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  • 1.
    Budd, Chelsea
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Bogucki, Peter
    Lillie, Malcolm
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Grygiel, Ryszard
    Lorkiewicz, Wiesl̵aw
    Schulting, Rick
    All things bright: copper grave goods and diet at the Neolithic site of Osłonki, Poland2020In: Antiquity, ISSN 0003-598X, E-ISSN 1745-1744, Vol. 94, no 376, p. 932-947Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding socioeconomic inequality is fundamental for studies of societal development in European prehistory. This article presents dietary (δ13C and δ15N) isotope values for human and animal bone collagen from Early Neolithic Osłonki 1 in north-central Poland (c. 4600–4100 cal BC). A new series of AMS radiocarbon determinations show that, of individuals interred at the same time, those with copper artefacts exhibit significantly higher δ13C values than those without. The authors’ results suggest a link between high-status goods and intra-community differences in diet and/or preferential access to the agropastoral landscape.

  • 2.
    Budd, Chelsea
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Galik, Alfred
    Alpaslan-Roodenberg, Songül
    Schulting, Rick
    Lillie, Malcolm
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Early Farmers in northwest Turkey: First dietary isotopes study of human diet at Neolithic Barcın Höyük2020In: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2352-4103, Vol. 31, article id 102288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Barcın Höyük is one of the oldest Neolithic settlement sites in northwest Anatolia, with early layers of occupation radiocarbon dated to ca.6600 cal BC. The Neolithic phase at the site (ca.6600 – 6200 cal BC) has seven layers of occupation, and shows a number of affinities, in terms of structure and zooarchaeological remains, with contemporary sites in the coastal area near Istanbul (Özdoğan, 2013). The available zooarchaeological evidence suggests a diet of terrestrial fauna, with some inclusion from freshwater aquatic species. This study investigates the nature of human diet at Barcın Höyük through carbon and nitrogen analysis of human and animal bone collagen, and examines whether there is any isotopic evidence for a shift in diet after the re-organisation of the site at ca.6200 cal BC. Here we present 75 human and faunal analyses from the Neolithic layers at Barcın Höyük. Two new radiocarbon dates on human skeletons are also included in the study. 

  • 3.
    Budd, Chelsea
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Lillie, Malcolm C.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The prehistoric populations of Ukraine: stable isotope studies of fisher-hunter-forager and pastoralist-incipient farmer dietary pathways2020In: Prehistoric Ukraine: from the first hunters to the first farmers / [ed] Malmcolm C. Lillie and Inna D. Potekhina, Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2020, p. 283-307Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter outlines the results of stable isotope studies of the prehistoric populations of Ukraine across the earlier to middle Holocene, ca. 10,000–3500 cal BC. The data are consistent with the continued exploitation of fisher-hunter-forager subsistence strategies across the periods studied with variations occurring in the relative amount of freshwater proteins consumed across the Epipalaeolithic through to Eneolithic periods. During the Neolithic and later periods there is a clear increase in the frequency of domesticates in zooarchaeological assemblages, indicative of an increasing emphasis on pastoralism and animal husbandry. However, the visibility of domestic fauna in dietary isotope studies is difficult to determine due to the paucity of faunal remains available for analysis. The key exception to the dominant subsistence trends appears to relate to the Trypillia farming culture, where agro-pastoralism is evidenced, and in this context isotope data from the site of Verteba Cave in western Ukraine is discussed. The majority of isotope data considered here are obtained from the cemeteries located in the Dnieper River valley, particularly those focused on the rapids, and its tributaries.

  • 4.
    Budd, Chelsea
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Potekhina, Inna
    Lillie, Malcolm
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Continuation of fishing subsistence in the Ukrainian Neolithic: diet isotope studies at Yasinovatka, Dnieper Rapids2020In: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, ISSN 1866-9557, E-ISSN 1866-9565, Vol. 12, no 2, article id 64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Yasinovatka is one of around 30 number of prehistoric cemetery sites of hunter-fisher-foragers located along the Dnieper River in southern Ukraine. Dating to c. 5540 - 4930 cal BC, the skeletal remains at Yasinovatka suggest that around sixty-eight individuals were interred at the cemetery, during three broad phases of interment: A-type burials (c. 5540-4930 cal BC), Ƃ1 pit burials (c. 5550-4750 cal BC), and Ƃ2 pit burials (c. 4980-4460 cal BC). The burials are characterized, in part, by the inclusion of a number of Mariupol-type plates of boar tusk, in addition to deer tooth pendants, Unio shells, knife-like flint blades, Cyprinidae teeth, sherds of Neolithic pottery, and significant deposits of ochre in the later burial pits. Here we analyse δ13C and δ15N values for 50 human bone collagen samples from the site.  The majority of the isotope results show a hunter-fisher-forager population reliant predominantly on freshwater aquatic proteins, which is in keeping with previous dietary isotope studies in the area. Two individuals however have δ15N values that are clearly depleted when compared to the main population; these reflect dietary protein intakes based on plant and animal terrestrial resources rather than the predominant focus on aquatic resources. Notably, the δ13C values of these anomalous individuals are not enriched compared to the fauna samples analysed from the region; this supports the possibility that they were incomers to the area, potentially from a nearby agrarian population.

