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  • 1.
    Adolfsson, Maja
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Upward wage mobility of low-wage workers: The role of trade unions2023Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    While previous studies have demonstrated the disadvantages of workers who get stuck in low-wage employment, more knowledge is needed about the institutions that facilitate getting better-paid jobs. This paper examines the role of trade unions, taking a cross-country comparative perspective. It uses data on 29 European countries from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions and multilevel modelling techniques. The results suggest that stronger trade unions improve chances for upward wage mobility among low-wage workers. We also find differential effects across population subgroups, with larger benefits among better educated employees and workers in the prime-age. 

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  • 2.
    Adolfsson, Maja
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Lundmark, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Temporary employment, employee representation, and employer-paid training: a comparative analysis2022Ingår i: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 38, nr 5, s. 785-798Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the moderating role of employee representation on the chances of receiving employer-paid training among temporary and permanent workers from a cross-country, comparative perspective. The impact of employee representation is considered at the individual level and at the country level. The statistical analyses are performed using data from the 2015 European Working Conditions Survey and multilevel modelling. Our results suggest that temporary workers receive less employer-paid training than permanent workers. Access to employee representation increases workers' access to employer-paid training, regardless of contract type. At the country level, we found that the training-related benefits from union coverage are larger for permanent than for temporary workers. Our findings suggest that employee representation in the workplace could operate as an equalizer between temporary and permanent workers; while at the country level, the lobbying effect of union coverage is more beneficial for permanent workers. 

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  • 3.
    Baranowska, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Changing patterns of entry into employment and motherhood in Poland: a cross cohort comparison2011Ingår i: Youth on globalised labour markets: rising uncertainty and its effects on early employment and family lives in Europe / [ed] Blossfeld H-P, Bertolini S, Hofäcker D, Barbara Budrich Publishers , 2011Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 4.
    Baranowska, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Decyzje kobiet u progu wejścia w dorosłość: inwestycja w karierę zawodową czy rodzinną? Rola kapitału ludzkiego i uwarunkowań instytucjonalnych2007Ingår i: Strukturalne i kulturowe uwarunkowania aktywności zawodowej kobiet w polsce. / [ed] Irena E Kotowska, Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 5.
    Baranowska, Anna
    Warsaw School of Economics.
    Decyzje prokreacyjne: preferencje a realizacja2007Ingår i: Aktywność zawodowa i edukacyjna a obowiązki rodzinne w Polsce w świetle badań empirycznych / [ed] Kotowska I. E., Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    Baranowska, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Does horizontal differentiation make any difference? Heterogeneity of educational degrees and labor market entry in Poland.2011Ingår i: Making the transition: education and labor market entry in Central and Eastern Europe / [ed] Irena Kogan, Clemens Noelke, and Michael Gebel, Stanford University Press, 2011, s. 216-239Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 7.
    Baranowska, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Family formation and subjective well-being: A literature overview2010Ingår i: Studia Demograficzne, ISSN 0039-3134, Vol. 157/158, nr 1-2, s. 103-127Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    While most frequently cited economic models of family formation link partnership or parenthood decisions with the concept of maximisation of life-cycle utility, empirical research has so far assumed that life satisfaction represents a factor which cannot be measured directly. Empirical studies have therefore treated the utility derived from partnership and parenthood as universal and assumed that only the direct or opportunity costs of family formation produce variation in the observed fertility behaviour. The emerging literature treats the subjective wellbeing as a measure of utility and hence allows direct tests of hypotheses related to the impact of events in family career on life satisfaction.

    This article provides an overview of the leading theoretical concepts and the recent empirical evidence on the impact of family formation on subjective wellbeing. It surveys the studies which investigate effects of entry into union and entry into parenthood on subjective well-being. The focus is on studies that attempt to estimate the causal effects. Furthermore, the article discusses studies that consider various ways in which institutional and cultural factors can modify the impact of family formation on subjective well-being. Finally, some suggestions are formulated how the research in this field could contribute to the debate on population policy. Consequently, and some topics for further research are proposed.

