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  • 1. Backhans, Mona Christina
    et al.
    Burström, Bo
    Lindholm, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    Pioneers and laggards: Is the effect of gender equality on health dependent on context?2009Ingår i: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 68, s. 1388-1395Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study combines data at individual and area level to examine interactions between equality within couples and gender equality in the municipality in which individuals live. The research question is whether the context impacts on the association between gender equality and health. The material consists of data on 37,423 men and 37,616 women in 279 Swedish municipalities, who had their first child in 1978. The couples were classified according to indicators of their level of gender equality in 1980 in the public sphere (occupation and income) and private sphere (child care leave and parental leave) compared to that of their municipality. The health outcome is compensated days from sickness insurance during 1986-1999 with a cut-off at the 85% percentile. Data were analysed using logistic regression with the overall odds as reference. The results concerning gender equality in the private sphere show that among fathers, those who are equal in an equal municipality have lower levels of sick leave than the average while laggards (less equal than their municipality) and modest laggards have higher levels. In the public sphere, pioneers (more equal t han their municipality) fare better than the average while laggards fare worse. For mothers, those who are traditional in their roles in the public sphere are protected from high levels of sick leave, while the reverse is true for those who are equal. Traditional mothers in a traditional municipality have the lowest level of sick leave and pioneers the highest. These results show that there are distinct benefits as well as disadvantages to being a gender pioneer and/or a laggard in comparison to your municipality. The associations are markedly different for men and women.

  • 2.
    Fagrell Trygg, Nadja
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Gustafsson, Per E
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Hurtig, Anna-Karin
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Reducing or reproducing inequalities in health?: An intersectional policy analysis of how health inequalities are represented in a Swedish bill on alcohol, drugs, tobacco and gambling2022Ingår i: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 22, artikel-id 1302Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: According to post-structural policy analyses, policies and interventions aiming at reducing social inequalities have been found to be part in producing and reifying such inequalities themselves. Given the central role of health inequalities on the public health policy agenda globally it seems important to examine the way policy on health inequalities may potentially counteract the goal of health equity. The aim of this intersectional policy analysis, was to critically analyze the representation of health inequalities in a government bill proposing a national strategy on alcohol, drugs, tobacco and gambling, to examine its performative power, and to outline alternative representations.

    Method: A post-structural approach to policy analysis was combined with an intersectional framework. The material was analyzed through an interrogating process guided by the six questions of the “What’s the problem represented to be?” (WPR) approach. Thus, the underlying assumptions of the problem representation, its potential implications and historical background were explored. In a final step of the analysis we examined our own problem representations.

    Results: The recommendations found in the gender and equity perspective of the bill represented the problem of health inequalities as a lack of knowledge, with an emphasis on quantitative knowledge about differences in health between population groups. Three underlying assumptions supporting this representation were found: quantification and objectivity, inequalities as unidimensional, and categorization and labelling. The analysis showed how the bill, by opting into these partly overlapping assumptions, is part of enacting a discourse on health inequalities that directs attention to specific subjects (e.g., vulnerable) with special needs (e.g., health care), in certain places (e.g., disadvantaged neighborhoods). It also showed how underlying processes of marginalization are largely neglected in the bill due to its focus on describing differences rather than solutions. Finally, we showed how different intersectional approaches could be used to complement and challenge this, potentially counteractive, problem representation.

    Conclusions: The problem representation of health inequalities and its underlying assumptions may have counteractive effects on health equity, and even though some of its strengths are raised, it seems to be profoundly entangled with a system resisting the kind of change that the bill itself advocates for. If carefully used, intersectionality has the potential to support a more comprehensive and inclusive equality-promoting public health policy and practice.

