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  • 1.
    Achtenhagen, Leona
    et al.
    Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Henoch, Bengt
    Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    The role of ICT in supporting transnational diaspora entrepreneurship2013Ingår i: Social e-enterprise: value creation through ICT / [ed] Teresa Torres-Coronas, Maria-Arantzazu Vidal-Blasco, IGI Global, 2013, s. 148-164Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Millions of people around the world live in other countries than their countries of origin. In many developing countries, remittances sent home by migrants are a vital part of the economy. Transnational entrepreneurial activities by migrant entrepreneurs, also called diaspora entrepreneurs, involving resources from both the home and the host countries, can contribute to socio-economic value creation of both countries. ICT solutions can play an important role in facilitating and supporting such entrepreneurial activities. This chapter outlines the relevant context of migration, remittances, transnational diaspora entrepreneurship, and innovation systems, and discusses prerequisites and challenges of such ICT solutions.

  • 2.
    Eryilmaz, Mehmet
    et al.
    Department of Business Administration, Uludag University, Turkey .
    Evansluong, Quang
    Lund University.
    Travel of Cuisines by the Hands of Refugee Entrepreneurs: A study on Syrian Restaurants in Turkey2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 3.
    Eryilmaz, Mehmet
    et al.
    Department of Business Administration, Uludag University .
    Huriye, Yeröz
    Leicester Castle Business School, De Montfort University.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ramirez-Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    A structured literature review on refugee entrepreneurship2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 4.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Founder’s multiple identities of Swedish business owners with athlete background in entrepreneurial opportunity recognition process2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Department of Strategy and Operations Management, Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, United Kingdom..
    Influences of immigrants from emerging economies and developing countries on immigrant entrepreneurship in Sweden2017Ingår i: Contextualizing entrepreneurship in emerging economies and developing countries / [ed] Marcela Ramirez Pasillas, Ethel Brundin, Magdalena Markowska, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, s. 316-328Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Opportunity creation as a mixed embedding process: A study of immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden2016Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurial opportunities are frequently noted and addressed in the literature of immigrant entrepreneurship; however, little is known about how these entrepreneurial opportunities come into existence and how immigrant entrepreneurs create such opportunities. The purpose of this thesis is to examine why and how immigrant entrepreneurs create entrepreneurial opportunities through embedding processes in the home country and the host country.

    Sweden was chosen as the country of residence of immigrant entrepreneurs from Lebanon, Syria, Cameroon and Mexico. Four cases were selected in this study. Each case illustrates an opportunity creation process in a different industry, between a different home country and Sweden as the host country and by immigrant entrepreneurs with different backgrounds.

    By using the mixed embeddedness perspective as the theoretical lens in combination with the literature on entrepreneurial opportunity and immigrant entrepreneurship, this thesis develops a model of entrepreneurial opportunity creation as an integration process. The findings suggest that entrepreneurial opportunity creation can be considered as a process of local integration by immigrant entrepreneurs into the host country and a re-integration of these entrepreneurs into the home country. At the beginning of the opportunity creation process, immigrant entrepreneurs feel socially excluded in the host country. Throughout the opportunity creation process, immigrant entrepreneurs interact with different actors in the host country and gradually move from being socially excluded to socially included, which illustrates a local integration process. In this process, immigrant entrepreneurs become localized through different activities that embed them in the local context. The process of entrepreneurial idea and business concept development and the refinement of the business concept in this thesis illustrates an ongoing and non-linear process of: being locally integrated through creating trust in the local people, acculturating and creating a sense of belonging; and being re-integrated to the home country through maintaining and establishing new links to the home country.

    The study contributes to the mainstream entrepreneurship and immigrant entrepreneurship in several ways. First, it contributes to studies on immigrant entrepreneurship by investigating why immigrants embark on a journey to be entrepreneurs and how immigrant entrepreneurs create entrepreneurial opportunities through embedding processes in the home and the host country. The study demonstrates how an entrepreneurial opportunity is created as a social integration process.

    Second, the study contributes to literature on entrepreneurship and immigrant entrepreneurship by incorporating the entrepreneurial opportunity creation process with acculturation strategies. It illustrates how the entrepreneurial opportunity creation process intertwines with the four strategies of acculturation.

