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  • 1.
    Ben-Shabat, Ilan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Neurosciences.
    Darehed, David
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
    Eriksson, Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    Salzer, Jonatan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Neurosciences.
    Characteristics of in-hospital stroke patients in Sweden: a nationwide register-based study2023In: European Stroke Journal, ISSN 2396-9873, E-ISSN 2396-9881, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 777-783Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Few studies have reported the characteristics of patients with in-hospital stroke (IHS) including the reason for hospitalization and invasive procedures before the stroke. We aimed to extend current knowledge.

    PATIENTS AND METHODS: All adult patients with IHS in Sweden during 2010-2019 registered in the Swedish Stroke Register (Riksstroke) were included. The cohort was cross-linked to the National Patient Register and data extracted on background diagnoses, main discharge diagnoses, and procedure codes for the hospitalization when IHS occurred and any hospital-based healthcare contacts within 30 days before IHS.

    RESULTS: 231,402 stroke cases were identified of which 12,551 (5.4%) were in-hospital and had corresponding entries in the National Patient Register. Of the IHS patients, 11,420 (91.0%) had ischemic stroke and 1131 (9.0%) hemorrhagic stroke; 5860 (46.7%) of the IHS patients had at least one invasive procedure prior to ictus. 1696 (13.5%) had a cardiovascular procedure and 560 (4.5%) a neurosurgical procedure. 1319 (10.5%) patients only had minimally invasive procedures such as blood product transfusion, hemodialysis, or central line insertion. Common discharge diagnosis in patients with no invasive procedures were cardiovascular disorders, injuries, and respiratory disorders.

    DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: One in every 17 strokes in Sweden occur in a hospital. In this unselected large cohort the previously reported major causes for in-hospital stroke, cardiovascular and neurosurgical procedures, preceded IHS in only 18.0% of cases suggesting that other etiologies are more common than previously reported. Future studies should aim at determining absolute risks of stroke after surgical procedures and ways of risk reduction.

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