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  • 1.
    Alshwairikh, Yara A.
    et al.
    School of the Environment, Yale University, CT, New Haven, United States.
    Kroeze, Shayla L.
    Department of Biology, Western University, ON, London, Canada.
    Olsson, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
    Stephens-Cardenas, Steve A.
    Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Latina de Costa Rica, San Pedro, Costa Rica.
    Swain, William L.
    Wildlife Genomics and Disease Laboratory, Program in Ecology, Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Wyoming, WY, Laramie, United States.
    Waits, Lisette P.
    Department of Fish and Wildlife Sciences, University of Idaho, ID, Moscow, United States.
    Horn, Rebekah L.
    Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission, ID, Hagerman, United States.
    Narum, Shawn R.
    Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission, ID, Hagerman, United States.
    Seaborn, Travis
    Department of Fish and Wildlife Sciences, University of Idaho, ID, Moscow, United States.
    Influence of environmental conditions at spawning sites and migration routes on adaptive variation and population connectivity in Chinook salmon2021In: Ecology and Evolution, E-ISSN 2045-7758, Vol. 11, no 23, p. 16890-16908Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many species that undergo long breeding migrations, such as anadromous fishes, face highly heterogeneous environments along their migration corridors and at their spawning sites. These environmental challenges encountered at different life stages may act as strong selective pressures and drive local adaptation. However, the relative influence of environmental conditions along the migration corridor compared with the conditions at spawning sites on driving selection is still unknown. In this study, we performed genome–environment associations (GEA) to understand the relationship between landscape and environmental conditions driving selection in seven populations of the anadromous Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)—a species of important economic, social, cultural, and ecological value—in the Columbia River basin. We extracted environmental variables for the shared migration corridors and at distinct spawning sites for each population, and used a Pool-seq approach to perform whole genome resequencing. Bayesian and univariate GEA tests with migration-specific and spawning site-specific environmental variables indicated many more candidate SNPs associated with environmental conditions at the migration corridor compared with spawning sites. Specifically, temperature, precipitation, terrain roughness, and elevation variables of the migration corridor were the most significant drivers of environmental selection. Additional analyses of neutral loci revealed two distinct clusters representing populations from different geographic regions of the drainage that also exhibit differences in adult migration timing (summer vs. fall). Tests for genomic regions under selection revealed a strong peak on chromosome 28, corresponding to the GREB1L/ROCK1 region that has been identified previously in salmonids as a region associated with adult migration timing. Our results show that environmental variation experienced throughout migration corridors imposed a greater selective pressure on Chinook salmon than environmental conditions at spawning sites.

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  • 2.
    Hall, David
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC).
    Olsson, Jenny
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC).
    Zhao, Wei
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC). Advanced Innovation Center for Tree Breeding by Molecular Design, College of Biological Sciences and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China.
    Kroon, Johan
    The Forestry Research Institute of Sweden (Skogforsk), Uppsala, Sweden.
    Wennström, Ulfstand
    The Forestry Research Institute of Sweden (Skogforsk), Uppsala, Sweden.
    Wang, Xiao-Ru
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC). Advanced Innovation Center for Tree Breeding by Molecular Design, College of Biological Sciences and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China.
    Divergent patterns between phenotypic and genetic variation in Scots pine2021In: Plant Communications, E-ISSN 2590-3462, Vol. 2, no 1, article id 100139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In boreal forests, autumn frost tolerance in seedlings is a critical fitness component because it determines survival rates during regeneration. To understand the forces that drive local adaptation in this trait, we conducted freezing tests in a common garden setting for 54 Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine) populations (>5000 seedlings) collected across Scandinavia into western Russia, and genotyped 24 of these populations (>900 seedlings) at >10 000 SNPs. Variation in cold hardiness among populations, as measured by QST, was above 80% and followed a distinct cline along latitude and longitude, demonstrating significant adaptation to climate at origin. In contrast, the genetic differentiation was very weak (mean FST 0.37%). Despite even allele frequency distribution in the vast majority of SNPs among all populations, a few rare alleles appeared at very high or at fixation in marginal populations restricted to northwestern Fennoscandia. Genotype–environment associations showed that climate variables explained 2.9% of the genetic differentiation, while genotype–phenotype associations revealed a high marker-estimated heritability of frost hardiness of 0.56, but identified no major loci. Very extensive gene flow, strong local adaptation, and signals of complex demographic history across markers are interesting topics of forthcoming studies on this species to better clarify signatures of selection and demography.

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