acceptance of exhausts from wood-burning compared to traffic. This may lead to scant support for measures to reduce emissions from wood combustion.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 22.
    Rini, Listia
    et al.
    Division Agri-Food Marketing and Chain Management, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium.
    Schouteten, Joachim J.
    Division Agri-Food Marketing and Chain Management, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium.
    Faber, Ilona
    Department of Food Science, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
    Bechtold, Kai-Brit
    ProVeg International, Berlin, Germany.
    Perez-Cueto, Federico J. A.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för kost- och måltidsvetenskap. Department of Food Science, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
    Gellynck, Xavier
    Division Agri-Food Marketing and Chain Management, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium.
    De Steur, Hans
    Division Agri-Food Marketing and Chain Management, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium.
    Identifying the key success factors of plant-based food brands in Europe2023Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 15, nr 1, artikkel-id 306Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Plant-based food (PBF) is on the rise as an alternative for animal-based food. Europe is leading in the market size compared with the global market. However, the high failure rate for new food products is challenging the success of new PBF in the market. This paper aims to unravel the key success factors (KSFs) from existing brands, contributing to the knowledge on how to achieve success in PBF market. Two subsequent studies employing online surveys were included, which targeted food expert participants. Study 1 focused on the collection of KSFs related to PBF brands utilizing the card sorting approach. Study 2 employed cluster analysis to further investigate the KSFs among different PBF brands. The findings identified six clusters of KSFs under the external and internal factors supporting the success of the PBF brands. Two (‘Consumer’ and ‘Trend’) and four (‘Ideology’, ‘Marketing strategy’, ‘Innovation management’, and ‘Management structure’) clusters were assigned into external and internal factors, respectively. Furthermore, cluster analysis identified four brand clusters: ‘Mature’, ‘Targeted’, ‘Newcomer’, and ‘Established but diversifying’ clusters. Each brand cluster utilized different KSFs into their strategies; however, both external and internal factors were applied, suggesting that there is no one-size-fits-all KSF to succeed in the market.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 23. Sanden, Taru
    et al.
    Spiegel, Heide
    Wenng, Hannah
    Schwarz, Michael
    Sarneel, Judith M.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Learning Science during Teatime: Using a Citizen Science Approach to Collect Data on Litter Decomposition in Sweden and Austria2020Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 18, s. 1-14, artikkel-id 7745Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The decay of organic material-litter decomposition-is a critical process for life on Earth and an essential part of the global carbon cycle. Yet, this basic process remains unknown to many citizens. The Tea Bag Index (TBI) measures decomposition in a standardized, measurable, achievable, climate-relevant, and time-relevant way by burying commercial tea bags in soil for three months and calculating proxies to characterize the decomposition process (expressed as decomposition rate (k) and stabilization factor (S)). We measured TBI at 8 cm soil depth with the help of school and farm citizen scientists in 2015 in Sweden and in 2016 in Austria. Questionnaires to the participating schools and farms enabled us to capture lessons learned from this participatory data collection. In total >5500 citizen scientists participated in the mass experiments, and approximately 50% of the tea bags sent out yielded successful results that fell well within previously reported ranges. The average decomposition rates (k) ranged from 0.008 to 0.012 g d(-1) in Sweden and from 0.012 to 0.015 g d(-1) in Austria. Stabilization factors (S) were up to four times higher in Sweden than Austria. Taking part in a global experiment was a great incentive for participants, and in future experiments the citizen scientists and TBI would benefit from having enhanced communication between the researchers and participants about the results gained.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 24.
    Sehlin MacNeil, Kristina
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Várdduo – Centrum för samisk forskning.
    Daniels-Mayes, Sheelagh
    The University of Sydney, Camperdown, Australia.
    Akbar, Skye
    University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia.
    Marsh, Jillian
    Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Wik-Karlsson, Jenny
    Sámiid Riikkasearvi, Umeå, Sweden.
    Össbo, Åsa
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Várdduo – Centrum för samisk forskning.