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  • 3.
    Fagrell Trygg, Nadja
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Disrupting disadvantages: A post qualitative exploration of the becoming of social divisions during health promoting activities for seniorsManuskript (preprint) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 4.
    Fagrell Trygg, Nadja
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Gustafsson, Per E.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Intersectional inequalities in mental health across multiple dimensions of inequality in the Swedish adult population2021Ingår i: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 283, artikel-id 114184Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Intersectionality has recently gained traction in health inequality research emphasizing multiple intersecting dimensions of inequality as opposed to the traditional unidimensional approaches. In this study inequalities in mental health were estimated across intersections of gender, income, education, occupation, country of birth, and sexual orientation. The outcomes and inequalities of intersectional strata were disentangled analogously to the possibilities described by intersectionality theory; as a result of either of the two inequality dimensions, as a result of the sum the dimensions, or as a unique outcome not equaling the sum. Furthermore the study examined the discriminatory accuracy of the six inequality dimensions as well as the intersectional space comprising 64 strata. The study population (N = 52,743) consists of a yearly random sample of the Swedish population 26–84 years between 2010 and 2015, from The Health on Equal Terms survey. Mental health was measured through a self-administered General Health Questionnaire (GHQ)-12, and sociodemographics through survey and linked register data. Intersectional inequalities in mental health were estimated for all pairwise combinations of inequality dimensions by joint inequalities, excess intersectional inequalities and referent inequalities. The findings of the study found that the sum of dimensions contributed to the overall (joint) inequality in mental health rather than a reinforced adverse effect of multiple disadvantages or the contribution by a single dimension. Nevertheless, the dimension of income was found to be the most important in terms of relative contribution. The discriminatory accuracy was low indicating that policy action targeting mental health should be universal rather than focusing on particular groups. The results highlight the unpredictable inequality patterns revealed by an intersectional approach, even for a single health outcome and within one country, and illustrate the need for empirical investigations into the actual population patterns in health that appear in the intersections of multiple disadvantages.

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  • 5.
    Hofmarcher, Thomas
    et al.
    IHE - The Swedish Institute for Health Economics, Lund, Sweden.
    Leppänen, Anne
    Public Health Agency of Sweden, Östersund, Sweden.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Public Health Agency of Sweden, Östersund, Sweden.
    Strandberg, Joakim
    Public Health Agency of Sweden, Östersund, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Anders
    Clinical Addiction Research Unit, Lund University, Universitetssjukhuset, Lund, Sweden.
    Societal costs of illegal drug use in Sweden2024Ingår i: International journal of drug policy, ISSN 0955-3959, E-ISSN 1873-4758, Vol. 123, artikel-id 104259Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Illegal drug use is a public health concern with far-reaching consequences for people who use them and for society. In Sweden, the reported use of illegal drugs has been growing and the number of drug-induced deaths is among the highest in Europe. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date estimation of the societal costs of illegal drug use in Sweden, relying as much as possible on registry and administrative data. Methods: A prevalence-based cost-of-illness study of illegal drug use in Sweden in 2020 was conducted. A societal approach was chosen and included direct costs (such as costs of health care, social services, and the criminal justice system), indirect costs (such as lost productivity due to unemployment and drug-induced death), and intangible costs (such as reduced quality of life among people who use drugs and their family members). Costs were estimated by combining registry, administrative, and survey data with unit cost data. Results: The estimated societal costs of illegal drug use were 3.7 billion euros in 2020. This corresponded to 355 euros per capita and 0.78 % of the gross domestic product. The direct and intangible costs were of similar sizes, each contributing to approximately 40 % of total costs, whereas indirect costs contributed to approximately 20 %. The largest individual cost components were reduced quality of life among people who use drugs and costs of the criminal justice system. Conclusion: Illegal drug use has a negative impact on the societal aim to create good and equitable health in Sweden. The findings call for evidence-based prevention of drug use and treatment for those addicted. It is important to address the co-morbidity of mental ill-health and drug dependence, to develop low-threshold services and measures for early prevention among children and young adults, as well as to evaluate laws and regulations connected to illegal drug use.

