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  • 1.
    A. Aljundi, Rachelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies (Teacher Education).
    Bildklassresa mellan konststilar och epoker: om bildlärares konstsyn och teknikval i grundskolans bildundervisning2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to to examine what teachers think about visual art and how the learning process in this subject does look like. To answer these issues, I made interviews with five teachers of visual art from different schools, and I examined several examples of pupils’ artworks. The stories of the teachers were analyzed in relation to governing documents and with assumptions from sociocultural theory, postmodernism and pedagogical - aesthetic research as theoretical point of view.

    By the qualitative interview method, the observations of the pupil’s artworks, and by the analysis of the interviews with the teachers, I have come to the conclusion that teachers think differently about art but they try to keep themselves in line with the national governing documents. Its affects aspects of disciplines, styles, techniques and medium that is exemplified by the pupil’s art works, and it points out similarities and differences between the pupil’s art works and between the teachers when teaching visual art.

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    Slutfärdig. Rätt version
  • 2.
    A. Aljundi, Rachelle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Konst på internet idag: En retorikanalys av konstverksamma organisationers självpresentationer2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study about Art transformation and commodification in the digital age. The study applies a rhetoric analysis with the aim to understand how art sellers, gallery owners and entrepreneurs take part in this transformation process through their websites’ presentation texts ”about us”. The analysis is related to communication theories but it is also inspired by other theories such as Gramsci’s hegemony theory and Bourdieu’s cultural critical theory. The study shows that in an environment of ”Global Communication”, activities that are related to the visual art on the net are strongly influenced by the commodification. Marketers and business managers have a big advantage of this phase of change in Art activities on the net. As senders in a one-way communication process, they use their rhetorical skills in their presentation texts to build identities or to enhance their business, depending on the positions of power they have in the market. They invest in art and artists, in order to expand their businesses and to capture a wider audience of recipients on World Wide Web to get more money and power. The study recommends further research about the Art commodification, preferably from the receiver’s and the artists’ sides to reveal more aspects of the effects of this transformation process in Art and its values.

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    Konst på internet idag
  • 3.
    Aase, Zandra
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Collage etnolingüístico en la poesía mapuche2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has the goal to analyze the strategy used by the Mapuche poets so called collage ethno-linguistic and to reveal how it is used by their authors. Given that we will analyze poems in which its authors are Mapuche, we want to investigate whether their own worldview, culture and religiosity is reflected into the poem.

     

    For this purpose we will analyze three poems written by the Chilean Mapuche poets in order to have the proper overview of their lyrical poetry. Those poems are “Huida”, by Maribel Mora Curriao, “Quila” from Pedro Alonzo Retamal, and “Desde aquí” from the poet Jaqueline Caniguán.  On the other hand we will also inquire into other papers of several researchers that have studied the ethno-literature, such as Iván and Hugo Carrasco Muñoz and the paper written by the researcher Maria Ester Greve  in order to support our investigation.

     

     

    Key words: ethnolinguistic collage, Maribel Mora Curriao, Pedro Alonzo Retamal, Jaqueline Caniguán, Mapuche poetry, world view, Mapuche religiosity. 

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  • 4.
    Abdallah, Wissam
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Det sistakorståget: Operation Barbarossa: En historiografisk studie om orsakerna till den tyska invasionen av Sovjetunionen2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 5.
    Abdallah, Wissam
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Vad är rättvisa?: En undersökning om vem eller vilka Platons teori riktar sig till2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Plato´s Republic is maybe the most widely read philosophical work of all times. It is the earliest surviving, systematic utopia in Europe´s history and continues to inspire people today. But who did Plato want to address with his work and why? In this paper I will discuss these issues. My thesis is that Plato wanted to direct his Republic to people, men and women, who have a good character and love wisdom in order to make them to think radically differently from the traditional norms. If these would-be philosophers could challenge the old-fashioned way of seeing things they could take the lead to establish a just society. I will also discuss critically two alternative approaches from other philosophers.

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  • 6.
    Abnersson, Veronica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Culture and Media.
    Djurrättsveganism. Social rörelse, identitet, livsstil: Kultur och medier2004Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Abou-Chakra, Bisan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Mellanförskapets motsägelser: En kvalitativ studie av hur andra generationens invandrare förhåller sig till humorsketcher på sociala medier2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study was conducted with the purpose to investigate how second-generation immigrants with origins from the Middle East use humor sketches published on social media in relation to their identity. The study is analyzed based on postcolonial perspectives and theories such as orientalism, identity and imagined community. The aim is based on how the interviewees experience their identity related to the content shown is the sketches. The method used was qualitative interviews where the results showed that the interviewees found the humor sketches important and meaningful as they functioned as a form of defense mechanism against cultural clashes. Their reasoning was strikingly similar and showed that with the help of the humorsketches, they found a strengthened community and a connection to others who feel as if they are in an ”in-betweenness” as well.

     

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  • 8.
    Abrahamsson, Joel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    "Vi vinner rättvist": En studie i lokala sportjournalisters hantering av de journalistiska yrkesidealen.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden sports journalism has been critisised among many for lacking professionalism and sports journalists have been accused of being both restricted and biased. Especially in local sports journalism the issue is said to be evenmore prominent.Through a qualitative discourse analysis the main purpose of this essay is to study the standard of objectivity in swedish local sports journalism.Thirty two randomly selected articles written in ten local newspapers after ten games in swedish footballs top divison Allsvenskan were read and analyzed during the study. In relation to the profesional ideals of journalism some major themes of shortcomings were discovered and categorized. The most significant was the lack of hearing both sides. The reporting was very one-sided in a way that most of the time favored the local team. From an objective view questionable reporting was also found when it came to the inclusion and exclusion of certain in-game situations but also in what surrounding circumstances the journalists chose to aim their focus on. Uncertaincies were likewise exposed in the amount of personal opinions being shown by the author.

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    "Vi vinner rättvist"
  • 9.
    Abreu Zavaleta, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Disagreement Lost2021In: Synthese, ISSN 0039-7857, E-ISSN 1573-0964, Vol. 199, no 1-2, p. 1899-1932Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper develops a puzzle about non-merely-verbal disputes. At first sight, it would seem that a dispute over the truth of an utterance is not merely verbal only if there is a proposition that the parties to the dispute take the utterance under dispute to express, which one of the parties accepts and the other rejects. Yet, as I argue, it is extremely rare for ordinary disputes over an utterance’s truth to satisfy this condition, in which case non-merely verbal disputes are extremely rare. After examining various responses to the puzzle, I outline a solution using the framework of truthmaker semantics.

