Umeå University's logo

umu.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
12 1 - 50 of 67
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Bergh, Pontus
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Learn or die: the development of an assessment framwork for SME entrepreneurial learning programmes2011In: International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1468-4330, E-ISSN 1741-8127, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 92-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The unique features of entrepreneurial learning, that involves multiple dimensions, are not easily captured and today few appropriate assessment frameworks exist. The aim of this paper is therefore to develop an assessment framework for entrepreneurial learning and empirically illustrate its potential on a specific SME learning program. Based on a survey of owners/managers who took part in the government supported learning program, krAft, an exploratory factors analysis and a regression analysis were conducted. The paper proposes a two dimensional framework of cognitive and social/emotional learning outcomes where both are strongly correlated to internal efficiency but only the social/emotional outcomes are correlated to external effectiveness. The paper therefore concludes that the mere focus on cognitive learning outcomes is not enough in order to successfully act upon business opportunities. Hence, the social/emotional learning dimension is of great importance, and should be utilized, in the development of arranged SME learning groups.

  • 2.
    Biedenbach, Thomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    The Open Secret of Values: The Roles of Values and Axiology in Project Research2016In: Project Management Journal, ISSN 8756-9728, E-ISSN 1938-9507, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 139-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to explore the roles and potential benefits of axiology and value theory in project research. This is done through (1) an exploration of the essentials of axiology and value theory; (2) a review focused on how values have been used in project research; and (3) a reflection based on the historical–logical development of—and paradigmatic influences on—projects and their management. It is concluded that project research would benefit from a more encompassing philosophical treatment of axiology beyond merely acknowledging values as a thematic concept or as part of a project management methodology.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Burström, Thommie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    The Informal Liaison Role of Project Controllers in New Product Development Projects2013In: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business/Emerald, ISSN 1753-8378, E-ISSN 1753-8386, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 410-424Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze the liaison role of project controllers in new product development (NPD) projects.

    Design/methodology/approach – This paper is based on a case study of an industrial new product development project. In total, 68 in-depth interviews were conducted and 32 meetings were observed. Using an inductive approach, this paper scrutinizes the roles of three specific individuals – their formal role as project controllers and their informal role as liaisons.

    Findings – The study found that project controllers play a crucial part in the everyday work of projects – both formally and informally. Project controllers undertake important liaison activities that are not a part of their formal roles in which they extend their responsibilities to include informal activities such as peacekeeping, probing, nailing, process implementation and streamlining.

    Practical implications – This paper argues that managers must identify and acknowledge the importance of informal liaisons and liaison activities among project members because such activities are of crucial importance for the facilitation of communication and for work-flow coordination. By viewing the project controller as someone who is “dressing the project in numbers”, the role can be understood as a support function aimed at close interaction and cross-functional learning, rather than a function aimed at distant supervision and control.

    Originality/value – This paper provides important insights into informal aspects of project roles and the everyday work of project controllers.

  • 4.
    Burström, Thommie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    The role and importance of `Glue People' in projects2011In: The IUP Journal of Soft Skills, ISSN 0973-8479, Vol. V, no 1, p. 7-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Almost 40 years ago the importance of liaison roles was pointed out. The liaison role, which is described as managerial means to achieve coordination amongst different knowledge domains by facilitating communication, has been a subject of extensive interest during the years. Most of this interest has either focused on (1) the liaison position with no decisional authority, formal power, but is formally established, or (2) the integrating manager which is a formal position with recognized formal authority. This paper aims at highlighting the importance of liaisons, or`glue people', in projects. Based on a theoretical underpinning of projects as temporary organizations this paper analyses hands-on project work. The analysis is based on two comprehensive in-depth qualitative case studies, one in the construction industry and the other in the truck industry. Both of these cases focus on the actual everyday work of the project participants. In this paper we argue that `glue people' possess specific soft skills such as: the ability to facilitate communication among professional groups, create commitment, and reduce uncertainty. These are all important skills in order to handle the everyday complexity and manage the interdependent sets of diverse skills and knowledge domains present in temporary organizations. The paper concludes that `glue people' share some characteristics of formal liaisons and integrating managers, but that new novel explanations for understanding `glue people' are necessary.

  • 5.
    Burström, Thommie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Transition processes in an interorganizational platform project2012In: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business/Emerald, ISSN 1753-8378, E-ISSN 1753-8386, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 400-419Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify and understand challenges related to transition processes that occur between projects and the permanent organisation, as well as the outcome of such processes.

    Design/methodology/approach: The study is based on an explorative, in-depth case study of a multi-project setting. The concept phase of three projects was followed by participative observations and ongoing interviews over a fifteen week period at two sites and in two countries. The empirical material was analyzed through a process-orientated approach focusing on daily project activities.

    Findings: Transition processes are characterized by containing operational complexities. These operational complexities demand from project stakeholders to perform multiple translational and transformative activities. The outcome from these activities are for example strategic, operational, and functional fine-tuning, but also attitudinal turnaround.  

    Research limitations/implications: This research is based on an interorganizational vehicle platform project setting. The findings from this study can therefore not with ease be generalized to other settings. However, it is likely that actors in other interorganizational project settings can benefit from the findings since there probably are a multitude of transition processes in such projects as well.

    Practical implications: Managers can learn that it is important to map all related transition processes, analyze the implications that these processes have on the project, and perform a dialog with project members so that the sense of operational complexity and uncertainty can be reduced. This type of action will reduce feelings of frustration and create a sense of readiness to deal with unexpected events.

    Originality/value: First the setting “an interorganizational vehicle platform” is largely understudied, second this paper pinpoints three unique transition processes and thereby contributes to the sparsely researched area of transition processes.

  • 6.
    Burström, Thommie
    et al.
    Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Wilson, Timothy L.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Integrating service practice into project management: a matter of “do or die”?2014In: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business/Emerald, ISSN 1753-8378, E-ISSN 1753-8386, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 5-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze service management practices within a project management context.