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  • 5.
    Budd, Chelsea
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Potekhina, Inna
    Snoeck, Christophe
    Lillie, Malcolm
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    The Aquatic Neolithic: isotope, aDNA, radiocarbon, and osteological data analysis reveal asynchronous behavior in early prehistoric human societies of Ukraine2020In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, ISSN 0002-9483, E-ISSN 1096-8644, Vol. 171, no S69, p. 40-40Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Europe the characterization of the Neolithic period is traditionally dominated by the advent of agro-pastoralism. Neolithic populations in the Dnieper Valley region of south-central Ukraine are notably divergent from this trend. From the Epi-Palaeolithic-Neolithic periods (ca. 10,000 - 6000 cal BC), evidence for the adoption of agro-pastoral technologies is absent from archaeological assemblages. It is not until the Eneolithic period (ca. 4500 cal BC) that we observe the beginnings of a transition to farming in the Dnieper region. One hypothesis suggests that spikes in aridity propagated a hunting crisis in Mesolithic populations, which prompted a delay in the transition and the reshaped of Mesolithic subsistence practices to focus on freshwater aquatic resources to supplement terrestrial herbivores such as boar and deer.

    This research presents 300+ human and faunal samples (including 80 unpublished results), using multi-disciplinary techniques such as DNA analysis and various isotope applications, alongside osteological analysis, to provide holistic individual life histories. The results show long-term continuation of ܪshing practices from the Epi-Palaeolithic to Neolithic periods - no distinct shift from hunting to ܪshing practices took place. DNA results show the predominance of indigenous hunter-gatherers, with limited genetic inclusions from proximal Anatolian farming populations. Thus, despite the availability of plentiful dietary resources and the westward inܫuence of extra-local farming populations, the prehistoric communities of the Dnieper region remained resistant to change and resilient in terms of their subsistence strategies, with freshwater resources providing a ‘buffer’ against any perceived impacts from climate variability.

  • 6.
    Lillie, Malcolm
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Budd, Chelsea
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Diet Isotope Analysis and Related Studiesin Prehistoric Ukraine: Fact, Fiction and Fantasy2020In: Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, ISSN 2227-4952, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 251-267Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper outlines the results of twenty-eight years of collaborations between the authors and colleaguesin Kiev, initiated when the first author began PhD research at Sheffield University under the supervision of the late Professor Marek Zvelebil in 1992. From the outset of this doctoral research Professor Dmitri Telegin, to whom this paper is dedicated, and Dr. Inna Potekhina, were fundamental not only to the success of the original research programme, but in terms of the considerable generosity, insight and friendship that was extended to the lead author as he navigated his way through the earlier Holocene parts of Ukrainian prehistory. The current study is as much a result of the work of the currentauthors as it is of collaboration and collegiality ofthese colleagues. 

    The topics considered throughout this paper focus around the key observations and themes that have been developed since the research began. It also aims to highlight those areas where inconsistencies occur, and whereclarification is deemed warranted due to the activities of researchers who have failed to fully appreciate the nuances of Ukrainian prehistory and multi-disciplinary research agendas. It is apparent that, in light of arecent «gold rush» to claim ownership of the materials available in Ukraine, at prehistoric sites of all periods, there is clearly a need for a considered and careful approach to the data generated from dietary isotope and related studies. Furthermore, our research since the early 1990s has shown that misidentification of fragmentary or isolated bone in both primary and secondary contexts can lead to erroneous interpretations and occasional «flights of fancy». This paper will outline a number of the issues identified, and also explore issues around data use and representation in an attempt to offer some balance to discussions of prehistoric diet and chronology in Ukraine.

