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  • 1.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Against all odds: local economic development policies and local government autonomy in Sweden and Britain1993Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis makes a comparative study of local government autonomy in Britain and Sweden within the local economic development policy area. It argues for local government autonomy to be viewed in terms of both a vertical dimension concerning local government's autonomy vis-à-vis national government (national context) and a horizontal dimension relating to its autonomy vis-à-vis local social and economic forces (local context). A policy area approach is advocated as the strength of, and the balance between, factors influencing local government autonomy, both vertically and horizontally, may be modified by the particular characteristics of the policy area. For example, the local economic development policy area is characterized as a grey zone respecting the intergovernmental relationship and a "mixed-economy" concerning the public-private sector relationship.

    The concept of autonomy is distinguished into policy-making independence (measured as local authority cooperation with other actors in economic development policies) and capacity for action (measured in terms of four local authority roles in the local economy). These are tested empirically regarding the influence of the local context and the relationship between them examined. The dominant trend in both countries is that the more local authorities intervene in the local economy (extend their capacity for action), the greater their cooperation with other actors (the more restricted their policy-making independence).

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    Against all odds: local economic development policies and local government autonomy in Sweden and Britain
  • 2.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Beguinage: de första kvinnogjorda städerna2005In: PLAN : tidskrift för samhällsplanering, ISSN 0032-0560, no 5-6, p. 8-12Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Blurring the boundaries between public and private in the governance of education: is the state losing its grip?2007In: Reforming education policy: internationalization – privatization – governance, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Citizenship as 'lived experience' in the city: connecting the material and the emotional aspects of citizenship in the right to the city2013In: Tracing the women-friendly welfare state: gendered politics of everyday life in Sweden / [ed] Åsa Gunnarsson, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2013, 1, p. 99-121Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Claiming the city?:  Diversity, inclusion and city planning. Women taking place2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Evaluation: the (not so) softly-softly approach to governance and its consequences for compulsory education in the Nordic countries2011In: Education Inquiry, E-ISSN 2000-4508, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 671-687Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Public sector reform involving decentralisation and marketisation has led to “soft” indirect forms of governance aimed at steering more fragmented systems. Although based on information and guidance rather than hierarchy and legislation, these new methods of regulating through evaluation and quality control may be as powerful as more direct control methods. Frequently embodying practices building on values concerning consumer choice and competition, they may challenge values of equality and social justice associated with the Nordic model of education. Drawing on a qualitative analysis using documentary data concerning evaluation structures and techniques, the development of an evaluative culture and consequences for compulsory education in the Nordic countries are examined. Although soft governance techniques of evaluation and control have impacted on compulsory education in all five countries, there are differences concerning the extent to which the Nordic model’s values have been challenged. Further, there are signs of resistance and reluctance to abandon the model’s basic tenets.

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    Evaluation
  • 7.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Gendering the governance of the city?2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the potential of governance theory to connect with feminist critiques of the public- private dichotomy in that it recognizes that processes of governing do not just take place within the formal, public arena of politics, but also in the “private” through families, workplaces and schools, gender analyses of governance have been lacking. Thus, with regard to urban governance, it becomes important to scrutinize the seemly “natural” ways of organizing and structuring the city and its decision and policy making processes.  The right to the city, to participate in and influence decision making processes affecting one’s life should, theoretically be the same for all citizens, regardless of sex, age, ethnicity and so on. However, not everyone has the same opportunities to participate. The city, through its space, architecture, social relations and activities produces and reproduces the gendered, racialized, sexualized and classed power relations in society. These have the potential to oppress and dominate not just through the distribution of material resources, but also through taken-for-granted assumptions and practices that include some while excluding others.  

