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  • 1.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Avslutning2011In: Vinddriven kriminalitet på en vinddriven marknad: Ekonomisk och organiserad brottslighet, Borås: Recito förlag , 2011, 1, p. 206-213Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, DanielUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Den ljusskygga ekonomin: Organiserad och ekonomisk brottslighet2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
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    Den ljusskygga ekonomin
  • 3.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Försäkringsbedragarens kriminella historik2014Report (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Introduktion2011In: Vinddriven kriminalitet på en vinddriven marknad: Ekonomisk och organiserad brottslighet / [ed] Tage Alalehto, Daniel Larsson, Borås: Recito förlag , 2011, 1, p. 9-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Kartellbrottslighetens moraliska ekonomi2020Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport undersöker hur gränslinjen mellan legalt/illegalt och moraliskt/-omoraliskt, återspeglar sig hos allmänheten gällande kartellbrottslighet. Utöver denna frågeställning undersöks hur allmänheten ser på påföljdssystemets hårdhets-grad (för sträng –för slapp) och verkansgrad (effektiv –ineffektiv). Den kartellbrot-tslighet som avses är horisontella karteller. Utgångspunkten är att gränslinjen mellan legalt/illegalt och moraliskt/omoraliskt går mellan ”male in se” och ”mala prohibita”. Den grundläggande frågan i detta fall blir vilken moralisk värdering allmänheten har av ett beteende som formellt är olagligt, det vill säga ifall man har väldigt liten förståelse för ett brott och anser att beteendet är förkastligt (till exempelvåldtäkt) eller ifall man har en större förståelse för brottet även om den är formellt sett är förbjuden (exempelvis skattebrott). I det första fallet är beteendet oförståelig, moraliskt sett, medan den i det andra fallet kan vara förståeligt.

    Litteraturgenomgången pekar på att denna fråga kan ses utifrån ett politiskt pers-pektiv. Forskare med ett vänsterperspektiv har menat att kartellbrottslighet är ett ”male in se” eftersom den påstås dränera arbetarklassens välfärdsresurser. Ett resonemang som konservativt inriktade forskare delar i det att kartell är ett norm-brott mot den etablerade traditionen av fri konkurrens mellan företag och ett brott mot fysisk person (konsument, företagare, myndighetsperson) som försöker leva upp till den reglering som finns inom området). Mot detta har liberalt sinnade forskare istället hävdat en mjukare linje av ”mala prohibita”. Utifrån sitt försvar av marknadens valfrihet har man generellt avvisat lagföringsvägen,istället har man föreslagit att samverka och informera mellan myndighet, individ/företag/bransch och på det sättet hoppas på en självreglerande effekt av kartellbrottsligheten.

    Utifrån litteraturöversikten om kartellbrottslighet har fyra hypoteser härletts:

    • H 1: Allmänheten har mycket låg till ingen egen erfarenhet av kartellbrotts-lighet, i motsats till lågprofilerade ekobrott såsom bedrägeri, förskingring, skattebrott, beroende på att allmänheten får sin information om kartellbrotts-lighet genom media.
    • H2: Allmänheten kommer att uppfatta kartellbrottslighet som ett oärligt och skadligt beteende, men långt ifrån alltid ett brottsligt beteende. Och under vissa omständigheter som ett moraliskt behjärtansvärt beteende även om det är principiellt olagligt.
    • H 3: Allmänheten kommer att uppfatta kartellbrottslighet som något som bör bestraffas med skam såsom offentlig publicering av namn och företag eller administrativt förlagda böter som överstiger personens/företagets vinst av det brottsliga beteendet.
    • H 4: Denförhandlingsprincip där en av kartellaktörerna samarbetar med myndighet (eftergiftsprogram) i syfte att slippa bestraffning, kommer att få ett lågt stöd hos allmänheten (under 20 procent).

