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  • 1.
    Schuessler, Rudolf
    et al.
    University of Bayreuth, Department of Philosophy.
    van der Rijt, Jan-Willem
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Lessons for theory and practice2020Ingår i: Focal points in negotiation / [ed] Rudolf Schuessler & Jan-Willem van der Rijt, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, s. 203-219Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, the editors bring together insights from the individual chapters, to draw a number of lessons regarding the role(s) of focal points in negotiations. Focality can be used to gain a strategic advantage during the negotiation process, either by starting a dynamic that favors one’s own cause, or to block any such dynamics from getting off the ground if they are deemed detrimental to one's interests. Focal points do more than serve such tactical purposes, however. They can also have an important function in effectively communicating the outcome of negotiations to the wider public and even serve distinctly moral purposes, contributing to the emergence of fair solutions to situations characterized by reasonable moral disagreement.

  • 2.
    Schuessler, Rudolf
    et al.
    University of Bayreuth, Department of Philosophy.
    van der Rijt, Jan-Willem
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    The significance of conspicuity2020Ingår i: Focal Points in Negotiation / [ed] Rudolf Schuessler & Jan-Willem van der Rijt, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, s. 1-14Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter introduces the notion of focal points and juxtaposes the standard contexts in which focal points are usually analyzed (mathematical game theory, especially coordination games, and carefully controlled experimental laboratory settings) with the practical contexts of negotiations. It highlights the fundamental differences between these contexts, establishing the need of examining in detail the way focal points function in complex, real world settings. Making the case that negotiations offer a directly practical field where the importance of salience and focality is evident, it also shows that the ways focal points function in negotiations are much richer and more varied than an exclusive preoccupation with the context of pure coordination may initially suggest.

  • 3.
    van der Rijt, Jan-Willem
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Admiration and self-respect2019Ingår i: The moral psychology of admiration / [ed] Alfred Archer and André Grahle, Rowman & Littlefield International, 2019, s. 61-76Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 4.
    van der Rijt, Jan-Willem
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Het schadebeginsel en de uitholling van tolerantie2021Ingår i: Liberale Reflecties, ISSN 2588-8862, Vol. 62, nr 3, s. 15-23Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 5.
    van der Rijt, Jan-Willem
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    The quest for a rational explanation: an overview of the development of focal point theory2020Ingår i: Focal points in negotiation / [ed] Rudolf Schuessler & Jan-Willem van der Rijt, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, s. 15-44Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter provides an overview of the development of focal point theory since the notion was introduced by Schelling in The Strategy of Conflict (1960). It first discusses Schelling’s introduction of the notion of focal point in the context of his bargaining-based analysis of the strategic aspects of the Cold War. Subsequently, it turns to the role played by focal points and salience in coordination games and the controversy over the rationality of focal point coordination. Then, it addresses the way focality and salience affect the way people reason, and discusses a number of empirical findings. Lastly, it offers a tentative illustration of the impact of salience on the rationale underlying the appointment of professional negotiators.

  • 6.
    van der Rijt, Jan-Willem
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    The transmutation of dignity: Kant, neo-roman republicanism, and the commonwealth of ends2022Ingår i: Human dignity and the kingdom of ends: Kantian perspectives and practical applications / [ed] Jan-Willem van der Rijt; Adam Cureton, New York: Routledge, 2022, s. 148-167Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines the way Kant transforms the older, hierarchical notion of dignity into the essentially egalitarian notion of dignity we know today. The chapter starts with a discussion of the Roman notion of dignitas, with its focus on highly stratified social status, personal duty, and reputation. It then argues that a crucial development in the understanding of dignity took place in the early modern period, when neo-Roman republican thinkers maintained that dignity requires a person to be ‘sui iuris’, i.e., free from domination. In doing so, they turned dignity into a largely binary notion, juxtaposing the dignity of a freeman with the wretched condition of a slave. The chapter then turns to Kant’s introduction of dignity in the Groundwork. It demonstrates that, when Kant grounds the moral agent’s dignity in his/her status as a lawgiver in a Commonwealth of Ends, Kant is relying on this same binary understanding of dignity. The significance of this anti-slavery theme is further underlined by the pains Kant takes to ensure that God’s status within the Commonwealth of Ends is consistent with the dignity of human beings. Lastly, the chapter draws out an important implication of Kant’s account, namely that taking up the practical perspective necessarily commits a person to recognizing his/her own dignity as well as that of others.

  • 7.
    van der Rijt, Jan-Willem
    University of Bayreuth, Germany.
    The Vice of Admiration2018Ingår i: Philosophy, ISSN 0031-8191, E-ISSN 1469-817X, Vol. 93, nr 1, s. 69-90Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Moral exemplars are often held up as objects to be admired. Such admiration is thought beneficial to the admirer, inducing him or her to emulate virtuous conduct, and deemed flattering to the admired. This paper offers a critical examination of admiration from a broadly Kantian perspective, arguing that admiration – even of genuine moral exemplars – violates the duty of self-respect. It also provides an explanation for the fact that moral exemplars themselves typically shun admiration. Lastly, it questions the assumption that admiration leads to emulation on the basis of scientific findings that indicate that admiration induces passivity in the admirer rather than an incentive to self-improvement.

  • 8.
    van der Rijt, Jan-Willem
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    Cureton, Adam
    Human dignity and the kingdom of ends: an introduction2022Ingår i: Human dignity and the kingdom of ends: Kantian perspectives and practical applications / [ed] Jan-Willem van der Rijt; Adam Cureton, New York: Routledge, 2022, s. 1-25Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Human Dignity and the Kingdom of Ends: Kantian Perspectives and Practical Applications is a collection of new essays that brings together two moral ideas: human dignity and the kingdom of ends.  Human dignity is the fundamental, inherent worth or elevated status that all people share. The colorfully and evocatively named kingdom of ends comes from the eighteenth-century philosopher Immanuel Kant and denotes the ideal of a perfect moral community: a society where everyone freely recognizes the demands of morality and acts accordingly.  This introduction first discusses the idea of human dignity and situates this volume in the wider literature on that topic. Second, it introduces Kant’s concept of a kingdom of ends in the context of his moral framework. Third, it explains in more detail why it is worthwhile to analyze these two ideas in tandem.  Lastly, it outlines the structure of the volume and briefly discuss the individual chapters.

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