     

    Women and men, as heterogeneous categories, use and experience the city differently and have different priorities in terms of services and infrastructure. These differences are socially constructed reflecting that the lives of women and men are deeply and systematically conditioned by various social norms and expectations and unequal economic and social power relations. Feminist research on the gendered construction of cities shows how women’s insecurity in urban spaces curtails not only their access to and participation in the city, but also limits their visions of the city as a “good place” to live and work. Women’s fear of men’s violence, and the ways in which it constrains their freedom to exercise their citizenship, raise fundamental problems for democracy. This paper aims to contribute to the gendering of governance theory by exploring how women’s insecurity in urban areas affects their use of, access to and participation in the city and the consequences for their citizenship.  Drawing on theories relating to the embodied nature of citizenship, focus group interviews with different groups of women (reflecting age, class and ethnicity) gathered in four Swedish municipalities are analyzed and the implications of women’s visions of the city for urban governance considered.  

  • 8.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Governing the city: gender and urban governance2012In: Theorizing and Practicing Gender-Sensitive Planning in European Discourse, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite one of governance theory’s strengths being that it recognizes that processes of governing take place in sites beyond the domain of institutional politics, there has been a lack of gender analyses of governance. This is somewhat surprising given its potential to connect with feminist critique of, for example, the public - private dichotomy. Women and men use and experience the city differently and have, for example, different priorities in terms of services and infrastructure. These differences are socially constructed reflecting that the lives of women and men are deeply and systematically conditioned by various social norms and expectations. This paper aims to contribute to the gendering of governance theory by exploring how women’s insecurity in urban areas affects their use of, access to and participation in the city and the consequences for their citizenship.  The focus is on how women’s insecurity in urban areas highlights the need for more gender-sensitive urban governance. Drawing on theories relating to the embodied nature of citizenship, focus group interviews with different groups of women (reflecting age, class and ethnicity) gathered in four Swedish municipalities are analyzed and the implications for gender-sensitive governance are considered.    

  • 9.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Governing the governance of education: the state strikes back?2007In: European Educational Research Journal: Special issue Local Autonomy or State Control? Exploring the Effects of New Forms of Regulation in Education, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 266-282Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Hell's Grannies and Crazy Ladies: Challenging the Precarization of Older Women2021In: Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society, ISSN 1072-4745, E-ISSN 1468-2893, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 314-334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Older women are often portrayed as particularly vulnerable and in need of protection, producing processes of ageist “othering” that deny agency, foster “appropriate” behaviors, and work to exclude them from everyday life. While not denying many women face a precarious situation in later life, some older women resist their subjectivation as vulnerable. Drawing on a concept of precarity as governmentality, older women’s acceptance and resistance to being characterized as “vulnerable” and in need of protection are explored in relation to focus group interviews with female pensioners in four Swedish municipalities.

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  • 11.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    In the company of schools: schools and local development strategies in Britain2002In: Local education policies: comparing Sweden and Britain / [ed] Christine Hudson; Anders Lidström, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002, 1, p. 147-177Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on the coming together in particular situations of a number of the main trends identified earlier in the book relating to globalization and the growth of the knowledge economy. The interplay of these tendencies is examined within the context of local education policy and local economic development. A weaving together of education and economic development as a consequence of the increasing importance of knowledge in the global competitive economy has been apparent not only at the national but also at the local level. The more traditional definition of local development in terms of economic, technical and physical infrastructure has been challenged by the emergence of a parallel, more holistic development discourse in which education, health, care, culture, environment, and other quality of life issues contribute to an interactive creation of welfare and growth. Social, economic and environmental goals are linked and balanced and the importance of knowledge creation and human resource development in achieving economic development are acknowledged. access to knowledge, ideas, new technology, suppliers and customers, its ‘soft’ enabling infrastructure, are increasingly important.

