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  • 1.
    Bohman, Andrea
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Eger, Maureen A.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Gabrielsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Velásquez, Paolo
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Revisiting group threat theory using insights from stigma research2024Ingår i: Migration stigma: understanding prejudice, discrimination, and exclusion / [ed] Lawrence H. Yang; Maureen A. Eger; Bruce G. Link, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2024, s. 45-57Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on group threat theory (Blumer 1958), one of the main sociological approaches used to explain prejudice toward minority groups. It examines the utility of the theory when applied to prejudice in the context of migration-generated diversity and analyzes how its original formulation by Blumer compares with the conceptualization of stigma by Link and Phelan (2001). Similarities and diff erences are drawn between Blumer's "four feelings" in prejudice and Link and Phelan's "four components" constitutive of stigma. Despite overlapping, complementary, and at time divergent arguments, using these two approaches in tandem may overcome the limitations of group threat theory and, in the process, advance research into anti-immigrant sentiment. In turn, it is posited that scholarship on stigma may gain from incorporating the concept of threat into its framework.

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  • 2.
    Gabrielsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    ”Forget your sickness and dance”: En etnologisk studie om mötet med den medicinska föreställningsvärlden och musikens roll i en läkande process.2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    “Dance and forget your sickness” - An ethnological study of the interaction between patients and the medical conceptual world, and the role of music in a healing process.

    This study is based on interviews with four people. It describes their experiences with the health care system and the role of music in their lives. What these people have in common is that their illnesses are not verifiable from a normal medical perspective. The overall purpose is to describe this interaction with medical care and discuss what role music might have in the mitigation of the perceived illness.

    The patient-healthcare interaction is analysed from a theoretical discourse perspective. The analysis reveals some of the mechanisms in the medical establishment’s discourse that reinforce its own conclusions by simplifying what is actually quite complex; the inner world of the patient.

    Considering the powerful position medical science has taken in our modern world it is relevant for medicine to be able to respond to and manage health problems arising in complex personal processes, or what can be described as existential illness. This study describes how the current healthcare establishment has come to focus unilaterally on physical health, supplanting the existential dimension of health that it cannot respond to.

    The results of this study showed that all people experienced that (current established) healthcare alone could not cure their illness in a satisfactory manner. The study also showed that music played a major role in the relief of specific symptoms. Music also helped patients find meaning, despite their illness, as part of a greater cultural and social world. 

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  • 3.
    Gabrielsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    "Forget your sickness and dance": En etnologisk studie om mötet med den medicinska föreställningsvärlden och musikens roll i en läkande process.2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    “Dance and forget your sickness” - An ethnological study of the interaction between patients and the medical conceptual world, and the role of music in a healing process.

         This study is based on interviews with four people. It describes their experiences with the health care system and the role of music in their lives. What these people have in common is that their illnesses are not verifiable from a normal medical perspective. The overall purpose is to describe this interaction with medical care and discuss what role music might have in the mitigation of the perceived illness.

         The patient-healthcare interaction is analysed from a theoretical discourse perspective. The analysis reveals some of the mechanisms in the medical establishment’s discourse that reinforce its own conclusions by simplifying what is actually quite complex; the inner world of the patient.

        Considering the powerful position medical science has taken in our modern world it is relevant for medicine to be able to respond to and manage health problems arising in complex personal processes, or what can be described as existential illness. This study describes how the current healthcare establishment has come to focus unilaterally on physical health, supplanting the existential dimension of health that it cannot respond to.

          The results of this study showed that all people experienced that (current established) healthcare alone could not cure their illness in a satisfactory manner. The study also showed that music played a major role in the relief of specific symptoms. Music also helped patients find meaning, despite their illness, as part of a greater cultural and social world.

  • 4.
    Gabrielsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.
    Kropp och musik: En etnologisk studie om psykisk ohälsa och musikens betydelse i vardagsmedicinsk praktik2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on eight interviews with six people. What these people have in common is that their illnesses are not verifiable from a normal medical perspective.

    The overall purpose of this study is to generally investigate the importance of music in everyday medical contexts, and specifically study how people with illness relate to their bodies, both in the encounter with standard medical care and with the use of music.

    The primary philosophical inspiration comes from Maurice Merleau-Ponty, while the theory owes much to phenomenology. The descriptions of subjects’ interaction with the healthcare system is also analysed from the perspective of discourse theory.

    The study shows that music ought to be understood holistically; a complex interplay between subject, object and context.

    When patients are treated in the established healthcare, they must consciously adjust their body with makeup, clothing, tone of voice, and gesture in order to be trusted. This leads to the embodiment of the idea of disease, which makes them feel even worse.