  • 8.
    Baranowska, Anna
    Warsaw School of Economics.
    From employment guarantee to job competition: flexibilisation of the Polish labour market2011Ingår i: Globalized labour markets and social inequality in Europe / [ed] Blossfeld H.-P., Buchholz S., Hofäcker D., Kolb K., Palgrave Macmillan, 2011Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 9.
    Baranowska, Anna
    Warsaw School of Economics.
    Poglądy i preferencje dotyczące ekonomicznych modeli rodziny2007Ingår i: Aktywność zawodowa i edukacyjna a obowiązki rodzinne w Polsce w świetle badań empirycznych / [ed] Kotowska I.E., Sztanderska U., Wóycicka I., Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar , 2007Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 10.
    Baranowska, Anna
    Warsaw School of Economics.
    Poland2008Ingår i: Europe Enlarged: A Handbook of Education, Labour and Welfare Regimes in Central and Eastern Europe. / [ed] Kogan I., Gebel M., Noelke C., Policy Press, 2008Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 11.
    Baranowska, Anna
    et al.
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Gebel, Michael
    University of Mannheim, Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES), Mannheim, Germany.
    The Determinants Of Youth Temporary Employment In The Enlarged Europe: Do Labour Market Institutions Matter?2010Ingår i: European Societies: The Official Journal of the European Sociological Association, ISSN 1461-6696, E-ISSN 1469-8307, Vol. 12, nr 3, s. 367-390Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses comparative micro data from the 2004 European Union Labour Force Survey (EULFS) for 23 European countries to study the impact of labour market institutions on the youth relative temporary employment probability. We find relatively high temporary employment rates for young workers in all countries but also a large cross-country variation in this respect. The results of multi-level regression analyses confirm that neither employment protection of regular contracts nor its interaction with the level of employment protection of temporary contracts affects the young people's relative risk. Instead, we find a positive association between collective bargaining coverage as a measure of insider–outsider cleavages and the relative temporary employment risk of young persons. These results remain robust even after controlling for macro-structural conditions, such as unemployment rate and business uncertainty.

  • 12.
    Baranowska, Anna
    et al.
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Gebel, Michael
    University of Mannheim.
    Kotowska, Irena Elzbieta
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    The role of fixed-term contracts at labour market entry in Poland: Stepping stones, screening devices, traps or search subsidies?2011Ingår i: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 777-793Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Poland has become an interesting outlier in Europe in terms of employment flexibility, with an extremely high incidence of fixed-term contracts, particularly at labour market entry. In this article, detailed retrospective data from the Polish School Leavers Survey are used to analyse the dynamics of entry and exit from fixed-term contracts. The results show that neither firm-based vocational training nor diplomas from more selective tertiary education institutions provide graduates better access to secure entry positions. Regarding exit dynamics, transition patterns from fixed-term contracts into unemployment suggest that the timing of exits often coincides with the date of becoming eligible to collect unemployment benefits. The results also imply that, in Poland, fixed-term contracts might serve employers by helping them to identify the best workers.

  • 13.
    Baranowska, Anna
    et al.
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Matysiak, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Does parenthood increase happiness?: Evidence for Poland2011Ingår i: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, ISSN 1728-4414, E-ISSN 1728-5305, Vol. 9, s. 307-325Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the recent decade demographers turned their attention to investigating the effects of children on self-rated happiness or life satisfaction. The underlying idea of this strand of research is to find out whether it pays off for individuals to become parents in terms of their subjective well-being, given the costs of having children. Following this line of research, this article studies the impacts of childbearing on individual-level happiness in Poland; a country which experienced a rapid decline in fertility despite the particularly strong attachment of young Poles to family values. To this end, we applied methods for panel data analysis which allowed us to control for endogeneity of subjective well-being and parenthood. Our results reveal a significantly positive effect of the first child on the subjective well-being of mothers. For men, this impact is weaker and most likely temporary since it weakens with the child’s increasing age. An important finding is that neither for men nor for women does the positive impact of parenthood rise with an increase in parity. This may explain the persistence of low fertility in this country.

  • 14.
    Baranowska, Anna
    et al.
    Warsaw School of Economics.
    Piętka-Kosińska, Katarzyna
    Center for Social and Economic Research.
    Poland2011Ingår i: The Last Safety Net: A Handbook of Minimum Income Protection in Europe / [ed] Thomas Bahle, Vanessa Hubl and Michaela Pfeifer, Policy Press, 2011Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 15.
    Baranowska Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Spillover Effects of Job Separations: Does Becoming Unemployed Among Youth Affect Health of Their Family Members?2016Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 16.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Decomposition of Trends in Non-Marital Childbearing in Poland2014Ingår i: Population, ISSN 0032-4663, E-ISSN 1957-7966, Vol. 69, nr 2, s. 269-284Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to decompose the increase in the share of out-of-wedlock births in Poland into two components: one attributed to the changing structure of births based on marital status at conception, and one related to the declining propensity for shotgun weddings. Analysis of data from the Birth Register 1985-2009 shows that a decline in the propensity to marry among single pregnant women played an important role in the diffusion of non-marital childbearing, especially in the last decade. In urban areas, the impact of the declining propensity for shotgun weddings was greater than in rural areas. This is consistent with the notion that rural areas are a more traditional context for family formation. It seems that in villages, social pressure still inhibits the diversification of family forms more strongly than in cities.