    Third, the study contributes to the mixed embeddedness perspective by adopting the process approach and proposing mixed embedding as a new concept which centers on the interplay between the home and the host country’s influences on immigrants’ business activities; by extending mixed embeddedness from the national level of the home country or the host country to the transnational level between the home country and the host country; and by proposing an alternative way to view an entrepreneurial opportunity as a creation process instead of being discovered.

    Fourth, the study contributes to the immigrant entrepreneurship literature in Sweden by furthering the understanding of entrepreneurial opportunity creation by immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden.

    Furthermore, the study suggests some implications for practice. The study proposes some embedding mechanisms which can be implemented in business support programs for immigrant entrepreneurs and in integration programs for immigrants in general. The design of the business support programs can aim to help immigrant entrepreneurs to: create credibility through contacts and experiences that they establish and gain in the local community; create familiarity to the local community through associating business concepts with well-known values; engage in the local life to understand customers’ mindsets, master the local language to understand local customers’ needs; and establish new/strengthen connections to the home country. The design of integration programs can aim to undertake activities that help immigrants increase the interaction between the local people and themselves. This type of interaction could be increased by organizing meetings and activities in which immigrants are introduced to different local sports clubs and hobby clubs. An approach in which the host country’s language is practiced and mastered anywhere and anytime should be adopted in the integration programs.

  • 7.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Sustainable microfinance: The balance between financial sustainability and social responsibility. A business model integrating remittances and cross-border entrepreneurship to microfinance2010Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 8.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Transnational diaspora entrepreneurship in Sweden: A qualitative study of African diaspora entrepreneurs in Sweden2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. College of Business and Management, VinUniversity, Hanoi, Vietnam.
    Beata, Glinka
    University of Warsaw.
    Freiling, Jörg
    University of Bremen.
    Ramírez-Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Dana, Leo-Paul
    Dalhousie University.
    Past, Present and Future Changes in Migrant Entrepreneurship Landscape2023Ingår i: Journal of Organizational Change Management, ISSN 0953-4814, E-ISSN 1758-7816Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The special issue contributes to further our understanding (i) major changes in the nature and scope of the ventures by migrant entrepreneurs and how migrant entrepreneurs establish and run businesses for the last few decades as well as (ii) how migrant, refugee, expat, and ethnic minority entrepreneurs their businesses have transformed the ecosystems and changed the relations in various business and social networks and how they influence the ways other companies are managed.

  • 10.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Eryilmaz, Mehmet
    Department of Business Administration, Uludag University, Turkey.
    From Syria to Turkey: travel of cuisines by the hand of refugee entrepreneurs2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 11.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Newcastle University Business School.
    Grip, Lena
    Department of Geography, Media & Communication, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Homing and ethnicitization as strategies: turning ethnicity from disadvantage to advantage2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 12.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Grip, Lena
    Department of Geography, Media & Communication, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Karayianni, Eva
    University of Central Lancashire Cyprus.
    Digital ethnicity affordances: from a liability to an asset in immigrant entrepreneurship2023Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. This paper aims to understand how immigrant entrepreneurs use digital opportunities to overcome the liability of newness and foreignness and how an immigrant’s ethnicity can be digitally performed as an asset in business.

    Design. The study adopts an inductive multiple case study approach using social media content. The data consists of over 3,500 posts, images, and screenshots from Facebook, Instagram, and the webpages of seven successful Vietnamese restaurants in Sweden. Grounded content analysis was conducted using NVivo.

    Findings. The findings suggest that digitalising ethnic artifacts can mediate and facilitate three digital performances that together can turn ethnicity from a liability to an asset: (i) preserving performance through digital ethnicising, (ii) embracing performance through digital generativitising and (iii) appropriating performance through digital fusionising. The results support the introduction of a conceptual framework depicting the interwoven duality of horizontal and vertical boundary blurring, in which the former takes place between the offline and online spaces of immigrant businesses, and the latter occurs between the home and host country attachment of the immigrant businesses.

    Originality. This study responds to calls for understanding how immigrant entrepreneurs can overcome the liability of foreignness. It offers a fresh look at ethnicity, which has been seen in a negative light in the field of immigrant entrepreneurship. This study illuminates that ethnicity can be used as a resource in immigrant entrepreneurship, specifically through the use of digital artifacts and digital platforms.

