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  • 1.
    Andersson, Jonas
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper, Radiofysik.
    Bednarek, Daniel R.
    State University of New York, 875 Ellicott St, NY, Buffalo, United States.
    Bolch, Wesley
    University of Florida, 1275 Center Drive, FL, Gainesville, United States.
    Boltz, Thomas
    Orange Factor Imaging Physicists, 4035 E Captain Dreyfus Ave, AZ, Phoenix, United States.
    Bosmans, Hilde
    University of Leuven, Herestraat 49, Leuven, Belgium.
    Gislason-Lee, Amber J.
    University of Leeds, Worsley Building, Clarendon Way, Leeds, United Kingdom.
    Granberg, Christoffer
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper, Radiofysik.
    Hellström, Max
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper, Radiofysik.
    Kanal, Kalpana
    University of Washington Medical Center, 1959 NE Pacific Street, WA, Seattle, United States.
    McDonagh, Ed
    Joint Department of Physics, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Fulham Road, London, United Kingdom.
    Paden, Robert
    Mayo Clinic, 5777 East Mayo Blvd, AZ, Phoenix, United States.
    Pavlicek, William
    Mayo Clinic, 13400 E Shea Blvd., AZ, Scottsdale, United States.
    Khodadadegan, Yasaman
    Progressive Insurance, Customer Relation Management, 6300 Wilson Mills Rd., Mayfield Village, OH, United States.
    Torresin, Alberto
    Niguarda Ca'Granda Hospital, Via Leon Battista Alberti 5, Milano, Italy.
    Trianni, Annalisa
    Udine University Hospital, Piazzale S. Maria Della Misericordia, n. 15, Udine, Italy.
    Zamora, David
    University of Washington Medical Center, 6852 31st Ave NE, WA, Seattle, United States.
    Estimation of patient skin dose in fluoroscopy: summary of a joint report by AAPM TG357 and EFOMP2021Ingår i: Medical physics (Lancaster), ISSN 0094-2405, Vol. 48, nr 7, s. e671-e696Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Physicians use fixed C-arm fluoroscopy equipment with many interventional radiological and cardiological procedures. The associated effective dose to a patient is generally considered low risk, as the benefit-risk ratio is almost certainly highly favorable. However, X-ray-induced skin injuries may occur due to high absorbed patient skin doses from complex fluoroscopically guided interventions (FGI). Suitable action levels for patient-specific follow-up could improve the clinical practice. There is a need for a refined metric regarding follow-up of X-ray-induced patient injuries and the knowledge gap regarding skin dose-related patient information from fluoroscopy devices must be filled. The most useful metric to indicate a risk of erythema, epilation or greater skin injury that also includes actionable information is the peak skin dose, that is, the largest dose to a region of skin.

    Materials and Methods: The report is based on a comprehensive review of best practices and methods to estimate peak skin dose found in the scientific literature and situates the importance of the Digital Imaging and Communication in Medicine (DICOM) standard detailing pertinent information contained in the Radiation Dose Structured Report (RDSR) and DICOM image headers for FGI devices. Furthermore, the expertise of the task group members and consultants have been used to bridge and discuss different methods and associated available DICOM information for peak skin dose estimation.

    Results: The report contributes an extensive summary and discussion of the current state of the art in estimating peak skin dose with FGI procedures with regard to methodology and DICOM information. Improvements in skin dose estimation efforts with more refined DICOM information are suggested and discussed.

    Conclusions: The endeavor of skin dose estimation is greatly aided by the continuing efforts of the scientific medical physics community, the numerous technology enhancements, the dose-controlling features provided by the FGI device manufacturers, and the emergence and greater availability of the DICOM RDSR. Refined and new dosimetry systems continue to evolve and form the infrastructure for further improvements in accuracy. Dose-related content and information systems capable of handling big data are emerging for patient dose monitoring and quality assurance tools for large-scale multihospital enterprises.