  • 17.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Jak zachowania w zakresie formowania i rozwoju rodzin wpływają na nasze zadowolenie z życia?2014Ingår i: Nowe wzorce formowania i rozwoju rodziny w Polsce: przyczyny oraz wpływ na zadowolenie z życia / [ed] Anna Matysiak, Warsaw: Scholar , 2014, s. 188-209Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 18.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Praca dla absolwenta: trudno znaleźć, łatwo stracić?2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [pl]

    Kierunki biznesowe zapewniają szanse zawodowe porównywalne do uczelni technicznych; Osoby młode poszukujące pracy znajdują zatrudnienie częściej niż osoby w wieku dojrzałym; W przypadku zwolnień, w pierwszej kolejności redukowane są stanowiska pracy młodych pracowników; • Młode osoby częściej znajdują zatrudnienie w małych firmach oraz w sektorze usług. Taka struktura zatrudnienia wpływa na niską stabilność zatrudnienia w tej grupie społecznej; Sektor publiczny znacznie silniej chroni przed utratą pracy osoby w wieku dojrzałym niż młodych pracowników

  • 19.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    The impact of the parental division of paid labour on depressive symptoms – the moderating role of social policies2022Ingår i: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 65, nr 3, s. 275-292Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the association between the parental division of paid labour and depressive symptoms in a comparative perspective. It investigates how this relationship varies across couples in countries with different social policies using data from European Social Survey, and multilevel models with cross-level interactions between the parental division of paid labour and macro-level indicators of social policies.

    The results indicate that dual-earner couples report fewer depressive symptoms than parentsin other types of families. This relative advantage of dual-earner couples varies across policycontexts. The benefits of a dual-earner model over a male breadwinner model are larger incountries where childcare services are easily available and do not disappear in countries withgenerous financial support from the state. Additional analyses reveal how these relationshipsdiffer across gender.

  • 20.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Trash contracts?: The impact of temporary employment on leaving the parental home in Poland2011Ingår i: Studia Demograficzne, ISSN 0039-3134, Vol. 159, nr 1, s. 57-73Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Poland stands out in international comparisons as a country where leaving the parental home is remarkably delayed. There are many economic and institutional factors which contribute to postponement of residential independence among youth, such as housing shortages, limited availability of rental housing and limited social assistance for young people. However, there is little discussion in public debate about re-designing social policy support for youth or improving the situation on the housing market. What attracts attention instead is the role of flexibilisation of contractual arrangements on the Polish labour market. In media discourse, fixed-term contracts have been labelled as “trash contracts” and all the problems that young people in Poland face when making the transition to adulthood have been attributed to the spread of this specific employment form. This article aims to find out whether fixed-term contracts do indeed hinder residential independence of youth. Models of leaving the parental home are estimated based on panel data from EU-SILC. The results show no significant negative impact of temporary employment on the probability of establishing one’s own household among youth. What matters is whether young people have jobs at all, whereas the type of contract that they receive from employers seems to be of little importance.

  • 21.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland .
    What would your parents say?: the impact of cohabitation among young people on their relationships with their parents2014Ingår i: Journal of Happiness Studies, ISSN 1389-4978, E-ISSN 1573-7780, Vol. 15, nr 6, s. 1313-1332Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Most European countries have seen a retreat from marriage, which is increasingly preceded or replaced by cohabitation. A question that arises in light of this trend is how the diffusion of non-marital cohabitation may affect the quality of family relations. This article investigates how cohabitation among young people affects their level of satisfaction with their relationship with their parents. We analyse data from the recently released Generation and Gender Survey for Poland, a country with a limited degree of social acceptance of cohabitation, a high degree of attachment to the institution of marriage, and a familialistic culture. Since young adults who choose to cohabit are a rather specific group, we use statistical methods that allow us to control for both the observed and the unobserved characteristics of cohabiters. We find that young people who cohabited in their first union rated their level of satisfaction with their parental relationship lower than their peers who were married. Thus, at least in the context of a country where informal partnerships are not yet fully socially accepted or institutionally supported, the role of cohabitation in intergenerational relations may not be neutral.

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  • 22.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Wpływ międzygeneracyjnych transferów norm na ryzyko urodzenia pozamałżeńskiego2014Ingår i: Nowe wzorce formowania i rozwoju rodziny w Polsce: przyczyny oraz wpływ na zadowolenie z życia / [ed] Anna Matysiak, Warsaw: Scholar , 2014, s. 133-163Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 23.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Abramowska-Kmon, Anita
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland.
    Number of Children and Social Contacts among Older People: the Moderating Role of Filial Norms and Social Policies2019Ingår i: European Journal of Ageing, ISSN 1613-9372, E-ISSN 1613-9380, Vol. 16, s. 95-107Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Social contacts offer opportunities for provision of emotional and instrumental support that enhance well-being throughout the life course, and the importance of these contacts is especially evident at advanced ages. In this paper, we take a cross-country comparative perspective to examine the association between the number of children and the frequency of social contacts among older people. Using data from the European Quality of Life Survey, we employ multilevel models with cross-level interactions between the number of children and macro-level indicators of filial norms and social policies supporting older people. Our results suggest that older adults with children are more likely than older adults without children to have frequent social interactions, but that the number of children does not affect social contact frequency. The magnitude of the association between having children and social contact frequency varies across European societies. The social contact frequency gap between older adults with children and older adults without children is larger in more familialistic countries with strong filial norms. Our results do not confirm that having children affects social contact frequency less in countries where the state provides more support for older people.

