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  • 1.
    Landström, Lena
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Vem är förundersökningsledare?: en analys av rättsutvecklingen utifrån effektivitet, kvalitet och rättssäkerhet2020In: Juridisk Publikation, ISSN 2000-2920, no 1, p. 65-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under många år har kritik riktats mot bristande resultat vad avser rättsväsendets, särskilt polisens, förmåga att klara upp och lagföra brott. En nyckelaktör i det brottsutredande arbetet är förundersökningsledaren. Uppgiften att vara förundersökningsledare är fördelad mellan åklagare och polis, beroende på brottstyp och en mängd andra faktorer. Frågan om vem som leder förundersökningen - polis eller åklagare - och vem inom polisen som kan vara förundersökningsledare behandlas i denna artikel. I artikeln undersöks den rättsliga regleringen av hur fördelningen har gjorts över tid och vilka faktorer som getts betydelse för fördelningen. Undersökningen visar att praktiska och resursmässiga skäl ligger bakom en förändring där polisen leder allt fler förundersökningar, och att det finns en spretighet rörande vem inom polisen som ska vara förundersökningsledare. Samtidigt har åklagarna getts en tydligare roll som förundersökningsledare vid vissa kriminalpolitiskt prioriterade brott. Bakom dessa utvecklingslinjer ligger främst effektivitets och kvalitetskrav, medan rättssäkerhetshänsyn mer sällan varit skäl för förändringar. Avslutningsvis ställs frågan om rättssäkerheten kan behöva stärkas, genom exempelvis domstolskontroll.

  • 2.
    Landström, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Eklund, Niklas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Naarttijärvi, Markus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Legal limits to prioritisation in policing: challenging the impact of centralisation2020In: Policing & society, ISSN 1043-9463, E-ISSN 1477-2728, Vol. 30, no 9, p. 1061-1080Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article illustrates, through a combination of administrative and legal perspectives, how ambitions to centralise prioritisation decisions within a police organisation can be limited by the legal rules relating to crime investigations and public order policing. As a case study, we use the centralisation of the Swedish Police, a reform intending to reduce the previously far-reaching operational independence of regional police authorities in favour of a centralised and uniform single authority. Through this case study, we analyse the interaction between the legal and institutional frameworks of policing and prosecution, including positive obligations enshrined in the European Convention on Human Rights. We conclude that legal responsibilities affecting the Swedish Police may significantly limit the possibility for managers and officers to de-prioritise many cases and public order concerns, which, in turn, may limit the ability to divert resources to other—centrally prioritised—tasks. Failure to account for such limits may cause reform ambitions to collide with legal responsibilities in day-to-day operative policing. The results indicate that research into organisational reform and police prioritisation may benefit from a more systemic analysis of the legal and institutional factors limiting institutional discretion.

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  • 3.
    Landström, Lena
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Naarttijärvi, Markus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Gränser för polisiär innovation - rättssäkerhet, enhetlighet och demokratisk legitimitet2020In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, no 3, p. 268-286Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on policing asserts that there has been a remarkable emphasis oninnovation in police work over the last decades. During the same time, police organizationsin several countries have been centralized to promote increased unityand response to political steering and method development. In Sweden, the policereform was motivated by a perceived correlation between uniformity in workingmethods and organizational effectiveness. From a legal perspective, innovationin police methods involves inherent questions of rule of law – ensuring legality,compatibility with human rights, and predictability for citizens. This also carriesimplications for democratic legitimacy, since the police have far-reaching powerto interfere with citizens’ spheres of interest. This article discusses issues of innovationwithin the Swedish police from a rule of law and democracy perspective.Innovation in police work is discussed on a system level through a study of thelegal framework and institutional conditions introduced with the creation of thenew police organization. Results are presented from an interview study with policemanagers on different levels within the new organization. The results suggestthat innovation in police work develops largely organically at different levels andunits within the police organization and then spread as “best practices” whichthe new Police Authority is seen as organizationally able to pick up and disseminate.Secondly, police openness to new evidence-based methods from outside theorganization is increasing. Thirdly, there is a tension between the increased abilityto create uniformity in methods and the need to adjust these methods to localconditions. Lastly, some uncertainties regarding legal accountability seem to existas new methods are developed and implemented.

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  • 4.
    Naarttijärvi, Markus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
    Legality and Democratic Deliberation in Black Box Policing2019In: Technology and Regulation, ISSN 2666-139X, p. 35-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The injection of emerging technologies into policing implies that policing mandates in law may become mediated and applied through opaque machine learning algorithms, artificial intelligence, or surveillance tools – contributing to a form of ‘black box policing’ challenging foreseeability and clarity and expanding discretionary legal spaces. In this paper, this issue is explored from a constitutional and rule of law perspective, using the requirements of qualitative legality elaborated by the European Court of Human Rights and the implicit democratic values that they serve. Placing this concept of legality into a wider theoretical framework allows legality to be translated into a context of emerging technology to maintain the connections between rule of law, democracy, and individual autonomy.

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