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  • 1.
    Amiri, Parisa
    et al.
    Shaheed Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Obes Res Ctr, Res Inst Endocrine Sci, Tehran, Iran.
    Hosseinpanah, Farhad
    Shaheed Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Obes Res Ctr, Res Inst Endocrine Sci, Tehran, Iran.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Shaheed Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Obes Res Ctr, Res Inst Endocrine Sci, Tehran, Iran.
    Rambod, Mehdi
    Shaheed Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Obes Res Ctr, Res Inst Endocrine Sci, Tehran, Iran.
    Montazeri, Ali
    Shaheed Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Obes Res Ctr, Res Inst Endocrine Sci, Tehran, Iran.
    Mehrabi, Yadollah
    Shaheed Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Obes Res Ctr, Res Inst Endocrine Sci, Tehran, Iran.
    Azizi, Fereidoun
    Shaheed Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Obes Res Ctr, Res Inst Endocrine Sci, Tehran, Iran).
    The role of metabolic syndrome duration in predicting poor health related quality of life (HRQOL) in Iranian adults: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS)2008Inngår i: International Journal of Obesity, ISSN 0307-0565, E-ISSN 1476-5497, Vol. 32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 2.
    Ander, Magnus
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Stjerna Doohan, Isabelle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Elchockvapen som hjälpmedel vid polisiära ingripanden: En vetenskaplig utvärdering av Polismyndighetens försöksverksamhet med elchockvapen 2018-20192020Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND: Ur ett internationellt perspektiv har det, inom polisen, under de senaste åren skett en ökning i använ­dandet av mindre dödliga vapen. Dessa vapen används för att ta kontroll över potentiellt farliga och icke samarbetsvilliga personer. Ett vanligt förekommande mindre dödligt vapen är elchockvapen (ECV). Elchockvapen har fram till 2018 inte använts i Sverige, men Polismyndigheten har under åren 2018–2019 genomfört en försöksverksamhet med ECV.

    SYFTE: Syftet med undersökningen var att utvärdera Polismyndighetens försöksverksamhet med ECV, samt att undersöka vilken legitimitet polisens användning av ECV har bland allmänheten.

    METOD: Både kvantitativa och kvalitativa data samlades in för att utvärdera försöket med ECV. Mätningar före, under, och i slutet av försöksverksamheten genomfördes med hjälp av en enkät. Enkäten besvarades av två grupper av poliser; en grupp som ingick i försöksverksamheten med ECV samt en kontrollgrupp poliser som inte ingick i försöksverksamheten. För att fördjupa förståelsen för enkätresultaten genom­fördes djupintervjuer och fokusgruppsintervjuer med poliser som hade erfarenhet av ECV under för­söksverksamheten. För att undersöka legitimitetsaspekter utifrån ett medborgarperspektiv genomför­des fokusgrupper med deltagare från allmänheten. Data från Polisens arbetsskadesystem LISA inhämtades för att undersöka ECV:s inverkan på skador hos poliserna.

    RESULTAT: Enkätresultaten visade inga skillnader mellan delaktiga och kontrollgrupp när det gäller upplevelse av stressfulla situationer. Upplevelsen av trygghet vid ingripanden med hög grad av motstånd eller när polisen blir fysisk angripen har dock ökat för de poliser som deltagit i ECV­försöket, jämfört med kon­trollgruppen. Intervjuresultaten åskådliggör också att tillgången till ECV bidrar till att minska upplevel­sen av stress i våldsamma situationer genom att ECV ökar tryggheten i sådana situationer. Intervjure­sultaten påvisar även att tillgången till ECV gör att man slipper använda andra potentiellt skadligare våldshjälpmedel såsom fysiska metoder och skjutvapen. Enkätresultatet visar ingen skillnad mellan de som ingick i försöksverksamheten och kontrollgruppen när det gäller att utsättas för hot, våld eller motstånd, eller att polis eller motpart blir skadade. Resultaten från intervjuer och fokusgrupper syn­liggör att poliserna upplever att ECV fyller en viktig funktion. Poliserna ser enbart fördelar med ECV och vissa menar att det är det bästa verktyg som de har fått. ECV upplevs kunna rädda liv, minska skad­or på polis och motpart, samt förbättra arbetsmiljön för poliser. Intervjuer och fokusgrupper pekar på att deltagarna upplever att ECV har en de­eskalerande inverkan, vilket både kan minska våldsanvänd­ningen, och förebygga våld mot polisen. Enkät­ och intervjuresultaten indikerar att ECV bidrar till en minskad användning av andra hjälpmedel såsom batong och pepparspray, vilka ofta ger mer skador på både motpart och polis. Deltagarna från allmänheten har uppfattningen att ECV är ett effektivt och bra verktyg för polisen, men lyfter vikten av att det finns en lyhördhet gällande vilka situationer som den används i och mot vem.

    SLUTSATSER: Utifrån våra enkätresultat är det svårt att dra några säkra slutsatser kring hur användandet av ECV in­verkar på skador hos poliser och motpart. Erfarenheterna bland de delaktiga är dock att risken för våld och skador minskar markant, vilket är en viktig indikator. Tillgången till ECV kan öka trygghet och minska stress i ingripandesituationer där kraftigt motstånd och våld förekommer. ECV kan även mins­ka användandet av pepparspray och batong, och det finns indikationer på att ECV har använts istället för skjutvapen. ECV kan underlätta val av hjälpmedel vid ingripanden med hög grad av hot och våld och kan ha en de­eskalerande inverkan. Polisens användande av våldshjälpmedel, inklusive ECV, upp­levs berättigat av informanterna från allmänheten. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 3. Azadbakht, Leila
    et al.
    Kimiagar, Masoud
    Mehrabi, Yadollah
    Esmaillzadeh, Ahmad
    Padyab, Mojgan
    School of Public Health, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran.
    Hu, Frank B
    Willett, Walter C
    Soy inclusion in the diet improves features of the metabolicsyndrome: a randomized crossover study in postmenopausal women2007Inngår i: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0002-9165, E-ISSN 1938-3207, Vol. 85, nr 3, s. 735-741Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Little evidence exists regarding the effects of soyconsumption on the metabolic syndrome in humans.Objective: We aimed to determine the effects of soy consumptionon components of the metabolic syndrome, plasma lipids, lipoproteins,insulin resistance, and glycemic control in postmenopausalwomen with the metabolic syndrome.Design: This randomized crossover clinical trial was undertaken in42 postmenopausal women with the metabolic syndrome. Participantswere randomly assigned to consume a control diet (DietaryApproaches to Stop Hypertension, DASH), a soy-protein diet, or asoy-nut diet, each for 8 wk. Red meat in the DASH period wasreplaced by soy-protein in the soy-protein period and by soy-nut inthe soy-nut period.Results: The soy-nut regimen decreased the homeostasis model ofassessment-insulin resistance score significantly compared with thesoy-protein (difference in percentage change:7.40.8; P0.01)or control (12.9 0.9; P 0.01) diets. Consumption of soy-nutalso reduced fasting plasma glucose more significantly than did thesoy-protein (5.30.5%; P0.01) or control (5.10.6%; P0.01) diet. The soy-nut regimen decreased LDL cholesterol morethan did the soy-protein period (5.0 0.6%; P 0.01) and thecontrol (9.5 0.6%; P 0.01) diet. Soy-nut consumptionsignificantly reduced serum C-peptide concentrations comparedwith control diet (8.0 2.1; P 0.01), but consumption ofsoy-protein did not.Conclusion: Short-term soy-nut consumption improved glycemiccontrol and lipid profiles in postmenopausal women with the metabolicsyndrome.

  • 4. Azizi, F
    et al.
    Mehran, L
    Sheikholeslam, R
    Ordookhani, A
    Naghavi, M
    Hedayati, M
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Mirmiran, P
    Sustainability of a well-monitored salt iodization program in Iran: marked reduction in goiter prevalence and eventual normalization of urinary iodine concentrations without alteration in iodine content of salt.2008Inngår i: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, ISSN 0391-4097, E-ISSN 1720-8386, Vol. 31, nr 5, s. 422-31Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE:

    Two yr after legislation of salt iodization of 40 parts per million (ppm) in 1994, goiter was still endemic and urinary iodine concentration (UIC) remained elevated in many provinces of Iran. Goiter prevalence and UIC were compared 2 and 7 yr after sustained consumption of uniformly iodized salt by Iranian households.

    METHODS:

    Schoolchildren (7-10 yr) of all provinces were randomly selected by cluster sampling from December 2000 to June 2001. Goiter rate, UIC, and household salt iodine values were compared to those in 1996. Factory salt iodine was also compared in 2001 vs 1996. Ultrasonographically determined thyroid volumes of 7-10 yr old children were compared in 2001 vs 1999.

    RESULTS:

    In 2001 (no.=33600) vs 1996 (no.=36178), total, grade 1, and grade 2 goiter rates were 13.9 vs 53.8%, 11.0 vs 44.8%, and 2.9 vs 9.0%, respectively (p<0.0001). Weighted total goiter rate was 9.8% in 2001. Median (range) UIC in 2001 (no.=3329) was 165 (18-499) microg/l and in 1996 (no.=2917) was 205 (10-2300) microg/l (p<0.0001). In 2001 vs 1996, mean+/-SD for iodine salt content was 32.7+/-10.1 vs 33.0+/-10.2 ppm (p=0.68) in households and was 33.2+/-13.4 and 33.8+/-13.2 ppm (p=0.57) in factories, respectively. Among 7-10 yr old children in 2001 (no.=400) vs 1999 (no.=396), only 7-yr-old children in 2001 (the only group with probably no history of iodine deficiency) showed significant smaller thyroid volumes by ultrasonography compared to those in 1999.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    After 7 yr of optimized iodized-salt supplementation in Iran, adequate UIC values and marked reduction in goiter rate have been achieved.