    Social Life Cycle Assessment Used in Indigenous Contexts: A Critical Analysis2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 9, artikkel-id 5158Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper evaluates the method Social Life Cycle Assessment (S-LCA) from the perspectives of Indigenous methodologies and Indigenous standpoint, in order to identify some strengths and limitations of using S-LCA in Indigenous contexts. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is used to measure environmental impacts connected with all stages of the life cycle of a commercial product, process, or service. S-LCA is a methodology designed to include the social aspects of sustainability in the LCA methodology. S-LCA emphasizes stakeholder involvement and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) S-LCA guidelines (2020) lists Indigenous communities as possible stakeholders. With a focus on Indigenous communities in the Arctic region we also include comparative aspects from Australia to generate new conceptualizations and understandings. The paper concludes that S-LCA has the potential to facilitate opposing worldviews and with some further developments can be a valuable methodology for Indigenous contexts.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 25.
    Shanmugam, Kavitha
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Baroth, Anju
    Nande, Sachin
    Abdelfattah, Dalia
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Tysklind, Mats
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Upadhyayula, Venkata K.K.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
    Social Cost Benefit Analysis of Operating Compressed Biomethane (CBM) Transit Buses in Cities of Developing Nations: A Case Study2019Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 15, artikkel-id 4190Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cities in developing nations have to deal with two significant sustainability challenges amidst rampant urbanization. First, consumer-generated food waste is increasing monumentally since open dumping is still followed as a predominant practice, the negative environmental externalities associated with food waste disposal are growing beyond manageable proportions. Second, the dependency on conventional fuels like diesel to operate transit buses, which is one of the major causes for deteriorating urban air quality. A nexus established between food waste management and operation of transit buses can improve the sustainable performance of cities in developing nations. In this study, a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) supported Social Cost-Benefit Analysis (SCBA) is performed by considering a hypothetical scenario of establishing a large food waste treating biomethanation plant in Mumbai, India. The food waste from the city is transported to a biomethanation plant where it is subjected to an anaerobic digestion (AD) process. The biogas produced as a byproduct is upgraded to compressed biomethane (CBM) and used as a vehicle fuel to operate transit buses within the city. The LCA results suggest that CBM buses can reduce greenhouse gas and particulate matter emissions by 60% compared to diesel or compressed natural gas (CNG) buses. Fossil depletion potential of CBM buses is 98% lower than diesel, suggesting CBM’s importance in decoupling developing nations dependency on imported crude oil. The SCBA considers: (a) costs to stakeholders, i.e., fees for open dumping of food waste and cost of fuel for operating transit buses; and (b) social costs incurred by negative environmental externalities (obtained by monetizing LCA results) resulting from both, open dumping as well as fuel combustion. SCBA results indicate that the food waste-based CBM model can save 6.86 billion Indian rupees (USD 99.4 million) annually for Mumbai. The savings are made due to a reduction in stakeholder’s costs (fuel) coupled with societal, i.e., environmental externality costs if entire transit bus fleet operates on CBM fuel instead of conventional fuel mix (33:67 diesel to CNG) currently used. Although the study is performed for Mumbai, the results will be replicable to any city of developing nations facing similar issues.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 26.
    Sing, Ranumayee
    et al.
    Faculty of Engineering (Computer Science and Engineering), BPUT, Odisha, Rourkela, India.
    Bhoi, Sourav Kumar
    Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Parala Maharaja Engineering College (Govt.), Odisha, Berhampur, India.
    Panigrahi, Niranjan
    Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Parala Maharaja Engineering College (Govt.), Odisha, Berhampur, India.
    Sahoo, Kshira Sagar
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap. Department of Computer Science and Engineering, SRM University, Andhra Pradesh, Amaravati, India.
    Bilal, Muhammad
    Department of Computer Engineering, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Yongin-si, South Korea.
    Shah, Sayed Chhattan
    Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Yongin-si 17035, South Korea.
