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  • 1.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Eklund, Mona
    Lunds universitet.
    Sandlund, Mikael
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Psykiatri.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Freedom of choice or cost efficiency?: the implementation of a free-choice market system in community mental health services in Sweden2016Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 129-141Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This case study investigates the implementation of a free-choice market system in community mental health services using the example of day centres for people with psychiatric disabilities. It was conducted in a major city that was about to implement a free-choice market system due to a new legislation that made it feasible. Eighteen semi-structured interviews were conducted. Agents situated in different parts of the organization were interviewed one year before and two years after the free-choice system was launched in 2010. Data showed a top–down political process. A majority of the intentions of the legislation advocated individual autonomy as the market system's main purpose; only one concerned organizational efficiency. Data reflected, however, that financial efficiency dominated the agents' experiences of the implemented system. The twofold market purpose was clearly reflected in the interviews. Front-line staff hoped for improvements mainly for the users, whereas managers mainly focused on the market as a resource allocator.

  • 2.
    Asplund, Kjell
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Wallin, Sari
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Jonsson, Fredrik
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Use of public transport by stroke survivors with persistent disability2012Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 14, nr 4, s. 289-299Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Use of public transport (bus, train, air, ship) by persons disabled after stroke is an expression of autonomy and facilitates social interactions. Based on Riks-Stroke, the Swedish stroke register, 882 persons with persistent, moderate or severe physical disability (mean age 71 years) responded to a questionnaire 12-28 months after stroke. A minority of the respondents had travelled by bus (21%), train (9%), air (14%) or ship (12%) during the last year. Barriers perceived by persons that had abstained from travelling were dominated by physical constraints, but there were also frequent cognitive constraints. Fear of travelling was not perceived as a major constraint. The majority of persons who had actually used public transport did not report any negative experiences. Air and ship journeys were generally perceived as somewhat less troublesome than journeys by bus or train. Thus, public transport is used infrequently in people moderately or severely disabled after stroke. Anticipated cognitive constraints contribute importantly to non-use of public transport. Disabled stroke survivors who have not used public transport may overestimate the actual barriers to use of public transport.

  • 3.
    Bertilsdotter Rosqvist, Hanna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Katsui, Hisayo
    McLaughlin, Janice
    Change and continuity in journal priorities2016Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 281-283Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 4.
    Bertilsdotter Rosqvist, Hanna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Katsui, Hisayo
    McLaughlin, Janice
    (Dis)abling practices and theories?: exploring chronic illness in disability studies2017Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 1-6Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Bertilsdotter Rosqvist, Hanna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Katsui, Hisayo
    McLaughlin, Janice
    Editorial Review: Touring the Archive 1999-2017 and Mapping the Future of Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research2018Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 1-5Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research is now an Open Access Journal from this issue onwards. We are particularly pleased that not only new articles, but also our full archive are included in the publishing agreement with Stockholm University Press. To celebrate this turning point in the Journal's history, we have revisited trends in its development, considered what recent and newly published articles say about its direction, and have explored what we see as important possibilities for our future. This editorial is our reflections on what we have found.

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  • 6.
    Brownlow, Charlotte
    et al.
    University of Southern Queensland, Australia.
    Bertilsdotter Rosqvist, Hanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    O'Dell, Lindsay
    The Open University, UK.
    Exploring the potential for social networking among people with autism: challenging dominant ideas of‘friendship’2015Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 188-193Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Within dominant approaches to autism and relationships, people with autism are assumed to be either unable to form relationships or are in need for educational interventions to be better equipped at managing relationships in a social world dominated by non-autistic people (neurotypicals). In this paper, we argue that broader constructions of friendship are needed in order to best account for the desire and abilities of high-functioning people with autism to have satisfying friendships and that the engagement with online social networking may provide a useful tool in achieving this.