    Data för undersökningen utgörs av en enkät som skickades ut till 5000 slump-mässigt utvalda svenskar våren 2019. Sammanlagt svarade 1 857 individer på enkäten, vilket ger en svarsfrekvens på 37 procent.Resultaten visar att 80 procent uppfattar kartellbrottslighet som olagligt medan 20 procent inte gör det. Till detta kan läggas att ytterligare 37 procent anser att kartell-brottslighet kan anses vara moraliskt behjärtansvärt. Av denna grupp på samman-lagt 57 procent (20 procent anser att det är lagligt, 37 procent att det är moraliskt behjärtansvärt) så är kvinnor och singlar överrepresenterade. Det finns också en utbildningseffekt. De med grundskola som högsta utbildningsnivå tenderar att se karteller som olagliga men att de kan vara moraliskt behjärtansvärda jämfört med de som har gymnasium eller högskola som högsta utbildningsnivå.

    När det gäller resultaten kring bestraffning av kartelldrivande företag anser över 60procent att bötesstraff är det mest relevanta straffet. Ungefär 20 procent anser atten varning från till exempel Konkurrensverket borde vara tillräckligt, medan tioprocent anser att stigmatisering är det mest rimliga straffet. I motsats till dessa tycker ca sju procent att de inte förtjänar något straff alls. Reducerar man frågan från företagsnivå till företagsledning så framträder en liknande bild: om företaget straffas med i huvudsak böter så kan ledningen straffas via förbud mot att inneha en ansvarig ställning i företag (drygt 37 procent) och/eller böter för den individ som är ansvarig för kartellen (drygt 33 procent). En mindre andel anser att de ansvariga ska stigmatiseras (drygt 11 procent). Slutligen anser ca 17 procent att ansvariga personer för kartellen ska placeras i fängelse.

    När det gäller synen på eftergiftsprogram så anser ungefär fem procent att kartell-verksamma företag, som samarbetar med kontrollerande myndighet för att avslöja kartellen, skall frias helt och hållet. Drygt 13 procent finner det skäligt att företaget åtminstone namnges offentligt medan de andra företagen straffas hårdare. Drygt 32procent anser dock att det måste till ett hårdare straff för det samarbetande företaget, medan de andra företagen ska fällas något hårdare. Den största andelen, nästan hälften, anser dock att det inte finns någon skillnad. Brott är brott och måste straffas likvärdigt oavsett om man samarbetar ellerinte.

    Slutligen kan vi också konstatera att samtliga hypoteser bekräftas i undersökning-en, vilket tyder på att det svenska materialet inte skiljer sig från annat västeuro-peiskt material. Skillnaden i åsikter finns istället inom länderna och baserar sig mer på demografiska faktorer än kontextuella faktorer.

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  • 6.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Measuring trust in the police by contextual and individual factors2016In: International Journal of Law Crime and Justice, ISSN 1756-0616, E-ISSN 1876-763X, Vol. 46, p. 31-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigate if procedural justice and police competence affects trust in the police independent on the level of perception of corruption, and whether the impact of procedural justice and police competence varies due to perception of corruption. The data used is European Social Survey round 5 (2010), containing 24 countries. To separate individual effects from aggregate effects we used multilevel analyses. The results show that procedural justice and police efficiency are of importance for trust in the police independent of the perception of corruption. But the results also show that the impact of both procedural justice and police competence varies due to the level of perception of corruption. The conclusion is therefore that the fight against corruption must be prioritized to increase trust in the police.

  • 7.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Measuring white-collar crime perceptions among public and white-collar offenders: a comparative investigation of four European countries2015In: The Routledge handbook of white-collar and corporate crime in Europe / [ed] van Erp J, Huisman W & Vande Walle G, Oxon/New York: Routledge, 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The roots of modern white-collar crime: does the modern form of white-collar crime have its foundation in the transition from a society dominated by agriculture to one dominated by industry?2009In: Critical Criminology, ISSN 1205-8629, E-ISSN 1572-9877, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 183-193Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present paper is to investigate whether the process of transition from an agricultural to an industrial society was a watershed for white-collar crime, such that this type of crime increased rapidly in connection with the industrialization process. The theoretical reasoning behind this notion is that the transition process promoted a mentality characterized by self-centered values and a culture of competitiveness, which together paved the way for fraud perpetrated at the expense of others. The data are from Statistic Sweden’s historical records and cover the period of 1864–1912. Since there is no way to measure all crimes that can be defined as white collar crime, we have used bankruptcy offences as an example of white collar crime. The results do not support the notion that the transition period from an agricultural to an industrial society showed an increase in bankruptcy offences. Instead, the results show that when fluctuations in the economy are taken into account, the industrialization process per se entailed less bankruptcy offences. On the other hand, other research using the case of Sweden has shown that it was first after World War II that bankruptcy offences increased rapidly. Our argument is that the transition process as a structural mechanism had a greater impact on bankruptcy offences when industrialized capitalism became advanced.