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  • 24.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Barclay, Kieron
    Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Germany; London School of Economics and Political Science, UK; Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Costa-Font, Joan
    London School of Economics and Political Science, UK.
    Myrskylä, Mikko
    Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Germany; London School of Economics and Political Science, UK; University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Özcan, Berkay
    London School of Economics and Political Science, UK.
    Preterm birth and educational disadvantage: heterogeneous effects2023Ingår i: Population Studies, ISSN 0032-4728, E-ISSN 1477-4747, Vol. 77, nr 3, s. 459-474Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although preterm birth is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in advanced economies, evidence about the consequences of prematurity in later life is limited. Using Swedish registers for cohorts born 1982–94 (N  =  1,087,750), we examine the effects of preterm birth on school grades at age 16 using sibling fixed effects models. We further examine how school grades are affected by degree of prematurity and the compensating roles of family socio-economic resources and characteristics of school districts. Our results show that the negative effects of preterm birth are observed mostly among children born extremely preterm (<28 weeks); children born moderately preterm (32–<37 weeks) suffer no ill effects. We do not find any evidence for a moderating effect of parental socio-economic resources. Children born extremely preterm and in the top decile of school districts achieve as good grades as children born at full term in an average school district.

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  • 25.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Warsaw School of Economics.
    Barclay, Kieron
    Kolk, Martin
    The effect of number of siblings on adult mortality: evidence from Swedish registers for cohorts born between 1938 and 19722017Ingår i: Population Studies, ISSN 0032-4728, E-ISSN 1477-4747, Vol. 71, nr 1, s. 43-63Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Demographic research has paid much attention to the impact of childhood conditions on adult mortality. We focus on one of the key aspects of early life conditions, sibling group size, and examine the causal effect of growing up in a large family on mortality. While previous studies have focused on low- or middle-income countries, we examine whether growing up in a large family is a disadvantage in Sweden, a context where most parents have adequate resources, which are complemented by a generous welfare state. We used Swedish register data and frailty models, examining all-cause and cause-specific mortality between the ages of 40 and 74 for the 1938–72 cohorts, and also a quasi-experimental approach that exploited multiple births as a source of exogenous variation in the number of siblings. Overall our results do not indicate that growing up in a large family has a detrimental effect on longevity in Sweden.

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  • 26.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    De Luna, Xavier
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Does the number of siblings affect health in midlife?: Evidence from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register2016Ingår i: Demographic Research, ISSN 1435-9871, Vol. 35, s. 1259-1302, artikel-id 43Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In many societies, growing up in a large family is associated with receiving less parental time, attention, and financial support. As a result, children with a large number of siblings may have worse physical and mental health outcomes than children with fewer siblings.

    Objective: Our objective is to examine the long-term causal effects of sibship size on physical and mental health in modern Sweden.

    Methods: We employ longitudinal data covering the entire Swedish population from the Multigenerational Register and the Medical Birth Register. This data includes information on family size and on potential confounders such as parental background. We use the Prescribed Drug Register to identify the medicines that have been prescribed and dispensed. We use instrumental variable models with multiple births as instruments to examine the causal effects of family size on the health outcomes of children, as measured by receiving medicines at age 45.

    Results: Our results indicate that in Sweden, growing up in a large family does not have a detrimental effect on physical and mental health in midlife.

    Contribution: We provide a systematic overview of the health-related implications of growing up in a large family. We adopt a research design that gives us the opportunity to make causal inferences about the long-term effects of family size. Moreover, our paper provides evidence on the links between family size and health outcomes in the context of a developed country that implements policies oriented towards reducing social inequalities in health and other living conditions.

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  • 27.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Elekes, Zoltán
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi. Agglomeration and Social Networks Research Lab, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Budepest, Hungary.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi.
    Escaping from low-wage employment: the role of co-worker networks2022Ingår i: Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, ISSN 0276-5624, E-ISSN 1878-5654, Vol. 83, artikel-id 100747Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Low-wage jobs are often regarded as dead-ends in the labour market careers of young people. Previous research focused on disentangling to what degree the association between a low-wage job at the start of working life and limited chances of transitioning to better-paid employment is causal or spurious. Less attention has been paid to the channels that may facilitate the upward wage mobility of low-wage workers. We focus on such mechanisms, and we scrutinize the impact of social ties to higher-educated co-workers. Due to knowledge spillovers, job referrals, as well as firm-level productivity gains, having higher-educated co-workers may improve an individual's chances of transitioning to a better-paid job. We use linked employer-employee data from longitudinal Swedish registers and panel data models that incorporate measures of low-wage workers' social ties to higher-educated co-workers. Our results confirm that having social ties to higher-educated co-workers increases individual chances of transitioning to better-paid employment.

