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  • 1.
    Brandén, Jennie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Olsson, Josefin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Patrullering för trygghet: vakter, nattvandrare och medborgargarden2020In: (O)tryggt?: Texter om makt, plats och motstånd / [ed] Malin Rönnblom, Ida Linander & Linda Sandberg, Premiss förlag, 2020, p. 75-98Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste åren har frågor om trygghet tagit allt mer plats i det offentliga samtalet. Det kan handla om att otryggheten breder ut sig, att den måste bekämpas och att vi måste kunna vara trygga på gator och torg. Vissa grupper pekas ut som mer otrygga medan andra blir de som står för otryggheten. Vid en närmare granskning blir det dock tydligt att trygghet är mer komplicerat än så. Att det som är tryggt för vissa kan vara otryggt för andra. Att talet om trygghet kan betyda både hårdare straff och en längtan efter ett eget hem. Denna bok består av två delar som tillsammans tar sig an (o)trygghet från olika perspektiv samhälleliga föreställningar, politiska förändringar och ambitioner att arbeta för förändring. Bokens författare har sin hemvist i olika akademiska discipliner etnologi, folkhälsovetenskap, genusvetenskap, konstvetenskap, kulturgeografi, socialt arbete, statsvetenskap och urbana studier och ger därmed en mångfacetterad bild av vad (o)trygghet betyder i dagens Sverige. 

    I kapitlet "Patrullering för trygghet - vakter, nattvandrare och medborgargarden" undersöks mediebeskrivningar och offentliga policydokument kopplat till tre olika former av patrullering för trygghet: privata trygghetsvakters patrullering i kommunal regi, ideella aktörers nattvandring samt högernationalistiska medborgargardens patrullering. Analysen utgår ifrån en förståelse av patrullering som ett görande, en praktik, som bidrar till att forma betydelsen av såväl trygghet som otrygghet. Syftet är att belysa frågor om vems trygghet som ska upprättas eller bevaras, hur detta ska göras, samt vad eller vilka som anses vara orsaker till otrygghet. 

  • 2.
    Brandén, Jennie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Governing safety through the politics of community?: A governmentality analysis of the practice of 'safety walks' in three Swedish cities2021In: Space & Polity, ISSN 1356-2576, E-ISSN 1470-1235, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, 'safety walks' are a well-established planning practice for improving safety. They involve citizens and local authorities evaluating public spaces in terms of safety. Building on observations, interviews and policy materials, this paper examines safety walks from a governmentality perspective. Our analysis shows that, through the governing techniques employed in the walks, safety problems are rendered technical, auditable and governable, while becoming disconnected from the social and political. Furthermore, the participatory rationale of the walks serves to produce self-governing communities, who are responsible for managing their own safety, while risking the reinforcement of boundaries of inclusion and exclusion within the imagined 'safe community'.

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  • 3.
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Att ta plats/att ta tillbaka plats: att mobilisera för en trygg stad2016In: Gränser, mobilitet och mobilisering: Boundaries, mobility and mobilisation : Nationell konferens för genusforskning = Swedish conference for gender research / [ed] Silje Lundgren, Maja Lundqvist, Björn Pernrud, Göteborg: Nationella sekretariatet för genusforskning , 2016, p. 97-98Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Gender beliefs as a dimension of tactical choice: the 'Take Back the Night' march in Sweden2019In: Social Movement Studies, ISSN 1474-2837, E-ISSN 1474-2829, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 622-638Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two main explanations of tactical choice among social movements are repertoires of contention and characteristics of collective actors. Feminist theorizing suggests another dimension of tactical choice: the role of gender beliefs. This paper examines the relationship between these three explanations by drawing on a qualitative study that explored how activist groups in Sweden selected the 'Take Back the Night' (TBTN) march as a tactic. Begun in the 1970s, the TBTN march has been performed around the world, usually on central city streets at nighttime, to protest gender violence in spaces presumed to be gender neutral and safe for women. Our findings resulted in three themes that captured how activist groups selected it as a tactic: a routine performance in publicly visible urban settings, alignment with preferred forms of feminist organizing, and refusal of normalized fear and violence in the seemingly safe city. Each theme corresponded to one of the three explanations and shed light on a different dimension of tactical choice. We propose three heuristic tools for identifying these dimensions: making claims, enacting claims and reclaiming spaces. The different dimensions relate to distinct conceptions of power: centralized authority, movement agency and gender power relations respectively.