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  • 10.
    Abreu Zavaleta, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Gómez-Torrente on reference to ordinary substances2020In: Manuscrito, ISSN 0100-6045, E-ISSN 2317-630X, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 97-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the Kripke-Putnam orthodoxy, a term like 'water' refers to samples of the same substance as the items on the basis of which the term was introduced. However, observations due to Needham (2000) and Leslie (2013) cast doubt on the idea that there is a uniquely privileged notion of substance relevant to the determination of reference, in which case it would seem at best indeterminate what the word `water' refers to. In response to this problem, Gómez-Torrente (2019) has argued that there is a privileged notion of substance that plays a role in the determination of reference, namely, the ordinary notion of substance. This paper argues that Gómez-Torrente's proposal is not successful. Contrary to what Gómez-Torrente supposes, there is no uniquely privileged ordinary notion of substance; rather, there are many notions of substance compatible with the meaning of 'substance' none of which seems privileged over the rest.

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  • 11.
    Ackermann-Boström, Constanze
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    "Språket fick jag inte med mig som liten": unga meänkielibrukares samtal om språkbevarande i sociala medier2021In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 32-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Young members of minoritized linguistic communities often face a situation of double marginalization. On one hand, many communities have struggled to maintain their languages due to oppression and assimilation politics, which often leads to a language shift. On the other hand, many uoung members also experience a language purism within the community, mostly from older generations, criticizing the young members' linguistic practices and language skills. This paper explores how young Tornedalians, Kvens and Lantalaiset use social media as an arena for metapragmatic reflexions on minority language learning and Meänkieli maintenance. Drawing on data from the social media platform Instagram, this paper examines the role of Meänkieli in young peoples' life and identity. The paper also explores how social media can contribute to create community among young Tornedalians, Kvens and Lantalaiset.

  • 12.
    Adam, Cortés Bergström
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Afrocolombianos: Un retrato estereotipado en dos series televisivas colombianas.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    Los afrocolombianos viven en tiempos cambiables, donde su estatus étnico depende de varios aspectos como la estructura social, la percepción pública y la visibilidad dentro del sector televisivo que vacila entre una visión progresista, la aspiración de progresar hacia adelante y tener una mente abierta por un lado, y por el otro, conservadora y tradicional.

    Esta ambivalencia se produce en ambas series, debido al retrato diverso de los afrocolombianos donde en PE la esterotipación de Kiko y Caín aparece automáticamente, mientras que en HDC, se la narra mediante la reproduccion de expresiones verbales y de la cultura como un intento de distinguirlo de los demás.

    El lado conservador y tradicional a veces es significativo, puesto que estos aspectos impiden la representación de los afrocolombianos de manera diferente en las producciones televisivas contemporáneas. Kiko y Caín de PE por ejemplo, son retratados de forma estereotipada por medio de un contexto religioso. La religiosidad en sí misma no es estereotipada, pero se utilizan en la serie como una herramienta para reforzar las características negativas de los personajes. Su ridiculez y personalidad como menos listos, así como algunos de los comentarios y hechos reflejados en las escenas analizadas, contribuyen a la imagen estereotipada. Asimismo, el hecho de que son sicarios delincuentes además aumenta esta percepción.

    En contrapartida, Luis Andrés de HDC es retratado de una forma más positiva y modesta, siendo una persona tierna, inteligente y de alguna manera exitoso. Esta imagen de él, se ve reforzada por la ternura que muestra al cuidar a su mamá. Lo único estereotípico sería su alegría y espontaneidad, la pasión mostrada hacia la música afrocolombiana, y que repetitivamente se le es referido como el “Negro”, en lugar de su nombre verdadero, lo cuál podría interpretarse como un intento de deshumanizar y hacerle inferior a los demás.

    A lo largo del trabajo hemos resaltado que el discurso estereotípico es cambiable y que el término en sí mismo es problemático, porque las evaluaciones y los atributos casuales que se le asignan a la persona estereotipada, ya sean positivos o negativos, se basan en las normas cambiantes de la sociedad. Nos referimos con eso a que existan dos categorías de estereotipos, donde el primero en mayor grado crea curiosidad e interés hacia este grupo de personas. Por otro lado, este último crea una imagen y percepción despectiva del grupo de personas objeto del estereotipo, lo que también crea pensamientos negativos de los que es difícil deshacerse.

    Hemos demostrado que el retrato de los afrocolombianos sigue siendo estereotípico en algunos aspectos en las series observadas. De lo contrario, ha sido posible distinguir matices donde la imagen ha sido a favor para ellos. En cuanto al discurso lingüístico, no ha sido posible situar a los afrocolombianos en un contexto estereotípico específico. En algunos aspectos de las series analizadas hemos podido observar acciones despreciativas a través de de la terminología y expresiones verbales que podrían ser estereotipadas, pero no mediante los dialectos lingüísticos.

    Finalmente, la imagen estereotipada que se da de una persona es una de las causas principales de una visión despreciativa y por ende racista, con lo cual las producciones televisivas empeñan un rol importante en cambiar esta percepción pública. En este aspecto, el establecimiento cultural y por lo tanto el sector cinematográfico en Colombia, podría funcionar como un enlace en cuanto a la preservación y desarrollo de una visualización diferente de los afrocolombianos. Al aumentar la visibilidad de personalidades afrocolombianas reconocidas en el espacio televisivo, tanto actores de cine como artistas y personalidades culturales, estas pueden ayudar a crear recursos normativos y mejorables y de esta manera cambiar la imagen estereotipada de los afrocolombianos.

  • 13.
    Adelhult, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Är det fria ordet fritt i läromedlen?: En studie av synen på argumenterande texter.2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the democratic goals and mission in the Swedish curriculum and the rapidly changing media landscape, this study examines how textbooks, for pupils aged 13-15, present the writing of argumentative texts. Using content analysis and Ivanić's six discourses of writing and learning to write as a framework, fundamental aspects are reviewed: the writer, the reader, the media, the function attributed to the argumentative texts, and the writing discourse. The results show that the genre discourse dominates, closely followed by the skills discourse. If the same pattern also can be found in the practice it can be interpreted as a problem in relation to the democratic goals and mission. Furthermore the result depict the writer as a person with simple skills who write about ordinary issues (in contrast to the professional writer who can change major issues). In the textbook the reader is highlighted as important, but the pupil is not provided with any guidance to understand and find the reader. The textbooks also suggest that argumentative writing mainly has a dialogic function. However, this might be an issue in the classroom as writers will encounter difficulties conducting a dialogue with an unknown reader.  