  • 12.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Män bygger och kvinnor bor2005In: Spelet om staden: spelare, spelplan, relregler / [ed] Gun Frank, Stockholm: FORMAS , 2005Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    New Subject Positions for Non-Traditional Actors or Business as Usual in the Strong Region Discourse?2012In: Promoting Innovation: Policies, Practices and Procedures / [ed] Andersson, S, Berglund, K, Gunnarsson, E & Sundin, E, Stockholm: Vinnova , 2012, p. 68-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish regional policy has moved from being ahighly centralised, national government regional policy aiming at levelling outterritorial differences and aiding problem regions to a more decentralised,neo-liberal policy focusing on promoting growth in the whole country. In this new policy, emphasis is placed on the need for increased entrepreneurship and the development of innovation systems in order to facilitate the region’s economic growth so that it becomes a strong region. Applying Carol Bacchi’s “What’s the Problem?” approach to government policy documents and reports concerning regional policy between 1993 and 2010, this chapter analyses the gendered consequences ofthe strong region discourse and asks what spaces and subject positions are being created for those who do not fit the strong region image? Who is constructed as the entrepreneurial citizen capable of promoting innovation? The chapter identifies several competing discourses at work: the strong region discourse, the gender equality for growth discourse, and the women as a problemin achieving regional development discourse. It argues that these are, somewhat paradoxically, complementary and contradictory - both opening and closing spaces and opportunities for subjectivities for women and other “Others”, particularly when gender, ethnicity and age intersect. It concludes that the male norm underlying the construction of entrepreneurship and innovation still continues to dominate and the networks and clusters that women engage in are generally not ascribed a place in innovation systems and consequently not defined as “innovation”. Nevertheless, although it still appears to be businessas usual, potential may lurk in the cracks between the representations of women, immigrants and young people, both as problems and as assets. These can perhaps provide opportunities to challenge the dominant gendered, radicalised and sexualised power relations in regional policy and the construction of innovation as “masculine”.

  • 14.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Regional development partnerships in Sweden: a way for higher education institutions to develop their role in the processes of regional governance?2006In: Higher Education, ISSN 0018-1560, E-ISSN 1573-174X, Vol. 51, no 3, p. 387-410Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Regional development partnerships in Sweden: putting the government back in governance?2005In: Regional and Federal Studies, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 311-327Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Regional development partnerships were introduced in Sweden in 1998 as part of a new regional policy. Here it is argued that these partnerships can provide support for the concept of governance in which the state continues to play an important role in steering the direction of policy. On the surface, as a decentralized organizational form, emphasizing inclusion of a broad range of regional stakeholders in the production of regional growth agreements/programmes, the partnerships would seem to fit a strategy of 'letting other regimes rule' on the part of the state. However, the central role played by the Swedish county administrative boards (the extended arm of the state in the region), suggests that the partnerships could also be a way for central government to retain control over the direction of regional development. In this way, they become an example of the state's ability to adjust to a changing environment rather than its 'hollowing out'.

  • 16.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    Regionala partnerskap - ett hot mot eller ett förverkligande av demokrati?2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Papperet fokuserar på de nya regionala partnerskap som har införts i samband med de regionala tillväxtavtalen och vilka möjligheter dessa har att stärka eller försvaga demokrati. Partnerskap är en ny formför det politiska arbetet på regional nivå somuppmuntras av både staten och EU. I partnerskap skall aktörer från olika sektorer, särskilt näringslivet, ingå. Det övergripande målet är att genom att utveckla en helhetssyn och en bättre tvärsektoriell samverkan mellan olika aktörer åstadkomma en hållbar ekonomisk tillväxt. Partnerskap kan ses som en del i utvecklingen av en ny regionalpolitik där fokus har förskjutits från traditionellt industristöd till en ökad betoning av att varje region bör bygga sin utveckling på just sina egna förutsättningar. Detta skall stimulera utvecklingen av aktiva regioner som kännetecknas av inklusivitet, nätverk, samverkan och dialog mellan olika regionala intressen (stakeholders). Strategin är nära kopplad till framväxten av en mer holistisk regional diskurs, som innehåller en mer sammanhållen syn på samhällsbyggande och samhällsutveckling där hälsa, kultur, utbildning, miljö samt omsorg om barn och äldre ingår i ett interaktivt skapande av välfärd och tillväxt. Den preliminära slutsats somman kan dra från vår inledande undersökning är att det finns en potential för att regionala partnerskap, som en del av en bredare mer holistisk regional diskurs, skall kunna bidra till en utveckling av den regionala och lokala demokratin. Men om den mer exkluderande diskursen dominerar och regionala partnerskap blir ett elitprojekt finns det risk att demokratin i stället försämras.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 17.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Self-regulation: the softly, softly approach to governance2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sharing fairly?: mobility, citizenship, and gender relations in two Swedish city-regions2018In: Journal of Urban Affairs, ISSN 0735-2166, E-ISSN 1467-9906, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 82-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the centrality of women's mobility in relation to urban citizenship and how this is influenced by the underlying gender relations. A theoretical framework is developed concerning mobility, citizenship and the gender contract. Focusing on the Swedish situation the relationship between gender, domestic work and commuting is discussed.  Drawing on theories concerning mobility and the concept of gender contract and using the findings from a questionnaire survey, these issues are explored in two Swedish city-regions, Göteborg and Umeå. Focus is on whether, when both in a couple are in paid employment and commute, a more egalitarian gender contract develops where the unpaid domestic work is shared more equally. It concludes that, irrespective of commuting, there continues to be a more traditional gender contract where, despite being in paid employment, the woman continues to be responsible for the brunt of the unpaid domestic labour with the exception of tasks relating to childcare. Here responsibility is more equally shared between both parents, reflecting a strong norm in Swedish society where fathers are also expected to be actively involved with their children.  

