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  • 1.
    Kartzow, Marianne Bjelland
    et al.
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Neutel, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    "God speaks our language": recent Scandinavian Bible translations and the heritagization of Christianity2023In: The nordic Bible: bible reception in contemporary nordic societies / [ed] Marianne Bjelland Kartzow; Kasper Bro Larsen; Outi Lehtipuu, Walter de Gruyter, 2023, p. 163-178Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2. Knibbe, Kim
    et al.
    Bartelink, Brenda
    Wiering, Jelle
    Neutel, Karin
    University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Burchardt, Marian
    Wallach Scott, Joan
    Around Joan Wallach Scott's Sex and secularism2018In: Religion and Society, ISSN 2150-9298, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 185-186Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Neutel, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Circumcision in early Christian sources: identifying difference after Paul2022In: Negotiating identities: conflict, conversion, and consolidation in early Judaism and Christianity (200 BCE–600 CE) / [ed] Karin Hedner Zetterholm; Anders Runesson; Cecilia Wassén; Magnus Zetterholm, Lanham: Lexington Books, 2022, p. 197-216Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent scholarship on Paul's attitude towards circumcision increasingly holds that Paul was only concerned with circumcision as undergone by gentiles, not with circumcision practiced by Jews. This article evaluates what changes in how we understand later references to circumcision in Early Christian sources, which are usually maped by scholars in relation to Paul's presumed position. It concludes that the change is less significant than might be expected, since from the very beginning, Paul’s words were believed to be constructive in expressing hostility toward Jewish circumcision by later authors.    

  • 4.
    Neutel, Karin
    Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    De betekenis van het verleden in het hedendaagse debat over jongensbesnijdenis: 'social imaginaries’ en het geval van Paulus2014In: NTT Journal for Theology and the Study of Religion, ISSN 2542-6583, Vol. 68, no 4, p. 308-321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores perceptions of the past, and in particular of the apostle Paul, in recent newspaper articles that discuss male circumcision, using Charles Taylor’s category of the ‘social imaginary’. Applying Taylor’s category of the ‘imaginary’ to this contemporary debate shows that the past is constructed in several ways, sometimes in understanding history as progress, but also as a warning or a deciding factor in contemporary oppositions. Views of the past that mention Paul locate his relevance for contemporary attitudes in his presumed rejection of physical circumcision and emphasis on inner attitudes, but can draw very different conclusions from this for contemporary attitudes towards circumcision.

  • 5.
    Neutel, Karin
    Universiteit van Oslo.
    De Bijbel op gekleurd papier2020In: Schrift, ISSN 0167-3114, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 47-52Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [nl]

    Naast alle digitale ontwikkelingen komen er ook nog steeds nieuwe bijbels uit op papier. Deze uitgaven van bijbelse teksten zijn niet alleen bedoeld om te lezen, maar vooral om actief en creatief mee aan de slag te gaan. Door opdrachten en toegevoegd materiaal komt de nadruk te liggen op persoonlijke ervaring en beleving, en moet de Bijbel deel worden van het dagelijks leven. 

  • 6.
    Neutel, Karin
    University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Karen Armstrong, St Paul: The Misunderstood Apostle, London, Atlantic Books, 2015; 143 pp.2017In: NTT Journal for Theology and the Study of Religion, ISSN 2542-6583, Vol. 71, no 4, p. 372-373Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Neutel, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Missing foreskin in the Septuagint: circumcision related metaphors lost in translation2023In: Circumcision and Jewish identity: case studies on ancient texts and their reception / [ed] Lieve Teugels; Karin Neutel, Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2023, p. 63-92Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses circumcision language in the Septuagint and identifies a clear pattern in the Greek translation of the Hebrew term 'foreskin'. References to 'foreskin' in the Hebrew text are only translated with the Greek term for 'foreskin', ἀκροβυστία, in passages that deal with physical anatomy. In all other contexts, including metaphorical ones, the Greek term ‘foreskin’, tends to be avoided and in several cases, all association with circumcision is lost in translation.