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  • 14.
    Adelhult, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Är det fria ordet fritt i läromedlen?: En studie av synen på argumenterande texter.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the democratic goals and mission in the Swedish curriculum and the rapidly changing media landscape, this study examines how textbooks, for pupils aged 13-15, present the writing of argumentative texts. Using content analysis and Ivanić's six discourses of writing and learning to write as a framework, fundamental aspects are reviewed: the writer, the reader, the media, the function attributed to the argumentative texts, and the writing discourse. The results show that the genre discourse dominates, closely followed by the skills discourse. If the same pattern also can be found in the practice it can be interpreted as a problem in relation to the democratic goals and mission. Furthermore the result depict the writer as a person with simple skills who write about ordinary issues (in contrast to the professional writer who can change major issues). In the textbook the reader is highlighted as important, but the pupil is not provided with any guidance to understand and find the reader. The textbooks also suggest that argumentative writing mainly has a dialogic function. However, this might be an issue in the classroom as writers will encounter difficulties conducting a dialogue with an unknown reader.  

     

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  • 15.
    Adman, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bergquist, Ann-Kristin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History.
    Bonnedahl, Karl Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Eckerberg, Katarina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Eimermann, Marco
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Enlund, Desirée
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
    Helmersson, Linnea
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Nordlund, Annika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Simonsson, Märit
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Örestig, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    DN Debatt. 171 forskare: ”Vi vuxna bör också klimatprotestera”2019In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, , p. 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vuxna bör följa uppmaningen från ungdomarna i Fridays for future-rörelsen och protestera eftersom det politiska ledarskapet är otillräckligt. Omfattande och långvariga påtryckningar från hela samhället behövs för att få de politiskt ansvariga att utöva det ledarskap som klimatkrisen kräver, skriver 171 forskare i samhällsvetenskap och humaniora.

  • 16.
    Adolfsson, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Nilsson, Emelie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Strategisk kommunikation i ideella organisationer: En retorisk analys av hur Världsnaturfonden WWF kommunicerar förtroende i olika kommunikationskanaler2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has aimed to examine how Världsnaturfonden WWF communicates trust in various communication channels. We also wanted to see if there are any differences in the different channels on how WWF communicates trust. It is a qualitative study that uses critical rhetoric analysis as method. We choose to analyze the communication channels sponsored facebookposts, personalized letters and two sites from WWF:s website. The empirical data has been analyzed with the aid of theories of strategic communication, non-profit organizations, rhetoric and media specificity. The results show that WWF uses various communication strategies to communicate trust in all of the examined channels. The most important aspects of trust is communicated through presenting what WWF:s collected money has contributed to, that the organization appears to be knowledgeable and engaged in the various areas they work for. In all of the channels we have examined, we have also seen that WWF uses a personal address to the reader. In the sponsored facebookposts and in the personalized letters, we find that WWF communicates more trust than on the website by using more emotions. WWF express more gratitude for donors and more concern for the various animals and the environment affected. Other differences we have seen between the channels are that they differ in how they are designed, but these differences are mainly due to different norms relating to the specific channels. This study has contributed with knowledge of how a non-profit organization such as WWF rhetorically communicates trust to different target groups through different communication channels. This study has also contributed to knowledge of the differences and similarities regarding how WWF communicates trust through the three different communication channels.

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  • 17.
    Afvander Westman, Sara
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies (Teacher Education).
    MAN FÅR LÄRA DEM VARFÖR DE VET SAKER: en kvalitativ studie kring slöjdlärares outtalade hantverksundervisning2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den tysta kunskapen förstås på olika sätt, det kan vara en kunnighet som inte verbaliseras och det kan vara en inövad och underförstådd kunnighet när det kommer till ett hantverk. Studiens syfte är att skapa större förståelse för hur slöjdlärare reflekterar kring och kännetecknar tyst kunskap som del av sin undervisning. Genom kvalitativa intervjuer med fem slöjdlärare samlas data in och analyseras med hjälp av en tolkning av Lindströms teoretiska modell gällande estetiska lärprocesser. Studiens resultat visar att slöjdlärare definierar den tysta kunskapen som en del av en redan erövrad kunnighet. Lärarnas egen hantverkskunnighet överförs till eleverna genom interaktion kring det hantverk som praktiseras, detta sker både verbalt och icke-verbalt. Användandet av metaforer och inkludering av slöjdspecifika begrepp nyttjas för att öka elevernas förståelse. Några av slöjdlärarna i studien verbaliserar gärna sitt handlande samtidigt som de visar och de andra slöjdlärarna visar hellre utan att verbalisera. Slöjdlärarna väljer att tala om tyst kunskap i relation till sin undervisning som det outtalade, det icke verbaliserade, den del av undervisningen då läraren fungerar som ett stöd för elevens egen utveckling av kunnighet.

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  • 18.
    Agamalova, Medeya
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Klimat och Rättvisa: Varierande grader av utsatthet för klimatförändringar2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is widely recognized that changes in climate have an effect on people all around the world.There is also data supporting the claim that people are affected differently based on their ability (or lack thereof) to handle the imposed risks. The degree of ability can also determine whether adaptation and mitigation measures will be successful. This thesis discusses a few climate justice theories and principles to settle on those that can handle the variety in degrees of imposed risks. Arguments against isolated treatment of greenhouse gas emissions are drawn from discussion of the per capita principle. It is also argued that ideas about justice ought to be included into the theories and principles which guide international agreements. It is also shown that the absence of an account of historical responsibility ignores important considerations. Arguments against the rival account of Posner and Weisbach further strengthens the defended view.