  • 5.
    Backteman-Erlanson, Susann
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Prevalence of burnout and associations with psychosocial work environment, physical strain, and stress of conscience among Swedish female and male police personnel2012Inngår i: Police Practice & Research, ISSN 1561-4263, E-ISSN 1477-271XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Focus of this study was to investigate prevalence of burnout and relation to psychosocial work environment, physical strain, and stress of conscience amongst female and male police personnel in Sweden. The questionnaire was answered by 856 (55%) patrolling police officers, 437 (56%) women vs. 419 (53%) men. Prevalence and mean values for emotional exhaustion (EE) and depersonalization (DP) was higher in our study compared to other studies including police personnel in Norway and the Netherlands. A multiple logistic regressions showed that for women stress of conscience, high demand, and organizational climate was significant associated with EE, for men it was stress of conscience, decision, and high demand. For DP only stress of conscience contributed statistically significant in our model, respectively, of gender. Further research is needed to develop interventions aiming to reduce levels of burnout among police personnel in Sweden.

  • 6.
    Backteman-Erlanson, Susann
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Öster, Inger
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Exploration of the WOCQ tool in relation to gender and psychometric properties among Swedish patrolling police officersManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Police work is a stressful occupation with frequent exposure to traumatic events. In Sweden knowledge about coping strategies among police personnel is absent probably due to lack of validated measurements. Aim of this study was to explore psychometric properties of the Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WOCQ) among Swedish police personnel, including testing differential item functioning (DIF) for gender. The WOCQ was sent out to 1554 randomly selected patrolling police officers in Sweden. Exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were used. A six factor solution was confirmed with differences and similarities compared to the original eight factor solution. DIF analysis showed similarities and differences in relation to gender. We suggest that the WOCQ can be used when investigating coping strategies in a Swedish police context.

     

  • 7.
    Barkhordari, Mahnaz
    et al.
    Department of Mathematics, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Hadaegh, Farzad
    Prevention of Metabolic Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
    Azizi, Fereidoun
    Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
    Bozorgmanesh, Mohammadreza
    Prevention of Metabolic Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
    Stata Modules for Calculating Novel Predictive Performance Indices for Logistic Models2016Inngår i: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, ISSN 1726-9148, Vol. 14, nr 1, artikkel-id e26707Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Prediction is a fundamental part of prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The development of prediction algorithms based on the multivariate regression models loomed several decades ago. Parallel with predictive models development, biomarker researches emerged in an impressively great scale. The key question is how best to assess and quantify the improvement in risk prediction offered by new biomarkers or more basically how to assess the performance of a risk prediction model. Discrimination, calibration, and added predictive value have been recently suggested to be used while comparing the predictive performances of the predictive models’ with and without novel biomarkers.Objectives: Lack of user-friendly statistical software has restricted implementation of novel model assessment methods while examining novel biomarkers. We intended, thus, to develop a user-friendly software that could be used by researchers with few programming skills.Materials and Methods: We have written a Stata command that is intended to help researchers obtain cut point-free and cut point-based net reclassification improvement index and (NRI) and relative and absolute Integrated discriminatory improvement index (IDI) for logistic-based regression analyses.We applied the commands to a real data on women participating the Tehran lipid and glucose study (TLGS) to examine if information of a family history of premature CVD, waist circumference, and fasting plasma glucose can improve predictive performance of the Framingham’s “general CVD risk” algorithm.Results: The command is addpred for logistic regression models.Conclusions: The Stata package provided herein can encourage the use of novel methods in examining predictive capacity of ever-emerging plethora of novel biomarkers.

  • 8. Barkhordari, Mahnaz
    et al.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Sardarinia, Mahsa
    Hadaegh, Farzad
    Azizi, Fereidoun
    Bozorgmanesh, Mohammadreza
    Survival Regression Modeling Strategies in CVD Prediction2016Inngår i: International journal of endocrinology and metabolism, ISSN 1726-9148, Vol. 14, nr 2, artikkel-id e32156Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A fundamental part of prevention is prediction. Potential predictors are the sine qua non of prediction models. However, whether incorporating novel predictors to prediction models could be directly translated to added predictive value remains an area of dispute. The difference between the predictive power of a predictive model with (enhanced model) and without (baseline model) a certain predictor is generally regarded as an indicator of the predictive value added by that predictor. Indices such as discrimination and calibration have long been used in this regard. Recently, the use of added predictive value has been suggested while comparing the predictive performances of the predictive models with and without novel biomarkers. Objectives: User-friendly statistical software capable of implementing novel statistical procedures is conspicuously lacking. This shortcoming has restricted implementation of such novel model assessment methods. We aimed to construct Stata commands to help researchers obtain the aforementioned statistical indices. Materials and Methods: We have written Stata commands that are intended to help researchers obtain the following. 1, Nam-D'Agostino X-2 goodness of fit test; 2, Cut point-free and cut point-based net reclassification improvement index (NRI), relative absolute integrated discriminatory improvement index (IDI), and survival-based regression analyses. We applied the commands to real data on women participating in the Tehran lipid and glucose study (TLGS) to examine if information relating to a family history of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD), waist circumference, and fasting plasma glucose can improve predictive performance of Framingham's general CVD risk algorithm. Results: The command is adpredsurv for survival models. Conclusions: Herein we have described the Stata package "adpredsurv" for calculation of the Nam-D'Agostino X2 goodness of fit test as well as cut point-free and cut point-based NRI, relative and absolute IDI, and survival-based regression analyses. We hope this work encourages the use of novel methods in examining predictive capacity of the emerging plethora of novel biomarkers.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9.
    Blom Nilsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    McCarty, Dennis
    OHSU-PSU School of Public Health, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, USA.
    Lundgren, Lena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. University of Denver Graduate School of Social Work, Denver, USA.
    Sexual Abuse and Future Mental Health Hospitalization in a Swedish National Sample of Men Who Use Opioids2020Inngår i: Journal of addiction medicine, ISSN 1932-0620, E-ISSN 1935-3227, Vol. 14, nr 4, s. e24-e28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Experiences of trauma, specifically sexual abuse, have been linked to both mental health and substance use disorders. This study used 14 years of Swedish health registry data to select a sample of adult men who reported frequent opioid use and assessed if those with a self-reported history of sexual abuse had a higher likelihood of hospitalization for a mental health disorder.

    Methods: A Swedish longitudinal (2003–2017) registry study linked Addiction Severity Index (ASI) assessments completed with individuals who sought treatment for substance use disorders with data on hospitalizations for mental health disorders, and assessed associations with self-reported histories of sexual abuse among men who reported sustained and frequent use of opioids (n¼1862). Cox regression methods tested associations and controlled for age, and the7 ASI composite scores: family and social relationships, employment, alcohol use, drug use, legal, physical health, and mental health.

    Results: The ASI composite score for mental health (hazard ratio[HR] 16.6, P<0.001) and a history of sexual abuse (HR 1.93,P<0.001) were associated with an elevated risk of future mental health hospitalization.

    Conclusion: Both the ASI composite scores for mental health andself-reported history of sexual abuse reflected complex needs amongmen who used opioids and increased risk for mental health hospitalization.Treatment providers should strive to provide integrated careand address the negative aspects of victimization.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Blom-Nilsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Lundgren, Lena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Samsjuklighet, substansanvädning och psykisk ohälsa2023Inngår i: Effektiv insatsplanering vid svår substansanvändning / [ed] Lena Lundgren, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2023, s. 121-132Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11. Bozorgmanesh, Mohammad Reza
    et al.
    Hadaegh, Farzad
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Mehrabi, Yadollah
    Azizi, Fereidoun
    Temporal Changes in Anthropometric Parametersand Lipid Profile according to Body Mass Indexamong an Adult Iranian Urban Population2008Inngår i: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, ISSN 0250-6807, E-ISSN 1421-9697, Vol. 53, s. 13-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: To examine changes in anthropometric parametersand lipid profiles over a period of 3.6 years in an Iranian adultpopulation according to body mass index (BMI) groups.Methods: Between 1998 and 2001 (phase 1) and 2002 and2005 (phase 2), 5,618 nondiabetic Iranian adults aged 6 20years were examined. Analysis of covariance was used to delineatetrends in anthropometric parameters as well as totaland low- and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TC, LDL-Cand HDL-C, respectively) across BMI groups. Results: AlthoughBMI increased in women, this increase was not significantin obese persons. Among the men, however, a significantincrease in BMI was observed only in lean persons.Waist circumference (WC) increased across all BMI groupsin both sexes. A significant decrease was observed in TC[men: –0.83 mmol/l, 95% confidence interval (CI) –1.27 to–0.40; women: –0.78 mmol/l, CI –0.97 to –0.60] and LDL-C(men: –0.63 mmol/l, CI –1.13 to –0.13; women: –0.51 mmol/l,CI –0.78 to –0.24). A significant decrease in mean HDL-Cwas observed only among men (–0.09 mmol/l, CI –0.13to –0.04), with no difference among BMI groups (p = 0.3).There were no significant decreases in TC/HDL-C and LDLC/HDL-C ratios in men or women. Conclusions: Despite an 

    increase in WC, favorable trends were observed in TC andLDL-C levels. The favorable trend in TC levels was counterbalancedby changes in HDL-C, as reflected by the absence of asignificant decrease in TC/HDL-C or LDL-C/HDL-C

  • 12.
    Bäck, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Vallès, Lola
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Police students' perceptions of professional competences: a comparative study of Catalonia and Sweden2017Inngår i: Police Practice & Research, ISSN 1561-4263, E-ISSN 1477-271X, Vol. 18, nr 5, s. 478-491Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is part of the European cooperation project, Recruitment, Education, and Career in the Police. The overall aim of this study is to compare how Swedish and Catalan police students perceive different competence dimensions in relation to their future profession, and how the perceptions of these competence dimensions change from the beginning to the end of the training program. The empirical data is based on identical questionnaires that were distributed to police students in Sweden and Catalonia. The results show different patterns in how Catalan and Swedish police students perceive the importance of the different competences at the beginning and at the end of their basic training programs. The implications of this study show that more knowledge is needed about the next step; that is, how the police students use these competencies in their professional work.

