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  • 1.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    The pre-stage of inclusion–conditions for the mainstreaming process of parasports within the Swedish Floorball Federation2023In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 26, no 11, p. 1913-1931Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses conditions for including parasports in the Swedish Floorball Federation (SFF) as a case in an ongoing large-scale organizational change aimed towards equal opportunities for persons with disabilities (PwD) within the Swedish Sports Confederation. Frame factor theory is used to analyse the SFF’s conditions for this inclusion in a pre-stage of change. Thus, this article aims to facilitate opportunities for equal conditions for sports participation. Twenty-two semi-structured interviews and 55 questionnaire responses from federation and district representatives informed the analysis. Findings revealed enabling conditions, such as a general benignity towards inclusion, but also highlighted limiting conditions such as mainstream representatives lack of knowledge about the process, which can lead to further marginalization of PwD. The conclusion was drawn that defining the meaning of inclusion in a pre-stage, regarding both policy and practice, is a pressing matter for the SFF to succeed in its continued process of including parasports.

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  • 2.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
    Inclusion of athletes with disabilities through organizational change: a case study of the Swedish Floorball Federation2021In: ISAPA2021. Quality partnerships in adapted physical activity: Stronger Together!: Book of abstracts / [ed] Kwok Ng, Pauli Rintala, Aada Kandzia, Anni Lindeman, Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä , 2021, p. 84-84, article id 81Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The Swedish Sports Confederation is performing a large organisational change. This involves closing the Parasport Federation, one of their 73 national sports organisations (NSO) which today sponsors 14 sports for athletes with disabilities. These athletes will be included in other NSOs offering the same or similar sports, mainly for athletes without disabilities. This ongoing project follows this change within one of the NSOs, the Swedish Floorball Federation (SFF). The project investigates on individual and organisational levels the knowledge of, preparedness for, and experienced opportunities and obstacles to a process of change toward equal conditions for the participation of athletes with disabilities.

    Methods: Both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods have been used. Questionnaires were sent to the board and administrative staff of the SFF as well as to administrative staff in the 21 district associations with a total of 55 responses. Semi-structured interviews were conducted among 35 chosen stakeholders within the board and staff of the federation, chairpersons of the districts and representatives from five clubs with floorball for people with and without disabilities. In these clubs, 15 additional interviews were carried out among athletes with and without disabilities and their relatives.

    Results: Preliminary results from questionnaires indicate that there is a lack of knowledge regarding the process among some key stakeholders within SFF. For example, only about one third of the respondents at federation and district level claim to know enough about the process to be able to tell another person about it. The results from the interviews also indicate a concern, mainly among stakeholders, that the needs of athletes with disabilities might not become a priority in the same way as it is today in the Parasport Federation, with specific knowledge and experience in disability sports. However, based on the interviews, the general opinion seems to be that athletes with disabilities will gain a deeper sense of belonging by joining the same federation and club as athletes without disabilities, who in return will gain an understanding of disability sports and their athletes.

    Discussion/Conclusions: Overall, there is a clear will to develop disability sports within the SFF. However, for reaching equal conditions an obstacle that must be dealt with in the further process is the risk that athletes with disabilities will become less of a priority. Furthermore, there seems to be a lack of knowledge and preparedness for the change on some key levels, and this calls for communicative strategies about what should be achieved through the organisational change. With a successful change, there is an opportunity for understanding about people with disabilities to spread outside the sports context and thus create awareness in a wider sense.

  • 3.
    Eliasson, Inger
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Developing sports with a children’s rights perspective?: Intentions, methods, and priorities of development projects in local Swedish sports clubs2017In: European Journal for Sport and Society, ISSN 1613-8171, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 244-264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the planned development of sport practice regarding children’s rights through project applications from Swedish sports clubs within the Lift for Sport programme. The study on which this paper reports uses data from a large-scale research project that evaluated this sport-for-all programme and is based on an analysis of 2563 applications within five different national sports organizations. Theoretically, the evaluation study draws on programme theories and analyses financially funded development applications made by the sports clubs. The proportion of applications concerning aspects of children’s rights was 2.4% within the following categories: children’s safety in sports, young people’s views, ethics of children’s sports, and prevention of exclusion and dropout from sport. Those applications were further examined regarding which intentions, methods, and priorities sports clubs were aiming to develop children’s sport to be in line with a children’s rights perspective. The methods used to reach the goals were sometimes the same regardless of intention, and, despite the good intentions and some creative methods used for development, applicants seemed to be uncertain about and searching for which relevant methods to use. The findings can be used to inform the discussion on the design of development programmes, policies, and practices to change children’s sport in the framework of children’s rights.

  • 4.
    Fahlén, Josef
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Eliasson, Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Resisting self-regulation: an analysis of sport policy programme making and implementation in Sweden2015In: International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, ISSN 1940-6940, E-ISSN 1940-6959, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 391-406Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Political programming of sport has become the new orthodoxy in many countries where the strive for a more healthy and civically engaged population is intertwined with an ambition to encourage and make responsible individuals and organizations for meeting societal goals. Although much effort has been put into studying this phenomenon, there is still a shortage of understanding of how, why and with what results sport policy programmes are made and implemented. To address this shortage this article reports on a study of the largest government intervention in sport in Sweden with the purpose of exploring processes of responsibilization and self-regulation at play in the relationship between the government and sport as well as between sport organizations on different levels. Results show how sport has received a more salient position on the government agenda, where more instrumental goals have been accompanied by increased resources to aid in their attainment. This process has assisted in the ambitions to modernize sports organizations by encouraging development through self-regulation. The sports organizations involved have embraced the new goals and resources. However, instead of self-regulating in the desired direction, each organizational level in the sports system has forwarded the responsibility for development to the next level below. This process has left the sports clubs with the full responsibility of meeting the government goals, a responsibility they have not accepted. Understandings of these phenomena and processes are discussed by pointing to the specific institutional landscape and tradition of Swedish sport.