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  • 19.
    Agdahl, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Krigets kugghjul.: En undersökning av den svenska militära resursstrategins mål, medel och resultat under perioden 1776-1810.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Gears of War

    The study of states, their expansion and interaction has always been an important part of political history and often involves military as well as economic perspectives. Relations between economic capital and means of coercion is according to Charles Tilly an integral part of the state and the security policies of early modern states included a high degree of resource mobilisation, preparation for and making of war. How were these problems meant to be solved and what really happened? These historical problems are brought together in this thesis to examine the Swedish government's intentions in the form of military and resource strategic objectives, how these were implemented in the form of rules and regulations and how this was followed by the armed forces in reality. By analysing strategical and operational plans, regulatory documents and muster-rolls with the help of Tillys statemaking theories as well as Lars Wedins strategical analysis model, the thesis sets out to define the swedish states' foreign  policy, military doctrine and strategy, compare regulations with reality and evaluate the ties between theory and practice.The study shows that geopolitical factors created demands for a new general military strategy that was based on warfare with higher mobility in the border provinces of the swedish realm. The security policy seems to have been an expression of the unity of the swedish state, however, the conflict between aristocratic and royal interests shows an interesting dynamic within the political system that is characteristic for the period. The resource strategy that supported the developing doctrine of mobile warfare in Sweden was based on a well equipped fleet, a smaller and more manageble baggage train for the infantry and a military storage system that together would enable faster responses, better transport and supply capability and a more agile defence that differed from the previous fortification doctine. The strategy for procuring and maintaining of outfitting and equipment of the infantry was decentralised during the early 1800's and the civil society became more involved in the resource mobilisation. This constituted a nationalisation of resource strategical means that aimed to alleviate the natural economic limitations in Sweden.The muster-rolls of Västerbottens' infantry regiment shows that the regulations were implemented in reality but that a deficient transport capability caused by disrupted supply lines and slow aquisition of new equipment led to a sometimes severe shortage of equipment and uniforms. Apart from the deficiencies there were substantial changes to more practical equipment in line with the mobile military doctrine and security policy of Sweden. In conclusion, a clear connection between political goals, regulatory documents and implemented changes are seen and an organic relationship between intention, regulation and reality. Further investigation of these historical problems, with ample source material and useful theoretic models in a swedish context, is encouraged. 

  • 20.
    Aginger, Saga
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Håkansson, Nellie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Från fiskflunsa till coronakris: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av startsidor från Dagens Nyheter och Aftonbladet under coronavirusutbrottet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: From fish flu to corona crisis – a quantitative content analysis of front pages from Dagens Nyheter and Aftonbladet during the coronavirus outbreak.

    The aim of this essay was to examine the reporting and framing of the coronavirus on DN.se and Aftonbladet.se's front pages, between January 7, 2020 and April 30, 2020. In order to do so, we chose to examine front page teasers on both newspapers front pages online. We define front page teasers as the package of text and pictures on the front page, which then takes the reader to the actual article. We formulated three questions to concretize the aim: ​How much space is given to the front page teasers about the coronavirus on Dagens Nyheter and Aftonbladet's front pages, in terms of number, size and location? ​How do the front page teasers frame the coronavirus on Dagens Nyheter and Aftonbladet's front pages, regarding to framing and perspectives as well as calming or alarming signals? And, ​what differences and similarities can be found between Dagens Nyheter and Aftonbladet’s front page teasers about the coronavirus, regarding to space and shape? ​The method chosen for this study was a quantitative content analysis, which was supported by theories about news values, media logic and narration, as well as the agenda setting theory and the framing theory. The results of the analysis stated that front page teasers about the coronavirus was given more space on both newspapers’ front pages during the majority of the selected time period, than front page teasers about other events. This could be explained by multiple theories about how threats, risks and crises, as well as sensational news, stand a better chance of making it to the front page, than other news. The analysis also showed that Dagens Nyheter chose to frame the coronavirus based on themes such as healthcare and economical consequences, while Aftonbladet chose a more human perspective. We speculated on how these results could affect the readers and their picture of reality – in this case the coronavirus – and came to the conclusion that Aftonbladet’s readers might feel more of a closeness to the coronavirus, than the readers of Dagens Nyheter. So, regarding to space – both in number and size – as well as theme, actor and signal, but also the newspapers’ own choice of words, our study made it possible for us to see how the “fish flu” gradually turned into a corona crisis.

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  • 21.
    Aglert, Katja
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Umeå Academy of Fine Arts.
    Norberg, MicaelUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Umeå Academy of Fine Arts.
    Sleeping with ghosts: Kandidatutställning 20192019Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Agnidakis, Paul
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Uppsala universitet.
    Pendlarliv med tillgång till både land och stad: det berikade goda livet?2022In: Polarisering och samexistens: kulturella förändringar i vår tid / [ed] Maria Zackariasson; Magnus Öhlander & Oscar Pripp, Umeå: Borea , 2022, p. 155-193Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23. Agugiaro, G.
    et al.
    Remondino, F.
    Girardi, G.
    von Schwerin, J.
    Richards-Rissetto, Heather
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
    De Amicis, R.
    A web-based interactive tool for multi-resolution 3d models of a maya archaeological site2011In: 4TH ISPRS INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP 3D-ARCH 2011: 3D VIRTUAL RECONSTRUCTION AND VISUALIZATION OF COMPLEX ARCHITECTURES / [ed] Remondino, F; ElHakim, S, 2011, no W16, p. 23-30Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Continuous technological advances in surveying, computing and digital-content delivery are strongly contributing to a change in the way Cultural Heritage is "perceived": new tools and methodologies for documentation, reconstruction and research are being created to assist not only scholars, but also to reach more potential users (e.g. students and tourists) willing to access more detailed information about art history and archaeology. 3D computer-simulated models, sometimes set in virtual landscapes, offer for example the chance to explore possible hypothetical reconstructions, while on-line GIS resources can help interactive analyses of relationships and change over space and time. While for some research purposes a traditional 2D approach may suffice, this is not the case for more complex analyses concerning spatial and temporal features of architecture, like for example the relationship of architecture and landscape, visibility studies etc. The project aims therefore at creating a tool, called "QueryArch3D" tool, which enables the web-based visualisation and queries of an interactive, multi-resolution 3D model in the framework of Cultural Heritage. More specifically, a complete Maya archaeological site, located in Copan (Honduras), has been chosen as case study to test and demonstrate the platform's capabilities. Much of the site has been surveyed and modelled at different levels of detail (LoD) and the geometric model has been semantically segmented and integrated with attribute data gathered from several external data sources. The paper describes the characteristics of the research work, along with its implementation issues and the initial results of the developed prototype. [GRAPHICS] .