  • 13.
    Dabir, S
    et al.
    Department of Anesthesiology, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Dr. Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University, MC, Tehran, Iran. .
    Parsa, T
    Department of Anesthesiology, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Dr. Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University, MC, Tehran, Iran. .
    Radpay, B
    Department of Anesthesiology, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Dr. Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University, MC, Tehran, Iran. .
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Department of Anesthesiology, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Dr. Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University, MC, Tehran, Iran. .
    Interpleural morphine vs bupivacaine for postthoracotomy pain relief.2008Inngår i: Asian Cardiovascular and thoracic annals, Vol. 16, nr 5, s. 370-4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This prospective randomized double-blind trial was designed to compare the analgesic effects of interpleural bupivacaine and interpleural morphine for postthoracotomy pain management. Thirty-six American Society of Anesthesiologists class I and II patients undergoing an elective posterolateral thoracotomy were randomly divided into 2 groups of 18 each. Before chest closure, an interpleural catheter was inserted under direct vision. At the end of the operation and every 4 hours thereafter, they received either 0.25% bupivacaine with epinephrine or 0.2 mg x kg(-1) morphine sulfate interpleurally for 24 hours. The chest tubes were clamped during injection and for 15 min afterwards. Supplementary doses of intravenous morphine were given on request. The pain severity was evaluated at rest and on coughing before and 30 min after each interpleural injection, using an 11-point visual analog scale. Supplemental analgesic consumption and side effects were recorded. Both interpleural morphine and bupivacaine significantly reduced pain scores 30 min after each injection. However, pain scores and supplementary analgesic requirements were significantly lower in the interpleural morphine group. No serious side effects were detected in either group. Interpleural morphine provides better pain control than interpleural bupivacaine after a posterolateral thoracotomy.

  • 14.
    Dejman, Masoumeh
    et al.
    Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, United States.
    Eftekhari, Monir Baradaran
    Deputy for Research and Technology, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.
    Falahat, Katayoun
    Deputy for Research and Technology, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Forouzan, Ameneh Setareh
    Social Welfare Management Research Center, University of welfare and Rehabilitation, Tehran, Iran.
    Mahmoodi, Zohreh
    Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
    Psychometric Study Using Item Response Theory of an Instrument Developed for Assessment of Iranian Mental Health Problems2022Inngår i: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 1735-8639, E-ISSN 1735-9287, Vol. 16, nr 3, artikkel-id e112980Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Currently, in addition to the undeniable impact of cultural factors on mental health problems’ diagnosis and treatment methods, the use of rapid, short, and intervention-based instruments can be effective in the accurate diagnosis of mental health problems, especially in the health system of developing countries.

    Objectives: This study aimed to validate an instrument developed for screening patients with common mental health problems using item response theory (IRT).

    Methods: The study was conducted in Semnan province (with Persian ethnicity), Iran, from August 2017 to February 2018. A 101-item tool consisted of district common mental health problems (i.e., depression, anxiety, and obsession), along with a functional checklist. The development of the instrument involved a pilot study and psychometric testing. The IRT-based analysis was used as the item-reduction method to evaluate the shortened tool as an appropriate screening tool. The participants were healthy individuals and patients with depression, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The data were analyzed using Stata software (version 15.1).

    Results: The study participants were 160 individuals (58.2% male) with a mean age of 36.3 ± 11.2 years. All item impact factors were within the range of 1.8-5. The mean values of clarity, simplicity, relevance, and scale-level content validity index/averaging calcu-lation method of the instrument were 96.73 ± 0.70, 97.64 ± 0.61, 98.2 ± 1.9, and 97.09 ± 0.63, respectively. Cronbach’s alpha and internal consistency coefficient were 0.88 and 0.7. Moreover, 13, 5, and 12 items were excluded using IRT from depression, anxiety, and OCD dimensions based on the threshold criteria, respectively.

    Conclusions: Iranian screening tools for mental health problems can provide qualified information with the least error and the most precision in appropriate early diagnosis and decrease the burden of mental health problems in the national healthcare system.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 15.
    Emsing, Mikael
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Hurtig, Anna-Karin
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Trajectories of Mental Health Status Among Police Recruits in Sweden2022Inngår i: Frontiers in Psychiatry, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 12, artikkel-id 753800Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The stressful and complex nature of police work and its adverse effects on mental health are well-documented in police research. The mental health of police students however, has not been given the same attention. To the best of our knowledge, studies on the mental health of Swedish police recruits have not been undertaken since 2010.

    Objectives: The present study aims to examine whether there are differences in the mental health between two cohorts (2009 and 2020) of Swedish police recruits, as well as to compare the mental health of both cohorts with the general population data collected in 2002.

    Methods: Data was collected using the SCL-90-R survey. Data was analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and independent sample T-tests. Bi-variate analyses including t-test and chi-square were used to examine differences in sociodemographic variables between the two cohorts.

    Results: A total of 376 police recruits participated in the study. Results indicated no significant differences between the cohorts with regards to the three global indices of the SCL-90-R: Global Severity Index (GSI), Positive Symptom Total (PST), and Positive Symptom Distress Index (PSDI). Recruits with a college degree had lower scores on GSI and PSDI, similar to respondents that where in a relationship vs. singles. A total of 15 (four female) recruits had GSI scores above the Swedish patient mean. Compared with the general population, males and females from the 2009, as well as females from the 2020 cohorts had lower or insignificantly different mean scores on all global indices, with males from the 2020 cohort having a significantly lower PST score.

    Conclusions: While the vast majority of recruits had results that where indicative of a low prevalence and intensity with regards to mental health disorders, some recruits did score above the Swedish patient mean. While mental preparedness is part of the curriculum for Swedish police recruits, interventions targeting the stigmas of poor mental health could be of value. The fact that educational attainment appears to have a positive impact on the mental health of police recruits, could be taken in to consideration when recruiting future police officers.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 16.
    Eriksson, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Eklund Wimelius, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ensamkommande ungdomars placering vid SiS särskilda ungdomshem. Placeringsmotiv, problembild och insatser2021Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Falahat, Katayoun
    et al.
    Deputy for Research and Technology, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.
    Baradarn Eftekhari, Monir
    Deputy for Research and Technology, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.
    Dejman, Masoumeh
    Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, MD, Baltimore, United States.
    Forouzan, Ameneh Setareh
    Social Welfare Management Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Mahmoodi, Zohreh
    Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Tavassoli, Samira
    Gallatin School of Individualized Study, New York University, NY, New York, United States.
    Determining the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy interventions based on the transdiagnostic approach in the treatment of common mental health problems: Presenting an experience from the Islamic Republic of Iran2022Inngår i: Brain and Behavior, ISSN 2162-3279, E-ISSN 2162-3279, Vol. 12, nr 5, artikkel-id e2551Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: There is growing support to develop transdiagnostic approaches that provide new insights into mental health problems and cut across the existing traditional diagnostic boundaries all over the world. The present study was conducted to test the transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral therapy (TCBT) approach in treating patients with common mental health problems and evaluate its effectiveness compared to the current treatment settings of the healthcare system.

    Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in Semnan Province, north of Iran. The study took pace in urban health centers. A sample of 520 Iranian adults, tested as positive on the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, were enrolled. Participants who received a score above the cut-off point in any of the three mental health disorders (depression, anxiety, or obsessive compulsive disorder [OCD]) based on the locally validated study instrument were randomly allocated to the study. The intervention group received TCBT during eight sessions provided by trained general health service providers without previous mental health training; the standby control group received Mental Health Services as Usual (MHSU). The post-test interviews were conducted using the study instrument after the completion of both group treatments.

    Results: A total of 459 individuals (87.8% female) ultimately entered the study. The withdrawal rate was 24% (53 participants in the TCBT and 56 in the MHSU). Reduction in depression, anxiety, and OCD symptoms was significant within each group and when comparing TCBT and MHSU (mean difference).