    Emcs: an energy-efficient makespan cost-aware scheduling algorithm using evolutionary learning approach for cloud-fog-based IoT applications2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 22, artikkel-id 15096Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The tremendous expansion of the Internet of Things (IoTs) has generated an enormous volume of near and remote sensing data, which is increasing with the emergence of new solutions for sustainable environments. Cloud computing is typically used to help resource-constrained IoT sensing devices. However, the cloud servers are placed deep within the core network, a long way from the IoT, introducing immense data transactions. These transactions require heavy electricity consumption and release harmful (Formula presented.) to the environment. A distributed computing environment located at the edge of the network named fog computing has been promoted to reduce the limitation of cloud computing for IoT applications. Fog computing potentially processes real-time and delay-sensitive data, and it reduces the traffic, which minimizes the energy consumption. The additional energy consumption can be reduced by implementing an energy-aware task scheduling, which decides on the execution of tasks at cloud or fog nodes on the basis of minimum completion time, cost, and energy consumption. In this paper, an algorithm called energy-efficient makespan cost-aware scheduling (EMCS) is proposed using an evolutionary strategy to optimize the execution time, cost, and energy consumption. The performance of this work is evaluated using extensive simulations. Results show that EMCS is 67.1% better than cost makespan-aware scheduling (CMaS), 58.79% better than Heterogeneous Earliest Finish Time (HEFT), 54.68% better than Bees Life Algorithm (BLA) and 47.81% better than Evolutionary Task Scheduling (ETS) in terms of makespan. Comparing the cost of the EMCS model, it uses 62.4% less cost than CMaS, 26.41% less than BLA, and 6.7% less than ETS. When comparing energy consumption, EMCS consumes 11.55% less than CMaS, 4.75% less than BLA and 3.19% less than ETS. Results also show that with an increase in the number of fog and cloud nodes, the balance between cloud and fog nodes gives better performance in terms of makespan, cost, and energy consumption.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 27.
    Sköld, Bore
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Baltruszewicz, Marta
    Aall, Carlo
    Andersson, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper, Radiofysik. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Herrmann, Alina
    Amelung, Dorothee
    Barbier, Carine
    Nilsson, Maria
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Bruyère, Sébastien
    Sauerborn, Rainer
    Household Preferences to Reduce Their Greenhouse Gas Footprint: A Comparative Study from Four European Cities2018Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 11, artikkel-id 4044Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates households’ preferences to reduce their carbon footprint (CF) measured in carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2e). It assumes that a substantial CF reduction of households is essential to reach the 1.5 ◦C goal under the Paris Agreement. Data was collected in four mid-size cities in France, Germany, Norway, and Sweden. Quantitative data was obtained from 308 households using a CF calculator based on a questionnaire, and a simulation game. The latter investigated households’ preferences when being confronted with the objective to reduce their CF by 50 percent by 2030 in a voluntary and forced scenario. Our results show that the greater the CO2e-reduction potential of a mitigation action, the less willing a household was to implement that action. Households preferred actions with moderate lifestyle changes foremost in the food sector. Voluntarily, households reached a 25% footprint reduction by 2030. To reach a substantial reduction of 50 percent, households needed to choose actions that meant considerable lifestyle changes, mainly related to mobility. Given our results, the 1.5 ◦C goal is unlikely to be realizable currently, unless households receive major policy support. Lastly, the strikingly similar preferences of households in the four European cities investigated seem to justify strong EU and international policies.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 28.
    Strid, Anna
    et al.
    Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hallström, Elinor
    Department of Agriculture and Food, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sonesson, Ulf
    Department of Agriculture and Food, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sjons, Josefin
    Department of Agriculture and Food, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Winkvist, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Avdelningen för hållbar hälsa. Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bianchi, Marta
    Department of Agriculture and Food, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sustainability indicators for foods benefiting climate and health2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 7, artikkel-id 3621Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    New methods for combined evaluation of nutritional and environmental aspects of food products are needed to enable a transformation of dietary guidelines integrating both health and environmental perspectives. We evaluated two sustainability aspects; nutrition and climate im-pact, of foods commonly consumed in Sweden and the implications of using parallel or integrated assessments of these two aspects, also discussing the usability and suitability of these food sustain-ability indicators in relation to Swedish dietary guidelines, industry food product development, and consumer communication. There were large differences in both nutrient density and climate impact among the different foods. The parallel assessment easily visualized synergies and trade-offs between these two sustainability aspects for the different foods. Coherence with dietary guidelines was good, and suitability and usability deemed satisfying. The integrated indicator showed better coherence with dietary guidelines than indicators based solely on nutrient density or climate impact; however, the difficulty to interpret the score limits its usability in product development and consumer communication. With both methods, advantageous as well as less advantageous plant-based and animal-based food alternatives were suggested. The two alternative methods evaluated could serve as useful tools to drive individual and societal development towards more sustainable food production and consumption.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29. Svensson, Johan
    et al.