  • 24.
    Ahl, Alice
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    De som kunde kommit före oss: En inblick i den historiska romanen genom en karaktärsanalys av Jan Guillous Brobyggarna och Vilhelm Mobergs emigrantepos.2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I aim to study the concept of the historical novel through a character analysis of four novels by Vilhelm Moberg: UtvandrarnaInvandrarna, Nybyggarna and Sista brevet till Sverige; and one by Jan Guillou: Brobyggarna. These novels all portray characters of great determination and grit, although the ones created by Jan Guillou tend to also have qualities moe commonly associated with superheroes. 

    To support my thesis, I use Georg Lukács´The Historical Novel, in which he defines what constitutes a well written historical novel. I have also researched how the two authors view their own works, with special emphasis on their claims to write truthfully, since one om Lukács main points is that the historical novel must be — not truthful — but realistic. 

    In the analysis I compare the characters from the different works with each other to see how they fit into Lukács´ definition of the historical novel. I make a point out of Guillou´s characters being a bit too perfect for them to be realaistic, while Moberg´s characters seem more alive and honest in their quest for a better life. Guillou seems to write his characters as representants of specific historical movements. I then open up for a discussion about the key characteristics of the characters in a historical, and attempt to explain why they have to be written in such a way. 

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  • 25.
    Ahl, Astrid
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Olofsson, Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Taube, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Studenter med dyslexi inom högre utbildning i Sverige och Storbritannien2010In: Dyslexi : aktuellt om läs- och skrivsvårigheter, ISSN 1401-2480, no 3, p. 4-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Ahlkvist, Emilia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Samkönade äktenskaps vara eller icke vara inom Svenska kyrkan.: En argumentationsanalys av debattartiklar från Kyrkans tidning och Dagens Nyheter.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I Samkönade äktenskaps vara eller icke vara inom Svenska kyrkan utförs en argumentationsanalys, baserad på hermeneutiks metod och kvalitativ textanalys, av debattartiklar som behandlat frågan som Svenska kyrkan ska behålla vigselrätten efter att svenska staten har gjort äktenskapsbalken könsneutral. Alla undersökta debattartiklar är publicerade mellan 2008-12-11 och 2009-10-31 i Kyrkans tidning och Dagens Nyheter. I resultatanalysen framgår det att både ja- och nej-sidan använder sig av ungefär samma typer av argument men med olika vinklingar och tolkningar. Nej-sidan använder sig dock mer av ett toleransperspektiv än ja-sidan. I ja-sidans argumenterande kan man hitta en underliggande normkritik av heteronormativiteten.

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  • 27.
    Ahlqvist, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologi i Umeå stads hamn och slagfältsarkeologi på Krutbrånet: Två fallstudier inom historisk arkeologi i Umeås 1800-tal2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis deals with two case studies in environmental archaeology and battlefield archaeology focusing on two major events in the late history of the Swedish coastal town Umeå and its nearby village Sävar. Established in the early 1600's, Umeå was known for its export of timber and import of cereals. The town has suffered from numerous fires, the fire in 1888 being the most devastating. Few written records of the town remain from before the 1900's. The latest war in Sweden's history is documented in historical sources and took place at Krutbrånet, Sävar where the Swedish troops suffered defeat against the russian forces in 1809. The old port in Umeå has not been previously excavated archaeologically and only a small part of the battlefield area at Krutbrånet has been surveyed. Neither of the sites have yet been protected sites under Swedish heritage conservation act. The purpose of these two case studies is to present new research results from these two sites.In the first case study, archaeobotany and soil chemistry methods were used to analyse soil samples from undisturbed cultural layers in a construction trench at the old port of Umeå. A thick burnt layer consisted of charcoal, oats and weeds, suggesting storage and possibly intended as food for horses. Oat and pea were radiocarbon dated to most likely late 1800's which places the burned layer with oats to the big city fire in 1888. The area could have intact cultural layers that are important to investigate for understanding the  unknown history of Umeås old port.The basis for the second case study is the material evidence of lead musket bullets found during a small field survey at Krutbrånet, conducted in 2010. The bullets were studied using X-ray Fluorescence together with spatial analysis to determine if troop nationality could be possible to distinguish based on composition, characteristics and spatial positions. The results revealed bullets  in varied sizes and composed of lead but also alloys of copper, antimony and tin that appear in mixed quantities spread in all the studied areas of the battlefield. Field surveys of uninvestigated areas at Krutbrånet are needed to understand the context of the studied material and of troop formations. Further studies could also be isotope analyses to determine the origins of the oats and bullets. 

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  • 28.
    Ahlqvist, Jenny
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Makrofossilanalys av 22 st prover från Kv. Vingpennan, Raä 256, Jönköping sn, Småland2017Report (Other academic)
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  • 29.
    Ahlqvist, Jenny
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Östman, Sofi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Engelmark, Roger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Makrofossil- och markkemisk analys av prover från Tanum Raä 1885, Tanum sn, Bohuslän2016Report (Other academic)
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  • 30.
    Ahlqvist, Jenny
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Wallin, Jan-Erik
    Östman, Sofi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Olsson, Fredrik
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av prover från Drognes 196/270 ID114281, Nes kommune, Akershus, Norge2018Report (Other academic)
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    2018-007
  • 31.
    Ahlqvist, Jenny
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Östman, Sofi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Eriksson, Samuel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Eriksson, Mats
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Miljöarkeologiska analyser av prover från huslämningar i Dobbeltspor Dilling, ID 216874, Rygge kommune, Østfold, Norge2018Report (Other academic)
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  • 32.
    Ahlroos, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    "Det är vårt ursprungsfolk men inget vi underivisar ordentligt om": Representationen av samer och samiska som minoritetsspråk i läromedel för högstadiet och lärares tankar om den2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to understand in which degree the Sami people as a minority andtheir language are represented in textbooks aimed towards secondary school andteachers’ thoughts about said representation. The methods used in this study aretextbook analysis and a questionnaire survey. The result of the textbook analysisshowed that the older textbooks gave the Sami people and their language lesserspace than the newer textbook did, and that the contents of the newer books weremore detailed than the older books. The answers to the questionnaire surveyshowed that many teachers found the content regarding the Sami people and theirlanguage in the textbooks they use to be lacking and many of them felt the need touse additional teaching material to cover the subject properly. 