    Conclusion: This trial recommends that the transdiagnostic CBT approach can be effective in improving common mental health problems and functions among individuals by trained general healthcare providers in the primary healthcare system. The results can be more useful in decision making when defining the process of providing mental healthcare in the National Primary Healthcare System.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Forouzan, Ameneh S
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin. Social Determinants of Health Research Centre, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Rafiey, Hassan
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ghazinour, Seyedmehdi
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Dejman, Masoumeh
    San Sebastian Chasco, Miguel
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Reliability and validity of a Mental Health System Responsiveness Questionnaire in Iran2014Inngår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 7, s. 1-10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The Health System Responsiveness Questionnaire is an instrument designed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2000 to assess the experience of patients when interacting with the health care system. This investigation aimed to adapt a Mental Health System Responsiveness Questionnaire (MHSRQ) based on the WHO concept and evaluate its validity and reliability to the mental health care system in Iran.

    Design: In accordance with the WHO health system responsiveness questionnaire and the findings of a qualitative study, a Farsi version of the MHSRQ was tailored to suit the mental health system in Iran. This version was tested in a cross-sectional study at nine public mental health clinics in Tehran. A sample of 500 mental health services patients was recruited and subsequently completed the questionnaire. Item missing rate was used to check the feasibility while the reliability of the scale was determined by assessing the Cronbach's alpha and item total correlations. The factor structure of the questionnaire was investigated by performing confirmatory factor analysis (CFA).

    Results: The results showed a satisfactory feasibility since the item missing value was lower than 5.2%. With the exception of access domain, reliability of different domains of the questionnaire was within a desirable range. The factor loading showed an acceptable unidimentionality of the scale despite the fact that three items related to access did not perform well. The CFA also indicated good fit indices for the model (CFI = 0.99, GFI = 0.97, IFI = 0.99, AGFI = 0.97).

    Conclusions: In general, the findings suggest that the Farsi version of the MHSRQ is a feasible, reliable, and valid measure of the mental health system responsiveness in Iran. Changes to the questions related to the access domain should be considered in order to improve the psychometric properties of the measure.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Reliability and validity of a Mental Health System Responsiveness Questionnaire in Iran
  • 19.
    Forouzan, Setareh
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Avdelningen för medicin. Social Determinants of Health Research Centre, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Rafiey, Hassan
    Social Welfare Management Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Dejman, Masoumeh
    Department of Mental Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.
    San Sebastian, Miguel
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Measuring the mental health care system responsiveness: results of an outpatient survey in Tehran2016Inngår i: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 3, artikkel-id 285Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As explained by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2000, the concept of health system responsiveness is one of the core goals of health systems. Since 2000, further efforts have been made to measure health system responsiveness and the factors affecting responsiveness, yet few studies have applied responsiveness concepts to the evaluation of mental health systems. The present study aims to measure responsiveness and its related domains in the mental health-care system of Tehran. Utilizing the same method used by the WHO for its responsiveness survey, responsiveness for outpatient mental health care was evaluated using a validated Farsi questionnaire. A sample of 500 public mental health service users in Tehran participated and subsequently completed the questionnaire. On average, 47% of participants reported experiencing poor responsiveness. Among responsiveness domains, confidentiality and dignity were the best performing factors while autonomy, access to care, and quality of basic amenities were the worst performing. Respondents who reported their social status as low were more likely to experience poor responsiveness overall. Attention and access to care were responsiveness dimensions that performed poorly but were considered to be highly important by study participants. In summary, the study suggests that measuring responsiveness could provide guidance for further development of mental health-care systems to become more patient orientated and provide patients with more respect.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 20.
    Gebreselassie, Kirubel
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Epidemiology of Hypertension Stages in Two Countries in Sub-Sahara Africa: Factors Associated with Hypertension Stages2015Inngår i: International Journal of Hypertension, ISSN 2090-0384, E-ISSN 2090-0392, artikkel-id 959256Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies using the revised hypertension classification are needed to better understand epidemiology of hypertension across full distribution. The sociodemographic, biological, and health behavior characteristics associated with different stages of hypertension in Ghana and South Africa (SA) were studied using global ageing and adult health (SAGE), WAVE 1 dataset. Blood pressure was assessed for a total of 7545 respondents, 2980 from SA and 4565 from Ghana. Hypertension was defined using JNC7 blood pressure classification considering previous diagnosis and treatment. Multivariate multinomial logistic regression analysis using Stata version 12 statistical software was done to identify independent predictors. The weighted prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension in Ghana was 30.7% and 42.4%, respectively, and that of SA was 29.4% and 46%, respectively, showing high burden. After adjusting for the independent variables, only age (OR = 1.32, 95% CI: 1.14–1.53), income (OR = 1.9, 95% CI: 1.04–3.47), and BMI (OR = 1.16, 95% CI: 1.1–1.22) remained independent predictors for stage 1 hypertension in Ghana, while, for SA, age (OR = 2.27, 95% CI: 1.53–3.36), sex (OR = 0.28, 95% CI: 0.08–1), and BMI (OR = 1.15, 95% CI: 1.07–1.25) were found to be independent predictors of stage 1 hypertension. Healthy lifestyle changes and policy measures are needed to promptly address these predictors.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Mojgan, Padyab
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS).
    Sundqvist, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Wimelius, Malin E.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ögren, Kenneth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Avvisningar och utvisningar av ensamkommande flyktingbarn: om effektivitet, värdighet och barnens bästa från tjänstemäns och gode mäns perspektiv2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport tar sin utgångspunkt i den svenska regeringens ställningstagande att barn som inte anses ha skyddsbehov eller andra skäl att stanna i Sverige ska kunna återvända hem på värdiga sätt. Samma regering har dock också tydligt uttalat att antalet av- och utvisningar väsentligen ska öka i förhållande till tidigare år. Det är den potentiella spänningen mellan skarpa krav på effektivitet i av- och utvisningsärenden å ena sidan och kraven på värdighet, respekt för mänskliga rättigheter och barnets bästa å den andra, som undersöks i den här rapporten. Fokus ligger på hur centrala aktörer förhåller sig till och tolkar dessa krav och på vad deras respektive förhållningssätt och tolkningar betyder för samverkan dem emellan.

    Tre fallstudier i kommuner av varierande storlek belägna i de geografiskt åtskilda länen Västerbotten, Skåne och Värmland har genomförts. Fallstudierna bygger på totalt 49 intervjuer med handläggare på Migrationsverket, socialsekreterare, gode män, HVBpersonal och poliser – alla verksamma som centrala aktörer vid av- och utvisningar. I analysen av det insamlade materialet betraktas de professionella aktörerna (de gode männen undantagna) som gräsrotsbyråkrater med vida handlingsutrymmen. Det som undersöks är i vilken utsträckning de anser sig kunna omsätta de politiska målsättningarna om ökad effektivitet och bibehållen värdighet i praktiken. För att kunna analysera vad det är som utmärker samarbete och samverkan mellan aktörerna används teorier om interorganisatorisk samverkan.

    De huvudsakliga slutsatser som framkommit i rapporten är att uppfattningar om och förhållningssätt till det effektiva och värdiga återvändandet skiljer sig åt bland de olika aktörerna i Västerbotten, Skåne och Värmland. Aktörerna gör egna tolkningar av begreppen effektivitet och värdighet, i vilka mening skapas utifrån professionella erfarenheter, roller och uppdrag. De största skillnaderna i uppfattning och tolkning har återfunnits mellan aktörskategorierna, inte mellan de tre fallstudierna. Polis och Migrationsverk anser generellt att effektivitet och värdighet går att förena. Poliserna och tjänstemännen på Migrationsverket har jämfört med de andra aktörerna oftare ett uttalat legalt perspektiv och ser både värdighet och respekt för barnens mänskliga rättigheter som inbäddade i det juridiska ramverket. Socialsekreterare, HVB-personal och gode män anser däremot generellt att ett återvändande mot ett barns vilja inte någonsin kan bli värdigt. De är också mer benägna att se det som att Barnkonventionen i relation till utlänningslagen hamnar i underordnad ställning. Vissa likheter mellan aktörerna har också kunnat identifieras. Samtliga betonar gott bemötande, god kommunikation och tydlig information i relation till de barn som fått av- eller utvisningsbeslut.