    Design/methodology/approach: This research supporting conceptual developments was both exploratory and qualitative in nature and utilized an in-depth case study of a major product development project.

    Findings: The conceptual framework developed is applied to empirical observations of product development project. Because there is an adequate fit with observations, elements of a service management approach appear to be viable in the description, managing, and control of projects.

    Research limitations/implications: Because the research was built on a case study, one has the limitations common with that approach. Conversely, case studies are acknowledged as useful in the identification of important variables in situations in which there is little control over events in a real-world context.

    Practical implications: Customer satisfaction is a requirement of project organizations, which is an inherent requisite of any service organization. Consequently, one turns to those elements in the practice of service management that lead to best management practices.

    Originality/value: This paper contributes with a practice-based understanding of how project management is based on integrated service practice.

  • 7.
    Gaim, Medhanie
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Wåhlin, Nils
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration. School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    The role of space for a paradoxical way of thinking and doing: a study of idea work in architectural firms2019In: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 265-281Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is well established that engaging paradoxes and the role of space are important aspects of idea work. Although the significance has been recognized, studies that focus on the intersection between space and paradox are scarce. Accordingly, this article explores the intersection and focuses on the role of space in idea work characterized by paradoxes. More specifically, the aim of this article is twofold. First, the article aims at identifying the spatial conditions that enable organization members to think and act paradoxically. Second, the article aims at exploring how spatial conditions evoke a paradoxical way of thinking and doing. Based on three Scandinavian architectural firms, and through abductive inference, four spatial conditions are identified and outlined. The conditions are conceptualized as organized chaos, boundary(less)ness, premeditated spontaneity, and (re)framing. From the results, and through the discussion, the notion of “generative space” is introduced to explain the overall importance of spatiality, as well as how the interrelatedness of the conditions facilitates a paradoxical way of thinking and doing in idea work.

  • 8.
    Hällgren, Markus
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Using retrospective data to study extreme contexts: the case of impromptu teams2019In: SAGE research methods cases, London: Sage Publications, 2019, p. 1-9Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This teaching case focuses on challenges and opportunities of studying extreme contexts in general and the use of retrospective data in particular. The case takes its start in a retrospective case study of the fatal 1996 Mount Everest climbing incident. Based in the case description, the research design of the article, and the practical execution, a number of challenging areas and important lessons with respect to studying extreme contexts are outlined. By working with the method case, we expect students to further their ability to assess the main benefits and challenges when studying extreme contexts, discuss the appropriateness of possible methods when studying extreme contexts, analyze the use of method applied to a specific extreme context, and critically examine the use of method applied to this specific (extreme) case.

  • 9.
    Hällgren, Markus
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Söderholm, Anders
    Embracing the drifting environment: The legacy and impact of a Scandinavian Project literature classic2012In: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business/Emerald, ISSN 1753-8378, E-ISSN 1753-8386, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 695-713Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview and analysis of the legacy of Christensen and Kreiner's (1991) literally classic Projektledning: att leda och lära i en ofullständig värld (Project Management: to manage and learn in an incomplete world).

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper is based on a three-step theoretical analysis deduced from the mentioned classic. The first step provides an overview of the content where the core ideas of the book are derived. This is followed by an analysis of the legacy and impact on theory, empirical approaches, and education. Finally, three main takeaways from the book are discussed.

    Findings – In tracking the legacy, the paper analyses, discusses, and illustrates how the Scandinavian approach to projects has evolved. It pinpoints the two core insights of the book; the importance of understanding the impact of the institutional environment on operations, and embracing uncertainty as a natural part of everyday organizational reality. Based on these insights it is shown how the book has expanded the theoretical contributions towards a focus on temporary organisations and everyday practice, how it has helped to make situated empirical research matter, and how it has influenced education to deal with real-life project challenges.

    Research limitations/implications – This paper investigates a book available only in the Scandinavian language and thus only available for a Scandinavian research community. As such the review is written from a Scandinavian perspective, with the limitations in terms of objectivity to the book that follow from that.

    Practical implications – The main lessons discussed in relation to the heritage from the book are: an increased focus on the details of organizing, situated multi-level case-studies, and situation-sensitive teaching methodologies. The paper argues that an increased understanding of projects should start with a detailed multi-level analysis of temporary organizing to provide a sound foundation on which to base future research and teaching.

    Originality/value – The paper provides an understanding of the origins and diffusion of underpinning ideas of the Scandinavian approach to project management.

  • 10.
    Håkansson, Olof
    et al.
    Tekniska Högskolan vid Jönköping University.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping Sweden.
    Linderoth, Henrik
    Tekniska Högskolan vid Jönköping University.
    The Role of Key Actors in the Emergence of a Strategic Innovation Programme: A Translation Process Perspective2021In: Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference / [ed] Lloyd Scott, Christopher J Neilson, Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM), 2021, p. 25-34Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability to innovate and adapt to change is of central importance at all levels of society today. In this article, a strategic innovation programme (SIP) in the Swedish construction industry is addressed as a vehicle to facilitate system-wide innovation and change. Based on the need to further understand how to deliver industry-level innovation, and an identified scarcity of studies addressing the role key actors have in establishing a SIP, the aim is to analyse and describe how a strategic innovation programme is established and what role key actors play in this process. Theoretically, the study draws inspiration from actor-network theory (ANT) and especially the translation process, which previous studies have shown to be suitable to understand the challenges involved when mobilizing a network of heterogeneous actors. Empirically, the study is based on a qualitative approach and consists of 11 semi-structured interviews with individuals active in the early stages and the development of a SIP. In the article, a number of actor groups are identified and followed through what can be described as two cycles of translation, where one actor group is trying to make itself a ‘legitimate spokesperson’ for the emerging SIP. The analysis shows, for example, how the problematization of structural changes, digitalization, and industrialization enables the mentioned actor group to successfully translate the interests of other actors into an obligatory passage point (OPP). Apart from providing an understanding of the role that different actor groups play in the becoming of an innovation programme, the study also shows how it is not primarily the actors in the construction industry who are conservative; instead, there is an inertia in the system that complicates a collaborative development of innovations in the industry.