  • 8.
    Neutel, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Ottenheijm e.a. (red.) – Parabels2021In: Schrift, ISSN 0167-3114, Vol. 53, no 301Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [nl]

    Van 2014 tot 2020 vond aan de Universiteit Utrecht en Tilburg University een onderzoeksproject plaats dat deze kwestie vanuit een originele invalshoek benaderde: door te kijken naar parabels in zowel de vroeg-christelijke als de vroeg-joodse traditie. Dit project, Parables and the Partings of the Ways, stond onder leiding van Eric Ottenheijm, judaïcus en bijbelwetenschapper aan de Universiteit Utrecht. Het recente boek ‘Parabels: Onderricht van Jezus en de Rabbijnen’ komt voort uit dit project en geeft een breed publiek toegang tot – een deel van – de resultaten.

  • 9.
    Neutel, Karin
    Universitet van Oslo.
    Paulus, de Joodse apostel van de heidenen2020In: Schrift, ISSN 0167-3114, Vol. 52, no 3, p. 33-38Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [nl]

    Bij alle nieuwtestamentische teksten is het relevant om te vragen naar hun verhouding met de Joodse omgeving waarin ze zijn ontstaan, zoals dit nummer van Schrift laat zien. Maar bij de brieven van Paulus is dit een steeds terugkerend punt en zijn er de laatste decennia belangrijke verschuivingen geweest: niet langer wordt Paulus gezien als de bekeerling die het Jodendom de rug toe keert, in plaats daarvan is hij een Jood die de niet-Joodse volken de weg wijst naar de enige ware God. In deze bijdrage kijken we hoe en waarom de kijk op Paulus en zijn Joodse context is veranderd. 

  • 10.
    Neutel, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Requiring religious motivations: reflections on the Norwegian law on circumcision2023In: Protestantism and protestantization / [ed] Tarald Rasmussen; Vegard Ree Ytterbøe, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2023, p. 51-66Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The new Norwegian law on the circumcision of boys, which came into effect in 2015, explicitly limits legitimate circumcision that is not medically indicated to instances where its motivation is religious. This formulation invites further reflection, given the problematic nature of ‘religion’ as a category in legal thought, as well as the underlying assumption that religious motivations are different from, and more legitimate than, other reasons for circumcision. This paper will explore some of the potential complications that arise from the Norwegian law, looking at the problems associated with defining ‘religion’ within law, especially in relation to male circumcision, and at the implications of two German court cases that show the influence of Protestant understandings of religion and circumcision. 

  • 11. Neutel, Karin
    Rode draden in de evangeliën2019In: Schrift, ISSN 0167-3114, Vol. 51, no 295, p. 60-61Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Neutel, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Shedding religious skin: an intersectional analysis of the claim that male circumcision limits religious freedom2021In: The complexity of conversion: intersectional perspectives on religious change in antiquity and beyond / [ed] Valérie Nicolet; Marianne Bjelland Kartzow, Sheffield: Equinox Publishing, 2021, p. 21-39 Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Neutel, Karin
    Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Slaves included?: sexual regulations and slave participation in two ancient religious groups2012In: Slaves and religions in Graeco-Roman antiquity and modern Brazil / [ed] Stephen Hodkinson; Dick Geary, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2012, p. 133-148Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines two ancient religious texts which mention slaves: an inscription belonging to a Hellenistic cult group from Philadelphia in Asia Minor and the New Testament letters of Paul. These ancient sources welcome slaves together with free people to the religious community. Since sources which explicitly include slaves as part of a religious group are rare, these texts have received considerable attention, as well as approval, and have led some scholars to rather far-reaching statements about their egalitarian nature. The focus here will be on a complicating factor which is often overlooked in these analyses, namely that both texts prescribe regulations for sexual behaviour to their intended audience. This would significantly impacts the postion of slaves and their potential participation in these groups.