  • 7.
    Dalin, Rolf
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Department of Information Technology and Media and Kommunförbundet Västernorrland, FoU-enheten.
    Rosenberg, David
    Kommunförbundet Västernorrland, FoU-enheten.
    An Approach to Measurement and Statistical Description of Participation in Community Life for People with Psychiatric Disabilities2010Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 47-58Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Participation has emerged as a central concept in defining the goals of disability policy in Sweden as well as internationally. Yet it has rarely been operationalized as a foundation for planning services. As part of an attempt to survey the needs of individuals experiencing psychiatric disabilities, the authors have developed a scale for measuring participation in five areas of community life. The scale uses four distinct categories as levels, specific for each area of life, and a set of statistical descriptive techniques designed to illustrate and communicate information regarding levels, capacities, and wishes related to a participatory life in the community. Based on a pilot study, the article illustrates how the collective needs of a population of individuals experiencing psychiatric disability can be described and presented to practitioners as a support for system planning.

  • 8.
    Ehliasson, Kent
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Revealing the Ideas in the Swedish Social Services Act Regarding Support to Individuals with Disabilities2020Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 393-402Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A disability policy defines the relationship between the state and the disabled and is generally based on ideas in different legislation. These ideas have an impact on decision makers and the disabled’s everyday life and are under current pressure for change; therefore, it is important to thoroughly scrutinise the ideas, make them conscious and visible. The purpose of this study is to reveal the ideas expressed in the Swedish Social Services Act (SoL), which supports people with disabilities, and to compare the results with ideas expressed in the Swedish Disability Act (LSS). A text analysis of SoL identified the following ideas, that is, conceptions of reality and values: (1) the social contract and justice, (2) the collective and integration/normalisation, (3) the individual and autonomy and (4) decentralisation and the shift of power. There are great similarities between the ideas in the legislation, but there are also few but significant differences. 

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  • 9.
    Gjertsen, Hege
    et al.
    UiT The Arctic University of Norway, NO.
    Hardonk, Stefan
    University of Iceland, IS.
    Ineland, Jens
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Work Inclusion for People with Intellectual Disabilities in Three Nordic Countries: The Current Policy and Challenges2021Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 360-370Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article illuminates the work inclusion policies and strategies and the situation today when it comes to including people with intellectual disabilities in workplaces in Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. The article draws on official documents, previous research, and statistics. We discuss challenges regarding the current situation in the light of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and a social relational understanding of disability. The discrepancy between the current situation when it comes to work inclusion for people with intellectual disabilities in these three Nordic countries, and the perspective of human rights and work inclusion are of special interest as these have increasingly provided the framework for policies in relation to the participation of people with disabilities in the labour market. Approaches in Nordic labour market policies and practices must change to protect and promote the rights of people with intellectual disabilities at work.

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  • 10.
    Ineland, Jens
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Disability, culture and normative environments: The art and therapy discourse in theatre projects within the disability area2004Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 131-150Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish disability policy is guided by normative principles such as influence, participation and self determination. One way of practicing the policy is to create social settings conductive to the realisation of the aims and objectives in the law. In this article I discuss the condition, content and ideology of one of those normative environments - theatres with intellectually disabled actors. The empirical data collection is conducted in a fieldwork in a municipality in northern Sweden. I intend to discuss the main findings of this study, where the focus highlights the tension present when arranging artistic motivated activities within the frames of the communal social services. The article is based on a study, fully presented in Holmgren (2001).

  • 11.
    Ineland, Jens
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Gelfgren, Stefan
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Humlab.
    Cocq, Coppélie
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Humlab. University of Helsinki, Department of Cultures.
    Negotiating Authority: Disability, Interactions and Power Relations on Twitter2019Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 238-249Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media is often seen as an arena for negotiation of power, where marginalized voices can be given influence in the public debate. This study focuses the use of Twitter for discussions related to disabilities and disability policy in Sweden. The empirical material is gathered through the hashtag (#) “funkpol”, the primary hashtag used to discuss such topics. Empirical data was gathered using a scripted Google spreadsheet. Over a period of 6 months, approximately 10.000 tweets were retrieved. Our findings show nine different categories of twitterers. According to patterns visible in the study, the most active twitterers – the private twitterers – reached out to the established power (advocacy organizations, politicians and media). However, these instances did not respond as much as they were addressed – at least not directly on Twitter. The article shows how private actors are active but not picked up in the public debate. Instead, established power structures prevailed.