  • 11.
    Håkansson, Olof
    et al.
    Tekniska Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration. School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Linderoth, Henrik
    Tekniska Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Moscati, Annika
    Tekniska Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Samuelson, Olle
    Luleå Tekniska Högskola.
    Challenges in measuring performance of collaborative R&D projects2021In: Managing collaborative R&D projects: leveraging open innovation knowledge-flows for co-creation / [ed] Gabriela Fernandes, Lawrence Dooley, David O’Sullivan, Asbjørn Rolstadås, Springer Nature, 2021, p. 317-329Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While measuring the performance of collaborative research and development (R&D) projects is critical for both practitioners and academics, it is rarely straightforward in practice. Based on firsthand experience of the performance measurement practice within an extensive, long-term, Swedish innovation programme named Smart Built Environment, this chapter provides a reflective account of the setup and challenges experienced. The programme was launched in 2016 and is a long-term initiative of up to 12 years. Backed by three state research agencies, it is, to date, the single largest investment in innovation, R&D in digitalisation made in the Swedish built environment sector. This chapter is written as a collaborative autoethnography, with three out of the five authors having had firsthand experience of the specific measurement initiative analysed. The chapter describes how the visionary objectives of the programme, related to sustainability, time, cost and business logics, were developed and operationalised in practice. Furthermore, it is explained how several emergent challenges related to ambiguity in goal formulation, adaptation to contingencies of moving targets and temporal scope, and development of a multiplicity of assessment methods, were managed.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    2012 Awards for Excellence2013In: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business/Emerald, ISSN 1753-8378, E-ISSN 1753-8386, Vol. 6, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    On the dynamics of coordination in temporary organisations2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As the development of coordination research have shifted away from a quest for environmental fit towards an interest in daily practices, new emergent and more dynamic dimensions have come to be at the centre of attention. In an attempt to take another step into the dynamics of coordination this paper addresses the question of how and owing to what the practice of coordination changes over time. The paper takes a processual stance towards understanding the conditions shaping the emergent, activity based coordination in a temporary organization. Based on a case study of a €100 million, five year long Swedish infrastructure project, the paper analyses the development process over the life cycle of the temporary organization. The paper is divided into two parts. The first part is based on a short historical review where a broad conceptualisation is presented that links traditional contingency theory ideas to time and the emergent practices that constitute the act of coordination. The second part – building on the first part – is based on empirically supported thematic theorizing and presents three empirically generated categories of social elements that explain the impact of time and processual development in relation to the coordination practice. The elements presented – incrementally increased understanding, a sense of affinity, and increasing reliance – capture the emergent social aspects that constitute the dynamics of the life cycle. The paper concludes with a suggestion that the theoretical areas of learning, socialisation, and trust could provide additional theoretical understanding of the development process of coordination and the presented categories.

  • 14.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    On the importance of liaisons for coordination of projects2011In: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, ISSN 1753-8378, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 64-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to understand the collaborative aspects of the communication practice and illustrate the importance of role-related liaison devices for coordination in a project setting.

    Design/methodology/approach – A case study was made of a large Swedish partnering project focusing on the coordinative and communicative activities carried out within the project. It consists of 18 semi-structured interviews, three days of observations, meeting participations, document analysis, and was analysed with a theoretically supported thematic categorisation.

    Findings – The paper describes the communicative sub-processes of the project and analyses the link between them. The focus is placed on illustrating the importance of the project liaison as a crucial part of the coordination of the project. It is shown how the project liaisons; guides and coordinates the ongoing activities, translates and reduces information, creates space for the experience of the subcontractors, assists in coordinating unexpected situations, and therefore constitutes a crucial part of the success of the project.

    Research limitations/implications – From a project management perspective it is suggested that it is beneficial to identify, acknowledge, and create legitimacy for project liaisons in order to facilitate the coordination of the project. As the project liaison is shown to be of major importance it is also suggested that there is a need to further study the existence and role of liaisons within project organisations.

    Originality/value – The paper draws on organisational theory and therefore enriches the field of project coordination as it also includes and stresses the importance of the human actors.

  • 15.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Samordning och kommunikation i ett anläggningsprojekt: mellan en laminerad A3-karta och ett dike2008Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna licentiatavhandling behandlar den organisatoriska vardagen under ett anläggningsprojekts genomförandeprocess. Arbetet syftar till att med samordning och kommunikation som utgångspunkt beskriva och analysera ett anläggningsprojekts planering och utförande samt därefter specifikt belysa hur IKT används för samordningen och hur hållbarhetsfrågor samordnas. Fallstudien som ligger till grund för arbetet är genomförd vid ett partneringprojekt med Skanska och Jämtkraft som samverkanspartners. Projektet, vid namn Destination 2011, utgör en investering på ca 1 miljard SKR och har som syfte och mål att vädersäkra Jämtkrafts befintliga kraftnät för att minimera riskerna för elavbrott.

    I arbetets teoretiska ramverk sätts teorier rörande samordning och kommunikation i förhållande till ett projekts genomförande och organisatoriska kontext, i form av osäkerhet och komplexitet. Utifrån givna utgångspunkt har fyra övergripande kategorier av kommunikativa och samordnande situationer härletts – det strukturerade mötet, den spontana direktkontakten, den klassiska planeringen och den vedertagna praxisen. Kategorier som fångar samordning och kommunikation i förhållande till omgivningens inverkan.

    Från fallstudien och med stöd av den teoretiska ansatsen har därefter tre empiriska processer analytiskt identifierats – den planeringsdrivna, den reduktionsdrivna och den pragmatiskt drivna samordningsprocessen. Processer som länkar samman genomförandet och därigenom är betydelsefulla för att förstå varför samordningen och kommunikationen ser ut som den gör under ett projekts planering och utförande. Med hjälp av de tre nämnda processernas sätt att lösgöra och till viss del separera och strukturera uppgifterna mellan de olika yrkesgrupperna, möjliggörs arbetet, och kanske även minimeras, de slitningar och den kamp som annars riskerar att uppstå.