  • 19.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Situating agency in the context of the post-political city?2017In: Gender, governance and feminist post-structuralist analysis: missing in action? / [ed] Christine M. Hudson, Malin Rönnblom and Katherine Teghtsoonian, Routledge, 2017, p. 141-161Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The consequences of women’s insecurity in the urban environment from a democratic perspective2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The gender equal region: a new image for an old region?2006In: The towards a new Nordic regionalism?: Conference Balestrand, Norway, 4-5 May 2006, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The gendered aspects of the strong region discourse2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Gendered Aspects of the Strong Region Discourse: New Subject Positions for Non-Traditional Actors or Business as Usual?2010In:  Sustainable regional growth and development in the creative knowledge economy, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The gender-equal city?2008In: 10th International Interdisciplinary Congress of Women's Worlds 2008, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain, 3-9 July, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The gender-equal region: a new image for an old region?2008In: Towards New Nordic Regions, Politics, Administration & Regional Development, Aalbord: Aalborg Universitetsforlag , 2008, p. 260-289Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The strong region discourse in Swedish regional policy: new subject positions for non-traditional actors or business as usual?2010In: Nordic Rural Futures: Pressures and Possibilities Research Conference, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).
    The university and regional reciprocity2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 28.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Transforming the educative state in the Nordic Countries?2010In: Education in political science: discovering a neglected field / [ed] A.P. Jakobi, K Martens & K.D. Wolf, London & New York: Routledge , 2010, p. 56-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Hudson, Christine
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Visioning the future city?2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    “To give up hope would be to accept that a desired future is not possible. Without hope, the future would become impossible” (Ahmed 2014:185).

    Urban planning frequently involves creating visions of the future city, often as the ‘good’ place. Understanding the city as relational and always in a process of becoming (Massey 2005) suggests it should be amenable to re-imagination. However, changing the city’s physical form is relatively easy compared to changing the social relations, cultural meanings, traditions and norms in which that materiality is embedded (Plate & Rommes 2007).  Developing more inclusive cities requires ways of contesting the ‘straightjacket’ of accepted meanings and ways of being and imagine alternatives that give hope for the future. Utopias can be seen as experiments involving “imagination as a method, hope as a motivation, and social change as a goal” (Greenway 2002: 201). Feminist utopian thinking in particular concerns creating new conceptual spaces which open up possibilities for imagining different ways of conceptualising the past, present and future (Sargisson 1996). In the study reported here, transgressing alternatives of imagining the city drawn from feminist science fiction and utopian writings were presented to focus groups of women from different backgrounds in two Swedish cities. The aim was to encourage them to re-imagine their urban subjectivities, challenge the accepted ways of being and picture an ‘other’ city. The women’s visions reflected both acceptance and questioning of the city’s gendered norms and power relations and presented alternative future cities. 