  • 9.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Varför ekobrottsforskningen gått i stå och hur vi skall få den att expandera!: ekobrottslingens demografi, riskfaktorer och kriminella karriär2011In: Vinddriven kriminalitet på en vinddriven marknad: Ekonomisk och organiserad brottslighet, Borås: Recito förlag , 2011, 1, p. 24-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Vem är den ekonomiske brottslingen? En jämförelse mellan länder och brottstyper: [Who is the economic criminal? A comparison between countries and types of crime]2012In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, E-ISSN 2002-066X, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 25-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Who is the economic criminal? A comparison between countries and types of crime In white collar crime research two particularly competing definitions (Sutherland versus the Revisionists) have dominated the field during the last two decades. Sutherland's definition states that the sociodemographic profile is homogeneous (entrepreneur with high education and high or regular income), despite type of white collar crime or context. The definition given by the Revisionists states that white collar criminals' demographic profile is heterogeneous (everyone can be convicted for white collar crime). As a consequence of this divided definitional approach we have a contradictive outcome of who the white collar criminal is. Our purpose is to investigate the qualification of the two definitions by analyzing heterogeneity/homogeneity based on crime type and national context. The investigation is based on seven countries from the EES 2004 (European Social Survey). We use four types of crime. The results show a rather homogeneous demographic profile but there is also a certain substantial heterogeneity depending on kinds of crime and context. The results altogether indicate that the Revisionists' definition is more correct in its description of the white collar criminal than Sutherland's definition. The demographic profile of the white collar criminal seems to be more complex than a profile confined to just one social category would be and the contextual factor has an impact on the variety of the demographic profile. An important task for future research is to hold the door open for further demographic investigations depending on the type of crime and country that the study is based on.

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  • 11.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, DanielUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Vinddriven kriminalitet på en vinddriven marknad: Ekonomisk och organiserad brottslighet2011Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Alalehto, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Who was the white collar criminal?: white collar criminals in Sweden, 1865-19122011In: Capitalism in business, politics and society / [ed] Eugene N. Shelton, Hauppauge, N.Y.: Nova Science Publisher's , 2011, p. 77-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Who was the white collar criminal? During the last few years this question has been an increasingly popular topic in the field of white collar crime. But very few have asked who the white collar criminal was in the past. Our aim is to investigate the demographic character of the white collar criminal during the first industrial revolution and the implementation of capitalism in Sweden (1865-1912). Data comes from Statistics Sweden‘s historical statistics record regarding a section of the law that concerns offenses in bankruptcy. The hypothesis put forward is that the impact of industrialism and capitalism changes the socio-demographic profile regarding offenders of bankruptcy. The results, however, indicate that the profile did not change, which implies that the impact of capitalism and industrialism during the first period in Sweden did not have any impact on the characteristics of the offenders. This is in line with recent research showing that there is no correlation between the number of bankruptcy offenses and industrialization during this period. Furthermore, the results show that there are great similarities in the socio-demographic profile during this period with the same profile today. This result clearly contradicts the common understanding among many researchers in the field that modern white collar crime has its roots in capitalism and industrialization. Rather, the result shows that the socio-demographic profile is stable and related to other factors. In the conclusion, we discuss the results from the point of view of general understandings of theories such as Wheeler‘s ―fear of falling, Gottfredson and Hirschi‘s self-control theory, and Hirschi‘s theory of social bonds.