    Utifrån processerna åskådliggörs avslutningsvis influenserna på IKT och hållbarhet. Rörande IKT föreslås att det kanske inte främst är fysisk och geografisk distans som sätter hinder för tekniken, utan i stället samordningsprocessernas samspel och funktion – något som skulle innebära ett behov av ”processöverbryggande teknik”. Rörande hållbarhet så förklarar kopplingen till processerna hur viss miljörelevant information filtreras bort till förmån för ”det riktiga arbetet” men att det huvudsakliga miljöarbetet i all sin enkelhet syftar till att efterfölja lagens råmärken, samt kraven från för organisationen viktiga intressenter, ingen mer inget mindre.

  • 16.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Samordningens dynamik: om samordningens samspel och förändring i ett interorganisatoriskt anläggningsprojekt2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis takes its starting point from one of the most essential parts of organization theory, namely coordination. It joins a new and emerging approach within which coordination is not only treated as a function but as a dynamic process. The thesis reflects everyday practice during a major construction project and focuses on how coordination is undertaken, and how it develops over time. The aim is to create an understanding of the dynamics of coordination. This refers both to the interaction between different types of coordination that continuously take place in the process of carrying out collective performances, and to how the coordination changes over time.

    The case study, that is the basis of this thesis, was carried out from 2006-2010 in a large construction project with Skanska and Jämtkraft as contractual partners. The project – called Destination 2011 – corresponds to an investment of € 100-110 million and aims at securing Jämtkraft’s power distribution from severe weather conditions in order to minimize the risk of power blackouts.

    The theory chapter of the thesis has an integrative approach and is based on theories of coordination. On the basis of this a conceptual framework was developed that focuses on how coordination takes place and how it can change in relation to its context. This was done in three steps. First, coordination was defined, positioned and set in relation to the organizational context in terms of uncertainty and complexity. Second, five broad categories were derived which indicate how different organizational arrangements create coordination. Third, the integrating conditions which evolve from the organizational arrangements were presented. These integrating conditions are essential for the individuals to coordinate their activities.

    Based on the case study, and supported by the theoretical framework, a process-oriented analysis was conducted in four steps. The first step was a narrative case description which focuses on the development of the project and the activities that make up the project process. The second step consisted of a thematic theory driven analysis that explains how the project members use a combination of different organizational arrangements to create the integrating conditions required for the coordination to occur. The third step of the analysis was based on a process analysis combined with temporal bracketing. This step focuses on how the coordination is structured and enables the understanding of how the coordination changes over time. In this step two temporal brackets (or micro-processes) were created, the first of which represents a sub-project under the first half of the project, and the second a sub-project during the second half. For each micro-process an analysis was carried out which identified a number of coordination processes. These coordination processes link the implementation phase together and explain how, and why, the coordination is built up as it is during a sub-project. In the fourth and final step a comparative analysis was conducted with illustrative narrative sequences. This analysis puts the two micro-processes in relation to each other, illustrates how the coordination changes over time, and exposes the underlying forces that explain the identified change. These analyses, brought together, show the interaction between different types of coordination, how the coordination is built-up, and how it changes over time, thereby providing an understanding of the dynamics of coordination.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Understanding project communication in a construction process: The importance of project liaisons2009In: Proceeding of 5th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organisation, Reykjavík, 2009, p. 155-166Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Burström, Thommie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Wilson, Timothy L.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    The Role of Transition in Temporary Organizations: Linking Temporary to the Permanent2013In: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business/Emerald, ISSN 1753-8378, E-ISSN 1753-8386, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 576-586Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This research note puts the role of transition back in the center of the temporary organization and lends to understanding the temporary organization as a transitory unit within the permanent organization. The purpose is to reactivate theory development within this field of research and promote a dialog that will point to a possible way forward.

    Design/methodology/approach – An intra-organizational perspective is taken. Backgrounds of the two theories are covered and then the temporary organization as a transitory unit, and the role of transition are addressed. One basic transformation is made in the theory of the temporary organization and then the model superposed on the behavioral theory of the firm.

    Findings – In total, four things were achieved. First, the conceptualization of temporary organization was simplified – five variables have been reduced to four in eliminating “action” as an element of description. Second, the conceptualization was extended to include constructs of the permanent organization. Third, the theory was strengthened by providing an extended framework that potentially could be examined to check observations against theory. Finally, some directions were suggested for future theory development to take.

    Research limitations/implications – The research note is conceptual, so applicability depends upon the nature of the particular organization to which it is applied.

    Originality/value – Although the paper is conceptual, the authors believe that the approach can be used to understand the interrelatedness of the temporary and permanent organization and to promote a dialog within this field of research – a dialog that hopefully will reactivate theory development.

  • 19.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Harryson Näsholm, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    A two factor-model of the meaningfulness of routines2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study takes its starting point in the question of what makes routines meaningful. Despite the well-established understanding of the importance of both well-functioning routines in primary health care, and the benefits associated with meaningful work, research to date has not integrated the two streams of research. Therefore, the purpose is to increase the understanding of meaningful routines. Based on interviews with three different professional categories in primary healthcare, and a thematic analysis on a latent level, the notion of a two-factor model for meaningful routines is proposed. In the analysis, the two-factor notion is used as a sensitizing concept, and nine factors explaining practitioners' sense of non-meaninglessness and six factors explaining meaningfulness in routines are identified. Thereby, the paper contributes to a better understanding of both what enables a sense of meaningfulness in routines and how different professional roles in the workplace differ in their perceptions. Practically, the results also open for improved routine practices that should consider the individual-collective dichotomy of meaningful routines and the challenge resulting from the fact that what enables meaningfulness in routines for one profession might be what erodes meaningfulness for another.