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  • 5.
    Egan Sjölander, Annika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Att HBTQ-certifiera ett hockeylag. Om Kiruna IF och Acceptansprojektet till Allsvenskan2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Giritli-Nygren, Katarina
    Mittuniversitetet .
    Jarnkvist, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet .
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Schmauch, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Ruralt flyktingmottagande – En (ny) strategi för mindre kommuners överlevnad?2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att belysa förutsättningarna, utmaningarna och möjligheterna för flyktingmottagande och integrationsarbete på mindre orter, med särskilt fokus på glesbygdskommuner i norra Sverige. Tills nyligen har Sverige haft en relativt generös migrationspolitik och de svenska kommunerna har haft en nyckelroll i mottagandet och integrationen av flyktingar. Många små, glesbefolkade landsbygdskommuner har tagit emot en hög andel individer i förhållande till sin befolkningsstorlek. Flyktingmottagande har setts som en möjlighet att utveckla kommunen. Många av de små kommuner i norra Sverige som står inför en minskande befolkning har sett mottagandet som en möjlighet till sysselsättning, genererad av de uppgifter som en tillströmning av flyktingar innebär, men också som en grund för att utveckla den kommunala verksamheten. Kommunernas flyktingmottagande är dock beroende av politiken på nationell nivå och förändringar i denna politik som påverkar antalet flyktingar som kommunerna kan ta emot. När politikerna beslutar att strama åt flyktingpolitiken och stänga ned verksamheter som kommit att utgöra ett hopp inför framtiden, utvecklas en känsla av maktlöshet. Besluten om antal och kvoter fattas någon annanstans, och detta bidrar till en process där små glesbygdskommuner hamnar ännu längre bort från maktens centrum. Att ta emot flyktingar har för dessa kommuner, åtminstone inledningsvis, varit en strategi som gett hopp för framtiden, inte bara för de flyktingar som tas emot i dessa små samhällen, utan också för de små kommunerna själva. Den lilla orten blir således perifer genom att den marginaliseras i såväl politiska som ekonomiska processer och alltså inte (enbart) på grund av sin rumsliga position.

    Rapporten är organiserad utifrån forskningsprojektets tre delstudier. Delstudierna baseras på olika material och besvarar olika frågor. Den första handlar om hur integration som fenomen beskrivs i ansökningar om projektmedel från Länsstyrelserna och vilka problem som kommunerna beskriver som särskilt centrala att adressera. Den andra delstudien fokuserar på de sätt på vilka flyktingmottagande framställs i lokala och regionala nyhetsmedier i Västerbotten och Västernorrland. Den tredje och sista delstudien fokuserar på erfarenheter och vardagliga arbetsvillkor för flyktingmottagare och integrationsarbetare i två mindre orter. I en sammantagen analys av resultatet från de tre delstudierna identifieras fyra mer övergripande berättelser varigenom flyktingmottagande i glesbygd skildras 1) engagemang och frustration, 2) förutsättningarna för mottagandet och organiseringens betydelse, 3) integration och svenskhet och 4) periferiseringsprocesser.

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    Ruralt flyktingmottagande
  • 7.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Giritli-Nygren, Katarina
    Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Lidén, Gustav
    Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Between Central Control and Local Autonomy: The Changing Role of Swedish Municipalities in the Implementation of Migration Policies2021In: Local Integration of Migrants Policy: European Experiences and Challenges / [ed] Jochen Franzke & José M. Ruano de la Fuente, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2021, 1, p. 11-34Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish migration policy has undergone dramatic changes and has moved from being one of the most generous policies to the minimum EU level. Traditionally refugee reception has been a policy area with a strong tradition of collaboration between national and local government with decentralized decision-making. The role of local government has, however, altered in the face of greater centralization and harder national government steering. This chapter provides a broad picture of Swedish local government’s responsibilities, the changing nature of the role it has played and is playing with regard to refugee reception and integration policies and the challenges it currently faces.