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  • 6.
    Meili, Kaspar Walter
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Hjelte, Jan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Jonsson, Frida
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Löfgren, Curt
    Månsdotter, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lindholm, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    NEET prevention through Sweden’s youth payroll tax cut: Evaluating cost-effectiveness using CALY-SWEManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 7.
    Meili, Kaspar Walter
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Hjelte, Jan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Lindholm, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Capability inequality: Does disadvantage or plurality matter more for policy?: A Swedish cross-sectional study on the population distribution and group differences of capability using CALY-SWEManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 8.
    Meili, Kaspar Walter
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Jonsson, Håkan
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lindholm, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Public Health Agency of Sweden, Department of Living Conditions and Lifestyles, Sweden.
    Perceived changes in capability during the COVID-19 pandemic: A Swedish cross-sectional study from June 20202022Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 50, nr 1, s. 102-110Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: Measures against COVID-19 potentially impact quality of life in different ways. The capability approach by Amartya Sen with a broad and consistent framework for measuring quality of life is suited to capture the various consequences. We aimed to examine (a) whether individuals experienced change in 10 capability dimensions during the first half of 2020, (b) which dimensions were affected most, and (c) whether changes were unequally distributed in terms of gender, education, income, geography, housing, living situation and place of birth.

    Methods: We assessed self-reported capability change in Sweden in 10 capability dimensions in a cross-sectional online survey among 500 participants on a five-item Likert scale. We analysed the distribution of answers by comparing the balance of positive and negative perceived changes and used mixed effects logistic regression to examine associations with background characteristics of the participants.

    Results: Reported perceived negative changes outweighed positive changes, and a higher proportion stated negative perceived changes if they also stated having low capability in the same dimension. In the capabilities of financial situation, political resources and health, the proportions of perceived negative change were highest. Odds for perceived negative change compared to no or positive change were higher for higher incomes, living in medium-sized municipalities, being born outside Europe, living in the south of Sweden, and renting instead of owning housing.

    Conclusions: Self-reported negative capability change, and associated inequalities related to socioeconomic position, place of birth and regional residence should be of concern for policymakers.

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  • 9.
    Meili, Kaspar Walter
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Mulhern, Brendan
    Centre for Health Economics Research and Evaluation, University of Technology Sidney, Ultimo, Australia.
    Ssegonja, Richard
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Respiratory, Allergy and Sleep Medicine Research Unit, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Norström, Fredrik
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Feldman, Inna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Hjelte, Jan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Lindholm, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Eliciting a value set for the Swedish capability-adjusted life years instrument (CALY-SWE)2023Ingår i: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Our aim was to elicit a value set for Capability-Adjusted Life Years Sweden (CALY-SWE); a capability-grounded quality of life instrument intended for use in economic evaluations of social interventions with broad consequences beyond health.

    Methods: Building on methods commonly used in the quality-adjusted life years EQ-5D context, we collected time-trade off (TTO) and discrete choice experiment (DCE) data through an online survey from a general population sample of 1697 Swedish participants. We assessed data quality using a score based on the severity of inconsistencies. For generating the value set, we compared different model features, including hybrid modeling of DCE and TTO versus TTO data only, censoring of TTO answers, varying intercept, and accommodating for heteroskedasticity. We also assessed the models’ DCE logit fidelity to measure agreement with potentially less-biased DCE data. To anchor the best capability state to 1 on the 0 to 1 scale, we included a multiplicative scaling factor.

    Results: We excluded 20% of the TTO answers of participants with the largest inconsistencies to improve data quality. A hybrid model with an anchor scale and censoring was chosen to generate the value set; models with heteroskedasticity considerations or individually varying intercepts did not offer substantial improvement. The lowest capability weight was 0.114. Health, social relations, and finance and housing attributes contributed the largest capability gains, followed by occupation, security, and political and civil rights.

    Conclusion: We elicited a value set for CALY-SWE for use in economic evaluations of interventions with broad social consequences.

