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  • 1.
    Audulv, Åsa
    et al.
    Department of Nursing, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden; School of Occupational Therapy, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.
    Packer, Tanya
    Versnel, Joan
    Identifying gaps in knowledge: A map of the qualitative literature concerning life with a neurological condition2014In: Chronic Illness, ISSN 1742-3953, E-ISSN 1745-9206, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 192-243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To describe patterns in the qualitative literature regarding the everyday experience of living with a neurological condition; to identify areas of depth as well as gaps in the existing knowledge base.

    METHODS: An extensive search of the literature yielded 474 articles meeting the inclusion criteria. Data extraction, based on scrutiny of both abstract and full text article included country of origin, diagnosis, stated aim, methodological framework/design, participants, and data collection method(s). Studies were categorized into 27 topics within four broad foci.

    RESULTS: Four broad foci describe the field: impact and management, daily activities and occupations, impact on family, and the healthcare experience. Overall the research is unevenly distributed by diagnosis; some are well represented while others are the subject of little research. Even diagnoses well represented in quantity can be limited in breadth.

    DISCUSSION: Possible explanations for the patterns of emphasis include: a focus on issues and problems, highlighted points of contact between patients and healthcare providers, and ability of participants to voice their views. The literature is also characterized by limited across diagnoses research or that comparing the experience of people with different diagnoses. There is a need for more research in particular diagnoses; more varied data collection methods and acknowledgement of ethnicity, gender, discrimination, and social inequalities.

  • 2.
    Fuller, Beth G
    et al.
    Research Centre for Gender, Health & Ageing, Faculty of Health, University of Newcastle, Level 2 David Maddison Building, Callaghan NSW 2308, Australia.
    Stewart Williams, Jennifer A
    Research Centre for Gender, Health & Ageing, Faculty of Health, University of Newcastle, Level 2 David Maddison Building, Callaghan NSW 2308, Australia.
    Byles, Julie E
    Research Centre for Gender, Health & Ageing, Faculty of Health, University of Newcastle, Level 2 David Maddison Building, Callaghan NSW 2308, Australia.
    Active living--the perception of older people with chronic conditions2010In: Chronic Illness, ISSN 1742-3953, E-ISSN 1745-9206, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 294-305Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To describe and understand factors which enhance and impede participation in physical activity for older adults with and without chronic illness and develop a framework of health behaviours for 'active living'.

    METHODS: A contrasting group framework was used to compare discussions in two sets of focus groups with relatively healthy and less healthy older adults. The thematic analysis was informed by the Transtheoretical Model, the Health Belief Model and Social Cognitive Theory.

    RESULTS: All participants affirmed the health benefits of physical activity and there was broad agreement that social support and conductive environments contributed to the promotion of opportunities for physical activity. However, perceptions of specific factors needed to maintain and promote good health differed between healthy and less healthy participants. Connection to community, sense of place and 'walkability' of neighbourhoods were identified as motivators for undertaking physical activity, whilst barriers were associated with health, the environment, family and attitudes to physical activity. DISCUSSIONs: The focus groups highlighted the importance of social, behavioural and contextual factors in promoting opportunities for physical activity in older adults with and without chronic illness. The findings were used to propose an Active Living Framework which is the subject of ongoing research.

  • 3.
    Ng, Nawi
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Nichter, Mark
    Padmawati, Retna Siwi
    Prabandari, Yayi Suryo
    Muramoto, Myra
    Nichter, Mimi
    Bringing smoking cessation to diabetes clinics in Indonesia2010In: Chronic Illness, ISSN 1742-3953, E-ISSN 1745-9206, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 125-135Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study demonstrates the feasibility of disease-centred doctors' messages about smoking cessation for patients with diabetes, supported by the presence of a CC motivating clinicians to routinely give patients cessation messages.

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