  • 20.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Hällgren, Markus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Impromptu teams in a temporary organization: on their nature and role2016In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 584-596Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The abundance and importance of temporary project teams in society introduces the need of understanding their nature. The purpose of this article thus is to highlight the existence of an only accidentally investigated type of team that we identify as Impromptu teams, and analyze their role in a temporary organization. Based on a detailed retrospective account of the infamous disaster on Mount Everest in 1996, we identify three examples of Impromptu teams. The three examples indicate that the teams are characterized by being triggered by an unexpected event, and formed through a bottom-up process, where joining the team is voluntary and the activities are based on a logic of appropriateness, rather than rule following. The identification and nature of Impromptu teams have implications far beyond Mount Everest, since most organizations at some point need to use teams similar to the identified examples.

  • 21.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Hällgren, Markus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    The grabber: making a first impression the Wilsonian way2014In: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business/Emerald, ISSN 1753-8378, E-ISSN 1753-8386, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 739-751Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the understanding of what a good grabber is and how to construct one. This is done by drawing on the insights provided by Professor Timothy L. Wilson, for whom this paper is written as an “honorary piece.”

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper is based on a small sample of papers from the 48 journals that have received contributions from Professor Wilson throughout the years. A total of 12 papers have been selected, using a mix of convenience and haphazard sampling. The grabber of each paper has then been analyzed based on its nature and style.

    Findings – Based on the review and analysis, five different types of grabbers were identified; the quote, the anecdote, the provocative question, the surprise, and the metaphor, each type representing a unique way (and strategy) of creating initial interest.

    Research limitations/implications – As this paper was intentionally based on a convenience sample, further investigation is needed to establish whether the presented categories have clear validity and/or whether there are additional categories/strategies for how to create good grabbers.

    Originality/value – Creation of interest is an increasingly important part of everyday academic practice. As the grabber is a rarely addressed phenomenon in academic literature, the presented categories should be of both interest and practical use to academics in most fields. 

  • 22.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration. School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Jałocha, Beata
    Faculty of Management and Social Communication, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland.
    Four images of projectification: an integrative review2021In: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, ISSN 1753-8378, E-ISSN 1753-8386, Vol. 14, no 7, p. 1583-1604Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this article is to give an overview of the development and current state of projectification research. The inquiry was driven by a threefold research question: How has projectification been understood and defined over time, what has the trajectory of the development been and what are the main trends and emerging ideas?

    Design/methodology/approach: The article is an integrative literature review of research done on the notion of projectification to date. An interdisciplinary, integrative literature review was conducted using Scopus and Web of Science as primary sources of data collection. The full data set consists of 123 journal articles, books, book chapters and conference contributions. With the data set complete, a thematic analysis was conducted.

    Findings: Among other things, the review outlines the development and scope of projectification research from 1995 until 2021 and discusses four emerging images of projectification: projectification as a managerial approach, projectification as a societal trend, projectification as a human state and projectification as a philosophical issue. These characteristics emphasize some common features of each of the images but also imply that the way projectification is understood changes depending on the paradigmatic perspective taken by the researcher, the time and place in which the observation was made and the level of observation.

    Originality/value: The authors have outlined and discussed four images of projectification – projectification as a managerial approach, projectification as a societal trend, projectification as a human state and projectification as a philosophical issue – where each image represents a special take on projectification with some prevalent characteristics. By doing this, the authors provide a systematic categorization of research to date and thus a basis upon which other researchers can build when furthering the understanding of projectification at large.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 23.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Linde, Anneli
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Linderoth, Henrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    The relation between ICT and environmental-management practice in a construction company2009In: Organizational Communication and Sustainable Development: ICTs for Mobility, Information Science Reference , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Linderoth, Henrik
    Jönköping School of Engineering, Jönköping, Sweden.
    The challenges of trying something new: On (in)congruence and (in)consistency of technological frames in a Swedish railway infrastructure case2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the rarely sought micro-level conditions of digitalisation for inter-organisational collaboration. Based on the “technology frame of reference” (TFR) Theory, this study aims at increasing the understanding of group-level (in)congruence and (in)consistency in the adoption and use of new digital technology in the AEC industry. The studied infrastructure case involves two actor groups currently in the process of adopting a new digital geotechnical data management system which is expected to impact both work processes and practices. Based on document analysis, semi-structured interviews, and observations of the adoption process unfolding, we analyse how the differences and similarities in technology frames influence the adoption and use of the new system. It can be concluded that, to date, no major (in)congruences or (in)consistencies exist, but different dimensions of framing spanning from operational to strategic.

  • 25.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Linderoth, Henrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    The influence of contextual elements, actors' frames of reference, and technology on the adoption and use of ICT in construction projects: a Swedish case study2010In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 13-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In contemporary research on construction-related ICT (information communication technologies), little distinction is made between the use of ICT in permanent line organizations and its use in temporary organizations (for example, in building and construction projects). This paper makes that distinction. The aim is to understand how the interplay among contextual elements, actors' frames of reference, and the ICT itself, influences the adoption and use of ICT in a building and construction project. This will be done through a description and analysis of a case study of ICT use in a major Swedish construction company. It is concluded that the well-defined duration of the temporary organization (the construction project) stands in sharp contrast to the generally indefinite duration of ICT-mediated change processes. However, by analysing the ICT application to be implemented, it can be revealed whether it can be 'ready packed' for, or delimited to, certain processes in order to achieve immediate benefits. When implementing more encompassing ICT applications, the challenge for the company is to find alternative ways of implementation in the project-based organization and of creating alternative spaces for innovation and renewal where new ICT can be tested and experimented with.