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  • 10.
    Meili, Kaspar Walter
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Department of Living Conditions and Lifestyles, Public Health Agency Public Health Agency of Sweden, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Richter Sundberg, Linda
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Hjelte, Jan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Lindholm, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    An initiative to develop capability-adjusted life years in Sweden (CALY-SWE): Selecting capabilities with a Delphi panel and developing the questionnaire2022Ingår i: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 17, nr 2, artikel-id e0263231Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Capability-adjusted life years Sweden (CALY-SWE) are a new Swedish questionnaire-based measure for quality of life based on the capability approach. CALY-SWE are targeted towards use in cost-effectiveness evaluations of social welfare consequences. Here, we first motivate the measure both from a theoretical and from a Swedish policy-making perspective. Then, we outline the core principles of the measure, namely the relation to the capability approach, embedded equity considerations inspired by the fair-innings approach, and the bases for which capabilities should be considered. The aims were to 1) the most vital capabilities for individuals in Sweden, 2) to define a sufficient level of each identified capability to lead a flourishing life, and to 3) develop a complete questionnaire for the measurement of the identified capabilities.

    Material and methods: For the selection of capabilities, we used a Delphi process with Swedish civil society representants. To inform the questionnaire development, we conducted a web survey in three versions, with each Swedish 500 participants, to assess the distribution of capabilities that resulted from the Delphi process in the Swedish population. Each version was formulated with different strictness so that less strict wordings of a capability level would apply to a larger share of participants. All versions also included questions on inequality aversion regarding financial, educational, and health capabilities.

    Results: The Delphi process resulted in the following six capabilities: Financial situation & housing, health, social relations, occupations, security, and political & civil rights. We formulated the final phrasing for the questionnaire based on normative reasons and the distribution of capabilities in the population while taking into account inequality aversion.

    Conclusion: We developed a capability-based model for cost effectiveness economic evaluations of broader social consequences, specific to the Swedish context.

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  • 11. Modin Asper, Michaela
    et al.
    Hallén, Nino
    Lindberg, Lene
    Månsdotter, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Carlberg, Magdalena
    Wells, Michael B.
    Screening fathers for postpartum depression can be cost-effective: an example from Sweden2018Ingår i: Journal of Affective Disorders, ISSN 0165-0327, E-ISSN 1573-2517, Vol. 241, s. 154-163Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Postpartum depression negatively affects the whole family and its prevalence in Sweden ranges between 6-10% for fathers and 13-16% for mothers. However, only mothers in Sweden are currently routinely screened.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to determine if a postpartum depression screening for fathers in Stockholm County could be cost-effective.

    Methods: National Swedish databases were used to find registry data and a literature review was undertaken to identify the model data inputs associated with postpartum depression in Sweden. The generated evidence was used to build a Markov model in TreeAge. One-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were performed to account for parameter uncertainties. Alternative scenario analyses were further undertaken to test the assumptions in the base case analysis.

    Results: A postpartum screening for depression in fathers is cost-effective in base case and alternative scenarios. The results indicate that the screening program is associated with lower costs and higher health effects. The results were sensitive to variables of quality adjusted life years for the depressed fathers, probabilities of remission in treatment and no treatment groups and start age and productivity losses. The probabilistic sensitivity analysis resulted in a 70% probability of the postnatal depression screening intervention being cost-effective.

    Limitations: The current study only uses secondary data; therefore future research should assess the cost-effectiveness of screening fathers for depression.

    Conclusion: The postpartum screening intervention for fathers could be cost-effective compared to no screening. Future research should replicate the potential cost-effectiveness for screening fathers for postpartum depression.

  • 12. Månsdotter, Anna
    et al.
    Ekman, Björn
    Feldman, Inna
    Hagberg, Lars
    Hurtig, Anna-Karin
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lindholm, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    We Propose a Novel Measure for Social Welfare and Public Health: Capability-Adjusted Life-Years, CALYs2017Ingår i: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy, ISSN 1175-5652, E-ISSN 1179-1896, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 437-440Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 13.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Ekman, Björn
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö (IKVM), Division of Social Medicine and Global Health (SMGH), Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Meili, Kaspar Walter
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Feldman, Inna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Department of Public Health and Caring Science, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hagberg, Lars
    University Health Care Research Center, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Region Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Hurtig, Anna-Karin
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Lindholm, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Towards capability-adjusted life years in public health and social welfare: results from a Swedish survey on ranking capabilities2020Ingår i: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 15, nr 12, artikel-id e0242699Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to rank capabilities and suggest a relevant set of capabilities for the Swedish context to inform the development of capability-adjusted life years (CALYs). CALYs is a quality of life measure for policy making based on the capability approach by Amartya Sen.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Swedish governmental review proposed the following 10 relevant capabilities: time, financial situation, mental/physical health, political resources, knowledge, living environment, occupation, social relations, security, and housing. Researchers in health-related disciplines from 5 universities ranked these capabilities from 1 to 10 (most to least important) in a web-based cross-sectional survey; 115 of 171 responses were eligible.