    Aktörernas olika förhållningssätt får konsekvenser för deras samverkan. Överlag kan samverkan i samtliga undersökta kommuner beskrivas som begränsad, oklar, personberoende och utan gemensamma mål. Aktörerna uttrycker brist på tillit och många upplever en känsla av ensamhet i sina roller. Goda erfarenheter av samverkan finns visserligen men det är tydligt att skilda professionella normer, organisationskulturer, erfarenheter och perspektiv försvårar samverkan.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 22.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Sundqvist, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Eklund Wimelius, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ögren, Kenneth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    En resa med tvång: erfarenheter av avvisningar och utvisningar av ensamkommande asylsökande flyktingbarn2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 23.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lauritz, Lars Erik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Sundqvist, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Wimelius, Malin E.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ögren, Kenneth
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ensamkommande flyktingbarns återvändande: om förutsättningar samt centrala aktörers roller och ansvar2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 24.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Sundqvist, Johanna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Den psykiska hälsan hos poliser som arbetar i yttre tjänst i särskilt utsatta områden2021Inngår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 98, nr 2, s. 290-302Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikelns syfte är att belysa den psykiska hälsan hos svenska poliser som arbetar i yttre tjänst. Polisernas psykiska hälsa är ett viktigt forskningsområde med tanke på hur polisen arbetar i samhället. Att utföra enkla och svåra arbetsuppgifter ställer höga krav på polisens mentala processer. I den här artikeln uppmärksammar vi poliser i yttre tjänst som arbetar i särskilt utsatta områden i Stockholmregionen. Det självskattade frågeformuläret DSM-5 om psykisk hälsa har insamlats och analyserats med hjälp av beskrivande statistik. Resultatet visar att stigande ålder och att leva i en parrelation är skyddsfaktorer mot psykisk ohälsa hos dessa poliser.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 25.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Police stress in the swedish context: Development and psychometric properties of the police stress identification questionnaire2021Inngår i: Nordic Journal of Studies in Policing, E-ISSN 2703-7045, Vol. 8, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Policing is recognised as a stressful occupation. Stress is known to correlate with health problems. This study aimed to extend the available police stress measures and provide an instrument to measure the extent to which different stressors are perceived in general Swedish police work using the Police Stress Identification Questionnaire (PSIQ). The sample comprised patrolling police officers from 20 local police districts or units in all seven regions in Sweden (n=539). The 42 items of the PSIQ were analysed using exploratory factor analysis, and the factor structure was tested on the second random half of the data using confirmatory factor analysis. The final model comprised 40 items that were loaded on five factors. Future studies should focus on a broader range of stressors and on populations other than patrolling police officers.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 26.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Hansson, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Polisens stresshantering och hälsa2022Inngår i: Polisiärt arbete i utsatta områden: utmaningar och möjligheter / [ed] Mehdi Ghazinour; Malin Eriksson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, 1, s. 267-283Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Lauritz, Lars-Erik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Richter, Jörg
    University of Hull, Hull, UK.
    Personality and mental health changes throughout the course of university police training in Sweden2019Inngår i: Nordisk Politiforskning, E-ISSN 1894-8693, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 7-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Police trainees have to be prepared for future job demands and challenges. Personality plays an important role in stress management. The first assessment of a longitudinal investigation was conducted among 103 Swedish police trainees to study their personality changes and mental health responses in first two weeks after intake. Fifty-two of these trainees, who participated in the second assessment, were included in the analysis. The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was used to measure personality, and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) was used to measure mental health. A multiple regression analysis was performed with personality scores from the first assessment as independent variables and SCL-90-R scores as dependent variables. Over two years, minor changes were found in the police trainees’ personality characteristics, which seemingly fit the demands of policing and are potentially valuable in the trainees’ future careers. Personality characteristics are predictors of mental health at the end of university training.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 28.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet. Umea University.
    Rostami, Arian
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS). Umea University.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Eklund Wimelius, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Are the problems and motives clear enough?: A study on the placement of unaccompanied asylum-seeking minors at compulsory care institutions in Sweden2021Inngår i: The Journal of Refugee Studies, ISSN 0951-6328, E-ISSN 1471-6925, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 1675-1694Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish National Board of Institutional Care (SNBIC) is an independent governmental agency that provides compulsory care for minors with psychosocial problems, criminal behavior, and substance abuse. During recent years, a noticeable number of the youth placed at compulsory care institutions have been asylum-seeking minors who have arrived in Sweden without parents or guardians. This steady increase in placements has raised questions and concerns among the involved actors regarding the motives and needs underlying these placements. This qualitative study investigates the main motives that lead unaccompanied asylum-seeking minors to be placed at SNBIC residential homes and the problems that are to be solved during their placement, according to social workers and SNBIC staff. The study is based on 28 in-depth interviews with social workers and SNBIC staff. Findings indicate clear disagreement between social workers and SNBIC staff with regard to the motives for placing unaccompanied minors at SNBIC homes. Although the social workers and SNBIC staff explain that most of the unaccompanied youth placed at SNBIC homes have some form of criminal behavior or substance abuse, SNBIC staff believe, in some cases, the problem is not sufficiently serious to warrant compulsory care. As these disagreements and misunderstandings between the actors have an impact on their collaboration and, consequently, the situation of the unaccompanied minors, all attempts to reach a consensus on the leading causes for placement and the problems that need to be solved with SNBIC placement would increase security for both the young people and the relevant staff.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29.
    Grahn, Robert
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Lundgren, Lena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Center for Addictions Research and Services, Boston University School of Social Work, USA.
    Chassler, Deborah
    Center for Addictions Research and Services, Boston University School of Social Work, USA.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Repeated entries to the Swedish addiction compulsory care system: A national register database study2015Inngår i: Evaluation and Program Planning, ISSN 0149-7189, E-ISSN 1873-7870, Vol. 49, s. 163-171Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study identified and described specific client groups who have repeated entries to the Swedish addiction compulsory care system. Specifically, through the use of baseline data from the Swedish government Staten’s Institutions Styrelse (SiS) database, for 2658 individuals who were assessed at their compulsory care intake interview by social workers in the national social welfare system between 2001 and 2009 the study identified the associations between specific predisposing, enabling and need characteristics and repeated addiction compulsory care entries. The logistic regression model identified that individuals whose children have been mandated to the child welfare system, who have experienced prior compulsory care including compulsory treatment through LVU (law (1990:52) with specific provision about care of young people under 18), and those who have been in prison are more likely to have two or more entries in the addiction compulsory care system compared to their counterparts. Individuals who have been mandated to compulsory care for their substance use disorder two or more times have significant multiple complex problems and repeated experiences of institutionalization. These individuals are a group in need of a well-coordinated and integrated system of aftercare services to reduce the likelihood of re-entry into addiction compulsory care. 

  • 30.
    Grahn, Robert
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    The predictability of the Addiction Severity Index criminal justice assessment instrument and future imprisonment: a Swedish registry study with a national sample of adults with risky substance use2020Inngår i: Drug And Alcohol Dependence, ISSN 0376-8716, E-ISSN 1879-0046, Vol. 217, artikkel-id 108396Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: In Sweden, social workers uses the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) as their main assessment tool when assessing individuals with risky substance use (RSU) or substance use disorder. The aim of this study is to identify among individuals with RSU, the associations of ASI Composite Scores (CSs) with future imprisonment controlling for age, education level and gender.

    Method: Baseline ASI-data was merged with national registry data on prison sentences (2003–2016). Cox regression was used to estimate the associations between CSs for alcohol, drugs other than alcohol, legal, family and social relationships, employment, mental- and physical health and future imprisonment for adults (n = 14,914) assessed for RSU.

    Results: The regression showed that all ASI CSs, age, education level and gender were significantly associated with imprisonment post ASI base-line assessment. The variables with the strongest association with imprisonment were ASI legal CS, followed by ASI drugs other than alcohol CS, ASI employment CS and being a male. ASI legal score showed the strongest association with imprisonment, with a 6 time increase in likelihood of imprisonment.

    Discussion: Given the findings in this study, the strong significant association between ASI legal CS and future imprisonment, it seems as that the ASI-assessment instrument is a reliable and trustworthy assessment tool to use in clinical work. This should motivate social workers and other clinical health professionals to use and rely on the ASI assessment in their intervention planning for clients with RSU, to hopefully reduce future imprisonment and improve their social situation.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 31.
    Grahn, Robert
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Hall, Taylor
    Lundgren, Lena
    University of Denver Graduate School of Social Work, Denver, Colorado, USA.
    The Associations between Risky Psychosocial Environment, Substance Addiction Severity and Imprisonment: A Swedish Registry Study2020Inngår i: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 55, nr 5, s. 697-706Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Both childhood and adult psychosocial stressors have been identified as links to both increased risk for substance use disorder (SUD) and increased risk of imprisonment. The aim of this retrospective study is to identify, for a sample of 14,914 adults who all were assessed for risky substance use or a SUD, the importance of having a history of psychosocial stressors compared to current addiction severity. The analyses control for age, gender and education on the likelihood of future imprisonment. 

    Method: Baseline Addiction Severity Index data (ASI) were merged with national registry data on prison sentences from 2003 to 2016. In the analysis, a Cox regression was used to study the association between independent variables and the likelihood of future imprisonment. 

    Results: In the regression, five variables showed significant association to increased risk of imprisonment: ASI drugs other than alcohol Composite Score (positive relationship), ASI alcohol Composite Score (negative relationship), age (younger), education (lower) and parental problems with drugs other than alcohol. The factor with strongest association with imprisonment was the ASI drugs other than alcohol Composite Score, which showed the highest HR = 10.63 (3.50–32.31) for women and HR = 5.52 (3.77–8.08) for men to predict the likelihood of imprisonment. 

    Discussion: Research is needed on why individuals with history of psychosocial stressors have a higher likelihood of imprisonment compared to their counterparts. Findings indicate that a high ASI Composite Score for drugs other than alcohol are strong predictors of future criminality and criminal justice system involvement.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Grahn, Robert
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Lundgren, Lena
    University of Denver Graduate School of Social Work, USA.
    Associations between a risky psychosocial childhood and recurrent addiction compulsory care as adult2020Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 54-68Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Treatment for substance use disorder (SUD), results, in general, in improvements in terms of both drug use and social functioning. However, there are clients who are in need of repeated treatment. The aim of this retrospective study was to identify, for adults in compulsory care for severe SUD, the association between reporting having experienced a risky psychosocial childhood and repeated entries into the Swedish compulsory care system for SUD.