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  • 28.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Högberg, Björn
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Effects of parental job loss on children’s mental health: the role of latency, timing and cumulative effects2023Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Crossover effects of critical life events within families have received growing attention in life-courseresearch. A parent losing a job is among the most distressing events that can befall a family, butexisting research has reached discrepant conclusions concerning if, and if so how, this affects childmental health. Drawing on insights from models of intra-family influence and life courseepidemiological models, we ask if parental job loss have latent or long-term effects on child mentalhealth, if the effects are conditional on the timing of the job loss, and if repeated job losses havecumulative effects.We use intergenerationally linked Swedish register data combined with entropy balance andstructural nested mean models for the analyses. The data allow us to track 400,000 children over 14years and thereby test different life-course models of crossover effects. We identify involuntary joblosses using information on workplace closures, thus reducing the risk of confounding.Results show that paternal but not maternal job loss significantly increases the risk of mental healthproblems among children, that the average effects are modest in size (less than 4% in relativeterms), that they materialize only after some years, and that they are driven by children aged 6-10years. Moreover, we find evidence of cumulative effects, but also of declining marginal harm ofadditional job losses over the life course.

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  • 29.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Högberg, Björn
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Spillover effects of social policies: Can the state support for the unemployed affect employees’ health and wellbeing?2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 30.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Högberg, Björn
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Bernardi, Laura
    University of Lausanne.
    Parental unemployment and adolescent wellbeing: The moderating role of educational policies2021Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Crossover effects of parental unemployment on wellbeing of children attract growing attention in research on social inequalities. Recent economic crises call for identifying policies that mitigate the adverse effects of unemployment. Building on the theoretical insights from Capability Approach, we examine the relationship between parental unemployment and wellbeing of adolescents across countries with different educational policies. We use multilevel modelling and microdata on economic and subjective wellbeing of household members from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC). We combine microdata on 45,992 adolescents in 32 countries with macro-level indicators of educational policies.

    We find that parental unemployment is associated with lower adolescent wellbeing, but the magnitude of this association varies depending on access to financial support for participation in education. Adolescents who receive educational allowances and who live in countries with broader access to such support are less harmed by parental unemployment.

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  • 31.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Högberg, Björn
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Bernardi, Laura
    Institute of Social Sciences (ISS), University of Lausanne, Lausanne , Switzerland.
    Parental unemployment and adolescents' subjective wellbeing: the moderating role of educational policies2024Ingår i: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 40, nr 2, s. 276-292Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Crossover effects of parental unemployment on subjective wellbeing of children attract growing attention in research on social inequalities. Recent economic crises call for identifying policies that mitigate the adverse effects of unemployment. Building on the theoretical insights from Capability Approach, we examine the relationship between parental unemployment and subjective wellbeing of adolescents across countries with different educational policies. We use multilevel modelling and data from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC). We combine microdata on 45,992 adolescents in 32 countries with macro-level indicators of educational policies. We find that parental unemployment is associated with lower subjective wellbeing among adolescents, but the magnitude of this association varies depending on access to financial support for participation in education. Adolescents who receive educational allowances and who live in countries with broader access to such support are less harmed by parental unemployment.

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  • 32.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Högberg, Björn
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Voßemer, Jonas
    Mannheim Centre for European Social Research, Germany.
    Do consequences of parental job displacement for infant health vary across local economic contexts?2024Ingår i: RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences, ISSN 2377-8253, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 57-80Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the consequences of parental job displacement for birth outcomes and investigates how the effects vary with regional unemployment rates. We use Swedish register data and exploit plausibly exogenous variation caused by workplace closure to reduce the bias related to reverse causality and confounding. The differences in birth outcomes between children of parents who experienced job displacement and children of parents who were not displaced turn out to be quite modest. Even in the most disadvantaged regions, with the highest unemployment rates, parental job displacement is not harmful for health at birth. We relate these findings to the institutional setting in Sweden and discuss policy implications for the United States.

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  • 33.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Matysiak, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Czy znamy lekarstwo na niską dzietność? Międzynarodowe badania ewaluacyjne na temat polityki rodzinnej (Do we know the cure for low fertility? The results from the international research evaluating family policies)2012Ingår i: Polityka Społeczna (Social Policy), ISSN 0137-4729, Vol. 460, nr 7, s. 9-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an idea of policy evaluation research and reviews empirical studies which measure causal effects of family policies reforms on fertility. In light of international experience, a positive impact on fertility can be exerted through an increase in availability of childcare, speed premium implemented in parental leave schemes as well as tax exemptions and family benefits. Nevertheless, family policy reforms that proved to work in Europe, might not necessarily have exactly the same effects in Poland. Therefore, it is of overriding importance to fill the existing research gap in the evaluation of family policies in Poland by making use of the methodology for evaluating policy interventions. Otherwise future reforms in family policies will be based on ad-hoc assumptions rather than on scientific evidence.