    RESULTS: Health, social relations, and financial situation were deemed most important. Stratification by gender, research field, and age group revealed few differences. We found that it was possible to rank capabilities and that health, social relations, and financial situation were ranked highest by a non-representative sample of researchers and doctoral students from health-related disciplines at five Swedish universities.

    CONCLUSIONS: The revealed ranking is dependent on the metric and must be further explored. The findings support continued development of CALYs for monitoring and evaluating outcomes in public health and social-welfare interventions.

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  • 14. Månsdotter, Anna
    et al.
    Lindholm, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Lundberg, Michael
    Health, wealth and fairness based on gender: the support for ethical principles.2006Ingår i: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, ISSN 0277-9536, Vol. 62, nr 9, s. 2327-2335Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 15. Månsdotter, Anna
    et al.
    Lindholm, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Lundberg, Michael
    Winkvist, Anna
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Parental share in public and domestic spheres: a population study on gender equality, death, and sickness.2006Ingår i: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, Vol. 60, nr 7, s. 616-620Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 16.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Lindholm, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Winkvist, Anna
    Paternity leave in Sweden: costs, savings and health gains.2007Ingår i: Health Policy, ISSN 0168-8510, E-ISSN 1872-6054, Vol. 82, nr 1, s. 102-115Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 17.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Lindholm, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Women, men and public health - how the choice of normative theory affects resource allocation.2004Ingår i: Health Policy, ISSN 0168-8510, E-ISSN 1872-6054, Vol. 69, nr 3, s. 351-364Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 18. Månsdotter, Anna
    et al.
    Lundberg, Michael
    Lindholm, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    How does gender equality progress link to alcohol care and death?: A registry study of the Swedish parental cohort of 1988/19892012Ingår i: Journal of Public Health Policy, ISSN 0197-5897, E-ISSN 1745-655X, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 105-118Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how gender equality during early parenthood (1988-1991) associates with alcohol-related inpatient care or mortality (1992-2006). We categorised all Swedish couples having had a first child together in 1988-1989 (N = 118 595) as traditional, or gender equal, or untraditional based on income and occupational position (bread-winning indicators), parental leave and temporary child care (child-care indicators). Overall, traditional women run lower risk, whereas traditional men and untraditional women (those opposing the traditional division of parenthood responsibilities) run higher risks of alcohol harm than their gender-equal counterparts. Journal of Public Health Policy (2012) 33, 105-118. doi:10.1057/jphp.2011.48; published online 15 September 2011

  • 19. Månsdotter, Anna M
    et al.
    Rydberg, Malin K
    Wallin, Eva
    Lindholm, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Andréasson, Sven
    A cost-effectiveness analysis of alcohol prevention targeting licensed premises.2007Ingår i: Eur J Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 20.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    Hammarström, Anne
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
    The importance of childhood and adulthood aspects of gendered life for adult mental ill-health symptoms: a 27-year follow-up of the Northern Swedish Cohort2012Ingår i: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 12, s. 493-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The increasing gender equality during the 20th century, mainly in the Nordic countries, represents a major social change. A well-established theory is that this may affect the mental health patterns of women and men. This study aimed at examining associations between childhood and adulthood gendered life on mental ill-health symptoms.

    Methods: A follow-up study of a cohort of all school leavers in a medium-sized industrial town in northern Sweden was performed from age 16 to age 42. Of those still alive of the original cohort, 94% (n = 1007) participated during the whole period. Gendered life was divided into three stages according to whether they were traditional or non-traditional (the latter includes equal): childhood (mother's paid work position), adulthood at age 30 (ideology and childcare), and adulthood at age 42 (partnership and childcare). Mental ill-health was measured by self-reported anxious symptoms ("frequent nervousness") and depressive symptoms ("frequent sadness") at age 42. The statistical method was logistic regression analysis, finally adjusted for earlier mental ill-health symptoms and social confounding factors.