  • 8.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Contested hope for the future: Rural refugee reception as municipal survival?2021In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 82, p. 121-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rural communities in the inland areas of Northern Sweden have long suffered from a steady population declineas young people, particularly women, have moved to the growing urban areas for education/employment.However, in recent years, alongside strategies for survival relating to tourism/hospitality industry, refugeereception has emerged as a strategy for survival whereby these rural municipalities seek to staunch the downwardspiral of decline by accepting refugees in the hope that this will provide not only job opportunities but alsosupport for local services. Using thematic analysis, we focus on media representations of rural refugee receptionin small municipalities Northern Sweden and aim to contribute to an understanding of how spatial and socialrelations are reproduced through these representations; to understand in how ‘the rural’ is constructed in relationto power relations such as race and gender and how these interact with a more explicit spatial power dimension.We are interested in understanding rural refugee reception as a contested hope for the future – a strategy forsurvival. Our analysis shows that the media highlight the stories of how the municipalities set their hopes onrefugee reception to ‘save’ the place not only by bringing in new, younger inhabitants, but also employmentopportunities. However, it also shows that refugee reception may become merely a short-term, temporary solutionand not something that challenges or changes the more general migratory patterns in Sweden.

  • 9.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Umeå University.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Narrating the gender-equal city: doing gender-equality in the swedish european capital of culture umeå20142019In: Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 30-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a powerful narrative of Umeå as a progressive, gender-equal, tolerant citywhich has been important in relation to the investments in culture that the cityhas made, including the European Capital of Culture Year 2014. Viewing the cityas process, as negotiated and contested representation, we study how narratives ofgender-equality figure throughout Capital of Culture year, Umeå2014, and in theprojects that were part of it. We examine how the talk about gender-equality interactswith notions of place and how they are interconnected with each other. Weare interested in what happens with a major cultural project when gender-equalityis emphasized as one of the key values, at the same time as the meaning andcontent of this concept is not specified. Studying official documents and municipalwebpages concerning Umeå as European Capital of Culture, applications forco-funding of cultural projects and news articles, we scrutinize how gender-equalityis used and given meaning by looking at the way it is operationalized bothby the city officials and by those engaging in cultural activities. Gender equalitybecame something that was highlighted in the bid to become European Capitalof Culture and in the making of the programme for the year, and stories aboutthe Umeå2014’s success in implementing a gender-equality perspective have beenrepeated and woven together into a yet another narrative of Umeå. They becamepart of an ongoing negotiation of the city’s identity.

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  • 10.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Schmauch, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    A place for culture? Building an Alternative House of Culture in the context of the 2014 European Capital of Culture in Umeå, Sweden2018In: Participations, E-ISSN 1749-8716, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 170-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of Umeå2014 as European Capital of Culture (ECOC) where the ideal of the inclusive co-creation of culture formed a central part of the programme, we explore the rise, fall and aftermath of an alternative house of culture – Lokstallarna (the Engine Sheds). In its ECOC bid, Umeå stressed its strong alternative, grassroots tradition and ‘Do-It-Yourself’ culture. However, these groups increasingly questioned the inclusiveness of the participatory process around the development and implementation of the programme for the ECOC year. We study one of these alternative movements which occupied disused engine sheds with the aim of turning them into a house of culture ‘for all’ as a counter to the Umeå2014 programme. The focus is on the narrative of Lokstallarna and the creation of an alternative house of culture both from the point of view of those actively involved in its creation and in the local media coverage. We have collected a variety of empirical materials, both on and offline. We approach Lokstallarna as a form of place-based resistance where meanings of activism, culture and the city are negotiated and contested. The ECOC Year in Umeå opened up the opportunity to negotiate both culture and place.

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  • 11.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Schmauch, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Respectable subjects in 'The Social Garden': processes of inclusion and exclusion in Umeå's planning and preparation to become ECOC 20142019In: Narrating otherness in Poland and Sweden: European heritage as a discourse of inclusion and exclusion / [ed] Krzysztof Kowalski, Łucja Piekarska-Duraj, Barbara Törnquist-Plewa, Berlin: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2019, p. 77-97Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Schmauch, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The co-creation (of) culture?: The case of Umeå, European Capital of Culture 20142017In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 25, no 9, p. 1538-1555Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Culture is often promoted as crucial in efforts to achieve economic growth and social cohesion. In recent debates, greater attention has been directed at the importance of culture in creating democratic and just cities. Drawing on theories concerning participation, we study the processes of citizen participation in the creation of culture in relation to the European Capital of Culture in Umea in Northern Sweden. The city has been praised for its focus on participation and the co-creation' of culture. We scrutinize the idea of co-creation, how it is filled with meaning by different actors, the way it is operationalized by city officials and cultural actors/practitioners and the possibilities for public participation and the power relationships at play in the city. We conclude that culture tends to be depoliticized and turned into an arena available for all on supposedly equal terms and ignores the very unequal terms on which different actors participate. It ignores how power relations affect and construct who gets to speak and be heard; that there are conflicting meanings of culture and co-creation and how power influences whose definition of culture is accepted.