  • 34.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Matysiak, Anna
    University of Warsaw, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Warsaw, Poland.
    Family Size and Men’s Labor Market Outcomes: Do Social Beliefs About Men’s Roles in the Family Matter?2022Ingår i: Feminist Economics, ISSN 1354-5701, E-ISSN 1466-4372, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 93-118Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article provides evidence on the relationship between fathers’ labor market outcomes and number of children. Using data from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions and instrumental variable models, this study examines how family size is related to fathers’ probability of employment, number of paid working hours, job rank, wages, and job stability across European countries with diverse social beliefs about men’s financial and caregiving responsibilities. Results show that having a larger family is associated with increases in fathers’ share of paid working hours, chances of having a permanent contract and a managerial position, and wages. These findings are, however, largely due to selection. Net of selection, fathers tend to increase paid working hours and are more likely to be promoted after childbirth only in countries where they are considered the main income providers, and acceptance of involved fatherhood is weak. The magnitude of these effects is small, however.

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  • 35.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland.
    Matysiak, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics; Wittgenstein Centre (IIASA, VID/OEAW, WU), Vienna Institute of Demography / Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria.
    The causal effects of the number of children on female employment: do European institutional and gender conditions matter?2016Ingår i: Journal of Labor Research, ISSN 0195-3613, E-ISSN 1936-4768, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 343-367Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to the discussion on the effects of the number of children on female employment in Europe. Most previous research has either (1) compared these effects across countries, assuming an exogeneity of family size; or (2) used methods that dealt with endogeneity of family size, but that focused on single countries. We combine these two approaches by taking a cross-country comparative perspective and applying quasi-experimental methods. We use instrumental variable models, with multiple births as instruments, and the harmonized data from the European Survey on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC). We examine the cross-country variation in the effects of family size on maternal employment across groups of European countries with different welfare state regimes. This step gives us an opportunity to investigate whether the revealed cross-country differences in the magnitude of the effect of the family size on maternal employment can be attributed to the diversity of European institutional arrangements, as well as the cultural and the structural conditions for combining work and family duties.

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  • 36.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Matysiak, Anna
    Wittgenstein Centre, Vienna Institute of Demography/Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria.
    Mynarska, Monika
    Institute of Psychology, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
    Does lone motherhood decrease women’s happiness?: evidence from qualitative and quantitative research2014Ingår i: Journal of Happiness Studies, ISSN 1389-4978, E-ISSN 1573-7780, Vol. 15, nr 6, s. 1457-1477Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to the discussion on the effects of single motherhood on happiness. We use a mixed-method approach. First, based on in-depth interviews with mothers who gave birth while single, we explore mechanisms through which children may influence mothers’ happiness. In a second step, we analyze panel survey data to quantify this influence. Our results leave no doubt that, while raising a child outside of marriage poses many challenges, parenthood has some positive influence on a lone mother’s life.

    Our qualitative evidence shows that children are a central point in an unmarried woman’s life, and that many life decisions are taken with consideration of the child’s welfare, including escaping from pathological relationships. Our quantitative evidence shows that, although the general level of happiness among unmarried women is lower than among their married counterparts, raising a child does not have a negative impact on their happiness.

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  • 37.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Rynko, Maja
    Educational Research Institute.
    Dostosowanie sposobu organizacji czasu pracy do obowiązków rodzinnych w Polsce2013Ingår i: Studia Demograficzne, ISSN 0039-3134, Vol. 164, nr 2, s. 59-79Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a diagnosis of reconciliation of work and parenthood in Poland based on the data from the European Labour Force Survey ad hoc module “Reconciliation between work and family life” carried out in 2010. These data provide information on the following options of combining work with parenthood duties: (1) part-time work (2) flexible arrangements of working time (3) distance work. We compare the conditions for combining work with parenthood duties in Poland with opportunities observed in other European countries. We also show towhat extent the conditions for reconciliation of work and parenthood in Poland have improved in time. We make an overview of legal regulations related to combining work with childcare duties and indicate the opportunities for improvement of these policies.

  • 38.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. In- stitute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    Sonia, Bertolini
    Chiara, Ghislieri
    Antonella, Meo
    Valentina, Moiso
    Rosy, Musumeci
    Roberta, Ricucci
    Paola Maria, Torrioni
    Becoming adult in hard times: current and future issues on job insecurity and autonomy2015Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This contribution focuses on the consequences of early job insecurity and labour market exclusion (i.e. unemployment or economic inactivity) for youths' autonomy in Europe, referring to leaving the parental home and forming one's own family.

  • 39.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Health effects of unemployment in couples: does becoming unemployed affect a young partner’s health?2021Ingår i: Social Exclusion of Youth in Europe: The Multifaceted Consequences of Labour Market Insecurity / [ed] Marge Unt; Michael Gebel; Sonia Bertolini; Vassiliki Deliyanni-Kouimtzi; Dirk Hofäcker, Bristol: Policy Press, 2021, s. 58-80Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
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  • 40.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    When things go wrong with you, it hurts me too: The effects of partner’s employment status on health in comparative perspective2020Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of changes in employment status on health within couples have attracted increasing attention. This paper contributes to this emerging research by investigating whether the impact of a partner’s employment status on individual self-rated health varies systematically across countries with varying decommodification levels.