    Neumann Sivertsson, Wiebke
    Bjärstig, Therese
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Zachrisson, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Thellbro, Camilla
    Landscape approaches to sustainability: aspects of conflict, integration and synergy in national public land-use interests2020Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 12, artikkel-id 5113Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Strong land-use pressure challenges sustainable development and calls for landscape approaches that balance economic, ecological, and socio-cultural aspects and interests. In the boreal, sub-alpine, and alpine regions in Sweden, encompassing 32 million ha, many and different land-use interests overlap, which causes risks for conflict, but potentially also suggests integration and synergy opportunities. Based on geographic information system (GIS) analyses of geographically delineated national interests regulated in the Swedish Environmental Code, including, amongst others, Natura 2000, contiguous mountains, recreation, reindeer husbandry, and wind power, and based on forestry as a dominating land use, we found extensive overlap among similar but also between dissimilar types of interest. In some mountain municipalities, our results show that the designated national interest area is four times as large as the available terrestrial area. Moreover, the overlap is much higher in the alpine than in the boreal biome, and there is increasing designation for nature conservation and a decreasing designation for national interests for culture, recreation, and tourism from south to north. We interpret the results with reference to multiple-use needs and opportunities for landscape approaches to sustainable planning. Departing from biodiversity conservation values, we also discuss opportunities to focus planning strategies on assessing synergy, integration, and conflict based on nature-based and place-based land-use characteristics.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 30.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Bergquist, Ann-Kristin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Ekonomisk historia.
    Growing green and competitive: a case study of a Swedish pulp mill2013Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 5, nr 5, s. 1789-1805Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The experiences of past efforts of industrial pollution control while maintaining competitiveness should be of great value to research and policy practice addressing sustainability issues today. In this article, we analyze the environmental adaptation of the Swedish pulp industry during the period 1970–1990 as illustrated by the sulfite pulp producer Domsjö mill. We investigate how this company managed to adapt to heavy transformation pressure from increasing international competition in combination with strict national environmental regulations during the 1960s to the early 1990s. In line with the so-called Porter hypothesis, the company was able to coordinate the problems that were environmental in nature with activities aiming at production efficiency goals and the development of new products. Swedish environmental agencies and legislation facilitated this ―win-win‖ situation by a flexible but still challenging regulatory approach towards the company. From the early 1990s and onwards, the greening of the pulp industry was also a result of increased market pressure for green paper products. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Growing Green and Competitive: A Case Study of a Swedish Pulp Mill
  • 31.
    Thellbro, Camilla
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Bjärstig, Therese
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Drivers for public-private partnerships in sustainable natural resource management – lessons from the Swedish mountain region2018Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 11, artikkel-id 3914Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden’s mountain areas are sensitive ecosystems that are used by a wide range of stakeholders, and this raises multiple sustainability concerns. Collaborative governance solutions are becoming increasingly common in such situations to promote more sustainable practices. While the Swedish mountain area is indeed a hot spot for different forms of public–private partnerships (PPPs) related to natural resources management, as yet, little is known about the shaping of participation, leadership, and implementation of these processes. What are the drivers for implementing collaborative environmental partnerships, do the drivers differ, and if so, how? What role does the specific context play in the design of these PPPs? Are the PPPs useful, and if so, for what? To analyse those issues, we conducted 38 semi-structured interviews with project leaders from a sample randomly selected from a database of 245 public–private collaborative projects in the Swedish mountains. Our results indicate that consequential incentives in the form of funding and previous successful collaborations seem to be the major drivers for such partnerships. A critical discussion of the possibilities and limitations of public–private forms of governance in rural mountain areas adds to the ongoing debate on the performance of environmental PPPs in a regional context.

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    fulltext
  • 32.