  • 26.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration. School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Linderoth, Henrik
    School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Towards improved dissemination of results from strategic innovation programmes: the case of 'Smart Built Environment'2022In: World building conference 2022: book of abstracts, 2022, p. 12-12, article id 243Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Government-sponsored Research, Development, and Innovation (RDI) initiatives have lately become a common way to foster industry transformation. We report on a so-called Strategic Innovation Programme (SIP) in the Swedish built environment sector which constitutes such an initiative. More precisely, we investigate the process of disseminating results from the initiative, and the inherent challenges thereof, with the purpose to increase the understanding of how to better enable sector-wide dissemination of results from SIPs. The studied programme is backed by three state research agencies and corresponds to an investment of a total of 60 million euros over 12 years. It builds on a collaboration-oriented model where actors in the sector jointly identify, plan, and undertake RDI-efforts, with an overarching goal to find “... solutions to global social challenges and increase Sweden’s competitiveness”. Based on a combination of document analysis, semi-structured interviews, and focus group interviews, the challenges of reaching beyond involved actors with RDI-results are analysed. It is shown how successful dissemination is dependent on two essential preconditions (ambition and capacity), and how clarity of target group(s) in combination with the alignment between RDI-logic and the target group's frame of reference, inhibits or enables dissemination. The article ends with a discussion on an inherent dilemma identified in the quest of simultaneously trying to maximize successful dissemination and support sector-wide transformation. 

  • 27.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Linderoth, Henrik
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    User perceptions of ICT impacts in Swedish construction companies: ‘it’s fine, just as it is’2012In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 30, no 5, p. 339-357Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in construction companies has been growingsteadily during the last decade. However, few studies inquire into either perceptions of the impact of actualICT use or perceptions among different occupational groups in construction companies. The aim of thepaper is to explore users’ general perceptions of ICT impacts in the post-adoption stage and analyse theimplications for construction management practice. A mixed methods approach was used. Quantitative datawere collected using a web-based survey both in a major construction company and among medium-sizedcompanies in Sweden. Data from 294 returned completed questionnaires were analysed with t-tests andmultiple regression analysis. In addition, participant observations and semi-structured interviews were conductedwithin the major construction company in order to strengthen the analysis. It can be concluded thatrespondents are generally fairly satisfied with the ICT. Differences in perceptions among occupationalgroups can be explained by the nature of work tasks and the original intentions for using ICT as a means ofcontrol and calculation. Even if respondents perceive that a further development of ICT could improve competitiveness,they do not want to increase their use of it in their workplaces. They basically think that ‘it isfine, just as it is’. This indicates that a challenge in construction management is to investigate how prevailingand new ICT applications can be used to develop the industry.

  • 28.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    Linderoth, Henrik
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business.
    User perceptions of ICT in a major Swedish building and construction company2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in building and construction companies has steadily been growing during the last decade. However, just a few studies inquire perceptions of the ICT actually being used and perceptions among different professional groups in companies. The objective of this paper is to contribute to an enhanced understanding of general perceptions of ICT in building and construction companies and among professional groups by taking the point of departure in the concept of perceived usefulness. Data was collected by a web-based survey in two regional units of a major Swedish building and construction company. 257 completed questionnaires were returned which corresponds to a response rate of 49 %. The data was analysed with T-tests and multiple regression analysis. It can be concluded that respondents are generally fairly satisfied with their ICT and that the ICT is perceived as necessity for the fulfilment of work tasks as well as a valuable support in various areas of decision making. Moreover, a further developed use of ICT is perceived as an opportunity to increase the company’s competitiveness, but this opinion is negatively correlated with the opinion that the ICT is well adapted to the industry’s conditions. Finally are there some significant differences in perceptions of the outcomes of ICT-usage among professional groups. These differences can be explained by distance to operations and nature of work tasks.

  • 29.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration. Jönköping University, Tekniska Högskolan, JTH, Byggnadsteknik och belysningsvetenskap.
    Linderoth, Henrik
    School of Engineering, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Why strategic innovation programs struggle with dissemination of results: the case of smart built environment2022In: ARCOM, thirty-eighth annual conference, 2022, September 5-7, Glasgow: working papers / [ed] Apollo Tutesigensi; Chris Neilson, ARCOM, Association of Researchers in Construction Management , 2022, p. 100-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates observed challenges of disseminating RDI-results from a Strategic Innovation Programme (SIP) in the Swedish built environment sector. The study combines document analysis, semi-structured interviews, and focus group interviews, to increase the understanding of how to better enable sector-wide dissemination of results from SIPs. It is shown how the dissemination of RDI-results is dependent on two preconditions (ambition and capacity), and how clarity of target group(s) in combination with the alignment between RDI-logic and the target group's frame of reference further inhibits or enables dissemination. It is concluded that ensuring these preconditions, and strengthening the alignment is key in improving sector-wide dissemination. However, in this, an inherent paradox must be dealt with in terms of not necessary prioritizing dissemination at the expense of norm-challenging ideas. Given that the overarching goal of SIP is to achieve industry transformation, merely promoting incremental (norm-aligned) change is not enough.  