  • 14.
    Neutel, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Bible in migration politics in northern Europe2022In: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, Vol. 87, p. 85-105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses references to the Bible in recent migration politics in Northern European countries, to understand how and why the Bible is used in the context of political discussions about refugees, migration, and Islam. It examines a number of cases, particularly on the theme of neighbourly love, to see how biblical texts and themes are brought in to support political claims about Christian identity and values. This analysis shows that the Bible continues to matter in political discourse, both taken as an inspiration for personal faith and as a way to connect with the past and with Christian values, which does not require faith. In this way, the Bible appears to survive the numerical decline of Christianity by emerging as a text of national and cultural, in addition to, religious significance. The analysis further confirms that there is a lot to gain by using the Bible as a lens to look at the current transition of Christianity from religion to culture. The concepts that are central to this shift, of identity, belief, history, nationality, heritage, and culture, all occur explicitly and implicitly in the discourse surrounding the Bible.

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  • 15.
    Neutel, Karin B.
    University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    A cosmopolitan ideal: Paul's declaration 'neither Jew nor Greek, neither slave nor free, nor male and female' in the context of first-century thought2015 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What did Paul mean when he declared that there is 'neither Jew nor Greek, neither slave nor free, nor male and female' (Galatians 3:28)? While many modern readers understand these words as a statement about human equality, this study shows that it in fact reflects ancient ideas about an ideal or utopian community. With this declaration, Paul contributed to the cultural conversation of his time about such a community.

    The three pairs that Paul brings together in this formula all played a role in first-century conceptions of what an ideal world would look like. Such conceptions were influenced by cosmopolitanism; the philosophical idea prevalent at the time, that all people were fundamentally connected and could all live in a unified society. Understanding Paul's thought in the context of these contemporary ideals helps to clarify his attitude towards each of the three pairs in his letters. Like other ancient utopian thinkers, Paul imagined the ideal community to be based on mutual dependence and egalitarian relationships.

  • 16.
    Neutel, Karin B.
    University of Oslo, Norway University of Erfurt, Max Weber Centre, Germany.
    Circumcision gone wrong: Paul’s message as a case of ritual disruption2016In: Neotestamentica, ISSN 0254-8356, Vol. 50, p. 373-396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article considers Paul’s message about male circumcision as a case of ritual disruption, which functions as an informant on the notions of inclusion and exclusion of its cultural context. Paul’s challenge to existing social norms with regard to proselyte circumcision allows us to better see the ways in which circumcision is thought to construct and deconstruct relationships. This approach shows that the disruptiveness of Paul’s message does not stem from a distinctive understanding of circumcision or from a unique openness to gentiles, as is often assumed. Paul shares the widely held understanding of proselyte circumcision as a rite that marks the transformation of male gentile “outsiders” into Jewish “insiders,” yet he strongly denies that it is appropriate for gentiles “in Christ” to undergo this rite, since they already are “insiders.” This makes the ritual of proselyte circumcision not merely unnecessary, but even harmful, since it negates gentile incorporation through Christ.

  • 17.
    Neutel, Karin B.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Restoring Abraham’s Foreskin: The Significance of ἀκροβυστία for Paul’s Argument about Circumcision in Romans 4:9-122021In: Journal of the Jesus Movement in Its Jewish Setting, ISSN 2374-7862, E-ISSN 2374-7870, no 8, p. 53-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In his discussion of Abraham’s circumcision (Romans 4:9-12), Paul uses the term ἀκροβυστία, or ‘foreskin’, six times, as a key part of his argument. Unfortunately, this term is something of a scholarly blind spot and is often taken as referring only to the absence of circumcision, or to a time before circumcision. However, given Paul’s usage of this term, as well as the metaphor of foreskin in the Hebrew Bible, ἀκροβυστία should be understood as a negative physical presence which marks those who do not belong to God’s people. Paul’s argument that Abraham was justified while ἐν ἀκροβυστίᾳ therefore specifically concerns gentiles, and does not make a point about πίστις or justification before circumcision. Moreover, awareness of the physical referent of the term shows that Paul describes Abraham’s circumcision as a sign that marks the foreskin. A consistent focus on the significance of ἀκροβυστία therefore offers an important correction to the common understanding of this crucial passage. 

