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  • 1.
    Vishwanatha, Kalyani
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hakelind, Camilla
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Steinvall, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
    Svensson, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
    Deutschmann, Mats
    School of Humanities, Education, and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Interpersonal complementarity and gender: Contextual influences on perception of personality2021In: Social behavior and personality, ISSN 0301-2212, E-ISSN 1179-6391, Vol. 49, no 6, article id e9812Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contextual influences have long been recognized as an important factor explaining individual differences in perception of personality traits. In this study we investigated whether interpersonal complementarity creates a context for the perception of personality traits, and whether gender stereotypes play a role in the process. Participants were 205 students taking a personality psychology course. They evaluated personality traits in the context of observing an interpersonal exchange that reflected complementarity. Among the respondents, 103 made the evaluation based on a gender stereotypical exchange (dominant male-submissive female) and 102 based their evaluation on a gender counterstereotypical exchange (dominant female-submissive male). Results reveal that interpersonal context had a stronger influence on ratings of conscientiousness, openness, and emotional stability traits than it did on extraversion and agreeableness trait ratings. Furthermore, openness and conscientiousness were particularly susceptible to gender-based stereotypes in the context of interpersonal complementarity. These results suggest that both interpersonal complementarity and gender stereotypes influence the perception of personality traits, but that they do so in a way that is unique to each trait.

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  • 2.
    Vishwanatha, Kalyani
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Palmquist, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nordin, Steven
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Extent and orientation of coping in chemical intolerance2016In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 21, no 11, p. 2580-2589Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chemical intolerance is a long-standing illness with minimal guidelines regarding treatment. Hence, individual attempts to cope with the illness gain importance in dealing with its consequences. This study used data from 164 persons with self-reported chemical intolerance to understand the nature of coping with the illness. Coping was studied along two dimensions, the extent and predominant orientation of coping. The association of these coping dimensions with mental health variables of stress, depression, anxiety, burnout, and non-restorative sleep was examined as well. Results revealed that the persons with chemical intolerance used a moderate amount of coping strategies which were slightly more emotion-focused than problem-focused in orientation. Users of both problem-focused and emotion-focused orientations report scores in the normal range on all mental health indices. However, significantly higher level of anxiety was found to be associated with predominantly emotion-focused coping, whereas coping orientation did not differ with respect to the four other mental health indices. The above findings are discussed in relation to existing literature on coping with long-term illness.

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