    Method: Hierarchical logistic regression and mediation analysis methods were used to analyse data from the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care (SiS) database. The sample included 2719 adults assessed at their compulsory care intake. The study examined the association between history of institutional care, family with SUD or psychiatric problem and repeated compulsory care entries as an adult controlling for main drug, age and gender.

    Results: In the regression model the factor with the strongest association with repeated compulsory care intakes for SUD, was as a child having been in mandated institutional care (OR = 2.0 (1.60–2.51)). The proportion of the total effect that is mediated through LVU (law (1990:52) the care of young persons (special provisions) act) was 33% for SUD problems in family during childhood, 44% for psychiatric problems in family during childhood, and 38% for having been in foster care.

    Conclusion: Having been in mandated institutional care as a youth was strongly associated with repeated compulsory care for SUD as an adult. This is concerning since receipt of services as a child is supposed to mediate against the consequences of risky childhood conditions. These adults, as a group, are in need of a well-coordinated and integrated system of extensive aftercare services to reduce the likelihood of re-entry into compulsory care for an SUD.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Grahn, Robert
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Lundgren, Lena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    The importance of risky psychosocial childhood for repeated addiction compulsory care as adultManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Treatment for substance use disorder (SUD), results, in general, in improvements in terms of both drug use and social functioning. However, there are clients who are in need of repeated treatment. The aim of this retrospective study is to identify, for adults in compulsory care for severe SUD, the association between and reporting have experienced a risky psychosocial childhood and repeated entries into the Swedish compulsory care system for SUD.

    Method: Hierarchical logistic regression and mediation analysis methods were used to analyze data from the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care (SiS) database. The sample included 2719 adults assessed at their compulsory care intake. The study examined the association between history of institutional care, family with SUD or psychiatric problem and repeated compulsory care entries as adult controlling for main drug, age and gender.

    Results: In the regression model the factor with the strongest association with repeated compulsory care intakes for SUD, was that as a child having been in mandated institutional care (OR=2.0 (1.60-2.51)). The proportion of the total effect that is mediated through LVU was 33% for SUD problems in family during childhood, 44% for psychiatric problems in family during childhood, and 38% for having been in foster care.

    Conclusion: Having been in mandated institutional care as a youth was strongly associated with repeated compulsory care for SUD as an adult. This is concerning since receipt of services as a child is supposed to mediate against the consequences of risky childhood conditions. These adults, as a group are in need of a well-coordinated and integrated system of extensive after care services to reduce the likelihood of re-entryinto compulsory care for an SUD.

  • 34. Hadaegh, Farzad
    et al.
    Ghasemi, Asghar
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Tohidi, Maryam
    Azizi, Fereidoun
    The metabolic syndrome and incident diabetes: Assessmentof alternative definitions of the metabolic syndrome in anIranian urban population2008Inngår i: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, ISSN 0168-8227, E-ISSN 1872-8227Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: To compare the ability of definitions of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) in the predictionof type 2 diabetes.Methods: We examined 4756 subjects in an Iranian population who were non-diabetic atbaseline. After 3.6 years, 188 individuals developed diabetes.Results: Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and MetS definitions predicted type 2 diabetes withodds ratios ranging from 3.7 to 11.9 (all P < 0.05) although IGT had the highest area under thereceiver operator characteristic (aROC) curve than all the MetS definitions. Reduction ofglucose in the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) definition of the MetSincreased diabetes prediction, but adding the family history of diabetes did not changeaROC curves. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definition had the highest sensitivityand false positive rate (72.2 and 35.1%, respectively) and the WHO definition had thelowest ones (54.8 and 9.2%, respectively) for predicting diabetes. The positive predictivevalues of all definitions were low (8.6–19.7%) but their negative predictive values werearound 98%.Conclusions: In Iranian population, the MetS was inferior to IGT for predicting type 2diabetes. The NCEP definition of the MetS with reduced level of glucose (not includingthe family history of diabetes) and IDF definition predicted type 2 diabetes at least as well asWHO definition.

  • 35.
    Hansson, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    The Swedish Police Service's deportations of unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children: The role of coping and general mental health2017Inngår i: Cogent Psychology, E-ISSN 2331-1908, Vol. 4, nr 1, artikkel-id 1355629Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children (UARC) coming to Sweden has increased 100 times during the last ten years. If children do not voluntarily return, the police are responsible for deportation. This study aims to describe police officers’ coping in the deportation of UARC and to investigate the associations between coping and general mental health in relation to the deportation of UARC among police officers by considering sociodemographic variables. Validity and reliability analyses were conducted for the use of the Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WOCQ) in the context of UARC. Mental health was assessed using the General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ-12). The GHQ-12 was the outcome (dependent variable), and the experience of deportations of UARC, the WOCQ and sociodemographic variables were the independent variables. A 5-factor structure with some important similarities and differences to the original version was confirmed. This study shows that the police officers utilize different coping strategies in the same complex situations during the deportation of UARC. The use of escape-avoidance and self-control increased the likelihood of psychological disturbance, whereas positive reappraisal had a protective effect. This research also demonstrates that coping strategies have a moderating effect on general mental health in police officers’ work with the deportations of UARC. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 36.
    Hansson, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Hurtig, Anna-Karin
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lauritz, Lars-Erik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Swedish Police Officers' Job Strain, Work-Related Social Support and General Mental Health2017Inngår i: Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, ISSN 0882-0783, E-ISSN 1936-6469, Vol. 32, nr 2, s. 128-137Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the association between psychosocial job characteristics and general mental health among police officers and the extent to which social support at work plays a role in this association. The findings are based on a cross-sectional survey. A written questionnaire was assessed by 714 police officers volunteered to participate in the study. The participants completed a series of validated instruments assessing job demand, control and social support at work (JDCS); general mental health (GHQ); and sociodemographic characteristics. High job strain was associated with low levels of work-related social support. Moreover, poor mental health was associated with low levels of work-related social support, active work and high job strain. The joint effect of high job strain and low levels of work-related social support had a significant effect on poor mental health. Work-related social support buffered job strain to some extent. Workforce health promotion policies should attempt to reduce job strain and emphasise the importance of work-related social support. Knowledge about police officers' general mental health and policymakers' support for police officers may have positive effects on the performance of the police force.

  • 37.
    Hansson, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    How the availability and adequacy of social support affect the general mental health of Swedish police officers2023Inngår i: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 14, artikkel-id 1196320Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Police work is stressful. A protective function against work stress and harm to mental health is social support, either within or outside work. This cross-sectional study analyzes the associations of quantitative (availability) and qualitative (adequacy) aspects of social support with general mental health among Swedish police officers. A total of 728 officers responded to a national survey. Bivariate analyses (t-test and chi square) identified continuous and categorical variables (respectively) statistically significantly associated with sex and social support. Pearson correlation coefficient was provided to indicate the associations between general mental health and different types of social support. Sex-stratified logistic regression modeling calculated crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) and assessed the relationships between different types of social support, sociodemographic variables and general mental health. The findings show that low adequacy of attachment is associated with poorer mental health among female officers, although female officers also reported higher availability of both social interaction and attachment compared to male officers. We found an association between low work-related social support and poorer mental health among single male police officers. Moreover, police officers who worked shifts, were younger, had less work experience, and/or had no children reported higher availability of attachment, whereas older police officers reported higher adequacy of social interaction compared to younger police officers. Variation in the quantity and quality of close social relationships seems to be important to mental health. Police organizations need to be aware of this in their efforts to make the work environment more supportive. Social support might create an environment where officers feel more comfortable discussing their mental health concerns and seeking assistance. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 38. He, Amy S.
    et al.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Sedivy, Jennifer A.
    Lundgren, Lena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Graduate School of Social Work, University of Denver, Denver, CO, USA.
    A Swedish national study: Immigrant-country of birth status and child welfare compulsory care among a sample of parents with risky substance use2020Inngår i: International Journal of Child Abuse & Neglect, ISSN 0145-2134, E-ISSN 1873-7757, Vol. 101, artikkel-id 104316Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sweden has a high percentage of foreign-born residents (18.5 %) and one of the highest overdose death rates in Europe. For immigrant parents with risky substance use (RSU), risk factors associated with immigration status (e.g., economic strain and psychological stress) potentially heightening the risk of involvement with the child welfare system (CWS). Using Swedish registry national data, this study explored the relationship between immigration-country of birth status, psychosocial risk factors, and child compulsory care for parents with RSU.

    Methods: Study sample consisted of 5932 parents from 65 Swedish municipalities assessed for psychosocial problems (including alcohol and drug use) using the Addiction Severity Index (2007–2017). Stepwise multinomial logistic regression models examined the relationship between immigration-country of birth status (Swedish born, Nordic-born, and non-Nordic born), psychosocial problems, and compulsory care in the CWS.

    Results: Compared to Swedish-born parents, parents not born in Sweden, Norway, Denmark or Finland (non-Nordic born parents) had a lower probability of children living in compulsory care (family homes or institutions). However, after accounting for psychosocial problems, immigration status was no longer significantly associated with children’s living arrangements.

    Conclusions: Study findings indicate that parental immigrant status (even among parents dealing with RSU) in itself is not a risk factor for compulsory care in the CWS. Moreover, parental employment and health problems posed greater risk for children being in compulsory care. Receipt of targeted services for employment and health problems may help to maintain stable child living arrangements for immigrant parents dealing with RSU.