  • 13.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Sundström, Kristin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Integrating the immigrant the Swedish way? Understandings of citizenship and integration in Swedish local civic integration projects2023In: Journal of Intercultural Studies, ISSN 0725-6868, E-ISSN 1469-9540, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 553-569Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, integration is a pressing issue particularly following the large influx of immigrants in 2015. Swedish municipalities play an important role in civic integration, with responsibility for newly arrived immigrants receiving a basic understanding of Swedish society, their rights and obligations. We analyse data from 204 applications granted funding 2016/2017 for projects improving the integration of refugees into society by co-operation between municipalities and other actors. Using thematic analysis, we identify two broad themes. One concerning the ‘what’ of integration–the Swedish values, norms and behaviours that immigrants are expected to learn in order to become ‘good’ Swedish citizens, and the other concerning the means or the ‘how’ of integration. However, although these projects are well-meaning, they may have normalizing and disciplining effects whereby the immigrant is constructed as subordinate, as the Other. Swedish gender-equality is heavily emphasized and we see how, in relation to this, the immigrant is constructed as unmodern, bound by tradition and unequal. Particularly immigrant women are produced as passive objects rather than active subjects, in need of special women’s activities and lacking as parents in comparison with the Swedish ideal.

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  • 14.
    Linander, Ida
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    När nazisterna stjäl ens plats: om NMR:s hotfulla närvaro i Almedalen och Ludvika2020In: (O)tryggt?: Texter om makt, plats och motstånd / [ed] Malin Rönnblom, Ida Linander, Linda Sandberg, Stockholm: Premiss förlag, 2020, p. 297-322Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Westin, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Den goda platsen: Platsanknytning och flyttningsbeslut bland unga vuxna i Sverige2005Book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Karlstads universitet.
    Linander, Ida
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Inledning: (o)tryggt2020In: (O)tryggt?: texter om makt, plats och motstånd / [ed] Malin Rönnblom, Ida Linander & Linda Sandberg, Premiss förlag, 2020, p. 6-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Karlstads universitet.
    Linander, IdaUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.Sandberg, LindaUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    (O)tryggt?: texter om makt, plats och motstånd2020Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Den nödvändiga jämställdheten2015In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 57-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Norrland is often represented and constructed as a “typical male” region, a region dominated by rural problems. The “male” power structure is often depicted as a static problem, a part of a rural traditionally bound periphery which cannot be changed. In public discourse, Kiruna is positioned as a town adjusted to men which is a situation in need of change; it is argued that gender equality is a necessity for Kiruna’s survival. Put differently: there are clear ambitions for change. By studying how gender equality is made and how gender equality is produced in different practices, this article studies the implications of these ambitions. A key analytical starting point is that gender equality is regarded as something “made” by various actors in specific contexts. Gender equality is understood as an empirical field filled with meaning, or produced, in different contexts, not as a “fact” that can be measured. With place as an analytical hub, and inspired by Carol Bacchi’s critical approach to policy analysis we examine how gender equality is articulated and how place is produced. Using policy documents, newspaper materials and interviews, we conclude that gender equality is filled with partially different meanings in the three themes, but attractiveness stands out as a central underlying rationality – often in combination with participation and the absence of conflict between women and men. These representations of gender equality create a win-win, a non-conflictual understanding of gender equality, underpinned by an understanding of men and women as different and complementary subjects. In spite of clear articulations of men’s privileged position and women’s subordinate position, the measures suggested for achieving change target the image of Kiruna rather than gendered power relations. We explain this result in the context of overall processes of de-politicisation in contemporary society and by the need for Kiruna to be seen as “good” and “attractive” in order to challenge and avoid reproducing the picture of the Northern periphery as backward and traditional.

  • 19.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap, Karlstads universitet.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Görandet av den jämställda staden: Projektpolitikens förändringspotential2017In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 119, no 3, p. 413-439Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on present planning projects in the city of Umeå, Sweden, we will in this paper study how imaginaries of the gender equal city is presented, filled with meaning and used in place marketing with the overall ambition to discuss the possibilities and pitfalls of what we call the gender equality planning strategy. The aim of the paper is to discuss the possibilities for changing gendered power relations, as well as other power relations related to class, race and sexuality through an analysis of local initiatives for a good city. The material consists of a case study with a focuson planning projects aiming at creating equal cities, such as improving accessibility in public space, gender aware analyses of the city’s symbols and decorations etc., and includes analyses of interviews, policy documents and media reports. The theoretical framework draws on the discussion of politicization and de-politicisation(Mouffe 2005) in relation to neo-liberal forms of rule where place-making and place-branding are rationalities that risk moving conflicting dimensions in society outside both planning and politics overall.

