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  • 1.
    Bergh, Pontus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet (USBE).
    Entrepreneurs in learning networks: problems, opportunities, and implications for program design2010Inngår i: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 147-168Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Critiques of most existing competence development programs with respect to small firms is that they are not fully relevant to the firms; entrepreneurs in small firms need alternatives. An experiential learning approach, based on collaborative learning and work-related problems in learning networks, may fit the needs of the entrepreneur better than traditional methods based on passive theory centered lecturing. The distinctive nature of learning in small firms and the appropriateness of programs to support learning and development in those firms are largely unexplored from an empirical perspective. The purpose of this article is to suggest how different conditions related to learning networks may facilitate an appropriate learning situation for entrepreneurs. The findings show that for entrepreneurs to gain useful learning in learning networks, the management of the network should be demanding and various constructs in the learning situation must be considered.

  • 2.
    Bergh, Pontus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskaplig fakultet, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Interorganisatoriska lärandenätverk för chefer från små och medelstora företag2006Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Målet med föreliggande studie är att skapa en ökad förståelse för chefers lärande i konstruerade interorganisatoriska lärandenätverk. Studien kan bidra till utvecklingen av både praktik och teori. På praktisk nivå kan resultaten ligga till grund för beslut om deltagande i lärandenätverk samt hur man kan konstruera dessa nätverk. På teoretisk nivå ger studien en ökad kunskap om vilka läranderesultat som kan uppnås i nätverken samt en ökad förståelse för den specifika lärandesituationen. Intresset för denna studie ligger sålunda i om, och i så fall hur ett konstruerat lärandenätverk kan motsvara de behov av, och förutsättningar för lärande och kompetensutveckling som chefer i små och medelstora företag har.

    Den teoretiska referensramen i denna studie bygger på en kombination av teoretiska paradigm om lärande samt tidigare forskning om vuxenpedagogik och interorganisatoriska nätverk.

    Det empiriska exemplet på ett konstruerat interorganisatoriskt lärandenätverk är det nationella utvecklingsprogrammet krAft. I huvudsak baseras analyserna i denna studie på tolkningar av intervjuer med deltagarna i krAft-nätverket vid olika tidpunkter i det ett år långa programmet. Informationen från intervjuerna har även fått ett stöd av och validerats med information från andra datainsamlingsmetoder såsom deltagande observation, frågeguider, lärstilstest och skriftliga redogörelser i samband med presentationer i nätverket.

    Erfarenheterna från denna jämförande fallstudie tyder liksom tidigare forskning på att ett konstruerat interorganisatoriskt lärandenätverk kan vara en fungerande form och metod för lärande hos de deltagande cheferna från små och medelstora företag. De läranderesultat som deltagarna i nätverket upplevde sig ha fått kategoriserades som kognitiva (kunskapsmässiga), psykodynamiska (emotionella) och sociala (samverkansmässiga). En syntes av de tre typerna av läranderesultat kan dessutom utgöra en förändringskompetens. Analysen av läranderesultaten visar att lärandenätverk har sin främsta styrka i att uppnå psykodynamiska och sociala läranderesultat, med vilka även kognitiva läranderesultat befrämjas. Studien visar också att de tre dimensionerna i lärandesituationen (aktör, relation och design) på olika sätt påverkar vad och hur deltagarna i nätverket lär sig.

    Ett viktigt bidrag med studien är slutligen att genom de åtta propositionerna i det sista kapitlet ge avstamp för fortsatt forskning.

  • 3.
    Bergh, Pontus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet.
    Learning among entrepreneurs in formal networks: Outcomes, processes and beyond2009Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation focuses on how entrepreneurs learn to acquire entrepreneurial knowledge and competence, which ultimately can open doors to business success. Contemporary critics suggest that programs designed to develop general competence are not sufficiently relevant to these entrepreneurs. On the other hand, scholars and practitioners have recently noticed that external relations in formal learning networks can be a notable opportunity for learning in entrepreneurs. The aim of this dissertation is to elaborate on the processes and outcomes of government supported learning networks among entrepreneurs who work in small and medium sized enterprises. It draws on reports of four separate but interrelated research studies that author conducted. The research described in the dissertation is based on multiple theoretical perspectives, methodologies, and data sources. To gain a full understanding of the experiences of the different network participants, as well as the interactive processes within the learning network, data were collected from multiple sources: interviews, participant observation, and videotaping. The conclusions stated in appended paper 1 and 2 are primarily based on the interviews, but they are also supported by the observations and written material. Paper three focuses on the videos in combination with the interviews. Finally, to complement the qualitative research with insights regarding the relationships among trust, learning, and self-efficacy, the last paper reports the results of a quantitative survey study. The dissertation makes several major contributions to knowledge. First and foremost, by combining entrepreneurship theory and learning theory, it describes the outcomes that can emerge from formal learning networks and shows how these outcomes can have entrepreneurial consequences. Second, it suggests how the learning situation can be characterized and describes an appropriate learning environment for entrepreneurs from small and medium sized enterprises. The research also contributes to theory on how trust in formal learning networks is built and how this trust contributes to entrepreneurial learning. At the same time, it shows that the potential benefits derived from trust cannot be realized without incorporating the entrepreneur’s level of self-efficacy in the analysis. The dissertation concludes by offering suggestions for exploiting learning and business opportunities through the construction and utilization of learning networks. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 4.
    Bergh, Pontus
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet (USBE).
    Swedish inter-organisational learning network: Outcomes in three dimensions2008Inngår i: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 56-71Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on findings from a national Swedish competence development project, known as krAft, this study focuses on the relevance of inter-organizational learning networks set up to support managerial competence development in SMEs. The networks that comprise the project are coordinated by a University consortium made up of four Universities in Sweden. Owner-Managers from SMEs in this project were combined into various networks, where a primary focus placed on learning. Interpretations of data from interviews with participants from one of these learning networks suggest constructed inter-organizational network an effective method to support learning of Owner-Managers from SMEs. This paper categorizes learning outcomes, as cognitive (knowledge), psychodynamic (emotion), and social (collaboration). A synthesis of these three types of learning outcomes can be used to further develop one’s business. The analysis demonstrates that the network method in relation to more traditional learning methods has strengths in developing psychodynamic and social outcomes.

