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  • 1. Aslan, Pinar
    et al.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Sjöberg, Stefan
    Agency and Adaptation: Strategies of Immigrants' Descendants on the Swedish Labor Market2020In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 43-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how descendants of immigrants in Sweden understand labor market conditions, and how such understandings influence their occupational strategies. We interviewed 21 Sweden-born individuals with non-Western immigrant parents, and identified three strategies based on our analysis of the data: 'choosing' the right job, adapting the habitus, and using cultural capital in flexible ways. The first strategy covers interviewees working in jobs with labor shortages and/or high demand for employees with immigrant background. The second covers interviewees who could learn through failing, with substantial resilience and persistence. The third deals with interviewees who searched for jobs in branches that valued their particular skill set, entailing the importance of being flexible on the labor market.

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  • 2.
    Grönlund, Anne
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    On different tracks? Gender, professional strategies and early career wage gaps2017In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 9-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A longstanding notion in labor market theory is that women accommodate family responsibilities in their occupational and job choices. Utilizing a survey of newly graduated highly educated men and women in five occupations in Sweden (n≈2400), the article explores whether men and women differ in their professional strategies and if such differences produce early career wage gaps. Findings based on OLS regressions show that women express dual commitment to work and family; compared with men, they value ‘family-friendly’ work-conditions higher but do not value wages and career lower. Parenthood is not related to lower levels of career focus, but neutralizes occupational differences in family focus for women. Despite the select sample, women have lower wages than men, but the wage gap is not explained by different prioritization of family/career. The findings suggest that assumptions about gendered skill investments must be empirically scrutinized and theories further developed.

  • 3.
    Grönlund, Anne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    A maternal wall for refugees? Gender and labor market establishment in Sweden2022In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 3-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using longitudinal register data, we examined gender patterns in the long-term labor market establishment of refugees (n≈11 700) and Swedish-born individuals (n≈109 000). The main question was whether refugee women face greater difficulties than men and if gender differences can be attributed to care responsibilities. With multinomial logistic regression, cox regressions, and individual fixed effects models, refugees were observed at age 29-30 in 1997, then followed to age 50. Results show that both among refugees and Swedish-born, establishment was a protracted and insecure process for women. Over time, women caught up with men but in terms of stable employment, gender gaps prevailed throughout the fertile period and parenthood was negatively related to long-term establishment prospects. Future research should move beyond the focus on labor market entry to capture the mechanisms behind long term insecurities. The timing of parenthood and the importance of adult education are of particular interest.

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  • 4.
    Grönlund, Anne
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Öun, Ida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Beyond the Mummy Track?: Part-time Rights, Gender, and Career-Family Dilemmas2018In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 177-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Statutory rights to part-time work are increasingly discussed and institutionalized, but have been little empirically investigated. On the basis of a survey of Swedish parents (n = 1900), the article explores the usage and usefulness of the right to work hour reductions in relation to career-family dilemmas. The results show that the gender composition of the workplace affects both mothers’ and fathers’ likelihood of reducing work hours. Mothers who reduce work hours experience lower work-family conflict but stronger fears of negative career repercussions. For fathers, the implications of work hour reductions vary with the gender composition of the workplace. Meanwhile, the division of housework is related both to the likelihood of reducing work hours and to its implications. The analysis suggests that even when a statutory right to part-time is provided, workplace norms and men’s participation in housework are crucial for changing gender patterns.

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  • 5.
    Haake, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lindberg, Ola
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Grimm, Frida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Siljebo, Josef
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Bäck, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Leadership in swedish public organizations: a research review in education and care2023In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 63-85Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a review of recent Swedish leadership research in two large public-sector areas: education and care. By comparing and contrasting research in these areas, we unveil the specifics and commonalities of research in public-sector leadership. We reviewed research articles from 2018 to 2020 and analyzed theories used, data-gathering methods employed, and topics researched. The results show some fundamental differences between the two areas. Compared to research on education, research on care is to a larger extent non-theoretical and is often focused on change management, quality assurance, and leaders’ roles in employee health. Conversely, studies on education are theory driven and mostly focused on leaders’ roles in learning and shared leadership. We discuss the state of Swedish public leadership research and make suggestions for mutual learning and moving forward in this research field.

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  • 6.
    Haugen, Katarina
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    'Not a Problem Until it Becomes a Problem': A Qualitative Study of Values and Risks of In-house Family Ties in Swedish Workplaces2016In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 67-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In-house family ties at workplaces occur in most contexts, and are associated with both advantages and disadvantages. On the basis of 40 interviews with human resource managers at Swedish workplaces, the values and risks of in-house family ties and their importance within the workplace are analyzed jointly, thus allowing for a holistic perspective. The interviews reveal values and risks on a strategic level, for day-to-day operations, for the social work environment, and on the level of individuals. Crucially, even when in-house family ties are perceived as uncomplicated, there is a latent risk that problems might arise. The interpretation of the role of in-house family ties is also strongly related to whether they are paired with asymmetrical (vertical) power relations. It also depends heavily on the chosen perspective-that of the organization, the social work environment, the individual, or the broader society-and the perceived advantages tend to come with corresponding inverted disadvantages.