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  • 33. Ahlskog-Björkman, Eva
    et al.
    Porko-Hudd, Mia
    Koch, Marie Debora
    Westerlund, Stina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies (Teacher Education).
    Carlsen, Kari
    Nordiska slöjdpedagogers syn på hållbar utveckling som innehåll i slöjdundervisningen2020In: Techne series: Research in sloyd education and crafts science. A, ISSN 1238-9501, E-ISSN 1893-1774, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 64-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom läroämnet slöjd har sparsamhet och återanvändning alltid varit i fokus, men i och med de globala utmaningarna om klimatfrågor har hållbar utveckling blivit aktuellt inom alla livsområden, utbildningsnivåer och läroämnen. Detta faktum ledde till att det nordiska nätverket SELAS (Sloyd Education, Learning and Sustainability) grundades år 2017. Syftet med nätverket är att bedriva grundforskning och utvecklingsarbete inom slöjdutbildning med hållbarhet som värde, kunskaper och färdigheter genom social, teknologisk, kulturell och ekonomisk hållbarhet. Pedagoger inom olika ämnen och utbildningsnivåer anses vara i nyckelposition att utbilda människor om hållbar utveckling och ge dem verktyg för att bidra till detta. I föreliggande artikel undersöks och diskuteras  hållbar utveckling i relation till slöjdundervisning genom intervjuer med åtta nordiska slöjdpedagoger. Det övergripande syftet för studien är att utforska nordiska slöjdpedagogers, i huvudsak lärarutbildares, syn på hållbar utveckling i slöjdundervisningen. Avsikten är att erhålla kunskap om hur hållbar utveckling kan utgöra didaktiskt innehåll i slöjdundervisningen. Resultaten visar att hållbar utveckling kan på ett flertal olika sätt naturligt utgöra didaktiskt innehåll i slöjdundervisningen utgående från läroämnet slöjd, pedagogen i slöjd och slöjdaren.

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  • 34.
    Ahlsved, Kaj
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Idrottsföreningars sång- och musikkultur ur ett jämlikhets och medborgarperspektiv2022In: Saga och sed: Kungl. Gustav Adolfs Akademiens årsbok, ISSN 0586-5360, no 2021, p. 55-64Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Ahlsved, Kaj
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Idrottspropagandans klingande former: Helsingfors gymnastikklubbs uppvisningsverksamhet 1875–19002021In: Finsk tidskrift : kultur, ekonomi, politik, ISSN 0015-248X, E-ISSN 2670-2541, no 7-8, p. 9-40Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Ahlsved, Kaj
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Sang som våpen: Historier om sangens slagkraft2023In: Puls: Journal for Ethnomusicology and Ethnochoreology, E-ISSN 2002-2972 , Vol. 8, p. 112-115Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Ahlsved, Kaj
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. Åbo Akademi, Åbo, Finland.
    Velocipedmusik från stålhästens decennium - hur lät den?2023In: Toiminta soi, ISSN 2737-016XArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    På 1890-talet var intresset för cykling stort i Finland. Intresset avspeglades även i musikkulturen eftersom det började komponeras musik med cykeltema. Endast en liten del av den musiken har getts ut kommersiellt i Finland. Kaj Ahlsved har grävt i arkiven och i samarbete med musiker levandegjort musiken så som den finns nertecknad i version för hornensemble i Finlands armés stämböcker. Hur lät ”cykelmusiken”, vem komponerade den och varför?  

  • 38. Ahl-Waris, Eva
    et al.
    Nordlund, Christer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Om tillkomsten och användningen av en fornlämningsplats: arkeologibruk kring Kökars franciskankonvent2014In: Historisk Tidskrift för Finland, ISSN 0046-7596, E-ISSN 2343-2888, Vol. 99, no 2, p. 147-190Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Ahmed, Bishaaro Nuur
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Between Worlds: Kwame and Nana’s Identity Crisis in Mabel Dove-Danquah’s The Torn Veil and Other Stories2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the complex identity struggles of Kwame Asante and Nana AdakuII in Mabel Dove-Danquah’s “Anticipation” and “The Torn Veil.” Dove-Danquah, a pioneer in African literature and politics, portrays the tension between traditional Ghanaian values and colonial influences. Through the lens of Mimicry, Hybridity, and Orientalism, the essay explores the characters’ negotiations between modernity andtradition. Kwame’s pursuit of education and status, juxtaposed with Nana’scommitment to cultural heritage, illustrates the post-colonial identity crisis. The analysis extends to societal impacts, showing how colonial legacies challenge traditional values. By delving into these stories, the essay highlights the cultural negotiation, resistance, and adaptation in postcolonial Ghana, offering insights into identity formation aftercolonialism. Mabel Dove-Danquah discusses through these narratives the enduring influence of colonialism on African societies.

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  • 40.
    Ahmed, Hanna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Stenvall, Albin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Livet på Skanska: Manliga och kvinnliga könsnormer i byggbranschen.2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study, Life at Skanska, aims to examine how Skanska Sweden portrays gender norms on Instagram, differentiating between their official Swedish account, @skanskasverige, and their employee-driven account, @livetpaskanska. The analysis is based on previous research on gender studies with a focus on male-dominated industries, as well as social media and how companies can use it to their advantage. The method used for the study was a multimodal semiotic analysis and with this method an analysis of five posts from each account was made. To support the analysis theories regarding gender, representation, ambassadorship, and social identity were applied to the study.  

    The study reveals that there are variations in how gender is represented on both accounts. Most notable being the differences in lexical choices and communications strategies. On the official account, @skanskasverige, there is a variation of images presenting both women and men therefore signifying diverse perspectives. However lexical choices, such as job titles, may partly diminish women’s credibility. In comparison, @livetpaskanska, present a more diverse and inclusive representation of women, which can be a side-effect of it being an employee-driven account. In a comparing analysis of the two accounts the differences between them became clear in how they represent women on the channels. On @livetpaskanska women tend to be more present in the content than on @skanskasverige. The study identifies differences in communication styles, indicating that the employee-driven account prioritizes individual achievements and experiences, while the official account emphasized corporate identity and the company’s values. 

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  • 41.
    Ahnlund, Mats
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, History and Theory of Art.
    Norrbyskär: om tillkomsten av ett norrländskt sågverkssamhälle på 1890-talet1978Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
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    Norrbyskär: om tillkomsten av ett norrländskt sågverkssamhälle på 1890-talet
  • 42.
    Ahrenby, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies (Teacher Education).
    Enacting the fundamental values in art education2022In: Education and involvment in precarious times: NERA conference 2022. Abstract book / [ed] Michael Dal, School of Education, Univeristy of Iceland , 2022, p. 169-170Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    1. Research topic/aim: The overall purpose of this thesis is to describe and discuss preconditions for theenactment and the construction of fundamental values in art education in secondaryschool.

