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  • 1.
    Blomqvist, Linnéa
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hedström, Jenny
    Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership, Swedish Defence University, Stockholm, Swede.
    Care and Silence in Women's Everyday Peacebuilding in Myanmar2021Ingår i: Conflict, Security and Development, ISSN 1467-8802, E-ISSN 1478-1174, Vol. 21, nr 3, s. 223-244Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article draws on feminist perspectives on the everyday to explore women’s everyday experiences of peace in Kayah state in Myanmar. We locate the daily practices women engage in to maintain life and minimise violence, making visible women’s contributions to everyday peace. In addition, we examine the ways in which women are disproportionally affected by war and prevented from benefitting from post-war changes. Our findings demonstrate that practices of care and silence are key avenues for women’s everyday peacebuilding, through which women sustain peace, ensure survival, and minimise violence in their families and wider communities. At the same time, however, these practices are conditioned by and may contribute to gendered insecurity and marginalisation for women. Through this focus, our analysis shows how women’s positioning in gendered relations of power may both enable their agency in peacebuilding and reinforce their gendered inequality and marginalisation in the post-war period. We conclude that while everyday peace practices may hold the potential for positive change, these can also contribute to the reproduction of inequality, oppression and structural violence.

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  • 2.
    Hedström, Jenny
    et al.
    Department of War Studies and Military History, Swedish Defence University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Introduction: political transitions and gendered transformations in Myanmar2023Ingår i: Waves of upheaval: political transitions and gendered transformations in Myanmar / [ed] Jenny Hedström; Elisabeth Olivius, NIAS Press, 2023, s. 1-26Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
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  • 3.
    Hedström, Jenny
    et al.
    Department of War Studies and Military History, Swedish Defence University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Tracing temporal conflicts in transitional Myanmar: life history diagrams as methodological tool2022Ingår i: Conflict, Security and Development, ISSN 1467-8802, E-ISSN 1478-1174, Vol. 22, nr 5, s. 495-515Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article adds to the emerging ‘temporal turn’ in peace studies by addressing methodological questions about how temporality can be captured and explored in empirical studies. Developing our methodological tools for exploring time and temporality, we argue, is critical to move beyond the supposed linear temporality of peace processes, and make visible alternative temporal frameworks that shape everyday experiences and contestations around peace in conflict-affected contexts. Drawing on a study of two conflict-affected areas in Myanmar, we contribute towards this aim through a discussion of how life history diagrams helped us trace temporal conflicts between overarching narratives of political transition and everyday experiences of insecurity. This facilitated a deeper understanding of how relationships between war and peace, and between past, present and future, were manifested and made sense of in people’s everyday lives. Our use of life history diagrams revealed temporal conflicts between the dominant, linear temporality of the Myanmar transition, and more complex and cyclical temporal frameworks people used to describe their realities. Life history diagrams also facilitated narratives that troubled an events-based temporality focused on macro-political shifts such as ceasefire agreements and elections, and instead foregrounded everyday experiences of continuous insecurity and struggle.

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  • 4.
    Hedström, Jenny
    et al.
    Department of War Studies and Military History, Swedish Defence University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Olivius, ElisabethUmeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Waves of upheaval: political transitions and gendered transformations in Myanmar2023Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This is the first comprehensive account of the multifaceted processes of gendered transformation that took place in Myanmar between 2011 and 2021, and which continues to shape events today. The period began with the end of direct military rule and the transition to a hybrid, semi-democratic regime, precipitating far-reaching political, economic and social changes across Myanmar. To date, the gendered dynamics and effects of this transition have not yet received sustained scholarly attention. Remedying this gap, this book provides a much-needed historical corrective through a careful, nuanced analysis of the gendered dynamics of transitional politics, institutions and policymaking; feminist resistance, mobilization, and movement building; and their effects on labor, land, and everyday lives. Although the February 2021 military coup brought an end to this decade of experimentation and transition, in the richness of its analysis and detail, the book offers a deeper understanding of the current political situation in Myanmar. The gendered changes that the transition brought about have shaped both the current configuration of masculinized, military dictatorship, as well as the unprecedented role played by women in resistance to military rule after the 2021 coup. This analysis of the gendered dynamics and effects of the recent decade of political transition in Myanmar is therefore critical for understanding current events, as well as the ways in which Myanmar’s political landscape might continue to be reshaped.