  • 39.
    Jacobsson, Ann
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Backteman-Erlandson, Susanne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Egan Sjölander, Annika
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Brulin, Christine
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Burnout and association with psychosocial work environment among Swedish firefighters2017Inngår i: Global Journal of Health Science, ISSN 1916-9736, E-ISSN 1916-9744, Vol. 9, nr 5, s. 214-225Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Firefighters are exposed to traumatic and stressful psychosocial and physical strain in their work, and thus they are considered to be a group at high risk of burnout. The aim of this study was to investigate burnout (emotional exhaustion (EE) and depersonalization (DP) among Swedish female and male firefighters and to examine the gender-stratified relationship between psychosocial work environment and burnout when considering the moderating effect of coping strategies among Swedish firefighters. The overall mean values of both EE and DP were notably low in comparison with the general population in Sweden. We found that psychosocial work environment factors increase the risk of burnout among male firefighters. Among men, EE was associated with high demands and lack of social support in work. The association was also confirmed with DP as the outcome and lack of good leadership as the exposure among men. However, among female firefighters the association between psychosocial work environment factors and burnout failed to appear. Among women, EE and DP were only associated with the coping strategy Psychological distancing (PDi). A negative association with DP and the coping strategy Positive Reappraisal (PRe) was also found among women. Regardless of the result from the regression analyses, we must consider that the majority of the female and male firefighters in our study had low scores on the outcome variables EE and DP. Future studies should explore female and male firefighters' context and possible health-protecting environment.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 40.
    Jemberie, Wossenseged Birhane
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). The Swedish National Graduate School on Aging and Health (SWEAH), Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    McCarty, Dennis
    School of Public Health, Oregon Health & Science University-Portland State University, Portland, OR, United States.
    Lundgren, Lena M.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Cross-National Behavioral Health Laboratory, Graduate School of Social Work, University of Denver, Denver, CO, United States.
    Hospital admission rate, cumulative hospitalized days, and time to admission among older persons with substance use and psychiatric conditions2022Inngår i: Frontiers in Psychiatry, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 13, artikkel-id 882542Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Substance use among older persons occurs with medical and psychiatric comorbidities. This study examined the associations of substance use disorder (SUD), psychiatric, and dual diagnoses with 12-month cumulative hospitalized days, hospital admission rate and number of days to first hospitalization.

    Methods: The cohort of 3,624 individuals (28.2% women) aged 50 years or older was assessed for substance use severity in 65 Swedish municipalities during March 2003–May 2017. Addiction Severity Index data were linked to hospital discharge records and crime statistics. The outcomes were (a) 12-month cumulative hospitalized days; (b) Hospital admission rate, and (c) days to first hospitalization. Generalized linear regression techniques investigated associations between outcomes and SUD, psychiatric and dual diagnoses at admission.

    Results: During 2003–2017, 73.5% of the participants were hospitalized. Twelve-month hospitalized days were positively associated with SUD (Incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 1.41, 95%CI: 1.26–1.58), dual diagnosis (IRR = 2.03, 95%CI: 1.74–2.36), and psychiatric diagnoses (IRR = 2.51, 95%CI: 2.09–3.01). Hospital admission rate was positively associated with SUD (IRR = 4.67, 95%CI: 4.28–5.08), dual diagnosis (IRR = 1.83, 95%CI: 1.64–2.04), and psychiatric diagnoses (IRR = 1.73, 95%CI: 1.55–1.92). Days to first hospitalization were negatively associated with SUD (IRR = 0.52, 95%CI: 0.47–0.58), dual diagnosis (IRR = 0.57, 95%CI: 0.50–0.65), and psychiatric diagnoses (IRR = 0.83, 95%CI: 0.73–0.93). The marginal effects of SUD and/or mental disorders increased with age for all outcomes, except for days to first hospitalization.

    Conclusion: Three of four older persons assessed for substance use severity were later hospitalized. Substance use disorders, dual diagnoses and other mental disorders were the primary reasons for hospitalization and were associated with longer stays, earlier hospitalization, and repeated admissions. Sensitizing service providers to old age substance use and sharing data across the care continuum could provide multiple points of contact to reduce the risk of hospitalizations among older persons with problematic substance use.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 41.
    Jemberie, Wossenseged Birhane
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). The Swedish National Graduate School on Aging and Health (SWEAH), Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    McCarty, Dennis
    Oregon Health and Science UniversityPortland State University, School of Public Health, Portland, OR, USA.
    Lundgren, Lena M.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Cross-National Behavioral Health Laboratory, Graduate School of Social Work, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado, USA.
    Recurrent risk of hospitalization among older persons with problematic alcohol use: a multiple failure‐time analysis with a discontinuous risk model2022Inngår i: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, Vol. 117, nr 9, s. 2415-2430Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and Aims: Older persons with problematic alcohol use vary in psychosocial functioning, age of onset for problem drinking and use of other drugs. The study measured the differential risks of all-cause, alcohol, polydrug and psychiatric-related repeated hospitalizations among older persons with problematic alcohol use.

    Design: A linked register-based cohort study with discontinuous multiple-failure (time-to-repeated-event) data. Hospitalization and mortality were considered as failure.

    Setting: Sweden, March 2003-November 2017, using data from the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) register linked to National Inpatient Register and the Swedish Cause of Death Register.

    Participants: 50 years and older (n= 1741; 28% women), with one or more alcohol problem days in the 30 days before an ASI assessment.

    Measurements: Five mutually exclusive latent classes of problematic alcohol use, identified with eleven ASI items, were the independent variables: “Late Onset with Fewer Consequence (LO:FC; reference group)”; “Early Onset/Prevalent Multi-Dimensional problems (EO:MD)”; “Late Onset with co-occurring Anxiety and Depression (LO:AD)”; “Early Onset with co-occurring Psychiatric Problems (EO:PP)”; and “Early Onset with major Alcohol Problem (EO:AP)”. Covariates included sociodemographic characteristics, previous hospitalization and Elixhauser comorbidity index. Outcome measurements included recurrent hospitalization, and/or mortality due to: (a) all-cause, (b) alcohol-related disorders and diseases (c) polydrug use (d) other psychiatric disorders.

    Findings: During the study period, 73.2% were hospitalized at least once, 57.3% were alcohol-related, 8.5% polydrug use and 18.5% psychiatric-related diagnoses. Compared with LO:FC, EO:PP had higher risk for all-cause (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]= 1.27, 95% confidence interval [CI]= 1.02—1.59) and alcohol-related (aHR= 1.34, 95% CI= 1.02—1.75) hospitalizations. Adjusted risks for polydrug-related hospitalization were 2.55, 95%CI= 1.04—6.27 for EO:MD and 2.62, 95%CI= 1.07—6.40 for EO:PP. Adjusted risk for psychiatric-related hospitalization was higher for LO:AD (aHR= 1.78, 95%CI= 1.16—2.73 and EO:PP (aHR= 2.03, 95%CI= 1.22—3.38).

    Conclusions: Older addiction service users in Sweden have varying risks of hospitalization due to alcohol use, polydrug use and psychiatric disorders. Older persons with problematic alcohol use who have multiple needs and are assessed in social services may benefit from earlier interventions with an integrated focus on substance use and mental health.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42.
    Jemberie, Wossenseged Birhane
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Snellman, Fredrik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Studying the trajectories and mediators of old-age problematic alcohol use and the agency of older persons2023Dataset
    Abstract [en]

    Unit of analysis: Individual

    Population: Older people aged between 61 and 73 years who have sought treatment for alcohol at a specialist outpatient clinic in a metropolitan city in Sweden.

    Time Method: Cross-section

    Sampling procedure: Non-probability: Purposive

    The study participants were purposefully recruited from a specialist outpatient alcohol treatment clinic located in a Swedish metropolitan city. To be eligible for the study, participants had to be 55 years or older, had to self-report a history of problematic alcohol use and treatment for alcohol use after the age of 50. Individuals who were unable or unwilling to provide informed consent or participate in the interview via Zoom, Skype, or telephone were excluded from the study.

    Time period(s) investigated: 2021-12 – 2022-04

    Number of individuals/objects: 10

    Data format / data structure: Text

  • 43.
    Jemberie, Wossenseged Birhane
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Snellman, Fredrik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Lundgren, Lena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. The Cross-National Behavioral Health Laboratory; Graduate School of Social Work, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado.
    A Multidimensional Latent Class Analysis of Harmful Alcohol Use Among Older Adults: Subtypes Within the Swedish Addiction Severity Index Registry2020Inngår i: Journal of addiction medicine, ISSN 1932-0620, E-ISSN 1935-3227, Vol. 14, nr 4, s. e89-e99Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The present study aimed to identify multidimensional typologies of harmful alcohol use based on the Swedish Addiction Severity Index (ASI) assessment data on individuals aged 50 years and above.

    Methods: Latent class analysis examined 11 indicators from ASI data on 1747 individuals (men = 1255, women = 492) who reported they were troubled by alcohol problem at least one day in the past 30 days before their assessment. The discriminative validity of the classes was assessed by comparing other measures of individual characteristics and problem severity of other ASI dimensions.