  • 20.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    "City in Fear": Media Representations of Single Repeat Perpetrators and Gendered and Racialized Fear of Violence in Public Space2020In: ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies, E-ISSN 1492-9732, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 519-544Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, several cases of single repeat perpetrators in public spaces have raised public concern. These cases all represent situations in which one individual perpetrator affects a larger group of people in a specific time and place. By analysing journalistic reporting of four cities/towns described as "in fear" based on the acts of three separate serial rapists/sexual offenders and one shooter, I intersectionally examine responses and reactions to such specific threat to be able to contribute to a better understanding of how fear of violence affects urban geographical imaginations. These four cases in Sweden (The Haga Man, the Örebro Man, the Hagfors Man, and the Malmö Shooter) involve a consideration of how one specific individual influences narratives of fear and crime as a generalized pattern of gendered and racialized fear of violence in public space. The analysis revealed two different but interdependent stories, one based upon the concern to keep women "safe,"and the other dependent upon racist threats and hate crimes.

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  • 21.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Fear and Loathing in Umeå - Gendered Bodies and Actual Imprints of the Haga Man2013In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 108-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the responses and reactions among women and men in Umeå during the period of threat from a serial rapist, the so-called Haga Man. This article discusses how the increased threat in public space influenced constructions of male and female bodies in space during a period of changing public crime discourses. The article illustrates the importance of context and demonstrates the temporality of how bodies are perceived in space. Public descriptions of the Haga Man focused on characteristics of the perpetrator’s body and “normal Swedish appearance”, which constructed an image of the dangerous white body. White male respondents positioned themselves in relation to these descriptions, and were partly challenged with respect to new perceptions and meanings associated with “normality”. In descriptions of the Haga Man’s victims, women were presented as vulnerable, but in contrast to many other cases of serial rape there was no immediate focus on their bodies in terms of respectability. A shift of emphasis took place, towards a focus on bodies that frighten, rather than those that are afraid. The findings contribute to a discussion of how gendered power relations can be understood through shifting representations of bodies in space.

  • 22.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Fear of violence and gendered power relations: Responses to threat in public space in Sweden2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Several cases of single repeat offenders in urban space have raised public concern in Sweden during recent decades. Few studies have been conducted on consequences of the kind of ‘hostage situations’ that emerge when one individual offender causes fear and affects a larger group of people in a specific place. The concern of this thesis is to examine consequences of the Haga Man phenomenon: the case of a serial rapist operating between 1998 and 2006 in Umeå, a medium-sized Swedish city. This thesis explores some of the ways not only women but also men in Umeå responded to this specific situation, the threat from a single repeat offender, and how fear of crime and changing public crime discourses influenced gendered power relations. The thesis examines different aspects of fear and safety in public space, such as the views of those who are fearful; of those who are feared; perceptions of both women’s and men’s bodies; their emotions and experiences in relation to fear of violence in public spaces; and the significance of space and place for our understanding of fear. The empirical data of this thesis consist of in-depth interviews with a total of 47 women and men in Umeå.

    The thesis is based on four empirical studies. The first (Paper I) sought to identify similarities and differences across narratives in terms of the major components of young people’s talk about fear.  In their stories women positioned themselves as fearful and in need of protection, while men in their stories positioned themselves as fearless protectors. Men and women reproduced ways of speaking considered appropriate to their gender, thus performing masculinity and femininity through their talk. Paper II, examines consequences of the Haga Man phenomenon on constructions of white masculinities. Three masculine positions; the dangerous stranger, the suspect and the protector were identified. These three constructions of masculinity were not clear-cut or ‘belonging’ to specific men – several of the interviewees articulated various forms of masculinities but stressed them in different ways depending on, for instance, age and/or ethnicity/race. Paper III, focuses on changing perceptions and representations of female and male bodies, and illustrates how a change took place; from a focus on how women should conduct themselves to be safe, towards men’s bodily behaviour in order to present themselves in non-threatening ways. In Paper IV, women’s fear of violence is discussed in relation to Swedish gender equality discourses and contextual constructions of femininity. The results show the difficulties of claiming the official position of a gender-equal femininity. Several female respondents expressed an ambivalent attitude about their own fear; they felt afraid, but also felt that as (equal) women they should be able to do what they wanted, whenever they wanted.  Result from this thesis shows that this situation produced a shared approach to fear for women of different ages, classes and ethnicities in Umeå. The similarity in the women’s responses to the threat from the Haga Man is as an expression of a normative femininity. The male respondents did on the other hand express complex emotional positions as they talked about their own fears, women’s fear of unknown men and how they felt they were under suspicion and compared to the perpetrator. As this thesis provides an understanding of how men and women responded and reacted to the threat from the Haga man, it contributes to a better understanding of how fear of violence affects people in their everyday lives.