  • 30.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration. School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Linderoth, Henrik C. J.
    School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Newly graduated students' role as ambassadors for digitalisation in construction firms2021In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 39, no 9, p. 759-772Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study furthers the understanding of newly graduated students' role in construction firms' efforts to better use digital technologies. The aim is to increase the understanding of the role that newly graduated students play in digital transformation in construction firms. The study is based on 18 semi-structured interviews and three focus group interviews with new graduates and construction managers in Sweden's three largest construction firms. The results show that despite having relevant skills, new graduates play a limited role when they are first recruited, as they struggle to close the "knowledge-experience gap". Gradually, whilst familiarising themselves with how things are done, they act as ambassadors for digitalisation and contribute to the modification of senior colleagues’ beliefs about how technology could be used. However, this development is hampered by them getting caught-up in messy everyday activities, which forces them–like other staff–to prioritise urgent issues over important ones. An observed lack of established practices for how to make use of students' skills hampers their involvement further. It has been suggested that urgency might not only be a problem, but a solution in that it is possible to increase the sense of urgency around new way of working with digital technologies.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 31.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration. School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Linderoth, Henrik
    School of engineering, Jönköping university, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Rowlinson, Steve
    Department of Real Estate and Construction, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, HK.
    The role of industry: an analytical framework to understand ICT transformation within the AEC industry2017In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 35, no 10, p. 611-626Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite wide-ranging research on information and communication technologies (ICT) in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry, little is known about the role that industry plays in the adoption and use of ICT. Based on observations of how the drivers for ICT use seem to be inconsistent with the industry’s central characteristics, and drawing on information systems (IS) research that demonstrates the role of shared systems of meaning, the purpose here is to develop an analytical framework that explains how industry shapes the adoption and use of ICT. Building on a theoretically driven approach and a case study, a framework is rst sketched and then substantiated through empirical illustrations. Three dimensions of industry are highlighted: the socio-cognitive environment, the market and production environment and institutional actors. It is explained how the interplay of these dimensions shapes the way the industry functions, which in turn in uence the adoption and use of ICT. The outcomes of the interplay can either be aligned or misaligned with ICT, which explains why certain aligned applications are rapidly adopted, whereas other applications are not. The primary implication is that the framework can aid in analysing the need for structural adaptation when trying to achieve ICT-induced change. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Lundin, Rolf
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Guest editorial: World views on projects and society2019In: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business/Emerald, ISSN 1753-8378, E-ISSN 1753-8386, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 238-241Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This Special Section of International Journal of Managing Projects in Business contains a collection of six articles focusing on various aspects related to the topic of World Views on Projects and Society. Based in the far-reaching projectification of society (Jacobsson and Jałocha, 2018), and the observation that projects of today both shapes and are shaped by society (Packendorff and Lindgren, 2014), the contributing authors of this Special Section were encouraged to address areas of social concern and the framework(s) of ideas and beliefs which form the way in which people interpret the world and interacts within it. The general themes of this Special Section were inspired by ideas presented in the book Managing and working in project society (Lundin et al., 2015; Lundin, 2016). In the call for the Special Section, three interrelated themes were proposed – “World Views on Projects in Society,” “the World of Projects in Society” and “the Role of Projects in the World” – which together opened up for a broad understanding of the projectification trend which is spreading throughout most parts of society and the world today.

  • 33.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Lundin, Rolf A.
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Söderholm, Anders
    Mid Sweden University.
    Researching Projects and Theorizing Families of Temporary Organizations2015In: Project Management Journal, ISSN 8756-9728, E-ISSN 1938-9507, Vol. 46, no 5, p. 9-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the contemporary development where most temporary, focused, and organized endeavors can be regarded as a project and studied as a temporary organization, we here ask how these concepts can be defined without hindering pluralism in understanding, development, and theorizing? Based on the notions of family resemblance – the idea that it is not a specific trait, but a variety of traits that are shared by some, but not all, members of a family – we propose a new dynamic framework that we believe is useful in order to advance studies of projects and temporary organizations towards more opportunities for rigorous theorizing.

  • 34.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Lundin, Rolf A
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Söderholm, Anders
    Mid Sweden University.
    The Scandinavian Turn of Project Research: Reflections on History and Future Directions2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In retrospect it appears that there was a turn in project research during the late 1980’s and beginning of the 1990’s. The subsequent movement—centered on applying organization theory approaches to projects—is now coming of age. In this paper we focus on the ‘coming of age’ notion by describing trajectories for the ‘Scandinavian School of Project Management’—where it comes from, how it has developed over time, and ultimately reflecting on the question if the movement still exists. In doing so, we juxtapose the emergent ideas with a more structured research programme that came out of the UK around 2006. The main questions addressed concern a) on what these two streams of research have been founded, b) how they have evolved, and c) their influence. Our purpose is to describe and analyze important parts of the contemporary development of project research and to outline potential and plausible directions for the future. The results, which are partly based on a survey distributed to 27 active and well-renowned project researchers around the world, shows that there are signs that the once novel notion of the Scandinavian school has now developed to become normal science in the Kuhn (1970) sense of the expression. Taking on a Kuhnian perspective of the development we sketch two different but parallel types of directions for the future. The first type is to be described as ‘research as usual’, consisting of refinements in line with previous studies along the lines of current practices. The second type is based on how scientific revolutions, potentially also triggered by developments in other scientific areas, might develop to foster new and future directions—a development here tentatively called, a ‘Neo-Scandinavian School of Project Research’.

  • 35.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Lundin, Rolf A.
    Söderholm, Anders
    Towards a multi-perspective research program on projects and temporary organizations Analyzing the Scandinavian turn and the rethinking effort2016In: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business/Emerald, ISSN 1753-8378, E-ISSN 1753-8386, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 752-766Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze important parts of the contemporary development of project research and to outline plausible and desirable directions for the future. Design/methodology/approach - This is accomplished through a review of the "Scandinavian School of Project Management" and "Rethinking Project Management," which is complemented with a set of questions distributed to 27 active researchers within the project research field from around the world. Findings - Through the analysis the authors show how the two streams have more similarities than differences, despite the fact that they have been initiated in very different contexty 8ts and ways. The authors could also conclude that the "Scandinavian School" appears stronger on the international scene than in the Nordic countries, and that general perception of what the "school" stands for has changed and been blurred with time. Based on the analysis the authors also proposed the need for a broad, more coherent research effort in terms of a multi-perspective research program on projects and temporary organizations. The essence of this would be: an action research profile to improve practice and foresee the future; a combined research focus on institutional change and project practice to ensure both theoretical and empirical progress; and a strong global perspective to further enrich both theory and practice. Research limitations/implications - This research has obvious limitations in terms of empirical scope and response selection. The questionnaire results should therefore be interpreted with care. Originality/value - The value of this research lies in its reflective nature and the proposed trajectory of the project research domain.