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  • 7.
    Lillie, Malcolm C.
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Budd, Chelsea
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Potekhina, Inna D.
    Radiocarbon dating of sites in the Dnieper Region and western Ukraine2020In: Prehistoric Ukraine: from the first hunters to the first farmers / [ed] Malmcolm C. Lillie and Inna D. Potekhina, Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2020, p. 187-233Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter presents the results of radiocarbon analysis at a number of Dnieper cemeteries and associated sites, undertaken by the authors since the early 1990s. These cemeteries primarily span the earlier to middle Holocene period, between ca. 10,000–3500 cal BC (the Epipalaeolithic to Eneolithic periods), although a number of sites include burials from later periods. To date, the key sites that have been subjected to systematic analysis are the cemeteries that are located along the Dnieper River and, in particular, those at the Dnieper Rapids. The radiocarbon dating of these sites, and the cemeteries themselves, form the basis of the analysis outlined in Chapters 7 and 8. Despite in excess of two decades of analysis the identification of a potential freshwater reservoir effect (FRE) has perhaps proven to be one ofthe most significant results from this extended period of study (Lillie et al. 2009). This and other aspects of the research agenda are considered.

  • 8. Patterson, Nick
    et al.
    Isakov, Michael
    Booth, Thomas
    Büster, Lindsey
    Fischer, Claire-Elise
    Olalde, Iñigo
    Ringbauer, Harald
    Akbari, Ali
    Cheronet, Olivia
    Bleasdale, Madeleine
    Adamski, Nicole
    Altena, Eveline
    Bernardos, Rebecca
    Brace, Selina
    Broomandkhoshbacht, Nasreen
    Callan, Kimberly
    Candilio, Francesca
    Culleton, Brendan
    Curtis, Elizabeth
    Demetz, Lea
    Carlson, Kellie Sara Duffett
    Fernandes, Daniel M.
    Foody, M. George B.
    Freilich, Suzanne
    Goodchild, Helen
    Kearns, Aisling
    Lawson, Ann Marie
    Lazaridis, Iosif
    Mah, Matthew
    Mallick, Swapan
    Mandl, Kirsten
    Micco, Adam
    Michel, Megan
    Morante, Guillermo Bravo
    Oppenheimer, Jonas
    Özdoğan, Kadir Toykan
    Qiu, Lijun
    Schattke, Constanze
    Stewardson, Kristin
    Workman, J. Noah
    Zalzala, Fatma
    Zhang, Zhao
    Agustí, Bibiana
    Allen, Tim
    Almássy, Katalin
    Amkreutz, Luc
    Ash, Abigail
    Baillif-Ducros, Christèle
    Barclay, Alistair
    Bartosiewicz, László
    Baxter, Katherine
    Bernert, Zsolt
    Blažek, Jan
    Bodružić, Mario
    Boissinot, Philippe
    Bonsall, Clive
    Bradley, Pippa
    Brittain, Marcus
    Brookes, Alison
    Brown, Fraser
    Brown, Lisa
    Brunning, Richard
    Budd, Chelsea
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Burmaz, Josip
    Canet, Sylvain
    Carnicero-Cáceres, Silvia
    Čaušević-Bully, Morana
    Chamberlain, Andrew
    Chauvin, Sébastien
    Clough, Sharon
    Čondić, Natalija
    Coppa, Alfredo
    Craig, Oliver
    Črešnar, Matija
    Cummings, Vicki
    Czifra, Szabolcs
    Danielisová, Alžběta
    Daniels, Robin
    Davies, Alex
    de Jersey, Philip
    Deacon, Jody
    Deminger, Csilla
    Ditchfield, Peter W.
    Dizdar, Marko
    Dobeš, Miroslav
    Dobisíková, Miluše
    Domboróczki, László
    Drinkall, Gail
    Đukić, Ana
    Edwards, Ceiridwen J.
    Ernée, Michal
    Evans, Christopher
    Evans, Jane
    Fernández-Götz, Manuel
    Filipović, Slavica
    Fitzpatrick, Andrew
    Fokkens, Harry
    Fowler, Chris
    Fox, Allison
    Gallina, Zsolt
    Gamble, Michelle
    González Morales, Manuel R.
    González-Rabanal, Borja
    Green, Adrian
    Gyenesei, Katalin
    Habermehl, Diederick
    Hajdu, Tamás
    Hamilton, Derek
    Harris, James
    Hayden, Chris
    Hendriks, Joep
    Hernu, Bénédicte
    Hey, Gill
    Horňák, Milan
    Ilon, Gábor
    Istvánovits, Eszter
    Jones, Andy M.
    Kavur, Martina Blečić
    Kazek, Kevin
    Kenyon, Robert A.
    Khreisheh, Amal
    Kiss, Viktória
    Kleijne, Jos
    Knight, Mark
    Kootker, Lisette M.
    Kovács, Péter F.