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  • 12.
    Ineland, Jens
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Sauer, Lennart
    Institutional environments and sub-cultural belonging: theatre and intellectual disabilites2007Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 46-57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses a theatre, Olla, which has actors with intellectual disabilities.Using qualitative methods the aims are to analyse how Olla relates to institutional environmentsand to analyse the social meaning of acting. The results are based on two empirical researchprojects using three qualitative methods: participant observation; open, non-structured qualitativeinterviews with both the leaders and the actors; and research circles with the actors. The resultswere analysed from a neo-institutional and a sub-cultural perspective. The results show that, at anorganizational level, Olla is connected to the two different logics, which generate a certainambivalence in relation to the surrounding environment. Legitimacy is rooted in a duality betweenprocess and product, art and therapy. However, the process at hand creates cultural meaning,where the emphasis is on the identification and celebration of difference. By sharing the samecultural belonging and by expressing this in relation to the public, the actors have developedconfidence and strength with emancipatory significance. It has given them an instrument withwhich to deal with their experiences of ambivalence to their environment.

  • 13. Lid, Inger Marie
    et al.
    Katsui, Hisayo
    McLaughlin, Janice
    Macdonald, Stephen
    Ljuslinder, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Tarvainen, Merja
    Interdisciplinary disability research in the time of a pandemic2021Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 207-208Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 14.
    Lilliehorn, Sara
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Fjellfeldt, Maria
    Dalarna University, Sweden.
    Högström, Ebba
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Contemporary accommodation services for people with psychiatric disabilities: the simple taxonomy for supported accommodation (STAX-SA) applied and discussed in a Swedish context2023Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 92-105Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the stock of accommodation service units for people with psychiatric disabilities in Sweden and the classification of supported accommodation. We examined 122 units in 12 municipalities in Sweden and classified them according to the Simple Taxonomy for Supported Accommodation (STAX-SA). We found an obvious variation in the field and a movement into a recovery-oriented direction and towards individuality. There is an emphasis on Move-On that seems to expand into and beyond floating outreach support, and there is a relaxation of service units’ boundaries concerning commitment and target groups. The correspondence to STAX-SA was quite low (48%), and the applicability to ‘real world’ services was not satisfactory. When capturing variation and change in a rich dataset, STAX-SA is too reductive. However, STAX-SA was a successful point of departure in the analysis that opened up for identifying diversities and movement. We suggest some adjustments to increase its applicability.

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  • 15.
    Ljuslinder, Karin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Ellis, Katie
    Curtin University, Australia.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Cripping Time: Understanding the Life Course through the Lens of Ableism2020Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 35-38Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Normative time occupies a prominent place in life course theory. Time intersects with the life course to dictate discourses of appropriate life stage progression in a linear chain of events from birth to reproduction and finally death. Taking crip time and the life course as their focus, the papers in this special section recognize that cultural understandings of what constitutes disability are connected to understandings of time and the idea of a normative life course, which in turn builds on ableist norms. The idea of ability as the desirable normal state creates a realm of compulsory able-bodidness. Everybody that falls outside this hegemonic assumption is culturally deviant and wrong. Crip time creates an understanding of time that differs from ableist time and unravels the social construction of ability. Crip time is approached from multiple perspectives in this special section and traverse a number of disciplines and different methodologies.

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  • 16.
    Lövgren, Veronica
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Hamreby, Kerstin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Factors of importance in the world of work for young people with intellectual disabilities2011Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, ISSN 1501-7419 print/ 1745-3011 online, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 91-117Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a critical synthesis of a selection of national and international research concerning the working life of people with intellectual disabilities who have left special upper secondary school. The 30 studies selected were carried out between 1996 and 2006, and involved two different wlfare state models. These studies have been scrutinized and associated with five themes that include factors of importance. The first result that the review indicates is that it is difficult for people with intellectual disabilities to get and keep a job, and the second is that to obtain and keep a job is a part of a process in which they are able (and/or should be able) to participate, because the process leads to the normalization of a pattern of life. It seems that the pathway to a job goes via some form of special organized support, which is often found within what is called welfare services/care for the disabled. The review also shows that this topic is mainly studied from a gender-neutral standpoint, and that individual factors are emphasized to a much higher gegree than factors related to the environment, such as organizations and attitudes.