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  • 23.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    “I try to use my body language to show I’m not a bad guy” – Male bodies and women’s fear of a repeat offender in Umeå, SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on changing perceptions and representations of female and male bodies during a period of threat against women from a repeat offender in the medium-sized city of Umeå, Sweden. Based on interviews with women and men in Umeå, this article aims to examine meanings of fear of violence in public space by focusing on constructions of the body during a period of changing public crime discourses due to assaults by a serial rapist, the so-called Haga Man. The article illustrates how a change took place in both individual and public narratives from a focus on how women should conduct themselves to be safe, toward men’s bodily behavior in order to present themselves in a non-threatening way. This case study stresses the importance of context and demonstrates the temporality in how bodies are perceived in space. A shift of emphasis took place toward bodies that frighten, rather than those that are afraid. Public descriptions of the Haga Man focused on characteristics of the perpetrator’s body and ‘normal Swedish appearance’, which constructed an image of the dangerous white body. White male respondents positioned themselves in relation to these descriptions and were partly challenged with respect to new perceptions and meanings associated with ‘normality’. In descriptions of the Haga Man’s victims women were presented as vulnerable, but in contrast to many other cases there was no immediate focus on women’s bodies in terms of respectability. The findings contribute to a discussion of how gendered power relations can be understood through shifting representations of bodies in space.

  • 24.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
    “It was entirely his fault”: constructing white masculinities and the Haga man assaults in Umeå, Sweden 1998-20062013In: Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, ISSN 0966-369X, E-ISSN 1360-0524, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 178-194Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several cases of single repeat offenders in urban space have raised public concern in Sweden during recent decades. Few studies have been conducted on the consequences of the hostage situations' that emerge when one individual offender causes fear and affects a large group of people in a specific place. The concern of this article is to examine consequences of the Haga Man phenomenon: the case of a serial rapist operating between 1998 and 2006 in Umea, a medium-sized Swedish city. The article focuses on the construction of white masculinities among male respondents in Umea during the time of the attacks. I examine how men positioned themselves in relation to the public image of the offender as a normal Swede' and how they related to women's increasing fear of violence in urban space. Three prominent constructions of masculinity emerged from the research data: the dangerous stranger, the suspect and the protector. These three constructions of masculinity were not clear-cut and did not belong' to specific men several of the interviewees articulated various forms of masculinities but stressed them in different ways depending on, for instance, age and/or ethnicity/race. I conclude that men largely positioned themselves as protectors as a strategy to distance themselves from the perpetrator (the image of the normal Swedish man' performing the rapes) and to ensure that they would not be perceived as suspects. However, men largely perceived that women's increased fear of crime was one man's fault' and broader issues about gendered power relations in space were not raised.

  • 25.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Kwetsbare vrouwen en beschermende mannen (Vulnerable women and men protective men)2009In: AGORA Tijdschrift voor sociaal-ruimtelijke vraagstukken, Vol. 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Rädslans restriktioner: En studie av kvinnors rädsla i Umeå2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative study is: to explore the new discipline of Geography of fear, and to examine how and why fear of crime is restricting some women’s access to, and activity in, public space. The theoretical frameworks consist of the constraints used in Timegeography, and the literature around the discipline of Geography of fear. This research is founded on an analysis of empirical data from indepth interviews, with eight women in Umeå. An attempt to identify patterns from the stories has been made of the spatial constraints in women’s lives.The fear of crime is partly unrelated to actual victimisation. The women felt that they adopted their life, and made some adjustment in their everyday life. The adjustment where quite small, but they still had an influence on their movability. The women I interviewed all adopted different strategies to feel safer. The dominated strategy were to avoid ”dangerous places” at ”dangerous times”. The more personal strategies were to arm them self with keys or hairspray, or what ever cold come in hand. Women’s inability to use public space freely is not regarded as a serious constraint, but rather as a normal and accepted condition.