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  • 5.
    Fahlén, Josef
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Eliasson, Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Resisting self-regulation: an analysis of sport policy programme making and implementation in Sweden2017In: Sport policy in small states / [ed] Michael Sam & Steven J. Jackson, Oxford: Routledge, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Fahlén, Josef
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Eliasson, Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rights go with responsibilities: an analysis of the extended arm’s length policy in Swedish sport2012In: Book of Abstracts: 9th Conference of the European Association for Sociology of Sport / [ed] Torsten Schlesinger, Sandra Günter, Yvonne Weigelt-Schlesinger and Siegfried Nagel, Waxmann Verlag, 2012, p. 44-44Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 7.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för folkhälso- och idrottssvetenskap, Idrottsvetenskap.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fröding, Karin
    Specialpedagogiska skolmyndigheten.
    Appelgren, Alva
    Skolforskningsinstitutet.
    Improving The Learning Environment In Physical Education: A Systematic Review Focusing On Students Who Meet Difficulties In Social Interaction2021In: Online ISAPA 2021. Quality partnerships in Adapted Physical Activity: Stronger Together!: Book of abstracts / [ed] Kwok Ng, Pauli Rintala, Aada Kandzia, Anni Lindeman, Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä , 2021, p. 53-53, article id 28Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this systematic review, we present results of how teachers can create better conditions for students, with or without disabilities affecting social interaction, who meet challenges with social interactions. We aim to answer the research question: How can teaching physical education be designed so that students who experience difficulties with social interaction are provided with good conditions for participation, development, and learning? Quantitative and qualitative studies published between 2000 and 2019 were included in the search. Of 8079 studies, 11 studies fulfilled the Swedish Institute for Educational Research and the National Agency’s relevance and quality assessment checklist. The studies included interviews, observations, interventions, or surveys. The students were from first year in primary school up to last year in high school. The results were divided into three themes of importance for improving the learning environment in physical education 1) the importance of trusting relationships, 2) providing structure and support 3) creating a positive learning climate. The first theme describes the importance of relationships. Student experienced that teachers who acknowledge all students' experiences and were attentive to their opinions could strengthen the relationships. When the solidarity between students in the classroom was strong, students felt they were part of the group, which contributed to the learning environment. The second theme describes the importance of providing structure in the form of good and clear planning, explanations, and varied opportunities for students to perform a task. Students requested increased predictability of the lesson provided them with a feeling of control. The third theme emphasises the importance of increasing students’ self-efficacy e.g., students experiences of competence and their belief in their ability for a more stimulating learning environment. The results indicates that creating an atmosphere that is not too performance oriented is eligible. When physical education becomes a learning opportunity rather than a measurement, it contribute to increased participation. A specific teaching method, autonomy-supported teaching, was emphasized in some of the studies to have social-relational benefits. This type of teaching includes attentive listening, taking students’ perspective, creating opportunities to give feedback on teaching and providing enough time to complete different tasks. Ensuring a learning environment for all students in physical education, regardless of ability, experience, and knowledge, is not a responsibility for teachers alone, it concerns and involves all levels in the school organization. The management, principals, legal guardians, teachers, and students need to work together. 

  • 8.
    Karp, Staffan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Eliasson, Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fahlén, Josef
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Löfgren, Kent
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Idrottslyftets externa utvärdering: Svenska Budo & Kampsportförbundet, Svenska Gymnastikförbundet, Svenska Handikappidrottsförbundet, Svenska Innebandyförbundet och Svenska Skidförbundet2012Report (Other academic)
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  • 9.
    Karp, Staffan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Eliasson, Inger
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fahlén, Josef
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Löfgren, Kent
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Det stora lyftet uteblev2012In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 42-45Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 10.
    Kristén, Lars
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Hammar, Lena
    The Swedish National Agency for Education.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    University of Gävle.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Inclusion in pysical education from the perspective of children and young people2021In: Online ISAPA 2021. Quality partnerships in adapted physical activity: Stronger Together!: Book of abstracts / [ed] Kwok Ng, Pauli Rintala, Aada Kandzia, Anni Lindeman, Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä , 2021, p. 11-11, article id 65Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research shows that children with disabilities have poorer health than children without disabilities. In Sweden children have the right to education and schooling is compulsory. Schools’ meets all children in the arena that best affects students with disabilities in participation in physical education. We aim to discuss research and proven experience focusing on student learning and inclusion to find innovative perspectives to promote participation and accessibility in relation to Convention on the Rights of the Child. Various societal actors are interested to develop knowledge and methods for the education of children and teachers in schools from an inclusive perspective. 