    Results: Five subtypes of harmful alcohol use were identified. Two classes with alcohol problems varying in psychosocial functioning, age composition and ages of onset of both regular and heavy drinking. Two with psychiatric comorbidity but varying in violence, criminality, gender composition and ages of onset of regular and heavy drinking. One with high prevalence of concurrent use of other substances, psychiatric, legal, and employment problems.

    Conclusions: The analysis identified, in a national sample, heterogeneous risk groups of older adults with harmful alcohol use. These findings suggest a need for healthcare providers to assess older adults not only for their substance use but also for associated problems and needs. Given these findings, the Addiction Severity Index is a valuable assessment tool for older adults with harmful alcohol use.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 44.
    Jemberie, Wossenseged Birhane
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Snellman, Fredrik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Lundgren, Lena
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Graduate School of Social Work, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado.
    Alcohol subtypes in older adults: A multidimensional Latent Class Analysis of harmful alcohol use among oder adults: Subtypes within the Swedish addiction severity index registry2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 45.
    Jemberie, Wossenseged Birhane
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). The Swedish National Graduate School for Competitive Science on Ageing and Health (SWEAH), Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Stewart Williams, Jennifer
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Research Centre for Generational Health and Ageing, Faculty of Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Grönlund, Ann-Sofie
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ng, Nawi
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Blom Nilsson, Marcus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Priest, Kelsey Caroline
    MD/PhD Program, School of Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, United States.
    Sandlund, Mikael
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för klinisk vetenskap, Psykiatri.
    Snellman, Fredrik
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    McCarty, Dennis
    Oregon Health & Science University- Portland State University, School of Public Health, Portland, OR, United States.
    Lundgren, Lena M.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Cross-National Behavioral Health Laboratory, Graduate School of Social Work, University of Denver, Denver, CO, United States.
    Substance Use Disorders and COVID-19: Multi-Faceted Problems Which Require Multi-Pronged Solutions2020Inngår i: Frontiers in Psychiatry, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 11, artikkel-id 714Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    COVID-19 shocked health and economic systems leaving millions of people without employment and safety nets. The pandemic disproportionately affects people with substance use disorders (SUDs) due to the collision between SUDs and COVID-19. Comorbidities and risk environments for SUDs are likely risk factors for COVID-19. The pandemic, in turn, diminishes resources that people with SUD need for their recovery and well-being. This article presents an interdisciplinary and international perspective on how COVID-19 and the related systemic shock impact on individuals with SUDs directly and indirectly. We highlight a need to understand SUDs as biopsychosocial disorders and use evidence-based policies to destigmatize SUDs. We recommend a suite of multi-sectorial actions and strategies to strengthen, modernize and complement addiction care systems which will become resilient and responsive to future systemic shocks similar to the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 46.
    Karp, Staffan
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Kohlström, Kirsi
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Police students' values of enduring and emerging competence areas in police education2020Inngår i: The Making of a Police Officer: Comparative Perspectives on Police Education and Recruitment / [ed] Tore Bjorgo and Marie-Louise Damen, Routledge, 2020, 1, s. 143-169Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 47.
    Kohlström, Kirsi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Policy ideals for a reformed education: How police students value new and enduring content in a time of change2017Inngår i: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 29, nr 7/8, s. 524-536Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose This study aims to examine how subgroups within a cohort of Swedish police students value different types of curricula content (i.e. new competencies versus enduring ones) in the context of the currently transforming landscape of basic police training.

    Design/methodology/approach Drawing on a Swedish national survey (N = 369), the study examined variations in how students value new versus enduring police curricula content based on sociodemographic factors. Specifically, factors such as student age and gender and the institutional arrangements of education were tested using an independent t test.

    Findings The study identified differences in values based on gender. Female students valued competencies such as communication, flexibility, diversity and decisiveness as more important in an educational setting than did males. Fewer differences were found in relation to institutional arrangement, and in-house students valued flexibility and communication skill as more important for educational curricula compared to university-based students. No differences were found in relation to age.

    Originality/value This study adds knowledge to the question of how changes in occupational education policy develop in practice. More specifically, the study explored how students in educational programmes value new versus enduring competencies and whether differences can be identified based on sociodemographic factors. These questions are important because they expose sociodemographic conditions that influence how students value policy-driven skills versus enduring ones.

  • 48.
    Kohlström, Kirsi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Rantatalo, Oscar
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Policy Ideals for a Reformed Education: Police Students' Occupational Attitudes in a Time of Change2015Inngår i: 9th International Conference on Researching Work and Learning: 9-11 December 2015, School of the Arts Singapore, 2015, s. 1-15Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines discrepancies between educational objectives expressed in police vocational education policy and police recruits' views on knowledge and anticipatory occupational expectations. From a global perspective, police institutions in many countries are currently undergoing substantial professional reorientations in light of societal developments such as transforming demographics, increased societal diversity, changing public demands on police service delivery and crime patterns that are increasingly transnational and globalised. In sum, these developments have been suggested to be leading to increased complexity in the police's fulfilment of their professional obligations and new demands on police professional knowledge. In the context of police education, these shifts are visible on a policy level wherein experiential approaches to policing are increasingly substituted for problem-oriented and evidence-based policing which builds on theory, evaluation and utilisation of research. On the level of police educational curricula, traditional subjects, such as law enforcement, investigation and crime control, are increasingly complemented with subjects such as cultural awareness, communication and gender and diversity training. Given these broad developments, the present study investigates how the uptake of new educational ideas and practices is perceived by students undergoing police education. Previous research has put forth that educational content at variance with the occupational practices and culture of the police runs a considerable risk of being disapproved by police recruits and by extension has little or no impact on student learning. Drawing on a Swedish national survey (n=369) targeting Swedish police students in their fourth term of police education, the present paper investigates discrepancies between policy objectives and students attitudes towards 'new' subjects. The survey measures students values and attitudes towards different areas of police educational content. The results indicate that skill areas such as communication, flexibility and diversity are considered more important to emphasise in education by female students than male students. Based on the results, the authors discuss how ideas regarding policing which are promoted on a policy level may influence the development of new kinds of skills in police practice. Discrepancies between official rhetoric and police educational practice are discussed in terms of how such gaps may counteract the development of new kinds of expertise and knowledge within the occupational community of the police.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 49. Koocheka, Afsaneh
    et al.
    Mirmiran, Parvin
    Azizi, Tohid
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Endocrine Research Center, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, I.R. Iran.
    Johansson, Sven-Erik
    Karlström, Brita
    Azizi, Fereidoun
    Sundquist, Jan
    Is migration to Sweden associated with increased prevalenceof risk factors for cardiovascular disease?2008Inngår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation, ISSN 1741-8267, E-ISSN 1741-8275, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 78-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Bakground: The proportion of elderly immigrants in Sweden is increasing. This is an important issue considering that theprevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a global health problem and that CVD is one of the main causes of morbidityamong the elderly. The aim of this study is to analyze whether there is an association between migration status, that isbeing an elderly Iranian immigrant in Sweden, as compared with being an elderly Iranian in Iran, and the prevalence of riskfactors for CVD.Design Population-based cross-sectional study with face-to-face interviews.Participants and setting A total of 176 Iranians in Stockholm and 300 Iranians in Tehran, aged 60–84 years.

    Methods: The prevalence of general obesity, abdominal obesity, hypertension, smoking, and diabetes was determined.Unconditional logistic regression analysis was used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) foroutcomes.

    Results: The age-adjusted risk of hypertension and smoking was higher in Iranian women and men in Sweden. OR forhypertension was 1.9 (95% CI: 1.1–3.2) for women and 3.1 (95% CI: 1.5–6.3) for men and OR for smoking was 6.9 (95% CI:2.2–21.6) for women and 4.7 (95% CI: 2.0–11.0) for men. The higher risk for hypertension and smoking remained significantafter accounting for age, socioeconomic status, and marital status. Abdominal obesity was found in nearly 80% of thewomen in both groups.

    Conclusion: The findings show a strong association between migration status and the prevalence of hypertension andsmoking. Major recommendation for public health is increased awareness of CVD risk factors among elderlyimmigrants

  • 50.
    Larsson, Ellinor
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Larsson Lund, Maria
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet/Enheten för Arbetsterapi.
    Nilsson, Ingeborg
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Arbetsterapi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Effects of a social Internet-based intervention programme for older adults: An explorative randomized crossover study2016Inngår i: British Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 0308-0226, E-ISSN 1477-6006, Vol. 79, nr 10, s. 629-636Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Restraints and changes in social activities might contribute to loneliness and health decline for older adults. To reduce loneliness and support activities, social internet-based interventions are indicated to be effective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a social internet-based intervention for older adults who are vulnerable to loneliness.

    Method: An explorative, randomised, crossover study with an AB/BA sequence was completed. The intervention was conducted over a period of three months. Thirty participants were included (24 women and six men, 61-89 years old) and allocated to two groups. Data were collected at three time points. The primary outcome was the UCLA loneliness scale, and the secondary outcomes were satisfaction with social contacts and social interaction skills. Statistical analyses were conducted with the paired t-test, Wilcoxon's signed-rank test and repeated-measures analysis of variance.

    Results: Loneliness was significantly decreased in both groups post intervention, and satisfaction with social contacts online significantly increased in one group. Significant treatment effects were detected for all outcomes.

    Conclusion: The results of the social internet-based intervention programme are promising, but further evaluations are needed

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