  • 13.
    Brydsten, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Hasselgren, Caroline
    Department of Sociology and Work Science, and Centre for Ageing and Health (AgeCap) University of Gothenburg , Göteborg , Sweden;Department of Social Sciences, Södertörn University , Huddinge , Sweden.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The road to retirement: A life course perspective on labor market trajectories and retirement behaviors2023In: Work, Aging and Retirement, ISSN 2054-4642, E-ISSN 2054-4650Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While a prolonged working life has been mainly feasible for people with the most advantageous working careers, knowledge about the barriersfor those with vulnerable occupational paths is still scarce. This study explores the conditions for prolonged working life from a perspective onlabor market trajectories. Drawing from a gendered life course perspective and that (dis)advantageous tends to accumulate over time, we investigatethe opportunity structure for the most disadvantaged workers and which characteristics of labor market trajectories can explain thedecision to work longer. To this end, a Swedish longitudinal survey and register data from the Panel Survey of Ageing and the Elderly (PSAE)were used, following people across a substantial part of their working life. With sequence analysis, we identified 5 trajectories that representtypical labor market trajectories from mid-life until retirement age. Our findings showed that labor market precarity in mid-life remained a keycharacteristic until the expected retirement age, showing both early signs of early labor market exit and a precarity trap into a prolonged workinglife. These findings emphasize the need to identify at-risk groups early in their careers and that mid-life interventions are needed to prevent involuntarylabor market exits and to ensure a sustainable working life. In particular, the need to protect older workers with turbulent or precariouslabor market trajectories against labor market risks and retirement schemes that could inadvertently contribute to increased social and economicinequality in later life.

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  • 14.
    Goossen, Mikael
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Johansson Sevä, Ingemar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Basic human values and white-collar crime: Findings from Europe2016In: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 434-452Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to investigate the relationship between values and white-collar crime. The analyses draw on pooled survey data covering 14 European countries. The value constructs are derived on the basis of the theory of basic human values and seven value constructs are tested in relation to three types of white-collar crime: tax evasion, insurance fraud and bribery. The results show that a majority of the value constructs are statistically significantly related to white-collar crime in the expected direction. The relationships between values and white-collar crime are particularly clear-cut regarding tax evasion and insurance fraud but more mixed regarding bribery. The value constructs ‘universalism/benevolence’, ‘power/achievement’ and ‘stimulation’ yield consistent results across all three crime types. ‘Universalism/benevolence’ levels are negatively associated, while ‘power/achievement’ and ‘stimulation’ levels are positively associated, with odds of having committed white-collar crime. The results suggest that values are relevant predictors when trying to account for variation in white-collar offending.

  • 15. Halleröd, Björn
    et al.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    In-work poverty and labour market segmentation: A Study of National Policies. Sweden2010Report (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Halleröd, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    In-work poverty in a transitional labour market: Sweden, 1988-20032008In: The Working Poor in Europe: Employment, Poverty and Globalization, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008, p. 155-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Halleröd, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Poverty, welfare problems and social exclusion2008In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 15-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates whether, and to what degree, poverty is linked to other types of welfare problems and, in larger perspective, whether the situation can be understood in terms of social exclusion. Two different measures of poverty – income poverty and deprivation poverty – and 17 indicators of welfare problems were used in the analysis. It was shown that income poverty was rather weakly related to other types of welfare problems, i.e. the most commonly used measure of poverty seems to discriminate a section of the population that does not suffer from the kinds of problems we usually assume that poverty causes. Deprivation poverty, identifying those who most often had to forgo consumption of goods and services, did correlate strongly with other types of welfare problems. Hence, people living under poor conditions do suffer from welfare problems even though this section of the population is not always captured by income poverty measures. The final analysis showed that the types of welfare problems that were most likely to cluster were deprivation poverty, economic precariousness, unemployment, psychological strain and health problems. Whether these types of accumulated welfare problems, from a theoretical perspective, can be seen as indicators of social exclusion is more doubtful.