    2. Theoretical framework: The theoretical framework used in this study is a combination of policy enactmenttheory (Ball et al. 2012) and Bernsteins (2000) concepts Classification and Framing.This combination allowed to analyse the influence of context and existing subjecttraditions and teaching practice in art education.

    3. Methodology/research design: The study is based on ethnographic methods, including classroom observations,video recordings and interviews with art teachers and pupils. Three art teachers and36 pupils in grades eight and nine (age 14-16) have participated in the study.

    4. Expected results/findings: The results show that the conditions for policy enactment are created by severalfactors that interact. Together with existing subject traditions and teaching practicesin art education, the unique contextual mix that every school provide creates theconditions for enacting the fundamental values in art education. For example, the artsubject carries an image-making tradition that pushes aside more theoretical syllabuscontent, such as image analysis. The situated context influences the professionalculture and, therefore, they function as a lens for selecting and translating thecurriculum; hence, different groups of pupils receive different democratic education.Also, the school's goal and result management focus on measurable subjectknowledge and therefore marginalise the fundamental values. Together, this makes itchallenging to incorporate fundamental values in subject teaching.

    5. Relevance to Nordic educational research: Democratic education is essential in all Nordic countries, and these results helpexplain why it is not always easy to incorporate the more generic democratic goals inthe subject teaching.

    The poster will show a model of how different factors interact as the curriculum isenacted.

    References: 

    Ball, S. J., Maguire, M. & Braun, A. (2012). How schools do policy: Policy enactmentsin secondary schools. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203153185

    Bernstein, B. (2000[1996]). Pedagogy, symbolic control and identity: theory,research, critique. Rev. ed Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

  • 43.
    Ahrenby, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies (Teacher Education).
    Förutsättningar för iscensättning av en ny kursplan i bildämnet2023In: Konferens i pedagogiskt arbete, 2023: book of abstracts, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2023, p. 128-128Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bildämnets kursplaner har följt samhällsutvecklingen, men det har skett en eftersläpning i själva bildundervisningen på klassrumsnivån. Denna eftersläpning har förklarats med att lärarnas ämneskonception har informerats av äldre ämnesparadigm (Skolverket, 2015; Åsén, 2006). Mitt nuvarande forskningsprojekt syftar till att öka kunskapen om förutsättningarna för att iscensätta en ny kursplan i bildämnet. Syftet har brutits ner i följande forskningsfrågor:

    • Hur formar kontexten förutsättningarna för lärares tolkning av ny policy?
    • Hur formar ämnesinnehåll och ämnestraditioner bildlärarnastolkning av en ny kursplan?
    • Hur påverkar skolans styrsystemförutsättningar för lärarnas tolkning och översättning av kursplanen i bild?

    Det empiriska materialet har samlats in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio bildlärare. Ytterligare en intervju med två representanter från Skolverket har genomförts. Dessutom har kursplanen och implementeringsmaterialet från Skolverket analyserats.Med hjälp av teori om policy enactment (Ball et al., 2012) belyses komplexiteten i processen med att iscensätta policy samt hur kontexten informerar tolkning och översättning av en kursplan. I denna presentation kommer de första resultaten av denna pågående studie att presenteras och diskuteras. Resultaten visar att skolans mål-och resultatstyrning utmanar den traditionella didaktiska utbildningstraditionen och därmed lärarnas professionella frihet.

    Referenser: 

    Ball, Maguire, M., & Braun, A. (2012). How Schools Do Policy: Policy Enactments in Secondary Schools. Routledge.

    Skolverket, Marner, A. & Örtegren, H. (2015). Bild i grundskolan: en nationell ämnesutvärdering i årskurs 6 och 9.

    Åsén, G. (2006). Varför bild i skolan? - en historisk tillbakablick på argument för ett marginaliserat skolämne, In Uttryck, intryck, avtryck: lärande, estetiska uttrycksformer och forskning, (pp.107–122). Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet.

  • 44.
    Ahrenby, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies (Teacher Education).
    "It will take time": visual arts teachers’ professional freedom in policy enactment2023In: Arts education policy review, ISSN 1063-2913, E-ISSN 1940-4395Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper aims to add to what is known about how contextual prerequisites and governance systems affect art teachers’ professional freedom, a topic of global significance. Previous research shows that Visual Arts education has not been aligned with current syllabi. This discrepancy is partly explained by ‘a lag’ in the teachers’ subject conceptions given that visual arts teachers traditionally enjoy considerable professional freedom while designing their teaching. That is only one explanation; in contrast, this article, set in the Swedish educational context, enhances understanding of policy enactment in the visual art subject, with relevance for global educational policies. To understand how contextual conditions and patterns of governance determine the level of teacher autonomy, in-depth semi-structured interviews with ten art teachers in the Swedish 9-year compulsory school were conducted over 10 months in 2022, coinciding with the implementation of a new curriculum. In addition, staff from the National Agency for Education (NAfE) were interviewed, and NAfE materials were analyzed. Employing policy enactment theory, the analysis shows that contextual factors significantly influence the prerequisites of policy enactment. Further, the goals- and results-based management of schools challenges art teachers’ professional freedom as teachers adapt to the principles of governmentality. This, in turn, makes enacting new art policy challenging and time-consuming.

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  • 45.
    Ahrenby, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies (Teacher Education).
    Renegotiating subject content when enacting a new syllabus in art education2022In: Education and involvment in precarious times: NERA conference 2022. Abstract book. / [ed] Michael Dal, Reykjavik: School of Education, University of Iceland , 2022, p. 17-18Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    1. Research topic/aim: This research deals with enacting the art syllabus in the new curriculum (Lgr 22) inthe Swedish compulsory school. In this syllabus, the core content about images thatdeal with norms and values has been expanded and now includes schoolyear onethrough nine. The concept "norm" has been introduced in the art syllabus. Also, theconcept of "visual culture" has a protruding position in Lgr 22 compared to the formercurriculum (Lgr 11). Together, this shows a shift in subject content, which is meant tolead to changes in teaching practice. A change that often is slow and gradual (Åsén,2006). The aim of the study is to increase knowledge about and deepenunderstanding of how subject content is interpreted, renegotiated and takes shape atthe classroom level in the process of enacting a new syllabus.