  • 17.
    Lövgren, Veronica
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Hillborg, Helene
    Bejerholm, Ulrika
    Rosenberg, David
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Supported Education in a Swedish Context: Opportunities and Challenges for Developing Career-Oriented Support for Young Adults with Mental Health Problems2020Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 1-11Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Young adults experiencing mental health problems often need both individual support and educational accommodations to successfully complete their studies. Recent research also points to the need for career-related, educational services in a labor market that increasingly demands formal education or training.

    The aim of this study was to investigate the development of supported education services in Sweden, in relation to pursuing educational and vocational goals. Interviews were conducted with a broad sample of stakeholders who are currently developing supported education services, as well as young adults utilizing educational support.

    The results suggest a number of key factors for accommodating the needs of these students which include, in addition to basic academic, mental health and individual supports, attention to economic challenges, social contexts and improved mental health literacy for educational actors. The results additionally substantiate the relevance of educational supports to long-term vocational goals when providing employment support services.

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  • 18.
    Nygren, Ulla
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Arbetsterapi.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Bernspång, Birgitta
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Arbetsterapi.
    Processes towards employment among persons with psychiatric disabilities: a study of two individual placement and support programmes in Sweden2016Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 32-51Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Individual placement and support (IPS) has been found to be an effective intervention for rehabilitation to work in the field of mental health. Being as the principles used in IPS reflect core values in the concept of personal recovery, several other outcomes than just the percentage of clients gaining employment are of interest. The purpose of the study was to describe a number of unique processes and analyze these with a special concern for circumstances perceived as important for the individual IPS process. A collective instrumental case-study design was used and five cases were included. Data from three different sources were collected, both quantitative and qualitative. The findings illustrate how a relationship characterized by curiosity, interest and engagement in the individual client, positive risk-taking and time for reflected experiences resulted in processes of change. It was concluded that providing IPS is a type of specialized relationship-based work that includes advanced problem solving.

  • 19.
    Peuravaara, Kamilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Emotional nuances: Critical reflections on emoji methods2021Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 305-316Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article critically reflects on the use of visual method and specifically emojis when interviewing young students diagnosed with autism. Based on disability studies and visual method, the following questions are discussed: What are the opportunities and limitations of using emojis in the individual interview situation? Which questions are possible to ask – and which are not? The aim of the article is to critically discuss the use of emojis in the individual interview situation. Four challenging phases in which use of emojis is multi-dimensional are illustrated. The phases are: Changed positions in the interview situation. Which questions are possible to ask? Which answers are possible to give? Use of emojis to evaluate the experience of being interviewed. The article highlights how emojis enable the expression of emotional nuances, while also giving rise to some difficulties in asking follow-up questions on a “deeper level”.

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  • 20.
    Peuravaara, Kamilla
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Reflections on collaborative research: to what extent, and on whose terms?2015Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 272-283Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaborative research, for instance, emancipatory and participatory disability research, arose from critique against the lack of active disabled people's participation in research, which failed to emphasize their personal experiences. By referring to power positions in a qualitative sociological study with young women with an intellectual impairment, and inspired by collaborative research, I discuss the possible methodological and ethical dilemmas found in different research phases, and in relation to the participants. I argue that collaborative research can benefit from being problematized and discussed further regarding the categorization of disability, as well as participation.

  • 21.
    Reichenberg, Monica
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.
    "I liked the text about the little bird”: Five intellectually disabled persons talk about texts.2013Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 108-124Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this pilot study was to investigate if Reciprocal Teaching (RT) could scaffold the active reading of adults with intellectual disabilities. A study was performed with a group of five intellectually disabled participants, aged 28–42 years. The participants were able to decode words but they read very slowly and in an uncritical way. The participants were exposed to a programme for reading strategies instruction, Reciprocal Teaching. This programme is influenced by the concept of scaffolding, which is an application of Vygotsky's theory of the importance of interplay between support and challenge for development. In RT the text is read paragraph by paragraph. During the reading four reading comprehension strategies are practised: generating questions, summarizing, clarifying word meanings or confusing text, and predicting what might occur in the next paragraph. To start with, the participants (a) did not like the idea of text talks (b) did not like stopping to discuss after each paragraph (c) had a tendency to drift away from the text. However, after a few text talks they became familiar with the idea of text talks and the four strategies. The participants appreciated the text talks and said that they wanted to continue with them.