  • 18.
    Halleröd, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Gordon, David
    Ritakallio, Veli-Matti
    Relative deprivation: a comparative analysis of Britain, Finland and Sweden2006In: Journal of European Social Policy, ISSN 0958-9287, E-ISSN 1461-7269, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 328-345Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Johansson Sevä, Ingemar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Are the self-employed really that poor? Income poverty and living standard among self-employed in Sweden2015In: Vulnerable Groups & Inclusion, E-ISSN 2000-8023, Vol. 6, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Small enterprises are often highlighted by politicians as important engines of economic growth and job creation. However, previous research suggests that self-employment might not be equally beneficial for individuals in terms of their income compared to regular employment. Several studies have in fact found that the self-employed may face a substantially higher poverty risk than do regular employees. The aim of the present study is to investigate to what extent income poverty is a good predictor of actual living standards among the self-employed. Is the relationship between income poverty and living standards different for self-employed compared to the regularly employed? To investigate this question we use a unique Swedish survey dataset including regularly employed (n 2,642) as well as self-employed (over-sampled, n 2,483). Income poverty is defined as living in a household with less than 60% of the median household income. Living standards are measured with a deprivation index based on 29 consumption indicators. The results show that even though income poverty is more prevalent among the self-employed than among the regularly employed, no evidence can be found suggesting that the self-employed have a lower standard of living than the regularly employed. Furthermore, when specifically comparing income poor self-employed with income poor regularly employed, we find that the income poor self-employed score significantly lower on the deprivation index even after the compositional characteristics of both groups are taken into account. The conclusion is that poverty measures based on income data underestimate the actual living standard of the self-employed.

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  • 20.
    Johansson Sevä, Ingemar
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Strandh, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The prevalence, characteristics and well-being of 'necessity' self-employed and 'latent' entrepreneurs: findings from Sweden2016In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 58-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-employment is often discussed in terms of 'push' and 'pull' factors. The aim of this article is to assess not only the prevalence of 'necessity' self-employed and 'latent' entrepreneurs in Sweden, but also the characteristics in terms of socio-demography, personality traits, intrinsic work motivation and preference for independence associated with each group. In addition, the article investigates whether 'necessity' self-employment and 'latent' entrepreneurship are related to four measures of well-being. This is done using a nationally representative survey of the self-employed (small-business owners, n = 2,483) and regularly employed (n = 2,642) in Sweden. The main findings indicate that 'necessity' self-employed have characteristics and preferences that differ from other (non-'necessity') self-employed. They display relatively low intrinsic work motivation and preference for independence as well as scores on personality traits typically associated with entrepreneurship. They also report lower levels of work autonomy, job-satisfaction, life satisfaction and family-life satisfaction than other self-employed. 'Latent' entrepreneurs resemble entrepreneurs in many ways but they nevertheless report lower levels of well-being than non-'necessity' self-employed.

  • 21. Jonsson, Robin
    et al.
    Hasselgren, Caroline
    Dellve, Lotta
    Seldén, Daniel
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Matching the Pieces: The Presence of IdiosyncraticDeals and Their Impact on Retirement PreferencesAmong Older Workers2021In: Work, Aging and Retirement, ISSN 2054-4642, E-ISSN 2054-4650, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 240-255Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite working life prolongation having been at the center of the policy agenda in Europe for the last two decades,organizations’ engagement in formal age-management activities intended to strengthen older workers’ motivationand work ability appears limited. Given policies to extend working lives, negotiated individualized work arrange-ments—often called idiosyncratic deals (I-deals)—can be an informal and complementary approach to formal-ized age-management practices, improving the person–job fit and helping older workers extend their working lives.Nevertheless, research on I-deals and retirement preferences remains scarce in the Nordic context, where collectiveagreements regulate conditions of employment and the employer–employee relationship. Using confirmatory factoranalysis and structural equation modeling, this study examines five areas of I-deals (i.e., Task and Work Responsibilities,Workload Reduction, Schedule Flexibility, Location Flexibility, and Financial Incentives) and their relationships with re-tirement preferences among Swedish public-sector employees aged 55 years or older (n = 4,499). Findings show thatI-deals are generally less prevalent among women and older employees, as well as among those with poor health, inlower socioeconomic positions, and with shorter organizational tenure. Regarding retirement preferences, we foundTask and Work Responsibilities to be related to later preferred retirement age, while, surprisingly, the opposite was ob-served for Workload Reduction, probably because individuals who received workload reductions also reported poorerhealth. Comparatively, factors such as matching employees’ competence, experience, and growth opportunities seemto be the most important for public-sector employees’ retirement preferences.