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  • 27.
    Sandberg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Brandén, Jennie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Rädsla och trygghet i ord och handling2017Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Download full text (pdf)
    Rädsla och trygghet i ord och handling
  • 28.
    Sandberg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Coe, Anna-Britt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Taking back the Swedish night: making and reclaiming space2020In: Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, ISSN 0966-369X, E-ISSN 1360-0524, Vol. 27, no 7, p. 1044-1062Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With a spatial analytical framework, we study Take Back the Night demonstrations as a way of mobilizing for safety and claiming the right to the city. The marches are a symbolic display of women's distress about living in fear of violence. It is a critique of society's inability to handle the problem of prevailing gendered power relations and the unequal access to city spaces that stem from these. The aim of this paper is to examine feminist struggles to challenge gendered spatial power relations, focusing on Take Back the Night mobilization. Hence, this qualitative study focuses Take Back the Night demonstrations as a phenomenon and as an actual spatial strategy, by analysing representations regarding Take Back the Night in Sweden at large, and in Malmo, Sweden's third largest city, in particular. We discuss feminist efforts to create temporary safe spaces in terms of the demonstrations' emancipatory potential and how these spatial claims provoke resistance. The demonstrations and the reactions they create reveal existing inequalities and power structures.

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  • 29.
    Sandberg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Hudson, Chris
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rädd och osynlig vs. orädd och protesterande: om Tantens plats i det offentliga rummet2020In: (O)tryggt?: texter om makt, plats och motstånd / [ed] Malin Rönnblom, Ida Linander & Linda Sandberg, Premiss förlag, 2020, p. 278-296Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Sandberg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Schmauch, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Den progressiva, jämställda staden och den "manliga" kulturens företräde2016In: Gränser, mobilitet och mobilisering: Boundaries, mobility and mobilisation : Nationell konferens för genusforskning = Swedish conference for gender research / [ed] Silje Lundgren, Maja Lundqvist, Björn Pernrud, Göteborg: Nationella sekretariatet för genusforskning , 2016, p. 144-145Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Sandberg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Afraid and restricted vs bold and equal: women’s fear of violence and gender equality discourses in Sweden2013In: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 189-203Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the responses and reactions among women in Umeå during the period of threat from the Haga Man: a serial rapist operating between 1998 and 2006, and highlights how women in this new situation handled feelings of vulnerability and fearof violence in public space. The article analyses the ways women positioned themselves in their narratives and how this could be understood in terms of how they negotiated spaces for agency within a context where public space has been represented as safe and gender-equal. Women’s fear of violence is discussed in relation to Swedish genderequality discourses and contextual constructions of femininity. The research is based on empirical data collected through in-depth interviews with women in Umeå. The results show the difficulties of claiming the official position of a gender-equal femininity. The informants’ ambivalence, and partly anger, in relation to a femininity they wanted but could not have also created an opportunity for critique of women’s position in society and thus a challenge to a presumed gender equality that stands in the way of addressing issues of gendered power relations.

  • 32.
    Sandberg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    ‘I don’t think we’ll ever be finished with this’: Fear and safety in policy and practice2015In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 52, no 14, p. 2664-2679Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In planning contexts, safety is often discussed from a women’s perspective. An ideal site forexploring some of the key issues is Umea°, a medium-sized town in northern Sweden. Here, attentionto women’s fear of violence greatly increased at the turn of the century, when a single repeatoffender known as the ‘Haga Man’ assaulted several women in the city. People’s (especiallywomen’s) fear of violence came to be seriously recognised, discussed and taken into considerationin the city’s planning. The present research is based on an analysis of empirical data collectedin 2008, through interviews with people who in various ways work to increase safety inUmea°. The paper addresses how the informants define the problem of fear of violence in publicspace and the strategies they employ to address it, what could be described as the analyticalpracticeparadox, as the results show the difficulties of integrating gender-aware planning intoplanning practice.