  • 13.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    A missing link in immigrant entrepreneurship: family functions and opportunity creation processes2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper employs an inductive case study to explore the relevance of the family functions in the opportunity creation process by immigrant entrepreneurs. We employ the perspective of the opportunity creation process and the family functions for theory building purposes. We conducted four cases of immigrant entrepreneurs who established businesses in Sweden and that have their origins in Lebanon and Syria, Cameroon, Mexico, and Syria. The paper identifies three family functions -- or family ways of working -- facilitating the opportunity creation process: (I) changing family roles, (II) family (acting) as a springboard, (III) family (acting) as trusting bedrock. These family functions were not static features rather processes influencing the opportunity creation process. The functions were connected to a specific opportunity creation process in the same order: (I) the triggering process, (II) the exploration of an entrepreneurial idea and (III) the exploitation of the entrepreneurial idea. The family functions changed as needed during the opportunity creation processes. Such change was however limited to the pool of resources available to the immigrant entrepreneur and the family in the home and host countries.

  • 14.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Family embeddedness in immigrants' entrepreneurial opportunity creation process2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Family matters: family social capital in immigrants’ entrepreneurial opportunity creation processes2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper conducts an inductive case study to develop theory on the role of family in the host and home country in the process of immigrant entrepreneurs’ creation of entrepreneurial opportunities. We employ the perspectives of the opportunity creation process and family social capital. We conducted four cases of immigrant entrepreneurs from Lebanon, Syria, Cameroon and Mexico, that launched businesses in Sweden. Three sources of family social capital are acknowledged in the opportunity creation process: family duties, family trust and family support. Family duties stimulate the process of forming an entrepreneurial idea. This process is advanced by the existence of family trust. Next, immigrant entrepreneurs count on family support to launch the idea. By recognizing these sources of family social capital, we explain how families in the host and home country contribute to immigrant entrepreneurs’ opportunity creation.

  • 16.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Family social capital in immigrants’ entrepreneurial opportunity creation processes2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 17.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    From Family Embeddedness to Families Embedding in Migrants' Opportunity Development Processes2021Ingår i: Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings, ISSN 0065-0668, E-ISSN 2151-6561, Vol. 2021, nr 1, artikel-id 1563Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the roles of family in migrant entrepreneurs’ opportunity development. We employ the opportunity development and family embeddedness for theory building purposes. We conducted a longitudinal inductive case study on four cases of migrant entrepreneurs who have established businesses in Sweden and who have their origins in Lebanon and Syria, Cameroon, and Mexico, documented with 29 interviews and field observations. The paper identifies families embedding occurring by means of three norms of reciprocity and obligations that facilitate the opportunity development process. These norms are fulfilling the expectations of family and the existing family business, regularly interacting with family and the existing family business, and deploying family and business loyalty. These norms are connected to specific sub-processes of opportunity development, namely, the generation of an entrepreneurial idea, shaping an entrepreneurial idea, and defining the (new) family venture offering. By identifying these norms in the opportunity development processes, we theorize that migrant entrepreneurs rely on different family members and the existing family business from the home or host country at different moments of the opportunity development process. Such dynamic creates different norms of reciprocity and obligations for migrant entrepreneurs and their families, which influence the opportunity development.

  • 18.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Kinship-based opportunity development among migrant entrepreneurs2022Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 19.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Faculty of Business and Law, Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK; Gothenburg Research Institute, School of Business, Economics and Laws, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    The role of family social capital in immigrants’ entrepreneurial opportunity creation processes2019Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 36, nr 1-2, s. 164-188Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper conducts an inductive case study to build a theory on the role of family in both the host and home countries in immigrant entrepreneurs' attempts at creating entrepreneurial opportunities. We used the perspectives of the opportunity creation process and family social capital. We relied on data collected from four cases of immigrant entrepreneurs from Lebanon, Syria, Cameroon and Mexico who have established businesses in Sweden. The paper identified three sources of family social capital: family duties, family trust and family support as being relevant for creating opportunities. While family duties triggered the process of forming an entrepreneurial idea, this process was advanced by the existence of family trust. Family support was then the building block for launching an entrepreneurial idea. By identifying these three sources of family social capital, we show that families in the host and home countries contribute to immigrant entrepreneurs' opportunity creation.

