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  • 1.
    Nordwall, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Architectural qualities in housing2012Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Nordwall, Ulf
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Olofsson, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    A quantitative approach for valuating architectural qualities2011In: The Open Construction and Building Technology Journal, ISSN 1874-8368, Vol. 5, p. 105-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Architectural qualities is often valuated based on a describable nature with a more personal interpretation, such as living space, size of ground plot, the number of sanitation rooms, or standard points according to the property taxation. Models with values of a more measurable qualitative nature, such monetary parameters,are less used. Within other research areas, for example the environmental and economic field, there are examples of well used qualitative models. One example is the Contingent Valuation (CV) model. It can be used to measure values in terms of willingness to pay on a hypothetic market. In this paper we introduce adirect quantitative approach for evaluating architectural qualities based on the theory of CV. The architectural qualities investigated are: the patina and mellowness of building components, usage flexibility within the apartment, and properties and characteristics of the surroundings.

    The method has been applied on a smaller case-study of 150 people living in cooperative and rented flats at Ålidhem, Ålidbacken and Östermalm in Umeå, Sweden. The case study was used merely to demonstrate and evaluate the methodology. The study indicated that the introduced three architectural values could be investigated with the used CV approach. It was found that the tenants had a measureable willingness to pay for those qualities. This supports a notion that valuations of architectural qualities are not entirely subjective and dependent on the individuals. Consequently the study supports the proposal to use qualitative measures to grade and compare such qualities.

  • 3.
    Nordwall, Ulf
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Olofsson, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Architectural caring. Architectural qualities from a residential property perspective2013In: Architectural Engineering and Design Management, ISSN 1745-2007, E-ISSN 1752-7589, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A common definition of architectural qualities in general and the values of the qualities in particular can differ significantly in the understanding of different operators in the building construction sector. One platform to define and investigate architectural qualities is to use a property management perspective and focus on the tenants and their individual well-being in the accommodation. In this study, architectural qualities were investigated in three residential areas with multi-family buildings in Sweden: Backa Röd, Högsbohöjd and Nybodahöjden. The data were collected from interviews with building industry people and the residential tenants. Three architectural qualities became the foundation for the interviews: properties and characteristics of the surroundings, usage flexibility within the apartment, the patina and mellowness of building components. The investigation of collected data was inspired by a method called grounded theory (GT). In this study, GT was used to discover and develop a theory of architectural caring, where architectural qualities have a bearing on the nature of a residential area. We found that a central focus in the residential property management perspective is architectural caring. To care for the houses, materials, construction and the neighbourhood environment is to care for the residents and give them a sense of belonging.

  • 4.
    Nordwall, Ulf
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Olofsson, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
    Sustainable architecture in northern subarctic and artic climate2018In: Cold Climate HVAC 2018: Sustainable Buildings in Cold Climates, Springer, 2018, p. 545-555Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the antique the Vitruvian virtues three basic qualities, solid, useful and beautiful is central themes when judging architecture. Although the themes have remained, the conceptual idea of these qualities has shifted. In today’s modern society, sustainability requirements are an integrated perspective, often expressed as a balanced consideration of ecology, economy and social aspects. There are numerous approaches to measure and evaluate sustainability. Often the perspective of the evaluator’s model is predominant. An alternative approach is to ask architects or designers to describe the sustainable idea. This is an approach used to identify alternative perspectives. In this work, we introduce a multiple case study. The scope, to investigate sustainable architecture based on the architects or designers own drawings. The aim is not to define sustainability in architecture but rather to illustrate articulated examples of integration of sustainability issues in architecture. The study is limited to a selection of 22 buildings, proposed as exceptionally sustainable in public media. The northern subarctic and artic regions here are the geographical boundary. The cold climate description used as the background for illustrating a variety of sustainable concepts. We propose that descriptive information, interpreted from the architect or designer perspective, has important contributive factors in the understanding of sustainable housing. We argue that the architect or designers design critique influences the result of conceptual meaning. The attention given to sustainability is the founding architectural factor in these studied buildings, expressed in various forms.

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