  • 36.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Lundin, Rolf
    Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Söderholm, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Researching and Theorizing the Temporary Organization and Project Families2013In: 22nd Nordic Academy of Management Conference: Final program and abstracts, 2013, p. 113-113Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The “what is a project” question is probably one of the most repeated sentences in research related to projects and temporary organizations. The question is natural because if you are going to make assertions or grounded statements about any phenomenon, you need to be clear on what it is to make sense. Since the question has been repeated in several contexts the answers are also fairly disparate, at least if you believe in research as putting the phenomena and research results under scrutiny. Similarly, temporary organization concepts are unclear, both depending on context and on what characteristics are being studied. At that, for some researchers, the denomination temporary organization is thought of as a theoretical construct whereas projects refer to the empirical phenomena. Attempts to define have also been numerous in the past but the success in doing so has however been limited. As we want to promote pluralism and diversity we pose the question of how these concepts can be defined without hindering pluralism in understanding, development, and theorizing? In this paper, notions of family resemblance in a Wittgenstein meaning – the idea that it is not a specific trait, but a variety of traits that are shared by some, but not all, members of a family – are used in this effort to contribute to forwarding the research area towards more opportunities for theorizing.

  • 37.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Lundin, Rolf
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Söderholm, Anders
    Mid Sweden University.
    Researching Projects and Theorizing Families of Temporary Organizations2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    “What is a project?”, is probably one of the most repeated questions in research related to projects and temporary organizations. The question is natural because if you are going to make assertions or grounded statements about any phenomenon, you need to be clear on what it is to make sense. Since the question has been repeated in several contexts the answers are also fairly disparate, at least if you believe in research as putting the phenomena and research results under scrutiny. At that, the temporary organization concept is unclear, both depending on context and on what characteristics are being studied. For some but not all researchers, the denomination temporary organization is thought of as a theoretical construct whereas projects refer to empirical phenomena. Attempts to define the two concepts have also been numerous in the past, but the success in doing so has however been limited. As we want to promote pluralism and diversity we pose the question of how these concepts can be defined without hindering pluralism in understanding, development, and theorizing. In this paper, notions of family resemblance in a Wittgenstein meaning – the idea that it is not a specific trait, but a variety of traits that are shared by some, but not all, members of a family – are used in an effort to contribute to forwarding the research area towards more opportunities for more rigorous theorizing. 

  • 38.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration. School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Merschbrock, Christoph
    School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    BIM coordinators: a review2018In: Engineering Construction and Architectural Management, ISSN 0969-9988, E-ISSN 1365-232X, Vol. 25, no 8, p. 989-1008Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the role, practices and responsibilities of building information modeling (BIM) coordinators (BCs).

    Design/methodology/approach: The aim is achieved through a review of existing publications (n = 183) in which the term “BIM coordinators” has been described and discussed (n = 78), complemented by interviews with four Norwegian BIM experts.

    Findings: The findings from the review indicate that the core responsibilities of BCs involve clash detection, managing information flows and communication flows, monitoring and coordinating design changes, supporting new working procedures and technical development and acting as a boundary spanner. The complementary interview study extends these findings with two additional practices and a reflection on the experienced challenges, obstacles and potential future development of the role. In essence, the authors propose that the role of BCs can be defined as being responsible for external/internal alignment and coordination of actor needs, and engaged in product-, process- and system-oriented practices of BIM.

    Research limitations/implications: Given that this study is primarily an integrative literature review of BCs, it has the limitations common with such an approach. Therefore, future studies should preferably extend presented findings through either a survey, further in-depth interviews with BCs or reviews of closely related BIM specialist roles such as BIM managers or BIM technicians.

    Practical implications: With BCs seemingly being central to information management and knowledge domain integration within the architecture, engineering and construction industry, an understanding of their importance and role should be of interest to anyone seeking to tap into the potential of BIM. This paper outlines specific implications for construction manager, educators and BCs.

    Originality/value: The value of this study lies primarily in the fact that it is the first thorough investigation of the role, practices and responsibilities of BCs.

  • 39.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Roth, Philip
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Towards a ‘service turn’ in new cooperative projects?2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade there has been an increased interest in various forms of cooperative project client-supplier relationships, where the relationship between involved parties is defined by trust rather than control. In this paper it is argued that this development – the movement away from a focus on control as the main governing mechanism, towards trust – triggers a deeply rooted change in the underlying business logic. A change rarely addressed or analyzed in contemporary research. To put it bluntly, it is suggested that partnering projects, as the unit of analysis in this paper, are becoming service oriented engagement platforms. By drawing on an established framework within the area of service-dominant logic, the aim of this paper is to analyze the relational aspects and illustrate how a partnering project can be understood as an engagement platform. The paper builds on empirical illustrations from a Swedish partnering project and highlights a potential way forward to further understand the role of cooperative project client-supplier relationships.

  • 40.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Roth, Philip
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Towards a shift in mindset: partnering projects as engagement platforms2014In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 32, no 5, p. 419-432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The last decade has seen shifts in both practice and research regarding client–supplier relationships. Cooperative project client–supplier relationships have become increasingly common, and have spurred a stream of vivid research on for example alliances and partnering. Despite increased attention, an insufficient understanding of the relationship dimension is identified, described as a ‘black box’. Here it is suggested that a key to unlock this ‘black box’ is to focus on the everyday practice and the role of the mindset of involved actors throughout the project. We argue that running partnering projects involves more deeply rooted changes than previously recognized. Changes relate to the mindset among involved actors, where service (instead of merely products or production) becomes the core denominator. First we aim to illustrate that a partnering project, if well functioning, can be understood as an engagement platform, and second we aim to discuss the consequences if this is acknowledged in practice. The case, a successful Swedish partnering project, is explored from a service-dominant logic perspective and it is suggested that successful partnering projects are to be defined as engagement platforms. A refined categorization of the components of partnering is provided and the implications of a shift in mindset discussed.

  • 41.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration. School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Söderholm, Anders
    The Ronin Institute for Independent Scholarship.
    An essay on ‘Homo Projecticus’: ontological assumptions in the projectified society2022In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 40, no 4, p. 315-319Article in journal (Refereed)