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  • 5.
    Hedström, Jenny
    et al.
    Department of War Studies and Military History, Swedish Defence University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Phyo, Zin Mar
    Troubling the transition: gendered insecurity in the borderlands2023Ingår i: Waves of upheaval: political transitions and gendered transformations in Myanmar / [ed] Jenny Hedström; Elisabeth Olivius, NIAS Press, 2023, s. 180-199Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
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  • 6.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hedström, Jenny
    Department of War Studies, Swedish Defense University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    'On the border, i learned how to advocate': borderlands as political spaces for Burmese women’s activism2023Ingår i: The Journal of Refugee Studies, ISSN 0951-6328, E-ISSN 1471-6925Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the political space of the border through the experiences of Myanmar women activists, for whom the borderlands in Thailand have provided refuge as well as a conducive environment for political mobilization. At the same time, the border renders refugee activists insecure and precarious. Drawing on life history interviews, our analysis expands conceptualizations of the border as a dynamic political space by illustrating its dual capacity to both facilitate and constrain the political agency of refugee women from Myanmar. In particular, the spatial and temporal fluidity and in-betweenness of the border is shown to foster both repression and resistance. Exploring the character and salience of the border as a space for activism over time, we demonstrate how the political space of the border is relational, constituted in interaction with other political spaces, such as politics and governance in Myanmar, transnational activist networks, and the politics of international aid. 

     

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  • 7.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hedström, Jenny
    Department of War Studies and Military History, Swedish Defense University.
    "They treat us like visitors in our own house": relational peace and local experiences of the state in Myanmar2023Ingår i: Relational peace practices / [ed] Anna Jarstad; Johanna Söderström; Malin Åkebo, Manchester University Press, 2023, s. 127-149Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Between 2011 and 2021, political reforms and renewed peace efforts significantly reduced violence in many of Myanmar’s conflict-affected regions. Despite this, people living in these areas did not agree that they enjoyed peace; rather, this period is described as a continuation of the war’s many injustices, marked by discrimination, marginalization, and fear. This chapter argues that a relational analysis of peace can enable us to make sense of this gap between drastically different assessments of peace and conflict. The analysis draws on focus group discussions, interviews, and participant observation with local civilians, civil society activists, and members of non-state armed groups conducted in 2019 in two regions, Kayah and Mon States. A relational perspective uncovers the fact that the fundamental logics of key conflict relationships, between the Myanmar state and ethnic minority groups and communities, have not been transformed by the peace process but instead manifest themselves in new ways, whereby armed violence has been replaced by other forms of domination, underpinned by inequality, non-recognition, and distrust. Exploring these relational dynamics enables us to pinpoint areas and issues that prevent the emergence of a sustainable and legitimate peace, and demonstrate the importance of relational aspects for people’s experiences of everyday peace.

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  • 8.
    Olivius, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hedström, Jenny
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Phyo, Zin Mar
    Gender expertise, power and peacebuilding: lessons from Myanmar2023Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This policy brief summarizes key findings from a research project which examined the politics and effects of international gender expertise in Myanmar. The findings demonstrate that international gender expertise inadvertently shaped peacebuilding processes in ways that frequently reinforced existing inequalities. To reverse this pattern, international actors need to identify local partners beyond the "usual suspects"; simplify funding processes and provide flexible funding; better analyze and understand context and conflict dynamics; and challenge the state-centrism of international peacebuilding support.

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1 - 8 av 8
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