    We use longitudinal data from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) and hybrid models. We find that a change in an individual’s employment status may affect the health not just of the person who experiences this transition, but of his or her partner. The likelihood that such a spillover will occur varies across countries with different decommodification levels. The negative effects of a partner’s employment status on self-rated health are observed when the generosity of welfare state support is limited. The moderating effects of financial support from the state are not very strong, though, they are not robust across all our models and do not extend to all the dimensions of the generosity of welfare state support.

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  • 41.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    When things go wrong with you, it hurts me too: The effects of partner’s employment status on health in comparative perspective2021Ingår i: Journal of European Social Policy, ISSN 0958-9287, E-ISSN 1461-7269, Vol. 31, nr 2, s. 143-160Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of changes in employment status on health within couples have attracted increasing attention. This paper contributes to this emerging research by investigating whether the impact of a partner’s employment status on individual self-rated health varies systematically across countries with varying decommodification levels. We use longitudinal data from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) and hybrid models. We find that a change in an individual’s employment status may affect the health not just of the person who experiences this transition, but that of his or her partner. The likelihood that such a spillover will occur varies across countries with different decommodification levels. The negative effects of a partner’s employment status on self-rated health are observed when the generosity of welfare state support is limited. The moderating effects of financial support from the state are not very strong, though. They are not robust across all our models and do not extend to all the dimensions of the generosity of welfare state support.

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  • 42.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    et al.
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    Unt, Marge
    Institute of International and Social Studies, Tallinn University.
    Is it worth becoming an engineer in Central and Eastern Europe?: The evidence from Poland and Estonia2012Ingår i: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 28, nr 6, s. 717-728Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine the labour market returns to field of study for tertiary graduates in two countries with post-socialist heritage: Poland and Estonia. So far, research focusing on the employment chances of graduates in Western countries has emphasized the benefits of engineering. We would like to revisit this conclusion and find out if the same can be generalized for all other societies, including Central and Eastern Europe. We use micro-level data, which include detailed information about the type of education gained and early career development. We examine the following outcomes: the chances of finding a job within the first half-year of graduation and the quality of the first job and its salary. Our findings suggest that in Estonia and Poland, the effects of completing engineering courses are quite different to Western Europe. We discuss possible explanations for the lack of advantage for engineering graduates. We pay special attention to the role of licensing, i.e. institutional barriers to entry into the occupation of engineer.

  • 43.
    Barclay, Kieron
    et al.
    Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research; Stockholm University.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Kolk, Martin
    Stockholm University; Institute for Futures Studies.
    Ivarsson, Anneli
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Interpregnancy intervals and perinatal and child health in Sweden: A comparison within families and across social groups2020Ingår i: Population Studies, ISSN 0032-4728, E-ISSN 1477-4747, Vol. 74, nr 3, s. 363-378Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A large body of research has shown that children born after especially short or long birth intervals experience an elevated risk of poor perinatal outcomes, but recent work suggests this may be explained by confounding by unobserved family characteristics. We use Swedish population data on cohorts born 1981–2010 and sibling fixed effects to examine whether the length of the birth interval preceding the index child influences the risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and hospitalization during childhood. We also present analyses stratified by salient social characteristics, such as maternal educational level and maternal country of birth. We find few effects of birth intervals on our outcomes, except for very short intervals (less than seven months) and very long intervals (>60 months). We find few differences in the patterns by maternal educational level or maternal country of origin after stratifying by the mother’s highest educational attainment.

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  • 44.
    Brydsten, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Intergenerational Interdependence of Labour Market Careers2022Ingår i: Advances in Life Course Research, E-ISSN 1040-2608, Vol. 54, artikel-id 100513Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Labour market disadvantages tend to run in families: children who grow up with parents who experience job losses or receive low wages are themselves at higher risk of experiencing labour market difficulties. However, little is known about the intergenerational transmission for those who manage to escape from precariousness, and how the transmission of labour market disadvantage operates depending on the gender structure of parent-child dyads. The present study uses Swedish register data and longitudinal methods that follow a cohort of people born in 1985 (n = 72,409) and their parents across 26 years. Our findings show that children who experienced parental employment disadvantages had the most severe labour market disadvantages later in life. However, if the employment situations of their parents improved, they were somewhat more likely to follow a more stable, high-wage career path compared to children whose parents experienced more persistent forms of disadvantage, such as long-term unemployment or severe labour market instability. We also show that the mother’s labour market disadvantages were an important determinant of the future labour market career of her child, regardless of gender. This finding underscores the need to go beyond the analysis of father-son dyads in intergenerational research.