  • 5.
    Bergh, Pontus
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet (USBE).
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet (USBE).
    Learn or die: the development of an assessment framwork for SME entrepreneurial learning programmes2011Inngår i: International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1468-4330, E-ISSN 1741-8127, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 92-109Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The unique features of entrepreneurial learning, that involves multiple dimensions, are not easily captured and today few appropriate assessment frameworks exist. The aim of this paper is therefore to develop an assessment framework for entrepreneurial learning and empirically illustrate its potential on a specific SME learning program. Based on a survey of owners/managers who took part in the government supported learning program, krAft, an exploratory factors analysis and a regression analysis were conducted. The paper proposes a two dimensional framework of cognitive and social/emotional learning outcomes where both are strongly correlated to internal efficiency but only the social/emotional outcomes are correlated to external effectiveness. The paper therefore concludes that the mere focus on cognitive learning outcomes is not enough in order to successfully act upon business opportunities. Hence, the social/emotional learning dimension is of great importance, and should be utilized, in the development of arranged SME learning groups.

  • 6.
    Bergh, Pontus
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Skog, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Stenlund, Tova
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Polisutbildningen i Umeå vill mer2021Inngår i: Samverkan för framgång: 20 år med polisutbildningen i Umeå / [ed] Staffan Karp; Lars-Erik Lauritz, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2021, s. 175-180Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Bergh, Pontus
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet (USBE).
    Thorgren, Sara
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet (USBE).
    Entrepreneurs learning together: The importance of building trust for learning and exploiting business opportunitiesManuskript (preprint) (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This longitudinal, qualitative case study examines trust-building processes and learning outcomes among entrepreneurs who participated in formal networks designed to develop competence and knowledge. This study is built on rich data collected through observation and video recordings made during network meetings and get-togethers. Additional data was gleaned from personal interviews with participating entrepreneurs. All data sources reveal on how trust develops and how entrepreneurs can use networks to learn and improve their capacity to exploit business opportunities. Studying how trust is built over time among entrepreneurs who demonstrate a low level of trust when they join the network, this study provides insights into micro-processes and important components of building trust. Findings suggest three processes that build commitment, companionship, and competence trust. Moreover, acknowledging the notion of social learning, the findings suggest that when entrepreneurs build trust with one another they can experience cognitive, emotional, and social changes by participating in a network. This may bring potential consequences for their exploiting opportunies. Implications for academics and managers are discussed.

  • 8.
    Bergh, Pontus
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet (USBE).
    Thorgren, Sara
    Department of Business Administration and Social Science, Luleå University of Technology.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Department of Business Administration and Social Science, Luleå University of Technology.
    Entrepreneurs learning together: the importance of building trust for learning and exploiting business opportunities2011Inngår i: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 17-37Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This longitudinal, qualitative case study examines trust-building processes and learning outcomes among entrepreneurs who participated in formal networks designed to develop competence and knowledge. This study is built on rich data collected through observation and video recordings made during network meetings and get-togethers. Additional data was gleaned from personal interviews with participating entrepreneurs. All data sources reveal on how trust develops and how entrepreneurs can use networks to learn and improve their capacity to exploit business opportunities. Studying how trust is built over time among entrepreneurs who demonstrate a low level of trust when they join the network, this study provides insights into micro-processes and important components of building trust. Findings suggest three processes that build commitment, companionship, and competence trust. Moreover, acknowledging the notion of social learning, the findings suggest that when entrepreneurs build trust with one another they can experience cognitive, emotional, and social changes by participating in a network. This may bring potential consequences for their exploiting opportunities. Implications for academics and managers are discussed.

  • 9.
    Bergh, Pontus
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet (USBE).
    Thorgren, Sara
    Luleå teknikska universitet.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Trust and self-efficacy in formal learning networks: the effects on entrepreneurs’ capacity to act upon business opportunities2012Inngår i: International Journal of Innovation and Learning, ISSN 1471-8197, E-ISSN 1741-8089, Vol. 12, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In efforts to promote better realization of business opportunities, government support of formal policy led learning networks among entrepreneurs has been a popular approach world-wide. This article uses survey data from 109 entrepreneurs who took part in formal learning networks to examine how trust in network partners influences the capacity to act upon business opportunities for entrepreneurs. Further, we examine how this influence is moderated by the entrepreneurs’ own self-efficacy. Our results support a positive relationship between developing trust in other networking entrepreneurs and the capacity to act upon business opportunities. Self-efficacy was found to moderate this relationship. For entrepreneurs with low self-efficacy, results support an inverted U-shaped relationship, with the greatest outcomes reached with an intermediate level of trust. For entrepreneurs with high self-efficacy, a positive linear relationship is supported. We discuss implications for further research on trust and realization of opportunities, and for learning network policy.

  • 10.
    Söderström, Mikael
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik.
    Andersson, Per
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för polisutbildning vid Umeå universitet.
    Bergh, Pontus
    Pedagogisk utveckling i teori och praktik – Polisutbildningen Umeå2020Inngår i: NU2020 - Hålbart lärande: Abstracts, 2020, s. 203-204Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
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