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  • 22.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Exposure to crime as a consequence of poverty: five investigations about relative deprivation, poverty and exposure to crime2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contains five studies that in different ways investigate poverty and the relation between poverty and exposure to crime. The basis of the thesis has been the question of how poverty is related to other welfare problems such as unemployment and health problems, focusing on exposure to crime and fear of crime. The thesis also has a comparative element. In one article, the conditions in Britain, Finland and Sweden are compared, and two articles compare conditions in Britain and Sweden.

    Poverty has been measured as relative deprivation. This is done by measuring consumption of socially perceived necessities, both goods and activities. For poverty to be at hand, not consuming some of the goods or not engaging in some of the activities must be a consequence of lack of economic resources, not of personal preference. The relation between poverty and exposure to crime has been understood from an interactionist perspective, where the possible interaction between and intersection of potential offender and potential victim constitute the determinant factor for the risk of being exposed to crime. In this perspective, the poor are more exposed because their situation of being poor places them in situations where the risks of being exposed are high. Fear of crime stems from different sources. The significance of earlier victimization, the characteristics of the geographical unit where one lives and vulnerability in the event of actual exposure have been investigated.

    It was found that poverty measured as relative deprivation is related to other welfare problems, primarily other economic problems, unemployment, health impairments, anxiety, sleeping problems and headaches. But it was also found that poverty is related to exposure to crime and fear of crime. Furthermore, poverty based on an income measure did not correlate especially well with other welfare problems. It was also found that the extent of poverty measured as relative deprivation is equal in Britain and Sweden, while it is more extensive in Finland. This result contradicts earlier studies based on income measurements of poverty, which show that poverty is about equally common in Sweden and Finland and more extensive in Britain. It was found that the reason why relative deprivation is more extensive in Finland is that the level of unemployment is higher there and that the unemployed are worse off in Finland than in Britain and Sweden.

    Regarding the relation between poverty and exposure to property crime, it was found that the poor are more exposed than are the non-poor with regard to the property crime that violates personal integrity most: property crime related to the residence. Exposure to crime was found to be more of a poverty problem in Sweden than in Britain. Because crime rates are about equal in Britain and Sweden, the result indicates that the risk of being exposed to crime in Britain is more equally distributed across the population. Furthermore, it was found that fear of crime in Sweden is related to poverty, while fear of crime in Britain is more related to vulnerability in general, particularly vulnerability on the labour market. One reason for this may be that fear of crime is more common in Britain than in Sweden. Fear of crime may be such a general problem in Britain that the poor cannot be differentiated from the non-poor.

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  • 23.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Exposure to property crime as a consequence of poverty2006In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 45-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates whether and why the poor are more exposed to property crime than are the non-poor, despite the reasonable assumption that poor people lack or have little valuable property that can be stolen. If poor people are more exposed to property crime than those who are not poor, there are needs for explanations. The paper investigates two plausible reasons: the significance of the neighbourhood character and routine activities. The results in the paper indicates that poor people are more exposed to property crimes related to the residence, independent of neighbourhood character and routine activities, while exposure to property crimes related to vehicles depends more on the family situation and age than on poverty per se. When it comes to other kinds of property crime, poor people do not seem to be more exposed than do the nonpoor. That poor people are more exposed to property crime related to their residence, and that there are problem areas explaining why, is worrisome. Those who are poor are often vulnerable to other social problems that tend to exclude them from ordinary living patterns. To find out the relation between poverty and exposure to property crimes related to residence is of importance for crime prevention and probably an important step to prevent those who are poor from being further excluded from society.