    2. Theoretical framework: The theoretical point of departure is Ball et al. s' (2012) theory of curriculumenactment. Policy enactment is understood as a complex process where the contexthas a significant influence as different types of policy actors do policy (Ball et al.,2012).

    3. Methodology/research design: Central to the research design is policy ethnography, including observations,interviews, observations, and collection of teaching materials. The study is conductedin primary and secondary public schools and includes art teachers and pupils. Thefirst part of the study, starting spring 2022, consists of interviews with teachers andfocus upon their interpretation of the syllabus. The second part also includesclassroom observations and interviews with pupils.

    4. Expected results/findings: Expected results in the first part of this study will address how teachers interpret thenew syllabus in Lgr22. The analysis will show what influences teachers' interpretationand how they negotiate their understanding of the subject in relation to their subjectconception, professional culture and the school context. Preliminary results frominterviews will be presented at the conference.

    5. Relevance to Nordic educational research: Even though the art subject differs between the Nordic countries (Lindström, 2009),the results of this study are relevant to Nordic educational research as it contributesto the understanding of the process of and factors that influence policy enactment ina Scandinavian school context.

    References: 

    Ball, S. J. Maguire, M. & Braun, A. (2012). How schools do policy: Policy enactmentsin secondary schools. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203153185

    Lindström, L. (2009). Nordic visual arts education in transition: a research review.Vetenskapsrådet.

    Åsén, G. (2006) Varför bild i skolan? -en historisk tillbakablick på argument för ettmarginaliserat skolämne. In: Lundgren, U. P. (red.) Uttryck, intryck, avtryck: lärande,etetiska uttrycksformer och forskning, p. 107–122. Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet.

  • 46.
    Ahrenby, Hanna
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies (Teacher Education).
    Värdegrundsarbete i bildundervisning: en studie om iscensättning av policy i grundskolans senare år2021Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of this thesis is to describe and discuss preconditions for the enactment and the construction of fundamental values in art education in secondary school. The study is based on ethnographic methods, including classroom observations, video recordings and interviews with art teachers and pupils. Three art teachers and 36 pupils in grade eight and nine (age 14-16) have participated in the study. The schools are located in areas of different socio-economic status. Besides interviews, the empirical material consists of observation notes, video and sound recordings, documents and photographs from the observed lessons. In total, 27 lessons were observed and recorded, 20 interviews with teachers and seven interviews with pupils were conducted. The empirical material is analysed with a combination of policy enactment theory (Ball et al. 2012) and concepts form Bernstein (2000, 2003) and Bakhtin (1981, 1986).

    The analysis reveals that the conditions for policy enactment are created by several factors that interact. It is impossible to designate a single factor to explain why the enacted curriculum turns out the way it does. The contextual dimensions, such as material context, situated context, professional culture and external context (Ball et al. 2012), constitute a complex and unique contextual mix in every school. Together with existing subject traditions and teaching practices in art education, the unique contextual mix creates the conditions for enacting the fundamental values in art education.

    The art subject carries a tradition of image-making that pushes more theoretical syllabus content,such as image analysis, aside. The situated context influences the professional culture and, therefore,they function as a lens for selecting and translating the curriculum. Regardless of teachers' intentionsto enact the fundamental values in art education, the external context can create obstacles. The goal and result management of school leads to a focus on measurable subject knowledge and drive awayother curriculum parts such as the fundamental values, making it challenging to work with fundamental values in Art education.

    In conclusion, there are no prerequisites for realising the intentions of the fundamental values as expressed in the curriculum. Despite this, the fundamental values have a given place in Art education. Although, it is not always expressed verbally; instead, it is image-borne.

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  • 47.
    Ailert, Moa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Avsikt, insikt och moraliskt ansvar: En genomgång av diskussionen gällande doktrinen om trippel effekt mellan Frances M. Kamm och John Harris.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 48.
    Aili Törmä, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Fornlämningen Luleå Gammelstad: De äldsta spåren från de arkeologiska undersökningarna inom Nederluleå socken Raä 330:1.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 49.
    Al Emam, Louie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Applying Cognitive Linguistics: Preposition Acquisition in an ESL Context with Arabic Learners2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Teaching prepositions in the context of English as a foreign language (ESL) can be particularly challenging. The present research explored the ability of Arabic-speaking students to understand and use prepositions and examined the efficacy of using cognitive linguistics to train them on the for and to prepositions. The study was conducted through an online survey, the delivery of a pretest to the willing participants, the supply of the cognitive linguistics activities and traditional training activities, and the delivery of posttests to assess the participants. 16 participants agreed to participate in the study. A comparison of the average values of their pretest and posttest scores revealed that they performed better on the posttests, with the group that took the cognitive linguistics activity showing better improvement. The Mann Whitney U Test showed that the improvements were statistically significant for both groups. The findings demonstrate that cognitive linguistics produces better language acquisition among non-native speakers of English than traditional approaches and should be used in the teaching of English prepositions.

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    Applying Cognitive Linguistics: Preposition Acquisition in an ESL Context with Arabic Learners
  • 50.
    Alakangas, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies.
    Brändström, Hans
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of Creative Studies.
    Praktiska och teoretiska examinationsformer2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Eftersom våra ämneskombinationer är så olika har vi haft möjlighet till att kunna studera vilka möjligheter som finns för att lärare ska kunna samarbeta i en ämnesövergripande examination. Våra begränsningar har varit till grundskolans senare år och lärarna som undervisar där. Intervjuer har gjorts som primär data till detta arbete och haft litteratur som sekundär data. Resultatet visar att de intervjuade lärarna gärna skulle vilja arbeta med ämnesövergripande examinationer och tror att eleverna får vinster på detta sätt. Svaga elever och elever med dyslexi/dyskalkyli får lättare visa vad de kan. I resultatet framgår även att examinationerna i praktiska och teoretiska ämnen skiljer sig drastiskt åt. De praktiska ämneslärarna ser ofta på en längre period och på hur kunskaper och utveckling förändras över tid. De teoretiska ämneslärarna prövar oftast eleverna på ett kortare avsnitt, t.ex. en del av ett kapitel eller avsnitt i en bok. De olika ämneslärarna kan dra nytta av varandras erfarenheter och ge eleverna en helhetsinlärning för att få samhällsgoda medborgare. Det stora hindret för detta arbetssätt är tiden till att samordna ett sådant projekt men detta är något varje rektor har som ansvar att ordna. Nyckelord: Ämnesövergripande samarbete, teoretiska ämnen, praktiska ämnen, examination

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