    Timofejevs, Péteris F.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Environment and Populist Radical Right in Eastern Europe: The Case of National Alliance 2010–20182020Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 19, artikkel-id 8092Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the literature on populist radical right parties (PRRP) in Western and Eastern Europe has expanded considerably in the last two decades, relatively little is known about the views on nature and the environment of the PRRP in Eastern Europe. This study focuses on the Latvian PRRP “National Alliance” (NA), which has not only been a coalition government partner since 2011, but occupied a ministerial post tasked with environmental policy from 2014 to 2019. This article examines how the NA viewed nature, the environment, and governance for sustainability in the period 2010–2018, and more specifically, whether and to what extent the NA’s vision of nature and the environment was compatible with its sustainable development position. The study employs qualitative content analysis examining the official party literature. The results indicate that the party’s vision embraced the sustainable development position in its declaratory statements on nature and environmental policy. The NA’s views on governance for sustainability demonstrate a strong statist preference, downplaying more participatory approaches, thus departing from the sustainable development governance position.

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  • 33. Vikström, Linda
    et al.
    Leonardsson, Kjell
    Leander, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Shry, Samuel
    Calles, Olle
    Hellström, Gustav
    Validation of Francis–Kaplan Turbine Blade Strike Models for Adult and Juvenile Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar, L.) and Anadromous Brown Trout (Salmo Trutta, L.) Passing High Head Turbines2020Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 16, artikkel-id 6384Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The negative effects of hydroelectric power (HEP) on salmonid populations has long been recognized and studied. Downstream passage through turbines may potentially constitute a significant source of mortality for both juvenile and adult fish in regulated rivers. Numerical models have been developed to calculate turbine passage mortality based on the probability of collision with the turbine blades, but although widely used in management and conservation, their performance is rarely validated in terms of the accuracy and bias of the mortality estimates. In this study, we evaluated commonly used blade strike models for Kaplan and Francis turbines by comparing model predictions with observed passage mortalities for juvenile 13–27 cm and adult 52–94 cm Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar, L.) and anadromous brown trout (Salmo trutta, L.) acquired by acoustic telemetry. Predictions made for juveniles aligned closer with observed mortality for both Kaplan and Francis turbines (within 1–3% percentage points). However, the model severely underestimated the mortality of adult fish passing through Francis turbines, with up to 50% percentage points difference between predicted and observed mortalities. Furthermore, the model did not capture a clear negative correlation between mortality and discharge observed for salmon between 50–60 cm (grilse). We concluded that blade strike models are a useful tool for quantifying passage mortality for salmonid smolts passing large, high-head turbines, but that the same models should be used with care when trying to estimate the passage mortality of kelts in iteroparous populations. We also concluded that the major cause of passage mortality for juveniles is injury by collision with the turbine blade, but that other factors seem to contribute substantially to the passage mortality of kelts. Our study reports low mortality for smolts up to 27 cm passing through Kaplan and Francis turbines (0–12%), but high mortality for salmon over 50 cm passing though Francis turbines (56–81%).

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  • 34.
    Vincze, Zsuzsanna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi.
    Hällerstrand, Linda
    Örtqvist, Daniel
    Rist, Linda
    Strategic Corporate Sustainability in a Post-Acquisition Context2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 11, artikkel-id 6017Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To reach the global sustainability goals, multinationals, regardless of origin, play a significant role. Given their market power and globally distributed operations, they have the position to either accelerate or inhibit sustainability changes. Knowledge about how corporate sustainability (CS) develops within internationalization strategies such as post-acquisition integration is, however, sparse. The purpose of this paper was to analyze and evaluate the development of CS strategies of originally distant companies within an international post-acquisition context. The paper drew on the resource-based view (RBV) to provide a holistically integrated framework for the systematic evaluation of CS strategies and applied the framework to a longitudinal in-depth case study. Findings indicated that long-term perspective, partnering approach and, emphases on learning positively influenced the integration process and the maturity level of the common corporate sustainability strategies. In contributing with an in-depth understanding of strategic CS integration within a post-acquisition case, the study generated implications for proactive management in similar post-acquisition contexts. While the focus of this paper was neither on the differences in legislations and regulations as influencing factors nor on the national and organizational culture and their impact on the integration of strategic CS, these are relevant areas of interest, and future research could consider incorporating those into the new evaluation framework

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  • 35.
    Westin, Kerstin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi, Transportforskningsenheten (TRUM).