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  • 7.
    Kamp, Annette
    et al.
    Roskilde University.
    Obstfelder, Aud
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Welfare Technologies in Care Work2019In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 9, no S5, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 8.
    Keisu, Britt-Inger
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Division of Human Work Science, Luleå University of Technology.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Entrepreneurship and Gender Equality in Academia: a Complex Combination in Practice2015In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 69-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes as its starting point two current trends in academia – the promotion of academic entrepreneurship and innovation and the promotion of gender equality – and discusses how different gender equality perspectives are interwoven, or not, into academia’s transformation processes towards entrepreneurial universities. On the basis of an analysis of 26 interviews conducted with personnel at two Swedish universities, the article investigates how concepts of academic entrepreneurship and innovation on the one hand and gender equality on the other hand are constructed and filled with meaning as well as how they are entangled and what effects are produced by this way of thinking and acting. Our analysis reveals tensions between the two policy goals, together with tensions within each goal. An overall conclusion is that articulations and ways of speaking about the policy goal of academic entrepreneurship and innovation were to some extent interwoven with the policy goal of gender equality, especially in the broader perspectives on academic entrepreneurship. However, the articulations of strategies and practice of the two policy goals essentially ran parallel, and were not entangled with one another. This is because strategies or substantial initiatives for merging gender equality into the agenda of academic entrepreneurship and innovation were lacking.

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  • 9.
    Keisu, Britt-Inger
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Enberg, Birgit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    What is a good workplace?: Tracing the logics of NPM among managers and professionals in Swedish elderly care2016In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 6, p. 27-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Neoliberal policies such as new public management (NPM) have been pivotal to the Swedish elderly care system for two decades. This article explores the discourses of NPM and work by focusing on how a good workplace is represented by professionals and managers in Swedish elderly care. Using qualitative interviews with 31 managers, nurses, physiotherapists, and occupational therapists at nine workplaces, we identified four competing meanings (“storylines”) of how a good workplace is constructed among the interviewees within an ongoing struggle between two discourses. Three storylines, i.e., striving to achieve the mission, a desire to work in elderly care, and striving for good working relationships, are linked to the neoliberal discourse of organizational effectiveness. In contrast, the fourth storyline, support and better working conditions, is related to a welfare-state discourse of traditional labor relations with strong historical roots. Four subject positions available to the managers and professionals were identified: the bureaucrat, the passionate, the professional, and the critic. We conclude that NPM is translated on top of existing discourses, such as those of traditional labor relations, care ideals, and practices, that are already established in elderly care workplaces and that counteract the new policy.

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  • 10.
    Kvist, Elin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Overud, Johanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    From Emancipation through Employment to Emancipation through Entrepreneurship: An Analysis of the Special Labor Market Initiatives (BRYT) and Tax Deduction for Domestic Services (RUT) in Sweden2015In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 41-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Debates on gender equality policy in Sweden assume that women’s labor market participation is central to gender equality and should be promoted via special initiatives and programs. This paper examines how gender equality discourses have changed over time, analyzing Swedish state labor market policy in the 1980s and 1990s, special labor market initiatives to eliminate gender segregation and encourage nontraditional gendered work choices, and contemporary state subsidies for paid domestic work (i.e., tax deduction for domestic services). Critically interpreting these reforms reveals consistencies and continuities in how labor market participation is viewed as the key promoter of gender equality, revealing transformations in how gender equality is understood and constructed. A transition is discernible from state-funded programs and reforms to governmental agencies/authorities and state subsidies to promote enterprise and the growth of specific labor market sectors.

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  • 11.
    Nouf-Latif, Faten
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Cherry Picking Disability Rights?: Swedish Disability Policy on Employment, Health and Participation2020In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 3-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to broaden the understanding of how Swedish disability policies are constructed to meet the objectives of the ratified UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) regarding active citizenship and full participation on an equal basis with others. The study examines two policy domains: health and employment. Recently issued legal documents are analyzed using the approach of directed content analysis and the theories of ‘social risk’ and ‘governance’. The results suggest that the policy area of employment implicitly and explicitly overshadows the policy area of health and related rights accounted for in the CRPD. A more nuanced perspective in disability policies concerning employment in relation to active citizenry and full participation is required, accompanied by social policy schemes that encompass the perspective of the CRPD as a whole in all support-to-work services, instead of the limited focus of finding full-time employment.

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  • 12.
    Ulander-Wänman, Carin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Swedish Collective Agreements and Employers' Willingness to Hire and Retain Older Workers in Employment2016In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 61-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Demographic change is transforming the EU population structure for the coming decades. One challenge that society faces is to preserve social welfare when elderly persons comprise a larger proportion of the total population. Allowing people to work beyond the current retirement age may help slow the growth of the maintenance burden for welfare costs, and creating situations where larger numbers of older employees can work longer and complete more working hours can improve conditions for preserving and developing welfare. However, a prolonged working life presupposes several conditions; one of these is that legal regulation of the labor market must support employers' willingness to hire and retain older workers in employment. This article explores employers' attitudes toward regulations in Swedish collective agreements—regulations which are of particular importance if employers are to increase hiring and retention of older workers in employment.

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  • 13.
    Wikström, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Institutionen för socialt arbete, Umeå universitet.
    Ahnlund, Petra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Making Refugees Work?: Individualized Work Strategies in the Swedish Refugee Settlement Program2018In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 8, no S4, p. 47-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden and elsewhere, work strategies have gained greater significance in social policy, and now also in settlement programs for refugees. This article addresses the level of practice of the refugee settlement program in Sweden, which previously emphasized ‘support’ and ‘social responsibility’, but now emphasizes ‘activation’ and ‘individual responsibility’. Through an analysis of interviews and individual action plans, we investigate how activation is put into practice in the work activities of refugee settlement and how employment officials and refugees articulate and experience the role that activation plays in refugees’ integration processes. The conclusion drawn is that activation is a central feature, but it involves conditionalizing elements that are used as the means to emphasize ‘work’ as the route to integration and to keep the ‘less employable’ refugees activated. The activation techniques applied require refugees to demonstrate that they are taking responsibility for their integration process and for increasing their employability

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