  • 11.
    Lindholm, Alva
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Vanans makt — En analys av förändringsarbetets utmaningar i den svenska idrottsrörelsen2023In: Svensk Förening för Beteende- och Samhällsvetenskaplig Idrottsforskning (SVEBI) årliga Idrottsvetenskapliga konferens: Program, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet; SVEBI , 2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Svensk idrottsrörelse befinner sig mitt i en nationell, regional och lokal organisatorisk förändring i strävan att nå idrottens ambitioner om en mer inkluderande idrottsrörelse, ett beslut som fattades i samband med Riksidrottsmötet 2017 (Svenska Parasportförbundet, 2018). Det finns således en uttalad ambition om att skapa likvärdiga villkor för alla utövare oavsett faktorer som socioekonomisk bakgrund, funktionsnedsättning, ambitionsnivå, kön och etnicitet. Förändringen innebär att ansvaret för de idrotter som tidigare administrerats av Svenska Parasportförbundet ska överföras till mottagande specialidrottsförbund. Nordlund et al. (2022) kartlade förväntningarna bland verksamma inom Parasportförbundet kring den pågående organisationsförändringen och drog slutsatsen att den stora utmaningen handlar om den kritiska övergången från policy till praktik, det vill säga hur inkludering kan realiseras och upprätthållas i praktiken. Därtill konstaterar Andersson och Karp (2022) i sin studie om Svenska Innebandyförbundets beredskap att hantera organisationsförändringen att det råder oklarheter kring resursfördelningen.

    Syfte: Föreliggande studie syftar till att undersöka möjliggörande och begränsande strukturer kopplade till organisationsförändringen samt att bidra med kunskap om hur idrottspolitiska beslut tolkas och omsätts i ett konkret förändringsarbete. Studien ingår i forskningsprojektet’’ Likvärdiga villkor i Sveriges största folkrörelse – framgångsfaktorer för ökad inkludering inom idrottsområdet’’ finansierad av Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärd (FORTE).

    Teori och metod: För att fånga den meningsbärande logiken för idrotten genomfördes och analyseras semistrukturerade intervjuer med totalt åtta aktörer verksamma i nyckelpositioner inom Riksidrottsförbundet och Svenska Parasportförbundet. För att analysera inkluderingsprocessen som organisationsförändring användes ramfaktorteori (Nilsson, 1988).

    Resultat och diskussion: Resultatet visar att informanterna generellt är positiva till förändringen men att det saknas strategier för hur idrottspraktiken konkret ska utvecklas i den riktning som är avsedd. Trots positiva värderingar kring inkluderingsprocessen förs således en argumentation som är abstrakt. Detta kan tolkas som ett passivt förhållningssätt till förändring och en acceptans för att bevara idrottens kärnverksamheter som de är.

  • 12.
    Namatovu, Fredinah
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). Umeå Universitet.
    Lövgren, Veronica
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Access and utilization of intimate partner violence-related services: The multiple-level barriers encountered by women with disabilities2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Current data suggests a high prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) among women withdisabilities (WWDs), yet there is still scanty research on the experiences of this population regarding access andutilization of IPV services.

    Methods: Using qualitative in-depth data obtained from WWDs, our current study sought to identify factors thathinder WWDs from accessing and utilizing IPV services.

    Results: This study showed that WWDs exposed to IPV encountered multilevel barriers nested at differentsocietal levels as they attempted to access violence-rated services. At the individual level, the identity category ofdisability, not knowing about certain forms of violence, and being better off silent were the main explanations fornot using IPV services. The role of personal connections was the main factor that influenced the utilization ofIPV services, at the interpersonal level while at the organizational level, a lack of effective communication, powerimbalances, inadequate resources, and failures to follow response standards were identified as the major barriers tousing IPV services. Societal incompetence, as exemplified by treating violence as a taboo and the lack ofregulations criminalizing psychological violence, was the main barrier at the societal level.

    Conclusions: Our findings suggest that regarding WWDs, improving their access and utilization of IPV servicesrequires interventions that address barriers at societal multiple levels including the individual, interpersonal,organizational, and societal levels. This should include early interventions and programs that not only targetWWDs but also include other key players such as service providers on violence recognition and improve thequality of services. There is a need to also review laws and regulations regarding psychological violence and thenature of interventions in place for this type of violence. 

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  • 13.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Equal Abilities - the Swedish Parasport Federation and the Inclusion Process2021In: ISAPA 2021. Quality partnerships in Adapted Physical Activity: Stronger Together!: Book of abstracts / [ed] Kwok Ng, Pauli Rintala, Aada Kandzia, Anni Lindeman, Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä , 2021, p. 88-88, article id 64Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: A major organizational change is currently taking place in Swedish sports, where people with disabilities (PWD) are leaving the Parasport Federation for mainstream sport within the Swedish Sport Confederation. The aim of this study is to map the expectations of the ongoing process among stakeholders within the Swedish Parasport Federation. Central is also to identify any distinction in expectations between the Parasport Athletes (PA) versus stakeholders.

    Method: This study is empirically descriptive, based on a questionnaire with 130 respondents connected to the Swedish Parasport Federation. It was analyzed through independent samples t-tests. This contribution is a part of an extensive investigation of the organizational change in the Swedish Sport Confederation regarding sports for disabled.

