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  • 1. Hedman, Ragnhild
    et al.
    Hansebo, Görel
    Ternestedt, Britt-Marie
    Hellström, Ingrid
    Norberg, Astrid
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm.
    Expressed Sense of Self by People With Alzheimer’s Disease in a Support Group Interpreted in Terms of Agency and Communion2016In: Journal of Applied Gerontology, ISSN 0733-4648, E-ISSN 1552-4523, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 421-443Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The self is constructed in cooperation with other people and social context influences how people perceive and express it. People with Alzheimer's disease (AD) often receive insufficient support in constructing their preferred selves, but little is known about how they express themselves together with other people with AD. In accordance with Harré's social constructionist theory of self, this study aimed to describe how five people with mild and moderate AD express their Self 2 (i.e., their personal attributes and life histories) in a support group with a facilitator experienced in communicating with people with AD. The participants' expressions of their Self 2 were analyzed with qualitative abductive content analysis and interpreted in terms of agency and communion and a lack of agency and communion. The findings highlight the importance of supporting a sense of agency and communion when assisting people with AD in constructing their self.

  • 2.
    Nilsson, Ingeborg
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy.
    Löfgren, Britta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy.
    Fisher, Anne G
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy.
    Bernspång, Birgitta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy.
    Focus on leisure repertoire in the oldest old: the Umeå 85+ study2006In: Journal of Applied Gerontology, ISSN 0733-4648, E-ISSN 1552-4523, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 391-405Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study elucidates the oldest olds’ leisure repertoire and how this repertoire varies due to gender, where they live, and cognitive status. A validated 20-item leisure interest checklist with four subscales was used to measure leisure participation and investigate the leisure repertoire among participants. The oldest old were most likely to be interested in, perform, be motivated for, and perceive well-being from social activities, cultural activities, and TV/video/movies. The respondents were least likely to be interested in, perform, be motivated for, and perceive well-being from equipment sports and ball games. Some gender, geographic differences, and differences in cognitive status were found. The oldest old were more likely to endorse the same activities across all subscales of the checklist, but the linear magnitude varied across sub-scales. The relationships between performance and the other subscales suggested that a sense of engagement or participation is related to actual performance.

  • 3.
    Vaartio-Rajalin, Heli
    et al.
    Turku University of Applied Sciences/Master School, Turku, Finland; Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Department of Health Sciences, Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland.
    Snellman, Fredrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ylva, Gustafsson
    Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland.
    Auvo, Rauhala
    Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Department of Health Sciences, Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland; Finnish Centre for Client and Patient Safety, Wellbeing Services County of Ostrobothnia, Vaasa, Finland.
    Emilia, Viklund
    Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Department of Health Sciences, Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland.
    Understanding health, subjective aging, and participation in social activities in later life: a regional Finnish survey2024In: Journal of Applied Gerontology, ISSN 0733-4648, E-ISSN 1552-4523, Vol. 43, no 6, p. 638-649Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To understand health and well-being in later life, it is vital to consider the meaning of subjective aging. This study aimed to explore how perceived health, self-perceptions of aging, and participation in social activities relate to each other among older persons in the Bothnia region and Åland islands in Finland. Data were analyzed using Spearman’s and polychoric correlation and multinomial logistic regression analyses. The perceived good health and the younger physical, psychological, and social dimensions of subjective age were found to be associated with each other and with participation in social activities outside one's home.

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  • 4.
    Zambianchi, Manuela
    et al.
    Department of psychology Bologna university.
    Carelli, Maria Grazia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Positive attitudes towards technologies and facets of well-being in older adults2018In: Journal of Applied Gerontology, ISSN 0733-4648, E-ISSN 1552-4523, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 371-388Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current study investigates the relevance of positive attitudes toward Internet technologies for psychological well-being and social well-being in old age. A sample of 245 elderly people (Mean age = 70; SD =9.1) filled in the Psychological Well-Being Questionnaire, the Social Well-Being Questionnaire, and Attitudes Toward Technologies Questionnaire (ATTQ). Favorable attitudes toward Internet technologies showed positive correlations with overall social well-being and all its components with the exception of social acceptance. Positive correlations with overall psychological well-being and two of its components, namely, personal growth and purpose in life, were also found. Two hierarchical multiple regression models underscored that positive attitudes toward Internet technologies constitute the most important predictor of social well-being, and it appears to be a significant predictor for psychological well-being as well. Results are discussed and integrated into the Positive Technology theoretical framework that sustains the value of technological resources for improving the quality of personal experience and well-being.

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