  • 20.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. College of Business and Management, VinUniversity.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Dana, Léo-Paul
    ICD Business School Paris, Dalhousie University.
    Family heterogeneity and migrant entrepreneurship2024Ingår i: Handbook on migrant entrepreneurship / [ed] Beata Glinka; Jörg Freiling, De Gruyter Open, 2024Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Family can play any of a variety of roles in the entrepreneurial process of migrants; yet the literature tends to consider family as a homogeneous unit. In reality, families comprise different structures ranging from a nuclear family to a extended family. Furthermore, given that migrant entrepreneurs may have family in their countries of origin as well as often in their countries of residence, we should consider that the notion of family and its influence can vary from one country to another. In this chapter, we aim to better understand the role of family heterogeneity in the starting of a new venture by migrant entrepreneurs by looking into family functions. We address the following research questions: (i) What family functions are present in the countries of origin and residence in the process of migrant entrepreneurs starting a new venture; and (ii) How do such functions facilitate or hinder the new venture?The chapter identifies three family functions—or family ways of working—that facilitate the new venture-creation process: (i) changing family responsibilities;  (ii) family acting as a catalyzer;  and (iii) family acting as bedrock. These functions are not static features, but rather processes influencing the venture-creation process. Family functions change as needed during the venture-creation process. Such changes, however, are limited to the pool of resources available to the migrant entrepreneur and his or her family in the countries of origin and residence. Family can play any of a variety of roles in the entrepreneurial process of migrants; yet the literature tends to consider family as a homogeneous unit. In reality, families comprise different structures ranging from a nuclear family to a extended family. Furthermore, given that migrant entrepreneurs may have family in their countries of origin as well as often in their countries of residence, we should consider that the notion of family and its influence can vary from one country to another. In this chapter, we aim to better understand the role of family heterogeneity in the starting of a new venture by migrant entrepreneurs by looking into family functions. We address the following research questions: (i) What family functions are present in the countries of origin and residence in the process of migrant entrepreneurs starting a new venture; and (ii) How do such functions facilitate or hinder the new venture?The chapter identifies three family functions—or family ways of working—that facilitate the new venture-creation process: (i) changing family responsibilities;  (ii) family acting as a catalyzer;  and (iii) family acting as bedrock. These functions are not static features, but rather processes influencing the venture-creation process. Family functions change as needed during the venture-creation process. Such changes, however, are limited to the pool of resources available to the migrant entrepreneur and his or her family in the countries of origin and residence. 

  • 21.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Discua Cruz, Allan
    Department: Entrepreneurship And Strategy, Lancaster University Management School.
    Elo, Maria
    Department of Marketing and Management, University of Southern Denmark.
    Vershinina, Natalia
    Business and Society Department, Audencia Business School.
    Guest editorial: Migrant entrepreneurship and the roles of family beyond place and space: towards a family resourcefulness across borders perspective2023Ingår i: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, ISSN 1750-6204, E-ISSN 1750-6212, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 1-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The call for papers for this special issue aims to examine how migrant entrepreneurs and their families across borders rely on their places of origin and residence to promote migrant entrepreneurship and shape the entrepreneurial processes, contexts, and outcomes for migrant entrepreneurs, their families, and their communities. In doing so, this editorial and the articles of the special issue advance our knowledge of the role of the family in the countries of origin and residence for migrant entrepreneurship and propose a future research agenda on family resourcefulness across borders. We first discuss the research problem and positioning of this editorial, then briefly review the articles published in this special issue. As an outcome of the discussions, we introduce family resourcefulness across borders as a lens to gain future insights on migrant entrepreneurship. Finally, this editorial discussion presents future research directions. 

  • 22.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Sten K. Johnson Center for Entrepreneurship, Lund University, School of Economics and Management, Lund, Sweden; Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK and Gothenburg Research Institute, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFeo), Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Nguyen Bergström, Huong
    Immigrant-institutet.
    From breaking-ice to breaking-out: integration as an opportunity creation process2019Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 25, nr 5, s. 880-899Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to conduct an inductive case study to understand how the opportunity creation process leads to integration.