    Results: The results indicate some factors that can enable, or prevent, successful inclusion in sport organizations. For instance, the respondents expect that inclusion can facilitate for people with and without disabilities to perform sport together and act as role models to each other, and the respondents also think that recruitment into sport activities will increase after the organizational change. Although, there are some concerns because a significant number of the respondents fear a worsened economic situation for the PA and some fear lack of accessible facilities and equipment due to the organizational change. The results indicate no large divergence in how the PA and stakeholders view the opportunities and obstacles with inclusion.

    Conclusion: To consider, respondents give answers to something that is not yet a reality for them and their expectations need to be seen in the light of the information they have regarding the ongoing organizational change. Consequently, expectations reported in this study do not capture a complete picture of opportunities and obstacles but some concerns are put forward that can impact the success of inclusion in a future sport organization and these should be recognized early in the process.

  • 14.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Equal abilities – the Swedish parasport federation and the inclusion process2022In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, Vol. 13, p. 111-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A major organizational change is currently taking place in Swedish sports, with people labelled with disabilities leaving the Swedish Para-sport Federation (SPF) to participate in mainstream sports under the Swedish Sports Confederation. The aim of this study was to map the expectations of this ongoing process of the stakeholders of the SPF.  Based on a questionnaire with 130 respondents connected to the SPF we found that, overall, the respondents were optimistic about mixed training groups, something that could point towards the possibility of equality between PLwD (people labelled with disabilities) and mainstream athletes. However, a rather large number of respondents feared negative consequences in terms of the physical environment for PLwD. This means that inclusion may create a dilemma regarding the relationship between the individual and the environment. We conclude that inclusion works at different levels of organized sport and there is insufficient knowledge about the impact of inclusion.

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  • 15.
    Nordlund, Madelene
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Vikström, Lotta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Equal Abilities: The Swedish Parasport Federation and the Inclusion Process2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    At present, there is an ongoing organizational change in the Swedish Sport Confederation. Through a comprehensive inclusion process persons with disability (PWD) are leaving the Parasport Federation for mainstream sport within the Swedish Sports Confederation (SSC). The purpose of this study was to advance the knowledge about how inclusion, after the ongoing change, is received and perceived by Parasport stakeholders at different levels in a sport organization that aimed to assess the feasibility of an organizational change towards inclusive environments in the SSC. This has been done by reporting the results from a questionnaire that stakeholders within the SSC responded to. In total, the respondents amounted to 130 individuals. The results point to mainly positive expectations concerning the inclusion process, which is a part of strategy plan of the Swedish Parasport Federation. Both athletes and stakeholders seem to share a mainly optimistic view of what the change can lead to. The study is part of an extensive investigation of the organizational change of the Swedish Sports Confederation towards inclusion of PWD.

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  • 16.
    Pettersson, Charlotta
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Wickman, KimUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.Takala, MarjattaUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Uleåborg universitet, Finland .
    Genus och specialpedagogik – praktiknära perspektiv: en vetenskaplig antologi från Specialpedagogiska skolmyndigheten2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 17.
    Silfver, Ann-Louise
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Berge, Britt-Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Magnusson, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Widding, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Educating Parents: A critical encounter between Swedish government parent support and parent’s narratives2011In: Changing the Future Educating about Gender, Exeter: Exeter University , 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to explore constructions of family and parenthood in Swedish contemporary parent support initiatives. We focus on government policy; municipal support initiatives; media representations of parenthood; parents’ narratives, and online activities. A discourse analytical perspective will guide the study. We draw on notions of how discourses form actions and boundaries in government’s parent support initiatives and in narratives of parents. The governmentality concept will be used to analyse processes of governance at state and individual levels (Foucault 1991). For policy analysis a “What’s the problem represented to be” approach (2009) will be used addressing how problems are constructed in policy, and how representations of problems bring about effects. Since issues of parenthood are saturated by ideas of e.g. gender, sexual orientation and dis-/ability, the study will be informed by theories of social categorizations (Butler 1990/1999; Connell 2009; Young 1997) and how these categories intersect (Crenshaw 1994; Yuval-Davies 2006). Research states Swedish parent support mainly addresses women/mothers (Bremberg,  004). There also seems to be a bias where “parents” are mainly represented by ethnic Swedish, well educated, urban, heterosexual nuclear families (Sarkadi 2009). Since parent education primarily has been studied from a medical perspective, there certainly is a need for educational researchers to study these programs and those involved, from a pedagogical and psychological perspective.

  • 18.
    Sirkko, Riikka
    et al.
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Takala, Marjatta
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Co-Teaching in Northern Rural Finnish Schools2018In: Education in the North, ISSN 0424-5512, Vol. 25, no 1-2, p. 217-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Focusing on a rural municipality in northern Finland, the aim of this study is to investigate educators’ thoughts and experiences with co-teaching. The data from 40 teachers were collected via an electronic questionnaire, and a mixed-methods approach was used. In the quantitative responses, the teachers positioned themselves as spokespeople for co-teaching, even though they had little experience with this teaching method. The written responses were condensed into four main themes: requirements, interpretations, inclusion and joy. Various requirements, such as more time for planning, better facilities to teach in and more training, were required before co-teaching could be executed. However, those who had co-taught expressed joy and improved wellbeing at work compared with their time teaching alone. Finally, the various themes of teachers’ experiences in relation to co-teaching are discussed.