    The study also shows how music, when it’s chosen and enjoyed can actualize our healthy aspects. The use of music as self-treatment cultivates health-promoting habits which expand our worlds, and can thereby mitigate the illness we experience

     

     

     

     

     

     

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    Kropp och Musik, Daniel Gabrielsson
  • 5.
    Gabrielsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Department of Sociology Umeå University Umeå Sweden.
    National identity and democracy: Effects of non-voluntarism on formal democracy2022Ingår i: Nations and Nationalism, ISSN 1354-5078, E-ISSN 1469-8129, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 501-522Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, I explore whether, and if so how, national identity affects the level of formal democracy in a country. I theorize and then investigate four assumptions: (i) classical nationalist stances hold that national membership depends on the accident of origin and cultural markers learned by early socialization. This non-voluntary identity gives human beings a natural sense of belonging in society and fosters solidarity and trust that lead to better democracy; (ii) drawing on ideas about core values of ideal democracy the non-voluntarist national identity exhibits an inherent contradiction between in-group bias and intrinsic equality, which leads to lower levels of democracy; (iii) homogeneity in belief about what constitutes national belonging eases the dynamics between majority and minority, which benefits democracy; (iv) the presence of an in-group identity, understood as a shared fellow-feeling, boosts trust and solidarity and thereby benefits democracy. Individual-level data about national identity comes from International Social Survey Programme (ISSP, 2013). Data about democracy comes from Varieties of Democracy (Coppedge et al., 2021; Pemstein et al., 2021). Results indicate that higher levels of non-voluntarist features of national identity are strongly negatively correlated with levels of democracy and heterogeneity in beliefs about what constitutes national belonging relating to a higher level of liberal democracy.

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  • 6.
    Gabrielsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Nationalism and Democracy: A quantitative study about the relationship between national identity and attitudes towards democracy2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This article sets out to examine how different levels and types of nationalism are correlated with attitudes towards democracy, a relationship that has not received much attention in previous research. I aim to investigate this relationship by examining how two forms of national identities (ethnic and civic) affect attitudes towards democracy in 30 European countries. Individual data comes from the European Social Survey (2008). The results indicate a significant and strong association between national identities and attitudes towards democracy. Individuals who articulate high levels of ethnic nationalism are less supportive of democracy than those who express high levels of civic nationalism. At country level, two variables are used: diversity and the extent to which democracy is established. Data that describes level of diversity comes from the Eurostat (2008) The index of democracy comes from Economist Intelligence Unit (2008). The structure of the dataset is hierarchical; therefore I have used multilevel models to avoid obtaining biased coefficients and standard errors. The study shows that higher levels of diversity and democracy, in general, amplify support for democracy, but, a high degree of diversity amplifies the negative relationship between ethnic nationalism and support of democracy and a high degree of democracy amplifies the positive relationship between ethnic nationalism and preferences for non-democratic rule.

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  • 7.
    Gabrielsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Nationalism in Europe: A quantitative study about the relationship between different kinds of nationalism and liberal democracy2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This article sets out to examine how different types of nationalism are correlated with the level of democracy in a country, a relationship that has not received much attention in previous research. I aim to investigate this relationship by examining how five forms of nationalism affect democracy in 23 European countries. Individual-level data about nationalism come from ISSP (2013). I use latent class analysis (LCA), an exploratory method, to reveal the different types of nationalism that exist in Europe.  Then I investigate these nationalisms’ relationship to democracy. The dependent variable is an index of democracy developed by the Economist Intelligence Unit (2016). Results indicate a significant and strong association between nationalism and democracy. Ethnic nationalism is negatively correlated with levels of democracy, while civic nationalism is positively associated with democracy.  

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  • 8.
    Gabrielsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AND IDEOLOGICAL ROOTS OF SUPPORT FOR THE SWEDEN DEMOCRATS2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses ideological and personality bases of support for a radical right party, the Sweden Democrats (SD). The comprehensive model includes core ideological variables, which mediate personality traits in order to explain support for SD.

    Structural equation models were tested using a sample of the Swedish population (SOMinstitute 2014) to examine support for SD. My results suggest that the ideological preferences outlined as ‘populist nationalism’ is directly related to SD support. Associations with lower openness to experience, lower agreeableness, lower extraversion, and to some extent also with neuroticism, are mediated by the ideological variables. The conclusion discusses how SD’s success and radical rhetoric may be linked to basic psychological motivations.

  • 9.
    Gabrielsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    The role of actual democracy in the link between national identity and support for democracy2021Ingår i: Comparative Sociology, ISSN 1569-1322, E-ISSN 1569-1330, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 473-500Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the interplay between national identity and democracy. Multilevel models were tested using European Value Survey (EVS 2017), which includes 30 countries. On the individual level, emphasis on non-voluntary features of national identity, where national membership depends on the accident of origin, relates to lower support to democracy. At the country level, the level of actual democracy was taken into account (Varieties of Democracy 2017). In general, higher levels of actual democracy correlate with stronger support for democracy, yet, a high level of actual democracy amplifies the negative relationship between non-voluntary national identity and support for democracy. 

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  • 10.
    Gabrielsson, Daniel
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Är Sverigedemokraterna demokrater?2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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1 - 10 av 10
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