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  • 1.
    Sjöström, Jenny K.
    et al.
    Department of Geological Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gyllencreutz, Richard
    Department of Geological Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Martínez Cortizas, Antonio
    Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; CRETUS, EcoPast, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
    Nylund, Andreas
    Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Piilo, Sanna R.
    Environmental Change Research Unit (ECRU), Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Schenk, Frederik
    Department of Geological Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Geosciences and Geography, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    McKeown, Michelle
    Department of Geography, Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.
    Ryberg, Eleonor E.
    Department of Geological Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kylander, Malin E.
    Department of Geological Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Holocene storminess dynamics in northwestern Ireland: shifts in storm duration and frequency between the mid- and late Holocene2024Ingår i: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, E-ISSN 1873-457X, Vol. 337, artikel-id 108803Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Substantial uncertainties exist regarding how future climate change will affect storminess (storm frequency and intensity) in Ireland and the United Kingdom (UK). Knowledge about spatiotemporal variations of past storminess gives us a better understanding of its mechanisms on centennial to millennial time scales, as well as the impact of external forcing on future storminess in climate models. Here, we present the oldest storm record to date from Ireland, covering the last 8000 years, reconstructed from the Roycarter Bog, a coastal blanket bog in north-western Ireland. The sequence was analysed for grain-size, chemical, mineral and organic molecular composition. The chronology was built on 11 AMS radiocarbon dates. The deposit characteristics, location and low inorganic content suggest aeolian transport of particles to the bog throughout the studied period. Cluster analysis of the grain-size frequency curves, along with the coarse to fine sand ratio, allowed the identification of eleven storm periods (cal yr BP): 6150–5500 (1); 4970–4130 (2); 4000 (3); 3490–3290 (4); 3230 (5); 2850–2590 (6); 2170–1920 (7); 1440 (8); 1225–890 (9); 620–470 (10); and 290–230 (11).

    During the mid-Holocene, the relative sea level was lower and the local beach sources located further away, giving a longer transport distance compared to the late Holocene. In the latter part of the mid-Holocene (6150–4130 cal yr BP), during the Holocene thermal maximum, increased storminess and wind strengths were inferred for north-western Ireland, manifested as two longer storm periods. During the late Holocene the storm frequency increased, and a greater number (9) of shorter storm periods were recorded. Comparison between our results and regional peat palaeostorm records from Scotland, north of our study site, showed an antiphase relationship between storminess in Ireland and Scotland during the latter part of the mid-Holocene, but mostly in-phase storminess over the last 3000 years. Taken together, enhanced wind strength and storminess were recorded during the warmer mid-Holocene, while an increased frequency of storm events occurred in the cooler late Holocene. Mid-Holocene storm periods occurred during locally wet periods, while most of the storm periods during late Holocene occurred during drier phases. Alternatively, the elevated mineral input during late Holocene promoted microbial activity and peat decomposition. The apparent variability in cyclicity and frequency between the mid- and late Holocene indicates that the processes governing storminess in the region shifted. This calls for further studies ahead, including climate modelling, to disentangle the complex processes governing storminess on millennial to centennial time scale.

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