  • 24.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Fear of Crime among the Poor in Britain and Sweden2009In: International Review of Victimology, ISSN 0269-7580, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 223-254Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Poverty and exposure to crime in Britain and SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Statens roller2014In: Ekonomisk sociologi: En introduktion / [ed] Reza Azarian, Adel Daoud, Bengt Larsson, Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, p. 175-194Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Larsson, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The Reaction Towards White Collar Crime: When White Collar Crime Matters2013In: The Open Criminology Journal, ISSN 1874-9178, Vol. 6, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present article, we analyze socio-demographic profiles regarding wrongful attitudes toward white-collar crime. This is a well-researched area, however where the vast majority of the studies comes from the USA and UK. In this paper we will investigate wrongful attitudes in a different context – Sweden. We will furthermore not only focus on those having a restricted view of white collar crime, but also people with a liberal view, i.e. people who do not consider white collar crime to be seriously wrong. To identify different groups regarding attitudes towards white collar crime we have used Latent Class Analyses, with the result that we can identify four different groups, among which we focus on a large group (containing 35 % of the sample) having the most restricted view of white collar crime, and a small group (4.5 % of the sample) having the most liberal view of white collar crime. The socio-demographic profile of people having a restricted view of white collar crime is quite similar to the previous research. The restricted group consists in general of elderly women that infrequently uses Internet. The liberal group is in great extent an opposite group – containing young men regularly using Internet. We conclude that it is the latter group that is of most interest for future research, not the least be-cause it is a group that may be breeding general distrust, which may strain the society’s social solidarity and trustfulness.

  • 28.
    Larsson, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Halleröd, Björn
    Sweden: the impact of policy and labour market transformation2011In: Working poverty in europe: a comparative approach / [ed] Neil Fraser, Rodolfo Gutiérrez and Ramon Peña-Casas, Palegrave Macmillan , 2011, p. 112-132Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Larsson, Daniel
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Schmauch, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Perception of race discrimination by the police in Europe2017In: Police brutality, racial profiling, and discrimination in the criminal justice system / [ed] Stephen Egharevba, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2017, p. 13-37Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Procedural justice is an important principle in democratic societies, which fails when police discriminate minorities through for example racial profiling and during crime report procedures. This not only violates individuals’ rights, it also increases corruption, make police work problematic and decrease trust in the justice system. The aim of the chapter is to investigate perception of police discrimination against minorities, with focus on whether anti-immigrant attitudes have an independent impact on the perception of police discrimination. We use European Social Survey, collected in 2010, including 24 countries and around 45,000 respondents. The results show that anti-immigrant attitudes imply that respondents don’t believe the police to discriminate independent on individual factors such as education, gender, minority and country factors such as corruption, inequality and the proportion of non-European inhabitants in the country.

  • 30.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Disability benefits and work reconsidered: is work really good for people with disabilities?2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: In this study we ask if employment is beneficial for people with disabilities (psychiatric respectively musculoskeletal diagnoses). We set out two hypotheses: 1) Disabled people with an employment report better health than those without employment. 2) Work conditions affect the extent to whichwork benefits the health.

    METHODS: We used longitudinal data, the Swedish Survey of Living Conditions 2002/03 and 2010/11. The number of respondents were 1925 including both people with diagnoses and a control group without any diagnosis. Linear Probability Models were regressed to identify variations between disability groups, as regards the correlation between paid work and self-reported health.

    RESULTS: People with diagnoses seemed to benefit from employment, and this was particularly evident for people with psychiatric diagnoses. The effect was also stronger in subjects with severe symptoms from their diagnosis. This may be because people with severe symptoms are more affected by their illnesses, and therefore gain more from participation in everyday activities. Having a job can work as an important source to fulfill various psychosocial needs. Further, experiences of poorer work environments tended to be associated with lower levels of health. This result is important given the trend that policies might result in that disabled people are forced to engage in work activities in order to receive benefits, irrespective of their work preferences.

    CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the policy aim to involve the disabled in paid work is appropriate for improving health but policies should be more flexible in relation to individual needs of the disabled.

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  • 31.
    Sandström, Glenn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). Stockholm University Demography Unit (SUDA), Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Namatovu, Fredinah
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Ineland, Jens
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Ng, Nawi
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The Persistence of High Levels of Living Alone Among Adults with Disabilities in Sweden, 1993–20112021In: Population: Research and Policy Review, ISSN 0167-5923, E-ISSN 1573-7829, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 163-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how the probability to live alone has developed among working age individuals with and without disabilities in Sweden during the period 1993–2011 when extensive political reforms to improve the integration of disabled individuals in society were implemented. The results show that individuals with disabilities are approximately twice as likely to be living alone when compared to individuals without disabilities. People with disabilities were also more likely to report low life satisfaction, and this was especially true among individuals with disabilities living alone. Men and women with disabilities also tend to experience longer periods of living as a one-person household than non-disabled people. Over time we find no indications of reduced differences in family outcomes between disabled and non-disabled individuals but rather evidence to the contrary. These differences are interpreted as being the result of the disadvantage disabled individual’s experience in the partner market and that people with disabilities are less successful in forming partnerships that can lead to cohabitation and family formation. The results thus show how disabled individuals still face societal barriers that limit their possibilities to find and sustain relationships that result in stable cohabitation despite increased efforts to improve their inclusion in Swedish society.

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  • 32.
    Skog, Frida
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Children of divorce: The effects of post-divorce family re-formation on children's future earningsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It is not unusual with sequential partnerships today, and more children are nowadays living parts of their childhood in families consisting of both biological parents, non-parental adults, full biological siblings, and half-siblings. The aim of this study is to investigate post-divorce family re-formation regarding the effect on future labour market earnings for children. Three factors are investigated: 1) family re-formation, 2) half-siblings and 3) family size. We employ propensity score matching on a population based dataset, a method of advantage when heterogeneity in effects can be suspected. We find no evidence of effects of family re-formation, nor the occurrence of half-siblings, on labour market earnings. We find a substantial negative effect of family size on adult earnings, regardless of re-marriage and half-siblings. This suggests that the childhood circumstances that affect adult earnings are related to the nuclear family and family size – including resource dilution from siblings – regardless of whether these children originate in the nuclear family or in the divorced and re-formed family.

  • 33.
    Stattin, Mikael
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The labour market in agening Sweden: lifecourse influences on workforce participation2015In: Population ageing from a lifecourse perspective: critical and international approaches / [ed] Kathrin Komp & Stina Johansson, Bristol: Policy Press, 2015, p. 203-220Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Örestig, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Stattin, Mikael
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Retirement preferences before and after pension reform: Evidence from a Swedish natural experimentManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the change of retirement preferences in the Swedish work force between 2002/2003 (t0) and 2010/2011 (t1). In 2003 a new pension system was introduced in Sweden. A central aim was to postpone retirement. Work incentives were strengthened by linking benefits more closely to the individual’s labour market participation. Also, older workers were given the right to work until age 67 which meant that age 65 was abandoned as the statutory age of retirement.

    Drawing on cross-sectional data from the PSAE surveys in t0 and t1, the aim of the paper is to examine how retirement preferences developed between the time when the new system was about to be introduced and a time when it had been set in place. The study design has the character of a natural experiment. The main results show that there was substantial change in how retirement preferences were distributed in the two time-points.

    In general, the 55–64 year-olds in t1 preferred to retire later than the same age group did in t0. The share of the older workforce which preferred to retire beyond 65 doubled and the increase was clustered around age 67. Most strikingly, this pattern applies to most sub-categories. Even those who reported poor health and poor work environment preferred to retire later in t1 than the corresponding category did in the preceding time-point. The results indicate that the strengthened work incentives and public campaigns to raise awareness of them have had a general impact on the older workforce in Sweden. The strong increase in age 67 as a preferred exit age indicates that the norm of suitable exit age is being delayed from 65 to 67.

1 - 34 of 34
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