    Design/methodology/approach – It examines four cases of immigrant entrepreneurs of Cameroonian, Lebanese, Mexican and Assyrian origins who founded their businesses in Sweden. The study relies on process-oriented theory building and develops an inductivemodel of integration as an opportunity creation process.

    Findings – The suggested model shows immigrants’ acculturation into the host society via three successive phases: breaking-ice, breaking-in and breaking-out. In the breaking-ice phase, immigrants trigger entrepreneurial ideas to overcome the disadvantages that they face as immigrants in the host country. In the breaking-in phase, immigrants articulate their entrepreneurial ideas by bonding with the ethnic community.

    In the breaking-out phase, the immigrants reorient their entrepreneurial ideas by desegregating them locally. The paper concludes by elaborating theoretical and practical implications of the research.

    Originality/value – Immigrants act when they are socially excluded and discriminated in the labor market by developing business ideas and becoming entrepreneurs. By practicing the new language and accommodating native customers’ preferences, immigrants reorient their entrepreneurial ideas. The immigrants tailor their ideas to suit their new customers by strengthening their sense of belonging to the local community.

    Keywords Immigrants, Entrepreneurial opportunity, Integration process, Opportunity creation process, Acculturation theory, Sweden, Breaking-in, Breaking-out, Breaking-ice

  • 23.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Nguyen Bergström, Huong
    From marginalized to integration: Entrepreneurial opportunity as an acculturation process2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper conducts an inductive case study to further understand how acculturation process and opportunity creation process influences each other. Our study rests on four cases of immigrant entrepreneurs of Cameroonian, Lebanese, Mexican and Assyrian origin who founded their businesses in Sweden. We highlight how (a) being isolated, (b) ethnicization (c) group-based trust building, (d) adapting to the local customs and (e) developing a sense of belonging influences the process of (1) becoming entrepreneurs, (2) shaping entrepreneurial ideas and (3) refining entrepreneurial ideas. Our study show that immigrants still maintain connections to their home country while developing relationships with members of the native groups in the host country and adopt the host country’s values. 

  • 24.
    Evansluong, Quang
    et al.
    Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Ramirez-Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Dana, Leo Paul
    Montpellier Business School, Montpellier, France.
    Family heterogeneity and migrant entrepreneurship2020Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 25.
    Grip, Lena
    et al.
    Department of Geography, Media & Communication, Karlstad University.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    From Disadvantage to Advantage: Digital performance of ethnicity in migrant entrepreneurship2021Ingår i: Migrant Belongings: Digital Practices And The Everyday, European Communication Research and Education (ECREA) , 2021, s. 68-68Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Immigrant entrepreneurship literature has discussed ethnicity mainly as a source of disadvantage which triggers many immigrants decide to be self-employed as a way to enter the labor market. However, when immigrants embark on their entrepreneurial journey, ethnicity can be utilized as a commodity and a resource in several ways. 

    Based on netnography research, this study examine seven successful Vietnamese restaurants in Sweden. For these entrepreneurs the Vietnamese ethnicity is a resource responding to customers’ expectations of an exotic and authentic food experience. However, to run popular restaurants the entrepreneurs also need the knowledge of the host community, and we relate this to Georgios Transnational habitus skill, the “ability to use mobility, connectivity, and transnational association to achieve certain goals” (Georgiou 2019:73). Although ethnicity as a resource has been discussed in the entrepreneurship literature, little is known about how immigrant entrepreneurs turn ethnicity from disadvantage to advantage. Therefore, we focus on how ethnicity is used and digitally performed in immigrant’s businesses, as a part of the process of transforming ethnicity from a disadvantage to an advantage.

    Our point of departure is that digital technologies has become an integrated part of the social production of space through mediating socio-spatial relations (Ash et al., 2018). In this study, the use of social media is therefore central for the understanding of the production of space and performance of ethnicity and how the ethnicity is used as an asset. Visual content of Facebook, Instagram and webpages of the restaurants are the main empirical material. However, we are interested in more than the content of images themselves, as we understand them as a part of the social context and relationships for which they are produced, that is, the social relation between immigrants and their new home-place, and the relation between restaurant owners and their customers.