  • 19. Skolforskningsinstitutet, .
    Fröding, Karin (Contributor)
    Fredriksson, Karolina (Contributor)
    Nakano Hylander, Aiko (Contributor)
    Bergman, Maria (Contributor)
    Jerlinder, Kajsa (Contributor)
    Wickman, Kim (Contributor)
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hedman, Anna (Editor, Cover designer)
    En tillgänglig lärmiljö för alla i ämnet idrott och hälsa – med fokus på socialt samspel2020Report (Other academic)
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  • 20.
    Ström, Kristina
    et al.
    Åbo Akademi University, Nord University, Finland.
    Pettersson, Gerd
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Remote special educational consultation in Swedish rural schools2024In: Australian and International Journal of Rural Education, ISSN 1036-0026, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 108-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With advances in communication technologies, remote special educational consultation has become a promising strategy for indirect special education provision aiming to support students with special educational needs as well as their teachers in remote and rural areas. This study explores how special educators in a rural municipality in Sweden offer remote special educational consultation to teachers and how the two teacher categories experience remote special educational consultation. The empirical data of the study consist of special educators’ and teachers’ responses to an online questionnaire (N=11). The analysis revealed themes reflecting experienced challenges as well as opportunities. The challenges relate to lack of professional commitment and consensus, lack of school leaders’ trust, knowledge and support, and barriers associated with distance and technology, while opportunities relate to increased access to special educational competence, increased structure in consultation and increased professional development and collaboration. The results of this study highlight the potential value of remote special educational consultation as an acceptable, cost-effective, and efficient way of increasing access to special educational expertise and providing special educational support to teachers working in rural and underserved schools.

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  • 21.
    Ström, Kristina
    et al.
    Åbo Akademi University, Nord University, Finland, Norway.
    Pettersson, Gerd
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Remote special educational consultation in Swedish rural schools: experiences of special educators and class teachers2024In: Australian and International Journal of Rural Education, ISSN 1036-0026, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 108-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With advances in communication technologies, remote special educational consultation has become a promising strategy for indirect special education provision aiming to support students with special educational needs as well as their teachers in remote and rural areas. This study explores how special educators in a rural municipality in Sweden offer remote special educational consultation to teachers and how the two teacher categories experience remote special educational consultation. The empirical data of the study consist of special educators’ and teachers’ responses to an online questionnaire (N=11). The analysis revealed themes reflecting experienced challenges as well as opportunities. The challenges relate to lack of professional commitment and consensus, lack of school leaders’ trust, knowledge and support, and barriers associated with distance and technology, while opportunities relate to increased access to special educational competence, increased structure in consultation and increased professional development and collaboration. The results of this study highlight the potential value of remote special educational consultation as an acceptable, cost-effective, and efficient way of increasing access to special educational expertise and providing special educational support to teachers working in rural and underserved schools.

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  • 22.
    Söderström, Tor
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fahlén, JosefUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.Wickman, KimUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    People in motion - bridging the local and global: Book of abstracts: The 8th European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference, May 18-22, 2011.2011Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Takala, Marjatta
    et al.
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Collaborative Case-Based Virtual Learning in Higher Education: Consultation Case in Special Education2019In: Journal of Digital Learning in Teacher Education, ISSN 2153-2974, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 236-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaborative case-based virtual learning was used with special teacher education students from Finland (N = 94) and Sweden (N = 59). The case was about consultation and was tailor-made to fit their studies. The case was used as a bridge between theoretical and practical studies, and consisted of videos of an imaginary school, which proceeded in the form of a narrative. The goals for the students were practicing challenging situations and critical thinking in small groups—a kind of artificial experience building. After completing the case, the students responded to a questionnaire about it. They evaluated the case positively as a new, inspiring method. Only a few critical comments were received, such as that there was too little time for deep discussion. The method of virtual learning seems to be a good, inspiring way to study in higher education, as an alternative to lectures. Other topics these students would like to study in a similar way were issues related to interaction and new professional skills, such as co-teaching or discussions with parents. The different aspects of this kind of virtual collaborative learning are discussed.

  • 24.
    Takala, Marjatta
    et al.
    Uleåborg universitet; Helsingfors universitet.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Samundervisning: en metod för inkluderande lärmiljöer2021In: Specialpedagogik för lärare / [ed] Mara Westling Allodi, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2021, p. 170-192Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Takala, Marjatta
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Department of Special Education, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Uusitalo-Malmivaara, Lotta
    Department of Special Education, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Lundström, Agneta
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
    Becoming a special educator: Finnish and Swedish students' views of their future profession2015In: Education Inquiry, E-ISSN 2000-4508, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 25-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we discuss the views of 117 special education student teachers related to their oncoming profession in the framework of ecological theory. Together, 68 students from Sweden (26 special teachers and 41 SENCo students) and 49 from Finland responded to a questionnaire. We compared the respondents’ thoughts about their future work content, the focus areas of special education and inclusion. According to the expectations, the main task for these future special educators is to work with pupils and adults at school. The focus areas of their future work included co-operation and consultation, more so in Sweden. In addition, excellent interaction skills were central. The Swedish respondents supported full inclusion to a greater extent than the Finnish respondents. Finally, no critical aspects of resource allocation or conditions to ensure the child’s right to adequate support within the existing school systems were emphasised by the respondents. The results and the differences among the various respondents are discussed.