  • 33.
    Sandberg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies, Karlstad University.
    Imagining the ideal city, planning the gender-equal city in Umeå, Sweden2016In: Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, ISSN 0966-369X, E-ISSN 1360-0524, Vol. 23, no 12, p. 1750-1762Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Focusing on imaginaries of the ideal city is an important method to illustrate the power of ideas, imagination, representations and even visions, and how these dimensions influence the way in which cities are organized and lived. In this article, we argue that one current and important city imaginary in a Swedish context is the gender-equal city. In this imaginary, the gender-equal city becomes a symbol for the open, tolerant, bustling, safe city, a city aiming to attract the middle and creative classes. However, at the same time, the imaginary of the ideal, gender-equal city is highly ambiguous. This ambiguity will be discussed throughout the article. Based on present planning projects in the city of Umeå in Sweden, we will discuss how the imaginary of the gender-equal city is presented, filled with meaning and used in place marketing, with the overall ambition of discussing the possibilities and pitfalls of what we call the gender-equality planning strategy. The aim of the article is to study how the city of Umeå is acting to create a gender-equal city and what kind of imaginaries these practices build on. The material consists primarily of a case study focusing on projects that aim to create an equal city, and also includes analyses of policy documents and media reports. This study illustrates how imaginaries are produced through local projects and different imaginaries provide different spaces for politicizing gendered power relations.

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  • 34.
    Sandberg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies, Karlstad University, Universitetsgatan 2, 651 88 Karlstad, Sweden.
    Planning the new city: emotional reaction and positions2016In: EMOTION SPACE AND SOCIETY, ISSN 1755-4586, Vol. 21, p. 50-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Kiruna, the northernmost city in Sweden, is constructed around a classic industrial source of production - the prosperous mine. The mine has been the overwhelmingly dominant employer in the city and its fortunes have been intimately connected with the city's prosperity. However, massive, continuing expansion of the mine has led to severe risks of subsidence; thus, substantial parts of the city must be moved to assure both the citizens' safety and continuation of the mining. This will be done gradually over the coming decade, and all of Kiruna's citizens will be affected in one way or another. Schools, shops, daycare centres, homes for the elderly and workplaces will all be rebuilt in the new city centre. Drawing on an emotional geographies framework, this paper discusses how people's emotions are understood and given meaning, and even addressed in the planning context of the city transformation that is taking place.

  • 35.
    Sandberg, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Tollefsen, Aina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Talking about fear of violence in public space: Female and male narratives about threatening situations in Umeå, Sweden2010In: Social & cultural geography (Print), ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Geographers may benefit from a narrative approach as it permits insights into both meanings and how stories are permitted and controlled by social conditions. The aim of this article is to discuss methodological aspects of studying fear as a restriction on mobility and use of public space. We have used examples from a study on fear of violence in the city of Umeå, Sweden at the time of threats from a serial rapist, the Haga Man. We employed Labov's model to analyse female and male narratives about fear. Women from all backgrounds reproduced a shared story of experiences of fear. Male stories were fragmented and diverse, especially in terms of ethnicity. The Haga Man was described in the media as a man of 'normal Swedish appearance', which put a focus on Swedish hegemonic masculinity and 'normality' rather than on commonly reproduced fear of the racialized other. Labov's model was useful in clarifying how narratives differed in their structural components and completeness, but limited in terms of how to interpret the evaluative component: the model needs to be combined with theory in order to understand relations to changing political, institutional and media discourses on crime and fear in public space.

  • 36.
    Åkerlund, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Stories of lifestyle mobility: representing self and place in the search for the 'good life'2015In: Social & cultural geography (Print), ISSN 1464-9365, E-ISSN 1470-1197, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 351-370Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades, mobility researchers have paid increasing attention to the flows of relatively privileged individuals whose mobility practices are largely understood to be lifestyle-motivated, consumption-led and tourism-induced (e.g. Benson, M., & O'Reilly, K. (Eds.). (2009). Lifestyle migration: Expectations, aspirations and experiences. Surrey: Ashgate; King, R., Warnes, A. M., & Williams, A. M. (2000). Sunset lives: British retirement migration to the Mediterranean. Oxford: Berg). Situated within the context of lifestyle mobilities, this paper aims to analyse the significance of place and representations of place in the movers' stories of mobility. The mobility experiences of Swedish retirees practicing routinised and seasonal mobility between Sweden and Malta have been analysed, and this paper explores how they actively give meaning to their choices and decisions. In their narratives, the movers express their representations of themselves in relation not only to their imaginings of places and to their belongings to and engagements with these places, but also to their mobility practices. The findings contribute to a discussion of how place imaginaries and self-identities are constructed through lifestyle mobility practices.

1 - 36 of 36
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