  • 30.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Brandén, Jennie
    Are city-regions opening up opportunities for decreasing the differences between women and men in terms of mobility or are they contributing to maintaining the gender gap?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Giritli-Nygren, Katarina
    Mittuniversitetet .
    Jarnkvist, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet .
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Schmauch, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Ruralt flyktingmottagande – En (ny) strategi för mindre kommuners överlevnad?2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att belysa förutsättningarna, utmaningarna och möjligheterna för flyktingmottagande och integrationsarbete på mindre orter, med särskilt fokus på glesbygdskommuner i norra Sverige. Tills nyligen har Sverige haft en relativt generös migrationspolitik och de svenska kommunerna har haft en nyckelroll i mottagandet och integrationen av flyktingar. Många små, glesbefolkade landsbygdskommuner har tagit emot en hög andel individer i förhållande till sin befolkningsstorlek. Flyktingmottagande har setts som en möjlighet att utveckla kommunen. Många av de små kommuner i norra Sverige som står inför en minskande befolkning har sett mottagandet som en möjlighet till sysselsättning, genererad av de uppgifter som en tillströmning av flyktingar innebär, men också som en grund för att utveckla den kommunala verksamheten. Kommunernas flyktingmottagande är dock beroende av politiken på nationell nivå och förändringar i denna politik som påverkar antalet flyktingar som kommunerna kan ta emot. När politikerna beslutar att strama åt flyktingpolitiken och stänga ned verksamheter som kommit att utgöra ett hopp inför framtiden, utvecklas en känsla av maktlöshet. Besluten om antal och kvoter fattas någon annanstans, och detta bidrar till en process där små glesbygdskommuner hamnar ännu längre bort från maktens centrum. Att ta emot flyktingar har för dessa kommuner, åtminstone inledningsvis, varit en strategi som gett hopp för framtiden, inte bara för de flyktingar som tas emot i dessa små samhällen, utan också för de små kommunerna själva. Den lilla orten blir således perifer genom att den marginaliseras i såväl politiska som ekonomiska processer och alltså inte (enbart) på grund av sin rumsliga position.

    Rapporten är organiserad utifrån forskningsprojektets tre delstudier. Delstudierna baseras på olika material och besvarar olika frågor. Den första handlar om hur integration som fenomen beskrivs i ansökningar om projektmedel från Länsstyrelserna och vilka problem som kommunerna beskriver som särskilt centrala att adressera. Den andra delstudien fokuserar på de sätt på vilka flyktingmottagande framställs i lokala och regionala nyhetsmedier i Västerbotten och Västernorrland. Den tredje och sista delstudien fokuserar på erfarenheter och vardagliga arbetsvillkor för flyktingmottagare och integrationsarbetare i två mindre orter. I en sammantagen analys av resultatet från de tre delstudierna identifieras fyra mer övergripande berättelser varigenom flyktingmottagande i glesbygd skildras 1) engagemang och frustration, 2) förutsättningarna för mottagandet och organiseringens betydelse, 3) integration och svenskhet och 4) periferiseringsprocesser.

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    Ruralt flyktingmottagande
  • 32.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Giritli-Nygren, Katarina
    Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Lidén, Gustav
    Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Between Central Control and Local Autonomy: The Changing Role of Swedish Municipalities in the Implementation of Migration Policies2021In: Local Integration of Migrants Policy: European Experiences and Challenges / [ed] Jochen Franzke & José M. Ruano de la Fuente, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2021, 1, p. 11-34Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish migration policy has undergone dramatic changes and has moved from being one of the most generous policies to the minimum EU level. Traditionally refugee reception has been a policy area with a strong tradition of collaboration between national and local government with decentralized decision-making. The role of local government has, however, altered in the face of greater centralization and harder national government steering. This chapter provides a broad picture of Swedish local government’s responsibilities, the changing nature of the role it has played and is playing with regard to refugee reception and integration policies and the challenges it currently faces.

  • 33.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kolam, Kerstin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sub-national governments in Europe: challenge and change2004Report (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kvist, Elin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Unfinished urban democracy?: The consequences of fear of violence for women’s citizenship2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Introduction2002In: Local education policies: comparing Sweden and Britain / [ed] Christine Hudson; Anders Lidström, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002, 1, p. 3-26Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We are living in a time of considerable change and uncertainty; processes of restructuring are taking place within the economy, society and politics at the international, national and local levels. Countries are becoming more inter-linked as political, economic, cultural and technological activities increasingly span the boundaries of states. Non-governmental actors, such as transnational companies, are playing an increasingly significant role in these transactions. Transnationalization challenges the traditional role of the nation state. The globalization of the economy, the spread of ‘mass culture’ through the mass media, environmental problems, the growth of supra-national political structures such as the EU mean that it is increasingly difficult for countries to isolate their domestic political institutions, behaviour and policy from international influences.