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  • 26.
    Westin, Anna
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Takala, Marjatta
    University of Oulu.
    Experiences of being the parent of a child with Down Syndrome in mainstream school2022In: Education and involvement in precarious times: Abstract book, NERA Conference 2022 / [ed] Michael Dal, Reykjavík: University of Iceland , 2022, p. 417-418Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Inclusive education is a key policy in many countries, and the keypremise is that every child has an equal right to attend mainstream schooling toobtain the support needed to reach their educational goals. It is academically andsocially beneficial to educate pupils with disabilities and their peers together. The aimof this study is to examine how parents to children with Down Syndrome (DS)understand their child ́s future education and schooling, how they experience theirown sense of belonging as a parent in a school context and their perception of theirchild’s sense of belonging. These are some of the questions that this study asks theparents’ perception of their child’s sense of belonging in school.

    Method: Semi-structured interviews with both parents (n=10) of five children with DSin mainstream preschool classes were conducted to assess their experiences ofbelonging and explore how they understood their children’s sense of belonging. Theinterviews were conducted via telephone due to the pandemic [covid-19] and lastedbetween 33-77 minutes. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and categorized.The study was inspired by three theoretical levels of the politics of belonging: (1)social location, (2) identification and emotional attachment and (3) ethical andpolitical values, which were used in the analysis.

    Result: When talking about belonging, some of the participants expressed a sense ofbelonging to other parents in their child’s preschool class. Even though the parentsbelonged to the same social location as the other parents of children in the preschoolclass, they did not automatically feel sense of belonging with them. The parents’overall perception was that their children felt a sense of belonging in their preschoolclass, this perspective was based on the combined feedback of the parents and theschool staff. The stories collectively depicted a sense of belonging where the childrenwere not able to express this themselves, due to the children’s difficulties ofcommunicating. Before their children started in preschool class, the parents wereworried about how things would go for them. Most participants were treated well by418the principal and school staff; however, some reported poor dealings with principalswho were sceptical of and had preconceived notions about their decision to placetheir child in a mainstream school instead of a special school.

    Conclusion: It is important to support parents to obtain a thorough understanding oftheir child’s academic and social development so that they can make informeddecisions about their children’s future education, and not be influenced by schoolstaff to choose the future schools for pupils with DS merely based on their children’sdiagnosis. The aim of the study is to contribute to an understanding of how toimprove a sense of belonging in pupils with DS in preschool classes by focusing onthe parents’ perspectives.

  • 27.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Barn och unga med funktionsnedsättning: att förstå idrott ur ett normkritiskt perspektiv2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Bending mainstream definitions of sport, gender and ability: Representations of wheelchair racers2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Inspired by feminist post-structural thinking and with a discourse analytic approach, this study’s main theme is gendered identity, disability and sport. It consists of four separate, but interrelated, empirical studies and focuses on two research questions. Firstly, how do female and male wheelchair racers construct and perform their identities? Secondly, how are female and male wheelchair racers represented in Swedish sports media? To answer the research questions, semi-structured interviews with wheelchair racers, and a critical analysis of sports media texts from the Paralympics in Sydney, 2000 have been conducted. In this dissertation the composition of unwritten regulations produced by the media texts, that shaped the practice of wheelchair athletes was conceptualized as the discourse of able-ism. Findings indicate that the sports media texts constructed the subject of ‘disabled sportsman/sportswoman’, which indirectly reproduced the conception of a copy and not an original. The exclusion was, however, concealed and neutralized through the regulation and differentiation that the discourse of able-ism legitimated. Although sports media still seems to reinforce negative stereotypes of disabled athletes, the wheelchair racers themselves are challenging the gender, sport and disability discourses and establishing new ways of being physically powerful and excellent in and outside the sports arena. In fact, when the athletes got the opportunity to make their voices heard in media, they re-dressed the twisted picture of wheelchair racing as passive rehabilitation training into elite sport. Consequently, it seems that wheelchair racing and its high status in disability sports empowers both male and female racers which increases their possibility to be represented as ‘real’ sportsmen and sportwomen. Finally, although, the athletes have shown that wheelchair racing has a given place in modern sport, ‘being able’ as an athlete and being a gendered individual are still strongly connected to the appearance and performance of the un-impaired body.

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  • 29.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Between Vision and Practice: Gender Equality in Swedish Sport Organizations2012In: Book of Abstracts: 9th Conference of the European Association for Sociology of Sport / [ed] Torsten Schlesinger, Sandra Günter, Yvonne Weigelt-Schlesinger and Siegfried Nagel, Waxmann Verlag, 2012, p. 88-88Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Dugliga subjekt på idrottslig arena: kollektiva föreställningar om femininitet, maskulinitet och funktionsnedsättning2009In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 1, p. 31-33Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    En rullstolsbasketstjärna berättar: recension av Melvin Juette & Ronald J. Berger, Wheelchair Warrior: Gangs, Disability and Basketball, Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press 20082008In: idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652–7224, Vol. 12 december, p. 1-3Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är en lika tragisk som välbekant historia. Välartad svart grabb i förortsområde i Chicago glider in i kriminella gäng, blir en dag skjuten i ryggen med livslångt funktionshinder och tillvaro som rullstolsburen som följd. Ridå. Ofta slutar pjäsen där, men när det gäller unge Melvin Juette så kommer det en andra akt, en tredje akt, och ett nytt liv. Melvin blir genom en del tur och tillfälligheter, men inte minst med rejäla portioner klokskap och vilja, så småningom elitrullstolsbasketspelare (Paralympics-silver 1996), och universitetsutbildad socionom. Historien om Melvin berättas av honom själv i Wheelchair Warrior: Gangs, Disability and Basketball (Temple University Press). Berättelsen introduceras, och i ett slutkapitel analyseras, av sociologiprofessorn Ronald J. Berger. Kim Wickman har läst Wheelchair Warriors, och i sin debutrecension för forumet konstaterar hon att berättelsen om Melvin Juette är gripande läsning, och att Bergers akademiska inramning lyfter Melvins levnadsöde till ett socialvetenskapligt lärostycke. Men var tog genusperspektivet vägen?