    Results: Generally, parents' gendered life was not decisive for a person's own gendered life, and adulthood gender position ruled out the impact of childhood gender experience on self-reported mental ill-health. For women, non-traditional gender ideology at age 30 was associated with decreased risk of anxious symptoms (76% for traditional childhood, 78% for non-traditional childhood). For men, non-traditional childcare at age 42 was associated with decreased risk of depressive symptoms (84% for traditional childhood, 78% for non-traditional childhood). A contradictory indication was that non-traditional women in childcare at age 30 had a threefold increased risk of anxious symptoms at age 42, but only when having experienced a traditional childhood.

    Conclusion: Adulthood gender equality is generally good for self-reported mental health regardless of whether one opposes or continues one's gendered history. However, the childcare findings indicate a differentiated picture; men seem to benefit in depressive symptoms from embracing this traditionally female duty, while women suffer anxious symptoms from departing from it, if their mother did not.

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  • 21.
    Owen, Ulrika
    et al.
    Public Health Agency of Sweden, Sweden.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. Public Health Agency of Sweden, Sweden.
    Guldbrandsson, Karin
    Public Health Agency of Sweden, Sweden.
    Lindström, Emma
    Public Health Agency of Sweden, Sweden.
    Alcohol, drug and tobacco prevention in Swedish municipalities: impact from the COVID-19 pandemic considering socio-demographic context2023Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 33, nr 6, s. 1109-1114Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and measures to prevent the spread of the virus challenged public health practice at the local level in Sweden. The objective of this study was to explore the impact of the pandemic on the prevention of alcohol, drugs and tobacco (ADT) in Sweden during 2020-21 considering socio-demographic context.

    METHODS: Data were collected through the Public Health Agency's survey on ADT prevention in Swedish municipalities (N = 290). This study used data from 2020 and 2021, with a response rate of 90% and 88%, respectively. Survey data were analyzed in logistic regression models (odds ratios, P < 0.05, 95% confidence intervals) against variables of education level, income level and population size from national registers.

    RESULTS: A majority (n = 198, 76%) of the municipalities reported a decrease in ADT prevention during the pandemic. No correlation between the decrease in ADT prevention and socio-demographic conditions was detected. A majority (2020: n = 165, 63%; 2021: n = 174, 68%) of the municipalities also reported that ADT prevention was adapted, however less common in smaller municipalities and municipalities where residents had lower levels of education and lower incomes.

    CONCLUSION: ADT prevention carried out by municipalities in Sweden was initially (2020) deeply affected by the preventive strategies against COVID-19. Adaptation of activities was less common in municipalities with more vulnerable socio-demographic situation. In policy, practice and research, the findings are important not only for continued progress on the national goal of equity in health but also for preparedness for future crises.

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  • 22.
    Trygg, Nadja
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Gustafsson, Per E
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Månsdotter, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.
    Languishing in the crossroad?: A scoping review of intersectional inequalities in mental health2019Ingår i: International Journal for Equity in Health, E-ISSN 1475-9276, Vol. 18, nr 1, artikel-id 115Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of intersectionality has gradually been introduced to health inequality research, adding depth and breadth to the way inequalities in health are approached. We conducted a scoping review with the purpose to systematically map, describe and analyze the literature about intersectional inequalities in mental health. For eligibility, the study had to analyze and report inequality defined by combinations of socioeconomic position, gender, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation or religion. The mental health outcome had to be measured as self-reported symptoms assessed through validated scales, or disorders assessed through diagnostic interviews. The search strategy was applied in two databases and the screening process yielded 20 studies. The interaction of intersectional positions showed no consistent patterns in mental health across studies, but both synergistic and antagonistic effects were observed. In most studies an absolute measure of inequality was used and few studies analyzed factors potentially explaining the intersectional inequalities. Taken together, the findings of this review highlight the value of assessing intersectional inequalities across population groups for priority setting and action on mental health inequalities.

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