  • 22.
    Rosenberg, David
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Lindqvist, Rafael
    Department of Social Work, Gothenburg University.
    Markström, Urban
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    The social location of need – surveying psychiatric disability in the community2009Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 1-16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The majority of studies related to the needs of individuals with psychiatric disabilities focus on their meeting with, and use of, the traditional mental health system. Environmentally relative conceptions of disability have only shown limited success in expanding the views of the field of community psychiatry to include social and organizational contexts. Swedish disability policy emphasizes the individual's ability to participate in community life and may therefore be said to reflect a social approach to disability, in contrast to an exclusively medical perspective that focuses on deficits and the individual's need for psychiatrically defined services. In this study, inventories of need for people with psychiatric disabilities, a legislated responsibility of the social service system in Sweden, were completed for three municipalities. Results indicated that these individuals resist psychiatrically defined categories as they seek supports based on their own experience of need in the community.

  • 23.
    Törnbom, Marie
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lundälv, Jörgen
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap. Department of Social Work, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jesperson, Ann
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Institute of Clinical Neuroscience, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Stibrant Sunnerhagen, Katharina
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Institute of Clinical Neuroscience, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Grimby, Gunnar
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Institute of Clinical Neuroscience, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Occupations and means of living in adults with cerebral palsy or meningomyelocele during two decades in Sweden2011Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 21-35Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to focus on education, work and means of living during two decades in two groups of people with cerebral palsy (CP) or meningomyelocele (MMC) within the framework of social policies. Two groups of patients at an adult habilitation unit were interviewed by telephone - Group A (n=55) in 1983 and again in 1997 (n=42), and Group B (n=30) in 1997. All but one subject in Group B had attended upper secondary school (1997), compared with 61% in Group A (1983). In 1983, a majority of Group Aworked or studied. In 1997, most of them still worked or studied, compared with only two thirds of the 1997 Group B, but both the A and B groups worked part-time significantly more often in 1997 compared with Group A in 1983. Of those who worked, about one third of Group A and more than half of Group B had wage subsidies from the state in both 1983 and 1997. The majority of Group A thought that over the period from 1983-97 the labour market had generally become harder, which had affected people with disabilities in general in a negative way. Almost all in Group A in 1983 and Group B in 1997 were content with their work tasks and work environment, but one third of Group A had problems within these areas in 1997. Significantly more people had disability pensions, of varying amounts, in 1997 (A and B groups) than in Group A 1983. In conclusion, it seems as if social policies have managed to integrate these people into the regular educational systems and support them financially, but have failed to stimulate the labour market to offer them work, especially regular and permanent work without wage subsides.

  • 24.
    Wälivaara, Josefine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Ljuslinder, Karin
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    (Im)Possible Lives and Love: Disability and Crip Temporality in Swedish Cinema2020Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 80-87Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As previous research has shown, people with disabilities often have restricted access to adulthood and its corresponding life events (including sexuality, partnership and parenthood), both in society and in popular cultural representations. This article analyzes five contemporary Swedish fiction films with protagonists with disabilities in order to consider how and in what ways they depict romantic relationships, sexuality, and reproduction as manifestations of adulthood in normative time and life course. The aim is to analyze if ableist norms related to time, adulthood, and sexuality is confirmed or challenged in these films. Four of the five films confirmed the ableist norm and used normalizing strategies to assimilate the disability position into normative life course and timeline. One of the films challenged the ableist implications of the normative timeline thus providing the possibility of crip time. Given media representations’ powerful dissemination of cultural values it is of great importance to scrutinize its underlying cultural values.

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