  • 26.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    et al.
    School of Business, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, Göteborgs universitet Handelshogskolan, Göteborg, Sweden; College of Business and Management, VinUniversity, Hanoi, Viet Nam.
    Boers, Börje
    School of Business, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Family influences on entrepreneurial orientation in immigrant entrepreneurship2023Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 29, nr 11, s. 241-267Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study explores how the family influences the entrepreneurial orientation (EO) process in immigrant businesses.

    Design/methodology/approach: The paper draws on inductive multiple-case studies using 34 in-depth interviews. This paper relies on three cases of immigrant entrepreneurs originating from Mexico and Colombia that established firms in Sweden.

    Findings: The results suggest that EO development trajectories vary in the presence of family roles (i.e. inspirers, backers and partners), resulting in the immigrant family business configurations of family-role-influenced proactiveness, risk-taking and innovation.

    Originality/value: The immigrant family configurations drive three EO-enabling scenarios: (1) home-country framing, (2) family backing and (3) transnational translating. Immigrant family dynamics facilitate the development of EO over time through reciprocal interaction processes across contexts. This study indicates that, through family dynamics, EO develops as mutually interactive processes between the immigrant entrepreneur's family in the home and host countries.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 27.
    Lundberg, Hans
    et al.
    Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship, School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Dana, Leo Paul
    Montpellier Business School.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Social Enterprising for Immigrant Inclusion: An Organizing Context2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 28.
    Mitra, Amit
    et al.
    Bristol Business School, University of the West of England.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Liminality in narratives of integration: Influence of social media use on situational ethnicity of migrants2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Given difficult conditions in different regions of the world, it is no wonder that people embark on journeys to regions where they may feel secure, seek refuge, be able to acquire a livelihood, as well as carry on a type of living. At the same time, when migrants arrive in a new country that they have hitherto never been to, there is an expectation that they will integrate into the host country’s way of life, buy into shared beliefs and prevalent value systems. Many migrants are active social media users and so their digital proclivities tend to define their narratives as does their physical realities. Therefore, deconstruction of digital narratives of migrants may lead to a conceptualisation of transitional ethnicities pertaining to virtual and physical journeys. Preliminary evidence on social media use among migrants to Germany, do not attest to the unalloyed blessing that social media is in aiding integration. In contrast social media-based engagement by migrants highlights encouragement of effects of isolation, and consequent ghetto-isation. Drawing upon extant literature on anthropology of migration, we argue that migrants’ use of social media creates a liminality that is synonymous to ambiguity and disorientation that may diminish through a composite adaptation of virtual and physical ethnic identities. Evidence for the study was collected through in-depth interviews of migrants in several Swedish cities including Stockholm, Jönköping, Malmö, and Gothenburg.

  • 29.
    Mitra, Amit
    et al.
    Bristol Business School, University of the West of England.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Sten K. Johnson Center for Entrepreneurship, Lund University School of Economics and Management, Lund, Sweden; Gothenburg Research Institute, School of Business, Economics and Laws, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Narratives of integration: Liminality in migrant acculturation through social media2019Ingår i: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 145, s. 474-480Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Migrant integration is a long drawn out process requiring synergies with various dimensions of life, rhyming with those of the host country. In this paper, we attempt to deconstruct the digital narratives of migrants to explore how they may lead to a meaningful assessment of their acculturation and consequent integration in their host societies'. Drawing on acculturation theory as a lens, we argue that migrants' use of social media creates a liminality that is synonymous to ambiguity and disorientation that may diminish through a composite adaptation of acculturation and ethnic identity. Our data evidence on social media use among migrants domiciled in major cities in Sweden suggest that social media-based interaction of migrants is not encouraging integration, while their digital proclivities tend to define their narratives of online ethnicity and their physical realities. Implications for migrant integration are presented.

