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  • 1.
    Rahmanian, Ali
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Ali-Eldin, Ahmed
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kostentinos Tesfatsion, Selome
    Ericsson Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Skubic, Björn
    Ericsson Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Harald
    Ericsson Research, Ericsson AB, Lund, Sweden.
    Shenoy, Prashant
    University of Massachusetts, Massachusetts, USA.
    Elmroth, Erik
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    RAVAS: interference-aware model selection and resource allocation for live edge video analytics2023Ingår i: 2023 IEEE/ACM Symposium on Edge Computing (SEC): Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023, s. 27-39Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Numerous edge applications that rely on video analytics demand precise, low-latency processing of multiple video streams from cameras. When these cameras are mobile, such as when mounted on a car or a robot, the processing load on the shared edge GPU can vary considerably. Provisioning the edge with GPUs for the worst-case load can be expensive and, for many applications, not feasible. In this paper, we introduce RAVAS, a Real-time Adaptive stream Video Analytics System that enables efficient edge GPU sharing for processing streams from various mobile cameras. RAVAS uses Q-Learning to choose between a set of Deep Neural Network (DNN) models with varying accuracy and processing requirements based on the current GPU utilization and workload. RAVAS employs an innovative resource allocation strategy to mitigate interference during concurrent GPU execution. Compared to state-of-the-art approaches, our results show that RAVAS incurs 57% less compute overhead, achieves 41% improvement in latency, and 43% savings in total GPU usage for a single video stream. Processing multiple concurrent video streams results in up to 99% and 40% reductions in latency and overall GPU usage, respectively, while meeting the accuracy constraints.

  • 2.
    Rahmanian, Ali
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Ali-Eldin, Ahmed
    Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Skubic, Björn
    Cloud Systems and Platforms, Ericsson Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Elmroth, Erik
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Microsplit: efficient splitting of microservices on edge clouds2022Ingår i: 2022 IEEE/ACM 7th Symposium on Edge Computing (SEC), IEEE, 2022, s. 252-264Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Edge cloud systems reduce the latency between users and applications by offloading computations to a set of small-scale computing resources deployed at the edge of the network. However, since edge resources are constrained, they can become saturated and bottlenecked due to increased load, resulting in an exponential increase in response times or failures. In this paper, we argue that an application can be split between the edge and the cloud, allowing for better performance compared to full migration to the cloud, releasing precious resources at the edge. We model an application's internal call-Graph as a Directed-Acyclic-Graph. We use this model to develop MicroSplit, a tool for efficient splitting of microservices between constrained edge resources and large-scale distant backend clouds. MicroSplit analyzes the dependencies between the microservices of an application, and using the Louvain method for community detection---a popular algorithm from Network Science---decides how to split the microservices between the constrained edge and distant data centers. We test MicroSplit with four microservice based applications in various realistic cloud-edge settings. Our results show that Microsplit migrates up to 60% of the microservices of an application with a slight increase in the mean-response time compared to running on the edge, and a latency reduction of up to 800% compared to migrating the entire application to the cloud. Compared to other methods from the State-of-the-Art, MicroSplit reduces the total number of services on the edge by up to five times, with minimal reduction in response times.

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