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  • 2. Holtermann, A
    et al.
    Grönlund, Christer
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper.
    Karlsson, J Stefan
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper.
    Roeleveld, K
    Fatigue induced changes in motor unit synchronization and its relation to force tremor in different parts of the biceps brachii muscleManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3. Sjöberg, Carl
    et al.
    Lundmark, Martin
    Granberg, Christoffer
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper, Radiofysik.
    Johansson, Silvia
    Ahnesjo, Anders
    Montelius, Anders
    Clinical evaluation of multi-atlas based segmentation of lymph node regions in head and neck and prostate cancer patients2013Ingår i: Radiation Oncology, ISSN 1748-717X, E-ISSN 1748-717X, Vol. 8, s. Article number: 229-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Semi-automated segmentation using deformable registration of selected atlas cases consisting of expert segmented patient images has been proposed to facilitate the delineation of lymph node regions for three-dimensional conformal and intensity-modulated radiotherapy planning of head and neck and prostate tumours. Our aim is to investigate if fusion of multiple atlases will lead to clinical workload reductions and more accurate segmentation proposals compared to the use of a single atlas segmentation, due to a more complete representation of the anatomical variations. Methods: Atlases for lymph node regions were constructed using 11 head and neck patients and 15 prostate patients based on published recommendations for segmentations. A commercial registration software (Velocity AI) was used to create individual segmentations through deformable registration. Ten head and neck patients, and ten prostate patients, all different from the atlas patients, were randomly chosen for the study from retrospective data. Each patient was first delineated three times, (a) manually by a radiation oncologist, (b) automatically using a single atlas segmentation proposal from a chosen atlas and (c) automatically by fusing the atlas proposals from all cases in the database using the probabilistic weighting fusion algorithm. In a subsequent step a radiation oncologist corrected the segmentation proposals achieved from step (b) and (c) without using the result from method (a) as reference. The time spent for editing the segmentations was recorded separately for each method and for each individual structure. Finally, the Dice Similarity Coefficient and the volume of the structures were used to evaluate the similarity between the structures delineated with the different methods. Results: For the single atlas method, the time reduction compared to manual segmentation was 29% and 23% for head and neck and pelvis lymph nodes, respectively, while editing the fused atlas proposal resulted in time reductions of 49% and 34%. The average volume of the fused atlas proposals was only 74% of the manual segmentation for the head and neck cases and 82% for the prostate cases due to a blurring effect from the fusion process. After editing of the proposals the resulting volume differences were no longer statistically significant, although a slight influence by the proposals could be noticed since the average edited volume was still slightly smaller than the manual segmentation, 9% and 5%, respectively. Conclusions: Segmentation based on fusion of multiple atlases reduces the time needed for delineation of lymph node regions compared to the use of a single atlas segmentation. Even though the time saving is large, the quality of the segmentation is maintained compared to manual segmentation.

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  • 4.
    Åhlström Riklund, Katrine
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper, Diagnostisk radiologi.
    Andersson, Jonas
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper, Radiofysik.
    Lundman, Josef
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper, Radiofysik.
    Granberg, Christoffer
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för strålningsvetenskaper, Radiofysik.
    Experiences with large-scale radiation exposure monitoring in Västerbotten County, Sweden2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Background/Introduction: In October 2014, Västerbotten County (VLL), Sweden, installed Sectra DoseTrack1 for radiation exposure monitoring in radiology. A versatile and robust IT-solution for exposure monitoring to assist with follow-up of the processes of justification and optimization had been discussed in multidisciplinary X-ray modality specific forums prior to the procurement.

    Description of activity and work performed: The installation of Sectra DoseTrack is fairly straightforward from the user end, involving the configuration of sending RDSR and MPPS metadata from an X-ray unit to be connected to the service. During the installation process some assistance from certified service engineers is required due to restrictions in X-ray equipment software.

    Conclusion and Recommendations: VLL has used the Sectra DoseTrack radiation exposure monitoring IT-solution since October 2014. Since then, 34 different X-ray units have been connected to the service and DICOM metadata associated with approximately 170 000 examinations and interventional procedures have been recorded. Sectra DoseTrack offers a robust infrastructure for collecting DICOM metadata and presenting macroscopic information on radiation exposure levels, which may be used to improve the processes of justification and optimization for healthcare providers.

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