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi, Transportforskningsenheten (TRUM).
    Jansson, Johan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi, Transportforskningsenheten (TRUM). Department of Business Administration, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi, Transportforskningsenheten (TRUM). School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Goal Framing as a Tool for Changing People's Car Travel Behavior in Sweden2020Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a study of car drivers' assessment of a sustainability policy involving increased car parking fees in Swedish city centers. The aim of the study was to investigate how framing of information in text and pictures influences acceptance of increasing car parking fees and how values, general beliefs and norms as well as measure-specific beliefs influence the acceptability of the measure. Drawing on Goal Framing Theory, the acceptance of a parking fee policy was tested using three different goal frames (hedonic, gain and normative); the frames were compared with each other and a control message. The study was based on a survey directed to residents (18 to 75 years of age) in 51 larger municipalities in Sweden. The survey had an experimental design. Respondents were presented with a scenario of an increase in parking fees to promote environmental sustainability. The scenario was presented in three ways (manipulations), highlighting hedonic (e.g., emotional), gain, and normative aspects, respectively, in text and pictures. The results showed that the three message frames had different effects and were overall more effective than the control message in engendering the desired reduction in private car use and, thus, the intended environmental impact. Further, the degree of acceptability of the increased parking fee influenced the expected behavioral change in the groups receiving a goal framed message in relation to the parking fee measure. Implications from a sustainability perspective concern the importance of how environmental policies are framed when communicated to the public in order to increase acceptance and support.

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  • 36.
    Widman, Ulrika
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Exploring the Role of Public–Private Partnerships in Forest Protection2016Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 8, nr 5, artikkel-id 496Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2010, the Swedish government established the Komet program—a pilot forest protection project that was initially implemented in five land areas. The Komet program was intended to complement existing formal protection measures by establishing partnerships with forest owners and industries to encourage these actors to take a greater interest in contributing to forest conservation efforts and Nature Conservation Agreements. Despite mixed results, the government subsequently chose to implement these partnerships nationwide, thereby institutionalizing the Komet program and making it into a regular component of forest management policy. This study examines how the program developed and became institutionalized. The theoretical role of public–private partnerships and their capacity to deliver collective goods are discussed. The empirical material primarily consists of interviews with key stakeholders from the pilot period and the present reference group. The results highlight the need to carefully consider past collaborative experiences together with existing motives relating to the role of partnerships in forest protection in order to achieve successful institutionalization. This will increase the government’s capacity to create the conditions for institutionalization and may facilitate the development of external interactions in partnerships, leading to the incorporation of various protection arrangements.

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  • 37.
    Żebrowski, Piotr
    et al.
    International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria.
    Dieckmann, Ulf
    International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria; Complexity Science and Evolution Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Onna, Japan; Department of Evolutionary Studies of Biosystems, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (Sokendai), Hayama, Japan.
    Brännström, Åke
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för matematik och matematisk statistik. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria.
    Franklin, Oskar
    International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria.
    Rovenskaya, Elena
    International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria; Faculty of Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
    Sharing the Burdens of Climate Mitigation and Adaptation: Incorporating Fairness Perspectives into Policy Optimization Models2022Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, nr 7, artikkel-id 3737Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mitigation of, and adaptation to, climate change can be addressed only through the collective action of multiple agents. The engagement of involved agents critically depends on their perception that the burdens and benefits of collective action are distributed fairly. Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs), which inform climate policies, focus on the minimization of costs and the maximization of overall utility, but they rarely pay sufficient attention to how costs and benefits are distributed among agents. Consequently, some agents may perceive the resultant model-based policy recommendations as unfair. In this paper, we propose how to adjust the objectives optimized within IAMs so as to derive policy recommendations that can plausibly be presented to agents as fair. We review approaches to aggregating the utilities of multiple agents into fairness-relevant social rankings of outcomes, analyze features of these rankings, and associate with them collections of properties that a model’s objective function must have to operationalize each of these rankings within the model. Moreover, for each considered ranking, we propose a selection of specific objective functions that can conveniently be used for generating this ranking in a model. Maximizing these objective functions within existing IAMs allows exploring and identifying climate polices to which multiple agents may be willing to commit.

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