  • 36.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lidström, AndersUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Local education policies: comparing Sweden and Britain2002Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Western world, education policy has increasingly become a local matter. Localities and schools adjust education to meet specific local needs, fragmentation and diversity. Globalization and the greater emphasis on knowledge in society however, also embody strong streamlining tendencies. This edited volume examines and compares the way in which local education systems in Britain and Sweden are created in the interplay between common tendencies of change and particular local conditions.

  • 37.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lidström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    National school policy changes in Britain and Sweden2002In: Local education policies: comparing Sweden and Britain / [ed] Christine Hudson; Anders Lidström, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002, 1, p. 27-64Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In both Britain and Sweden, responsibility for schools is shared between the central and local levels of government. Local policy-making is largely dependent on the decisions taken centrally, and these form a general context for local education policies. National education policies establish goals, set rules, provide resources and specify how outcomes should be evaluated. This context may be both constraining and enabling for local decision-makers, that is, it may limit some choices, but at the same time provide opportunities. The national policy context undergoes constant change, and it varies between countries, even if there may be similarities. Further, even if it forms a common context for all the local education authorities within a country, the national policy context must always be interpreted and applied in particular local situations.

  • 38.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Umea University.
    Nyseth, Torill
    Arctic University of Norway.
    Pedersen, Paul
    Tromsö.
    Dealing with difference: Contested place identities in two northern Scandinavian cities2019In: City, ISSN 1360-4813, E-ISSN 1470-3629, Vol. 23, no 4-5, p. 564-579Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an era of culturally driven growth, urban identities are of central importance for the branding of cities. However, urban identities are under constant re-negotiation as cities’ populations become more diverse. In northern Scandinavia, some cities have developed on what were traditionally Indigenous lands but have failed to acknowledge the role these roots and histories have played in shaping the city’s identity. As the numbers of Indigenous people living in cities grow and they begin to assert their right to the city, the relationship between a city’s ‘majority population’ identity and its ‘Indigenous’ identity may become contested. Looking at the northern Scandinavian cities of Tromsø (Norway) and Umeå (Sweden), we study the conflicts that have arisen around the cities’ place identity. In Tromsø, the conflicts concerned joining the Sámi Administration Area. Whereas, in Umeå, the Sámi identity of the city was contested in relation to the inauguration of Umeå as European Capital of Culture 2014. Drawing on theories of place identity, social justice and the right to the city and analysing representations of place identity in the local media and public fora, we discuss the importance of change and reproduction of urban identities and power relations in the two cities. We conclude that contestation can open up space for change and challenge the city’s dominant power relations, encouraging a resurgent politics of recognition of Indigenous identities rather than a conciliatory form of settler-state recognition that (re)produces and maintains colonial relations.

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  • 39.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rönnberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    State governing and local autonomy2007In: Recent changes and challenges in research on politics of education: 35th Nordic Conference on Educational Research, Turku, Finland, 15-17 March 2007 as a contribution in the symposium, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Political Science, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Is an 'other' city possible?: Using feminist utopias in creating a more inclusive vision of the future city2020In: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 121, article id 102583Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Visions of the good future city are important in futures studies and urban planning. However, these visions have been criticised for reflecting Western, masculine, heteronormative values rather than diversity, and only allowing some voices to speak and be heard. This highlights the need to develop methods for bringing in 'other' voices and enabling alternative visions to be articulated that contest the 'straightjacket' of accepted meanings and ways of being in the city. Here, we present one such attempt using transgressing alternatives of imagining the city drawn from feminist science fiction and utopian writings. These were presented to focus groups of women from different backgrounds in two Swedish cities. The aim was to create a welcoming and safe space for meaning-making that encourage the women to re-imagine their subject positions, challenge the accepted ways of being in the city and picture an 'other' future city. This was partially successful in that, in their discussions, the women both accepted and contested the city's gendered norms and power relations. This reflects the difficulties involved in questioning the existing power relations and norms from a subordinate position, emphasizing the importance of further developing this type of approach in efforts to foster more inclusive cities.