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  • 18.
    Neutel, Karin B.
    Faculty of Theology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Women's Silence and Jewish Influence: The Problematic Origins of the Conjectural Emendation on 1 Cor 14.33b–352019In: New Testament Studies, ISSN 0028-6885, E-ISSN 1469-8145, Vol. 65, no 4, p. 477-495Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the origins of the conjectural emendation on 1 Cor 14.33b–35, first made in 1863 by Jan Willem Straatman. It shows that Straatman attributes the instruction on women’s silence to Jewish influence and bases his view on a recon- struction of early Christianity in which Paul and his Gentile message were opposed by Jewish adversaries. This anti-Jewish tendency persisted in subsequent scholar- ship and has continued to characterise the understanding of this passage into the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. 

  • 19.
    Neutel, Karin B.
    et al.
    University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Anderson, Matthew R.
    The first cut is the deepest: masculinity and circumcision in the first century2014In: Biblical masculinities foregrounded / [ed] Ovidiu Creangă; Peter-Ben Smit, Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2014, p. 228-244Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Neutel, Karin B.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Faculty of Theology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Bjelland Kartzow, Marianne
    Faculty of Theology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Neighbours Near and Far: How a Biblical Figure is Used in Recent European Anti-Migration Politics2020In: Biblical Interpretation, ISSN 0927-2569, E-ISSN 1568-5152, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 358-380Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    References to the Bible in European politics rarely are the subject of research by biblical scholars. Claims about Christianity and about themes and stories from the Bible, which have made a remarkable appearance in political discourse recently, especially in discussions of migration, have therefore gone unnoticed in our discipline. This paper wants to put this topic on the map by exploring three cases, from the Netherlands, Norway, and Germany, where politicians make an argument against accepting migrants, by appealing to neighbourly love and the story of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25–37). We ask whether the Bible appears here in its 'liberal' form, which scholars have shown to be a prevalent form of the Bible in US and UK politics, or whether we are seeing the development of a different political Bible.

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  • 21.
    Neutel, Karin B.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Smit, Peter-Ben
    Faculty of Religion and Theology, Department of Texts and Traditions, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Paul, Imprisonment and Crisis: Crisis and its Negotiation as a Lens for Reading Philippians2021In: Journal for the Study of the New Testament, ISSN 0142-064X, E-ISSN 1745-5294, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 31-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    COVID-19 has stimulated reflections on crisis as a catalyst for interpretation in both the present and the past. This article reads Philippians as embedded in different forms of crisis, most specifically the negotiation of Paul’s own context of crisis: his imprisonment. The bodily, social and spiritual dimensions of this liminal incarceration experience are here set out and the ways in which these influence the fulfilment of mission within the epistle are outlined.

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  • 22. Teugels, Lieve
    et al.
    Neutel, KarinUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Circumcision and Jewish identity: case studies on ancient texts and their reception2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Male circumcision is one of the oldest and most widespread rituals, it has been practiced for millennia across many parts of the world. Yet this prevalence and long history do not make circumcision self-evident: it has also long been a topic of reflection, discussion, and controversy and continues to be so today. As the cases in this volume show, already in Antiquity, Greeks, Romans, Jews and Christians clashed over male circumcision. Then as now, concerns about identity, ritual, health, masculinity, and sexuality were a factor in these disputes. Very little is known about actual circumcision practices in the ancient world. Apart from depictions in art, the relation of which to daily practice is difficult to ascertain, we have historical access mainly through texts that reveal how the practice was discursively constructed, and that relate circumcision to wider cultural practices and ideas. This book therefore mainly discusses references to circumcision in literary sources, and the way these relate to other known cultural practices and ideas. These sources date from biblical times and Antiquity and their interpretations in medieval Jewish texts and recent scholarship.

  • 23. Teugels, Lieve
    et al.
    Neutel, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Introduction2023In: Circumcision and Jewish identity: case studies on ancient texts and their reception / [ed] Lieve Teugels; Karin Neutel, Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2023, p. 1-5Chapter in book (Other academic)
1 - 23 of 23
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