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  • 32.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Experiences and Perceptions of Young Adults with Physical Disabilities on Sports2015In: Social Inclusion, ISSN 2183-2803, E-ISSN 2183-2803, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 39-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    People with disabilities seldom get a chance to voice their opinions on their sport experiences. A deeper understanding of the context-related experiences of sport is a prerequisite for teachers and leaders to be able to provide adequate, inclusive and meaningful activities. The aim of this qualitative case study was to examine how young people with disabilities made sense of sport, within both the compulsory school system and the voluntary sports movement. The study involved 10 young adults (aged 16 to 29 years) with disabilities, five males and five females. All the participants had rich experiences of sport. An inductive approach to qualitative content analysis of semi-structured interviews was used to enable individuals to explain and give meaning to their experiences of sport including those pertaining to gender and inclusion. The findings illustrated that dominating gender and ability norms influenced the interviewees’ understanding of themselves in relation to sport; as a consequence, some of the female interviewees had a more diverse, sometimes contradictory experience of sport than the male interviewees. The basic premise of this study is that researchers can develop more insightful understandings of inclusion by studying the subjective meanings that are constructed by people with disabilities in their sport experiences.

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  • 33.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Filosofiska aspekter på jakt: recension av Nathan Kowalsky (red.), Hunting: In Search of the Wild Life, Oxford, Oxon.: Wiley Blackwell2011In: idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652–7224, Vol. 2 november, p. 1-3Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För 10 000 år sedan var alla anatomiskt moderna människor jägare-samlare, det vill säga att de levde av att jaga och döda djur och att samla och tillreda ätliga växter av olika slag. Så småningom började de följa efter hjordar av vilda djur, de lärde sig tämja dem... och resten är historia. Behovet av att jaga för att skaffa föda levde kvar i ytterligare tusentals år, och finns fortfarande på olika ställen i världen. Man villebrådsjakten har inte upphört i de moderna västerländska samhällen där den inte längre är nödvändig. Jakten har istället för många blivit en fritidssysselsättning, även om den formen av rekreation ibland kan ha positiva sidoeffekter för exempelvis viltvården. Många tycker nog att jakt även idag är ett acceptabelt sätt att skaffa mat, medan många andra tycker att det är etiskt tvivelaktigt att döda Bambi för blotta nöjet. ”What You Can't Learn from Cartoons: Or, How to go Hunting After Watching Bambi” är titeln på ett av bidragen i Nathan Kowalskis antologi Hunting: In Search of the Wild Life, som ingår i Wiley Blackwells serie Philosophy for Everyone. Vi bad Kim Wickman, som själv jagar i blygsam utsträckning, att läsa Kowalskis bok för idrottsforum.org. Hon hittade flera texter som var av intresse, bland annat en med en viktig genusdiskussion i relation till jakten, men antologin som helhet präglas av stor spretighet.

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  • 34.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Flickor och pojkar med funktionsnedsättning och deras rättigheter och möjligheter till ett aktivt idrottsliv2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Flickor och pojkar med funktionsnedsättning: Rättigheter och möjligheter till ett aktivt idrottsliv2011In: För barnets bästa: en antologi om idrott ur ett barnrättsperspektiv / [ed] Johan R. Norberg & Johan Pihlblad, Stockholm: SISU Idrottsböcker , 2011, p. 41-60Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Genus och funktionshinder: några nedslag i forskningen kring handikappidrott2007In: www.idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224, no 2007–05–16Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 37.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    "I do not compete in disability": How wheelchair athletes challenge the discourse of able-ism through action and resistanceManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    "I try and be as athletic like, forget the other side of me": constructions of elite female wheelchair athletes' identities2004In: Kvinder, Køn og Forskning, ISSN 0907-6182, E-ISSN 2245-6937, no 2-3, p. 22-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses upon the meaning of being a female wheelchair racer at elite level. The paper is based on one-to-one semi-structured interviews with five female wheelchair racers, who all competed in the Paralympic Games 2000. This paper highlights the complexity and in some respects contradictive aspects of the ways in which elite female wheelchair athletes construct their identities. In this study the Paralympic Games are applied as a backdrop through which the athletes and their experiences are contemplated. Overall the research suggests that the interviewees cannot be contemplated as passive objects unable to affect their own lives. Rather they seem to be well aware of the logic of the discursive game and thereby manifest their independency through action and resistance. Thus they counteract people’s misperceptions by asserting their abilities as wheelchair racers.