  • 41.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Kvinnor och män i den regionala utvecklingen2012In: Ett delat Norrland: på väg mot regioner? / [ed] Anders Lidström, Umeå: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2012, p. 185-194Chapter in book (Refereed)
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    Kvinnor och män i den regionala utvecklingen
  • 42.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Women's Studies.
    Regional development policies and the constructions of gender equality: the Swedish case2007In: European Journal of Political Research, ISSN 0304-4130, E-ISSN 1475-6765, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 47-68Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    The woman-made city: feminist Utopia or practical possibility2008In: Utopies féministes et expérimentations urbaines, Rennes: PUR , 2008, p. 73-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Rönnblom, MalinUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Karlstad University.Teghtsoonian, KatherineUniversity of Victoria, Canada.
    Gender, governance and feminist post-structuralist analysis: missing in action?2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This edited volume presents critical scholarship analysing governance practices in diverse jurisdictions in Europe and North America, at multiple scales, and in relation to several different arenas of policy and practice. The contributors address shortcomings in the mainstream literature on governance within the discipline of political science.

    The volume as a whole is marked by geographical and topical diversity. However, what the individual chapters have in common is that each considers whether and how gender, racialized identity, and/or other axes of marginalization are visible within the conceptualizations and/or practices of governance under discussion.

    Drawing together insights and conceptual tools from both feminist and post-structuralist frameworks in analysing governance practices, this volume will be of great interest to scholars and graduates who engage with feminist and/or post-structural analysis of policy and governance. It will also be of use to critical policy scholars in anthropology, geography, sociology, and women's studies.

  • 45.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Contested hope for the future: Rural refugee reception as municipal survival?2021In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 82, p. 121-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rural communities in the inland areas of Northern Sweden have long suffered from a steady population declineas young people, particularly women, have moved to the growing urban areas for education/employment.However, in recent years, alongside strategies for survival relating to tourism/hospitality industry, refugeereception has emerged as a strategy for survival whereby these rural municipalities seek to staunch the downwardspiral of decline by accepting refugees in the hope that this will provide not only job opportunities but alsosupport for local services. Using thematic analysis, we focus on media representations of rural refugee receptionin small municipalities Northern Sweden and aim to contribute to an understanding of how spatial and socialrelations are reproduced through these representations; to understand in how ‘the rural’ is constructed in relationto power relations such as race and gender and how these interact with a more explicit spatial power dimension.We are interested in understanding rural refugee reception as a contested hope for the future – a strategy forsurvival. Our analysis shows that the media highlight the stories of how the municipalities set their hopes onrefugee reception to ‘save’ the place not only by bringing in new, younger inhabitants, but also employmentopportunities. However, it also shows that refugee reception may become merely a short-term, temporary solutionand not something that challenges or changes the more general migratory patterns in Sweden.

  • 46.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Umeå University.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Narrating the gender-equal city: doing gender-equality in the swedish european capital of culture umeå20142019In: Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 30-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a powerful narrative of Umeå as a progressive, gender-equal, tolerant citywhich has been important in relation to the investments in culture that the cityhas made, including the European Capital of Culture Year 2014. Viewing the cityas process, as negotiated and contested representation, we study how narratives ofgender-equality figure throughout Capital of Culture year, Umeå2014, and in theprojects that were part of it. We examine how the talk about gender-equality interactswith notions of place and how they are interconnected with each other. Weare interested in what happens with a major cultural project when gender-equalityis emphasized as one of the key values, at the same time as the meaning andcontent of this concept is not specified. Studying official documents and municipalwebpages concerning Umeå as European Capital of Culture, applications forco-funding of cultural projects and news articles, we scrutinize how gender-equalityis used and given meaning by looking at the way it is operationalized bothby the city officials and by those engaging in cultural activities. Gender equalitybecame something that was highlighted in the bid to become European Capitalof Culture and in the making of the programme for the year, and stories aboutthe Umeå2014’s success in implementing a gender-equality perspective have beenrepeated and woven together into a yet another narrative of Umeå. They becamepart of an ongoing negotiation of the city’s identity.