    Kozubová, Anita
    Kulcsár, Gabriella
    Kulcsár, Valéria
    Le Pennec, Christophe
    Legge, Michael
    Leivers, Matt
    Loe, Louise
    López-Costas, Olalla
    Lord, Tom
    Los, Dženi
    Lyall, James
    Marín-Arroyo, Ana B.
    Mason, Philip
    Matošević, Damir
    Maxted, Andy
    McIntyre, Lauren
    McKinley, Jacqueline
    McSweeney, Kathleen
    Meijlink, Bernard
    Mende, Balázs G.
    Menđušić, Marko
    Metlička, Milan
    Meyer, Sophie
    Mihovilić, Kristina
    Milasinovic, Lidija
    Minnitt, Steve
    Moore, Joanna
    Morley, Geoff
    Mullan, Graham
    Musilová, Margaréta
    Neil, Benjamin
    Nicholls, Rebecca
    Novak, Mario
    Pala, Maria
    Papworth, Martin
    Paresys, Cécile
    Patten, Ricky
    Perkić, Domagoj
    Pesti, Krisztina
    Petit, Alba
    Petriščáková, Katarína
    Pichon, Coline
    Pickard, Catriona
    Pilling, Zoltán
    Price, T. Douglas
    Radović, Siniša
    Redfern, Rebecca
    Resutík, Branislav
    Rhodes, Daniel T.
    Richards, Martin B.
    Roberts, Amy
    Roefstra, Jean
    Sankot, Pavel
    Šefčáková, Alena
    Sheridan, Alison
    Skae, Sabine
    Šmolíková, Miroslava
    Somogyi, Krisztina
    Somogyvári, Ágnes
    Stephens, Mark
    Szabó, Géza
    Szécsényi-Nagy, Anna
    Szeniczey, Tamás
    Tabor, Jonathan
    Tankó, Károly
    Maria, Clenis Tavarez
    Terry, Rachel
    Teržan, Biba
    Teschler-Nicola, Maria
    Torres-Martínez, Jesús F.
    Trapp, Julien
    Turle, Ross
    Ujvári, Ferenc
    van der Heiden, Menno
    Veleminsky, Petr
    Veselka, Barbara
    Vytlačil, Zdeněk
    Waddington, Clive
    Ware, Paula
    Wilkinson, Paul
    Wilson, Linda
    Wiseman, Rob
    Young, Eilidh
    Zaninović, Joško
    Žitňan, Andrej
    Lalueza-Fox, Carles
    de Knijff, Peter
    Barnes, Ian
    Halkon, Peter
    Thomas, Mark G.
    Kennett, Douglas J.
    Cunliffe, Barry
    Lillie, Malcolm
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Department of Geography, Geology and Environment, University of Hull, Hull, UK.
    Rohland, Nadin
    Pinhasi, Ron
    Armit, Ian
    Reich, David
    Large-scale migration into Britain during the Middle to Late Bronze Age2022In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, p. 588-594Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Present-day people from England and Wales harbour more ancestry derived from Early European Farmers (EEF) than people of the Early Bronze Age1. To understand this, we generated genome-wide data from 793 individuals, increasing data from the Middle to Late Bronze and Iron Age in Britain by 12-fold, and Western and Central Europe by 3.5-fold. Between 1000 and 875 BC, EEF ancestry increased in southern Britain (England and Wales) but not northern Britain (Scotland) due to incorporation of migrants who arrived at this time and over previous centuries, and who were genetically most similar to ancient individuals from France. These migrants contributed about half the ancestry of Iron Age people of England and Wales, thereby creating a plausible vector for the spread of early Celtic languages into Britain. These patterns are part of a broader trend of EEF ancestry becoming more similar across central and western Europe in the Middle to Late Bronze Age, coincident with archaeological evidence of intensified cultural exchange2-6. There was comparatively less gene flow from continental Europe during the Iron Age, and Britain's independent genetic trajectory is also reflected in the rise of the allele conferring lactase persistence to ~50% by this time compared to ~7% in central Europe where it rose rapidly in frequency only a millennium later. This suggests that dairy products were used in qualitatively different ways in Britain and in central Europe over this period.

  • 9.
    Sjölander, Mattias
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Budd, Chelsea
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Smeds, Ronny
    Västerbottens Museum, Umeå, Sweden.
    A Point in Time: An evaluation of the bifacial point chronology in Northern SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
1 - 9 of 9
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