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  • 45.
    Ecker, Kreske
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Brydsten, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    de Luna, Xavier
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik.
    The effects of initial firm age on earnings trajectoriesManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 46.
    Elekes, Zoltán
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi. Agglomeration and Social Networks Research Lab, ELKH Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Budapest, Hungary.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
    Regional diversification and labour market upgrading: local access to skill-related high-income jobs helps workers escaping low-wage employment2023Ingår i: Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, ISSN 1752-1378, E-ISSN 1752-1386, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 417-430Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates how the evolution of local labour market structure enables or constrains workers as regards escaping low-wage jobs. Drawing on the network-based approach of evolutionary economic geography, we employ a detailed individual-level panel dataset to construct skill-relatedness networks for 72 functional labour market regions in Sweden. Subsequent fixed-effect panel regressions indicate that increasing density of skill-related high-income jobs within a region is conducive to low-wage workers moving to better-paid jobs, hence facilitating labour market upgrading through diversification. While metropolitan regions offer a premium for this relationship, it also holds for smaller regions, and across various worker characteristics.

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  • 47.
    Gebel, Michael
    et al.
    University of Mannheim.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland.
    New inequalities through privatization and marketization?: An analysis of labour market entry of higher education graduates in Poland and Ukraine2012Ingår i: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 28, nr 6, s. 729-741Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the effects of privatized and marketized higher education on inequalities in education attainment and labour market outcomes in Poland and Ukraine. Drawing on representative samples of tertiary graduates, our analyses show that students from advantageous social backgrounds are more likely to enter state-funded studies. Regarding labour market chances, we find a trade-off between higher status attainment and slower labour market entry among graduates who studied free-of-charge compared with students who paid tuitions. In accordance with our hypotheses, inequality patterns are more pronounced in Poland. Particularly, graduates from the Polish ‘mass’ lower tertiary private education have the lowest chances of finding high-quality jobs. Thus, mass privatization and marketization of higher education have its drawbacks in terms of lower status returns for graduates. In both countries, however, the Bachelor–Master differentiation, as well as the academic–vocational distinction, matter more for inequalities in status attainment than the privatization and marketization of tertiary education.

  • 48.
    Gousia, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Kent.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Middleton, Thomas
    University of Kent.
    Nizalova, Olena
    University of Kent.
    The impact of unemployment and non-standard forms of employment on the housing autonomy of young adults2021Ingår i: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 35, nr 1, s. 157-177Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Young people are facing challenges in transitioning to housing autonomy because of changes in labour market conditions in recent years. This article explores the effects of youth unemployment and non-standard employment on the likelihood of leaving the parental home. We adopt a dynamic modelling approach, and use data from a large longitudinal British survey covering the years 2009-2014. We find that unemployment and part-time work, but not the duration of the contract, have a negative effect on the likelihood of obtaining housing autonomy. We also find that past as well as anticipated unemployment have significant negative effects, which suggests that the decision about whether to move out depends on the individual’s longer-term labour market trajectory. The analysis also reveals gender differences in part-time work, but not in unemployment once we take into account unobserved time-invariant heterogeneity.

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  • 49.
    Gumà-Lao, Jordi
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Don’t worry, (s)he’s an adult!: Adult children’s unemployment and parental depressive symptoms2023Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: This paper provides the first comprehensive evidence on the effects of adult children’s unemploymenton parental mental health in Europe, exploring the potential moderators related to parents’ and children’s genderas well as the number and birth order of children’s siblings.

    Background: The spillover–crossover model contextualizes the impact of experiences related to working life onthe health and wellbeing of family members. Parents’ and children’s gender is considered as potential moderatorbased on theories on gendered differences in how adverse life course events of significant others affect mentalhealth. Additionally, demographic theories point to the number and order of children determining parentalinvestments in offspring as well as parental expectations toward children’s achievements.

    Method: We apply general structural equation modeling to data from the sixth wave of the Survey of Health,Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE).

    Results: Our results confirm the negative association between adult children’s unemployment and their parents’mental health. These crossover effects are found to be similar according to gender and also child birth order.

    Conclusion: The intergenerational influence of adult children’s employment on their older parents is confirmed.However, our findings also challenge theoretical ideas suggesting that negative labor market experiences ofdaughters or firstborn children might be more detrimental for parents than those of other children. 

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  • 50.
    Högberg, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Baranowska-Rataj, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
    Effects of parental job loss on psychotropic drug use in children: long-term effects, timing, and cumulative exposure2024Ingår i: Advances in Life Course Research, ISSN 1569-4909, Vol. 60, artikel-id 100607Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Intra-family crossover effects triggered by job losses have received growing attention across scientific disciplines, but existing research has reached discrepant conclusions concerning if, and if so how, parental job losses affect child mental health. Drawing on sociological models of stress and life course epidemiology, we ask if parental job losses have long-term effects on child mental health, and if these effects are conditional on the timing of, or the cumulative exposure to, job losses. We use intergenerationally linked Swedish register data combined with entropy balance and structural nested mean models for the analyses. The data allow us to track 400,000 children over 14 years and thereby test different life-course models of cross-over effects. We identify involuntary job losses using information on workplace closures, thus reducing the risk of confounding. Results show that paternal but not maternal job loss significantly increases the risk of psychotropic drug use among children, that the average effects are modest in size (less than 4% in relative terms), that they may persist for up to five years, and that they are driven by children aged 6–10 years. Moreover, cumulative exposure to multiple job losses are more harmful than zero or one job loss.

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