  • 30.
    Mitra, Amit
    et al.
    Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, Bristol.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Diedrich, Andreas
    Department of Business Administration, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Liminality in narratives of integration: articulation of digital ethnicity in social media use by migrants to Sweden2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 31.
    Ngo, Vi Dung
    et al.
    Phenikaa University, Hanoi, Viet Nam.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Janssen, Frank
    Louvain School of Management, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium.
    Nguyen, Duc Khuong
    IPAG Business School, Paris Campus, Paris, France.
    Social Capital Inequality and Capital Structure of New Firms in a Developing Country: The Role of Bank Ties2021Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 27, nr 7, s. 1649-1673Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This article aims to clarify the role of social capital and social capital inequality embedded in bank ties in enabling and diversifying new firms' debt use.

    Design/methodology/approach: The study adopts a quantitative method, using an unbalanced longitudinal dataset covering three year - –2011, 2013 and 2015 - from a project on small manufacturing enterprises in Vietnam. The sample consists of 513 firm-year observations.

    Findings: Network extensity and network mobilisation increase new firms' debt use. Differences in ascribed and attained social statuses (i.e. gender, generation, business association membership and political affiliation) result in social capital inequality between entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs who are of a younger generation, have higher levels of education and are not members of the Communist Party benefit less from social capital than those who are older, have less education and are party members.

    Originality/value: The effects of access to and the use of the social capital embedded in bank ties on new firms' debt use are both studied. The sources of social capital inequality are investigated at the individual level through distinguishing ascribed and attained social statuses and explained by two mechanisms: capital deficit and return deficit. The moderating effects of social capital inequality are also examined.

  • 32.
    Nguyen, Hieu
    et al.
    Illinois Wesleyan University Bloomington.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Aliaksei, Kazlou
    Linköping University.
    Recent trends in Sweden's business formation and entrepreneurship: an empirical hot-spot examination hot-spot examination of the spatial embeddedness hypothesis2022Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 33.
    Nguyen, Hieu
    et al.
    Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, USA.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kazlou, Aliaksei
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Recent trends in Sweden’s new business formation: how do immigrant and native startups compare?2023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 34.
    Nguyen, Paige Trang Huyen
    et al.
    University of Huddersfield.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Vincze, Zsuzsanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi.
    Returnee Entrepreneurship: A Thematic and Integrative Literature Review2023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 35.
    Nylén, Ulrica
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Kvinnors företagande i Västerbotten: Rapport från en kartläggning 20222023Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    bilagor
  • 36.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    et al.
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Contextualizing sustainable entrepreneurship through different religions: A study of Buddhism and Confucianism in Vietnamese sustainable enterprises2022Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 37.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    et al.
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Sustainable Entrepreneurship Education: An exploratory case study of an elective course in a Swedish Business School2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 38.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    et al.
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Företagsekonomi. Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Sustainable Entrepreneurship Undergraduate Education: A case study in Swedish Business School2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 39.
    Ramirez Pasillas, Marcela
    et al.
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law; Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, UK.
    Sustainable entrepreneurship undergraduate education: A community of practice perspective2017Ingår i: Handbook of Sustainability in Management Education / [ed] Arevalo, Jorge and Mitchell, Shelley, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, s. 486-515Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 40.
    Ramirez-Pasillas, Marcela
    et al.
    CeFEO, Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University.
    Evansluong, Quang
    Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg School of Business, Economics and Law.
    Family resilience in immigrants' entrepreneurial opportunity creation process2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper adopts an inductive case study to examine the role of family resilience in the immigrants’ opportunity creation process. We employ family resilience (Walsh, 2002) and the opportunity creation process (Alvarez and Barney, 2007). We conducted an inductive case study on four cases of immigrant entrepreneurs who established businesses in Sweden and who have their origins in Lebanon and Syria, Cameroon, and Mexico. We found three family resilience capabilities occurring to withstand and rebound from adversity which facilitate the opportunity creation process. First, family flexibility facilitates the generation of the entrepreneurial idea, which implies that when immigrant entrepreneurs adjust to new roles in the host country and new situations in the home country, the development of new entrepreneurial idea is triggered when new situations in the home country occurs which make immigrant entrepreneurs adjust to new roles in their families. Second, family as collaborative problem solving to shape an entrepreneurial idea, which centers on the collective support from the family that the immigrant entrepreneurs can rely on to develop the idea further. Third, family as social and economic resourcing for refining an entrepreneurial idea which involves leveraging different resources through kin’s support to modify entrepreneurial idea.

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