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  • 47.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Schmauch, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    A place for culture? Building an Alternative House of Culture in the context of the 2014 European Capital of Culture in Umeå, Sweden2018In: Participations, E-ISSN 1749-8716, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 170-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of Umeå2014 as European Capital of Culture (ECOC) where the ideal of the inclusive co-creation of culture formed a central part of the programme, we explore the rise, fall and aftermath of an alternative house of culture – Lokstallarna (the Engine Sheds). In its ECOC bid, Umeå stressed its strong alternative, grassroots tradition and ‘Do-It-Yourself’ culture. However, these groups increasingly questioned the inclusiveness of the participatory process around the development and implementation of the programme for the ECOC year. We study one of these alternative movements which occupied disused engine sheds with the aim of turning them into a house of culture ‘for all’ as a counter to the Umeå2014 programme. The focus is on the narrative of Lokstallarna and the creation of an alternative house of culture both from the point of view of those actively involved in its creation and in the local media coverage. We have collected a variety of empirical materials, both on and offline. We approach Lokstallarna as a form of place-based resistance where meanings of activism, culture and the city are negotiated and contested. The ECOC Year in Umeå opened up the opportunity to negotiate both culture and place.

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  • 48.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Schmauch, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Respectable subjects in 'The Social Garden': processes of inclusion and exclusion in Umeå's planning and preparation to become ECOC 20142019In: Narrating otherness in Poland and Sweden: European heritage as a discourse of inclusion and exclusion / [ed] Krzysztof Kowalski, Łucja Piekarska-Duraj, Barbara Törnquist-Plewa, Berlin: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2019, p. 77-97Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Schmauch, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    The co-creation (of) culture?: The case of Umeå, European Capital of Culture 20142017In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 25, no 9, p. 1538-1555Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Culture is often promoted as crucial in efforts to achieve economic growth and social cohesion. In recent debates, greater attention has been directed at the importance of culture in creating democratic and just cities. Drawing on theories concerning participation, we study the processes of citizen participation in the creation of culture in relation to the European Capital of Culture in Umea in Northern Sweden. The city has been praised for its focus on participation and the co-creation' of culture. We scrutinize the idea of co-creation, how it is filled with meaning by different actors, the way it is operationalized by city officials and cultural actors/practitioners and the possibilities for public participation and the power relationships at play in the city. We conclude that culture tends to be depoliticized and turned into an arena available for all on supposedly equal terms and ignores the very unequal terms on which different actors participate. It ignores how power relations affect and construct who gets to speak and be heard; that there are conflicting meanings of culture and co-creation and how power influences whose definition of culture is accepted.

  • 50.
    Hudson, Christine
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Sundström, Kristin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
    Integrating the immigrant the Swedish way? Understandings of citizenship and integration in Swedish local civic integration projects2023In: Journal of Intercultural Studies, ISSN 0725-6868, E-ISSN 1469-9540, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 553-569Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, integration is a pressing issue particularly following the large influx of immigrants in 2015. Swedish municipalities play an important role in civic integration, with responsibility for newly arrived immigrants receiving a basic understanding of Swedish society, their rights and obligations. We analyse data from 204 applications granted funding 2016/2017 for projects improving the integration of refugees into society by co-operation between municipalities and other actors. Using thematic analysis, we identify two broad themes. One concerning the ‘what’ of integration–the Swedish values, norms and behaviours that immigrants are expected to learn in order to become ‘good’ Swedish citizens, and the other concerning the means or the ‘how’ of integration. However, although these projects are well-meaning, they may have normalizing and disciplining effects whereby the immigrant is constructed as subordinate, as the Other. Swedish gender-equality is heavily emphasized and we see how, in relation to this, the immigrant is constructed as unmodern, bound by tradition and unequal. Particularly immigrant women are produced as passive objects rather than active subjects, in need of special women’s activities and lacking as parents in comparison with the Swedish ideal.

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