  • 39.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Idrott och funktionsnedsättning: i spänningsfältet mellan stabilitet och samhällsomvandling2017In: Idrottens samhällsnytta: en vetenskaplig översikt av idrottsrörelsen mervärde för individ och samhälle / [ed] Johan Faskunger och Paul Sjöblom, Riksidrottsförbundet , 2017, p. 131-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Jag försöker vara elitidrottare glöm mitt andra jag: Hur kvinnliga elitrullstolsåkare konstruerar sina identiteter2007In: Funktionshinder, kultur och samhälle, Studentlitteratur, Lund , 2007, p. 197-214Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Skolerfarenheter och tillitsfulla relationer: att tolka och förstå sitt eget livssammanhang2021In: Praktiknära pedagogisk forskning i det lärande nordiska nätverket Gemensamma Vägar: en antologi / [ed] Gerd Pettersson; Oddbjørn Knutsen; Eva Silfver; Kristina Ström, Umeå: Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2021, p. 86-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att ge ökade kunskaper om elevers upplevelser och erfarenheter av två skolformer, om fysisk aktivitet och hälsa samt om vad delaktighet och medbestämmande innebär i praktiken. Studien har en normkritisk ansats (Bromseth & Darj, 2010; Martinsson & Reimers, 2014) och omfattar intervjuer med 27 elever varav 11 flickor och 16 pojkar. Vid tidpunkten för datainsamlingen är samtliga intervjupersoner elever i den svenska grund- eller gymnasiesärskolan. Genom att fånga deras inifrånperspektiv bidrar detta kapitel till en ökad förståelse av de utmaningar och möjligheter som eleverna möter i sin skolvardag, till exempel om hur makt och sanningsanspråk kommer till uttryck och betydelsen av tillitsfulla relationer. Studien ger exempel på hur eleverna reflekterar över och ställer sig kritiska till det sociala sammanhang och den maktordning som manifesteras i situationer där deras möjligheter till autonomi och egenmakt begränsas. Eleverna är positiva till särskolan som skolform men upplever att tiden innan skolbytet från grundskola till grundsärskola var problematisk vilket i flera fall ledde till en bristande tillit och självkänsla. För att möta skolans krav på likvärdiga förutsättningar till lärande och utveckling krävs sannolikt en större kunskap och beredskap bland pedagoger om hur makt opererar i undervisningspraktiken och hur alternativa strategier kan utformas för att förebygga utanförskap och bristande tillit.

  • 42.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    The discourse of able-ism ­meanings and representations of gendered wheelchair racers in sports media texts2007In: The 4th EASS Conference, Münster: Local Sport in Europe, 31 May - 3 June, 2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    The governance of sport, gender and (dis)ability2011In: International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, ISSN 1940-6940, E-ISSN 1940-6959, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 385-399Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on the Foucauldian concept of governmentality and with a discourse analytic approach, the purpose of this study was to describe and analyse how wheelchair basketball (WCB) players governed themselves in relation to the dominant discourses of sport, gender and disability. This study was based on semi-structured interviews with 12 men and 6 women with and without classified impairment. The findings illustrated how governing operates in the micro-context of WCB and how the athletes were constituted at the intersection between technologies of power and technologies of the self. On the one hand, they were categorized according to a classification system by which the athletes were organized into competitive classes based upon sport-specific tests. On the other, they were taking up and rehearsing narratives about themselves in terms of normality. Finally, the results have shown how male and female WCB athletes take up and resist predominant sport, gender and disability discourses and how they govern themselves in relation to such discourses. The results of the study also illustrate how the workings of power were differentiated within the WCB context and how the sport and gender discourses provided instructions on how to become the desired ideal.

  • 44.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    The Swedish government initiative to promote child and youth sports: gender equity and equality2011In: People in motion - bridging the local and global: The 8th European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference / [ed] Tor Söderström, Josef Fahlén and Kim Wickman, Umeå: Department of Education, Umeå University , 2011, p. 59-59Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Unika och lika: erfarenheter hos unga vuxna med rörelsenedsättning2013In: Spela vidare: En antologi om vad som får unga att fortsätta idrotta / [ed] Johan R. Norberg och Johan Pihlblad, Stockholm: SISU Idrottsböcker , 2013, p. 85-107Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Wickman, Kim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wheelchair Basketball means action: How male and female players construct and perform their identities2009In: ISAPA 2009: The 17th International Symposium of Adapted Physical Activity, Gävle: SUH (Swedish Development Centre for Disability Sport) , 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Wickman, Kim
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Berggren, Sandra
    Delaktighet, kreativitet och förundran: hälsofrämjande skolutveckling i praktiken2021In: Elevhälsa och en hälsofrämjande skolutveckling: i teori och praktik / [ed] Eva Hjörne och Roger Säljö, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2021, 1, p. 165-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 48.
    Wickman, Kim
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Dolling, Ann
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Lidestav, Gun
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Rönnberg, Jonas
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Genusintegrering och jämställdhetsarbete vid fakulteten för skogsvetenskap, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet2013Report (Other academic)
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  • 49.
    Wickman, Kim
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Education.
    Henriksson Larsén, Karin
    Wheel & Walk Aerobic- gruppträning för rörelsehindrade och icke-rörelsehindrade2000In: Svensk idrottsforskning, no 3, p. 40-44Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Wickman, Kim
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Holm, Christina
    Barnhabiliteringen, Halmstad.